# turn down

## Definitions

• The sleigh turned upside down
• WordNet 3.6
• v turn down make lower or quieter "turn down the volume of a radio"
• v turn down take a downward direction "The economy finally turned down after a long boom"
• v turn down reject with contempt "She spurned his advances"
• v turn down refuse to accept "He refused my offer of hospitality"
• v turn down refuse entrance or membership "They turned away hundreds of fans","Black people were often rejected by country clubs"
• ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Actress Michelle Pfeiffer was the first choice to play Clarice Starling in the movie "Silence of the Lambs." She turned down the role because she found it too scary
• Turn down to double or fold down: to hide the face of: to lessen or lower
• ***

## Quotations

• T. S. Eliot
“The years between fifty and seventy are the hardest. You are always being asked to do things, and yet you are not decrepit enough to turn them down.”
• Jon English
“You can lay down and die, or you can get up and fight, but that's it -- there's no turning back.”
• Orson Welles
“When you are down and out something always turns up -- and it is usually the noses of your friends.”
• Robert Benchley
“A dog teaches a boy fidelity, perseverance, and to turn around three times before lying down.”
• George Ade
“After being Turned Down by numerous Publishers, he had decided to write for Posterity.”
• Emily Bronte
“The tyrant grinds down his slaves and they don't turn against him, they crush those beneath them.”

## Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. tyrnan; Ger. turnen; Fr. tourner; all from L. tornāre, to turn in a lathe—tornus, a turner's wheel—Gr. tornos.

## Usage

### In literature:

I never thought that old sand-hole and its tumble-down hut would turn out so useful.
"Debit and Credit" by Gustav Freytag
Then, turning from the mirror, she sat down for a moment on the couch by the door.
"The Beach of Dreams" by H. De Vere Stacpoole
Salvatore had turned down his thumb that day.
"The Call of the Blood" by Robert Smythe Hichens
If your partner turn down black, make it red if you can, especially if he has turned down the bower.
"The Laws of Euchre" by H. C. Leeds
How relentless he looked when his mouth turned down at both corners!
"The Secret of the Storm Country" by Grace Miller White
Why, it will fairly turn the house upside down!
"A Little Girl in Old Salem" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
Wearily, he turned back and went through the airlock, down the corridor and down the stairs.
"Rebels of the Red Planet" by Charles Louis Fontenay
Barrent put on a burst of speed, turned down a side street, and knew immediately he had made a mistake.
"The Status Civilization" by Robert Sheckley
Morey turned down the volume.
"Islands of Space" by John W Campbell
At the end of the tunnel they left the sleigh, and, turning down the gentle sloping hillside, leisurely approached the city.
"The Girl in the Golden Atom" by Raymond King Cummings
I've been turned down everywhere.
"The Easiest Way" by Eugene Walter and Arthur Hornblow
Turn down a barrel to make him a kennel; he can bark.
"Mass' George" by George Manville Fenn
I turned cold all down my back without the help of the spray, for it was Jarette's voice we heard, and we had bagged the wrong fox!
"Sail Ho!" by George Manville Fenn
To her surprise the lawyer had turned down that idea.
"The Angel of Terror" by Edgar Wallace
She had discovered that the dishpan turned upside down on the chair, gave her sufficient height to reach her novel banking place.
"Prudence Says So" by Ethel Hueston
The army turned its back upon the sun; the army went down the western side of the mountains, down again into the great Valley.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
It flashed on the white-and-striped shirt and trousers and on the turn-down straw hat with the blue-ribbon band.
"Frank of Freedom Hill" by Samuel A. Derieux
He reached the corner of the Via della Frezza, and turned down, looking up at the numbers as he went along.
"Casa Braccio, Volumes 1 and 2 (of 2)" by F. Marion Crawford
Let the world turn upside down.
"Jewish Children" by Sholem Naumovich Rabinovich
But she was foolish to get on her 'high-horse' and turn down my proposition.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
***

### In poetry:

What would you see, if I took you up
My little aerie-stair?
You would see the sky like a clear blue cup
Turned upside down in the air.
"Up In The Tree" by George MacDonald
Two were full of the beaten gold,
The third was full of white money.
He turned then downe his bags of bread
And filled them full of gold so red.
"The Heir Of Lynne" by Andrew Lang
We rose, and slowly homeward turned,
While down the west the sunset burned;
And, in its light, hill, wood, and tide,
And human forms seemed glorified.
"The Chapel of the Hermits" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Climb the dune, or sit down among the bronze heather,
or there where clouds hang deeply in the mirror of water,
and singing, turn over the cloth of the sky's wide azure.
"At The Grave Of The Unknown Dutch Soldier Who Died During The Days Of May, 1940" by Martinus Nijhoff
Then out has she ta'en a silver wand,
And she turn'd her three times round and round;
She mutter'd sic words, that my strength it fail'd,
And I fell down senseless on the ground.
"Alison Gross" by Andrew Lang
"Turn thou and go before," I LOVE YOU said,
"Down the green pathway, bright with many a flower;
Deep in the valley, lo! my bridal bower
Awaits thee." But I LIKE YOU shook his head.
"I Like You And I Love You" by Oliver Wendell Holmes

### In news:

Police shot tenant for not turning down music.
Voters turn down bond for new Hopkinton DPW facility.
Turn down, turn up , turn off and turn on.
A southern Idaho judge has turned down a request to move the murder trial of a man charged with killing his brother.
NewPage Turns Down (Another) Verso Merger Bid.
Never one to turn down publicity, Specter stumps with the Democratic symbol of the donkey… ( DAILY…).
As we banked turns down the mountain for several runs, it was quite evident that I was the weakest link in our group.
She didn't see how she could turn down the opportunity.
Yastrzemski , Harrell turn down MLB for senior year Vanderbilt.
Dolly Parton has turned down 'American Idol' and 'The X Factor'.
ESPN SEC blogger Chris Low has the latest on Jon Gruden turning down the Tennessee coaching job.
Bon Iver turned down Grammy Awards performance.
(CBS) Bon Iver has pretty much turned down an offer to play the Grammy Awards because organizers wouldn't do it on the band's terms.
In September the Judicial Services Commission (JSC), which she chairs, turned down a summons to meet Mr Mahinda Rajapaksa.
Leading Nude Site Turns Down $100,000 Offer for Leighton Meester Sex Tape, But Which Naked Celebrity Is the Most in Demand. *** ### In science: The turning point r ′ = 0 seems to be either r = r1 or r = r0 , however we need r ≥ r1 to have r real (r ′2 ≥ 0), therefore we can again only deﬁne the Wilson loop contour at r = ∞ and then the string stretches down to r = r1(α). Gluon scattering in${\cal N}=4\$ Super Yang-Mills at finite temperature
This RN state slowly winds down as the accretion turns off nearly completely, with no further eruptions expected in the foreseeable future.
The Nova Shell and Evolution of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis
By the time the model reaches the turn-off, it is eﬃciently slowed down and the surface rotation velocity has dropped by more than a factor of 2 as can be seen in Table 5.
Lithium abundances and extra mixing processes in evolved stars of M67
Next are the spins with one neighbor up and one down which turn up on ramp-II.
Hysteresis in Anti-Ferromagnetic Random-Field Ising Model at Zero Temperature
Similarly when a spin turns up on ramp-II, its nearest neighbor which is down cannot turn up before ramp-III.
Hysteresis in Anti-Ferromagnetic Random-Field Ising Model at Zero Temperature
Frequently when an original singlet site on plateau-II turns up on ramp-III its nearest neighbor turns down.
Hysteresis in Anti-Ferromagnetic Random-Field Ising Model at Zero Temperature
When the singlet turns up at an applied ﬁeld ha , the spin at site 2 stays up if ∆ ≤ |J |, but the spin at site 4 ﬂips down if h4 ≤ h3 .
Hysteresis in Anti-Ferromagnetic Random-Field Ising Model at Zero Temperature
After site 4 has turned down, site 3 has one neighbor up and one down.
Hysteresis in One-Dimensional Anti-Ferromagnetic Random-Field Ising Model at Zero-Temperature
Note that when site 4 turns down, it increases the upward ﬁeld at site 5.
Hysteresis in One-Dimensional Anti-Ferromagnetic Random-Field Ising Model at Zero-Temperature
There is no possibility of site 5 turning down as a result of site 4 turning down.
Hysteresis in One-Dimensional Anti-Ferromagnetic Random-Field Ising Model at Zero-Temperature
It turns out that this is related to the fact that the density-fugacity relation (3.13) breaks down at ξ = pa/b.
One-Dimensional Partially Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process on a Ring with a Defect Particle
Fig. 1. – The ultra-high-energy tail of the cosmic-ray spectrum, which does not turn down as expected on the basis of the GZK cut-off .
Testing Fundamental Physics with High-Energy Cosmic Rays
The faint Lyα-emitting galaxies are so far down on the mass function of halos that one can turn this into a similar constraint on the mass of the WDM particle.
The First Nonlinear Structures and the Reionization History of the Universe
Both quantities, η and V, may be measured in independent experiments, although other nonidealities of the set-up turn down their values when used in (2) .
Optical tests of Bell's inequalities not resting upon the absurd fair sampling assumption
The ﬁrst clock is the millisecond pulsar, which will turn on and start slowing down.
Optical studies of companions to millisecond pulsars
***