turnip

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n turnip root of any of several members of the mustard family
    • n turnip widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: "Turnip" used to be a U.S. slang expression for a pocket watch.
    • n Turnip tûr"nĭp (Bot) The edible, fleshy, roundish, or somewhat conical, root of a cruciferous plant (Brassica campestrisvar.Napus); also, the plant itself.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Salvador Dali once arrived to an art exhibition in a limousine filled with turnips.
    • n turnip The thick fleshy root of the plant designated by Linnæus as Brassica Rapa, but now believed to be a variety, together with the rape (which see), of B. campestris, a plant found wild, in varieties corresponding to these plants, in Europe and Asiatic Russia (see navew); also, the plant itself, a common garden and field crop. The rutabaga, or Swedish turnip, with smooth leaves, and root longer than broad, is referred with probability to the same source. The turnip proper has the root rounded, often broader than long, the root-leaves usually lobed, rough and hairy. The turnip was cultivated by the Greeks and Romans, and is now widely grown in temperate climates for use in soups and stews, or as a boiled vegetable, mashed or whole, and for feeding cattle and sheep, forming in Great Britain a valuable rotation crop. The young shoots of the second year, known as turnip-tops, are dressed for early greens. The turnip is little nutritious, containing from 90 to 92 per cent. of water. The rutabaga is somewhat more nutritious, but less easily grown. The varieties of both plants are numerous. The crop sometimes suffers from an affection called finger-and-toe or dactylorhiza, in which the root divides into branches, apparently a tendency to revert to the wild state. Various insects attack the turnip. See turnip-fly.
    • n turnip Same as Indian turnip.
    • n turnip (See also lion's-turnip, prairie-turnip.)
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Originally, Jack-O-Lanterns were made from turnips.
    • n Turnip tur′nip a biennial plant, with lyrate hispid leaves, the upper part of the root becoming, esp. in cultivation, swollen and fleshy—cultivated as a culinary esculent, and for feeding cattle and sheep
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Quotations

  • English Saying
    English Saying
    “A degenerate nobleman is like a turnip. There is nothing good of him but that which is underground.”
  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    Georg%20C.%20Lichtenberg
    “If there were only turnips and potatoes in the world, someone would complain that plants grow the wrong way.”

Idioms

Blood from a turnip - It is impossible to get something from someone if they don't have it, just as you cannot get blood from a turnip.
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Fall off the turnip truck - (USA) If someone has just fallen off the turnip truck, they are uninformed, naive and gullible. (Often used in the negative)
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Squeeze blood out of a turnip - (USA) When people say that you can't squeeze blood out of a turnip, it means that you cannot get something from a person, especially money, that they don't have.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. turnep,; probably fr. turn, or F. tour, a turn, turning lathe + OE. nepe, a turnip, AS. nǣpe, L. napus,. Cf. Turn (v. t.) Navew
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Perh. orig. turn-nepturn, implying something round, and nep—A.S. nǽp, a turnip.

Usage

In literature:

The first half acre I planted to turnips, the next spring I started in to make my fortune.
"Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by Various
They found that the white things lying about on the grass were bits of turnip.
"Chambers's Elementary Science Readers" by Various
The first Swede turnips ever produced in England were grown on a farm near Berkhampstead.
"Hertfordshire" by Herbert W Tompkins
Don't forget it when you make up your accounts; don't mix it with your turnip-money; put it by itself.
"Social Life in the Insect World" by J. H. Fabre
Have ready some turnips, cut in pieces, and stew with the meat.
"Good Things to Eat as Suggested by Rufus" by Rufus Estes
An old remedy for chronic coughs was turnip juice boiled with sugar.
"Food Remedies" by Florence Daniel
It's safer fetching turnips than a wife.
"Krindlesyke" by Wilfrid Wilson Gibson
Olie has a wire-fenced square where he grew beets and carrots and onions and turnips, and the biggest potatoes I ever saw.
"The Prairie Wife" by Arthur Stringer
Mr. Lawes used it for many years in his experiments on turnips and on wheat.
"Talks on Manures" by Joseph Harris
What agonies in that field of turnips!
"Recreations of Christopher North, Volume 2" by John Wilson
Beside the hole lay a heap of freshly pulled turnips, with the green tops still on them.
"A Busy Year at the Old Squire's" by Charles Asbury Stephens
Turnips, carrots, etc., especially if frozen slightly, are apt to produce it.
"The Veterinarian" by Chas. J. Korinek
You are lost to England, I calculate: and I am given over to turnips and inanity.
"Letters of Edward FitzGerald in two volumes, Vol. 1" by Edward FitzGerald
Turnips or rape often make good pioneer cover or green manure crops.
"Apple Growing" by M. C. Burritt
Who'll be minding a young boy on a cart of turnips?
"Kilgorman" by Talbot Baines Reed
And we'd have to stop every few steps and pick up a turnip or a cabbage.
"The Tale of Jimmy Rabbit" by Arthur Scott Bailey
I groaned and snatched the turnips off.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1907 to 1908" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
An hour later they returned to toss a handful of turnip greens into the pig.
"Blue Ridge Country" by Jean Thomas
Breakfast, dinner and supper: turnips and oats.
"The Escape of a Princess Pat" by George Pearson
Thick slices of turnip are attractive.
"Last Words" by Juliana Horatia Ewing
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In poetry:

Sowing turnips over
Where the poppies lay;
Looking past the clover,
Adding up the hay;
"The Dark Girl's Rhyme" by Dorothy Parker
Mr. Finney and his wife
Both sat down to sup;
And they ate, and they ate,
Until they ate the turnip up.
"Mr. Finney's Turnip" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Mr. Finney had a turnip,
And it grew, and it grew,
And it grew behind the barn,
And the turnip did no harm.
"Mr. Finney's Turnip" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
For year I've not been visited
By any kind of Sprite;
Yet still they echo in my head,
Those parting words, so kindly said,
"Old Turnip-top, good-night!"
"Phantasmagoria Canto VII ( Sad Souvenaunce )" by Lewis Carroll
"'Twas MY fault after all, I find -
Shake hands, old Turnip-top!" The name was hardly to my mind,
But, as no doubt he meant it kind,
I let the matter drop.
"Phantasmagoria Canto VI ( Dyscomfyture )" by Lewis Carroll
Now the carrots should be dug,
Up with turnips by the lug,
And earth them withouten delay;
Whate'er weather then betide,
We can shelter or abide,
And let Winter come on as he may.
"Autumn And Winter." by Samuel Bamford

In news:

Turnip greens and cornbread.
This southeastern Vermont outpost of 900 is trading fall's usual cornucopia of apples and pumpkins for a different tradition: a Gilfeather Turnip Festival.
News Turnip Truck Hires Meg Giuffrida to Run Its Food Service Operations.
Urban agriculture movement is growing like a Texas turnip .
Events Turnip Truck Class To Teach Healthy Meal Planning on a Budget.
Cut away the greens from the turnips .
Peel the turnips and quarter if they're large.
4 small turnips , about 5 ounces, peeled.
Place turnips in a small saucepan and cover with water.
The little turnip that could.
It's harder to carve a turnip .
Queezing Blood From A Turnip (June 2000).
Worried radish, troubled turnip : Authors give feelings to food.
Listen to Asher Roth new song ' Turnip The Beet' which debuted today.
Geoffrey Antoine turns turnips into pie.
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In science:

Transforming cabbage into turnip: Polynomial algorithm for sorting signed permutations by reversals. J.
Effect of scale on long-range random graphs and chromosomal inversions
Many such domains (e.g., an unbounded “turnip” domain) are not locally inner uniform up to scale R.
The Dirichlet heat kernel in inner uniform domains: local results, compact domains and non-symmetric forms
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