turbine

Definitions

  • Branca's steam turbine
    Branca's steam turbine
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n turbine rotary engine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotate
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Longitudinal section of steam turbine Longitudinal section of steam turbine
Compound steam turbine Compound steam turbine
Dynamo driven by De Laval turbine Dynamo driven by De Laval turbine

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Turbine A type of rotary engine with a set of rotating vanes, diagonally inclined and often curved, attached to a central spindle, and obtaining its motive force from the passage of a fluid, as water, steam, combusted gases, or air, over the vanes. Water turbines are frequently used for generating power at hydroelectric power stations, and steam turbines are used for generating power from coal- or oil-fired electric power stations. Turbines are also found in jet engines, and in some automobile engines.
    • Turbine A water wheel, commonly horizontal, variously constructed, but usually having a series of curved floats or buckets, against which the water acts by its impulse or reaction in flowing either outward from a central chamber, inward from an external casing, or from above downward, etc.; -- also called turbine wheel.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n turbine A pair of turbines fastened on one shaft, either back to back or face to face, an arrangement which balances the pressure due to the weight of the driving water-column, and releases the stresses on the footsteps or thrust-bearings: usual in modern high-powered installations.
    • n turbine A water-wheel driven by the impact or reaction of a flowing stream of water, or by impact and reaction combined. Turbines are usually horizontally rotating wheels on vertical shafts. They are of various constructions, and may be divided into reaction-turbines, or those actuated substantially by the reaction of the water passing through them (their buckets moving in a direction opposite to that of the flow); impulse-turbines, or those principally driven by impact against their blades or buckets (the buckets moving with the flow); and combined reaction and impulse wheels, which include the best modern types of turbines. They are also distinguished, by the manner in which they discharge the water, into outward-, vertical-, or central-discharge wheels. In some types of turbines the discharge is partly vertical and partly central. Such is the case with the wheel shown in the cut, which is constructed and set so that the water enters at the perimeter of the case. By the modern turbine a very high percentage of the potential energy of water is converted into work while passing through the wheel. Compare cut under scroll.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Turbine tur′bin a horizontal water-wheel with vertical axis, receiving and discharging water in various directions round the circumference—by parallel, outward, or inward flow
    • n Turbine (anat.) a scroll-like bone
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. turbo, -inis, that which spins or whirls round, whirl

Usage

In literature:

A powerful turbine howled as a car pulled away from the curb, perhaps a hundred yards up the way.
"Vigorish" by Gordon Randall Garrett
The sudden stopping of the turbines woke him in the morning, and the sun shining into his deadlight apprised him that he had slept late.
"The Wreck of the Titan" by Morgan Robertson
Work was carried on there mechanically by means of a turbine moved by a stream which had been turned aside for the purpose.
"Bouvard and Pécuchet" by Gustave Flaubert
Dey ain't been no turbine took from nowhar whilst we was heah, neither.
"Philo Gubb Correspondence-School Detective" by Ellis Parker Butler
The heat produced would vaporize a volatile hydrocarbon which would drive a turbine.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
His turbine screamed to a keener pitch with wide throttle, and he climbed full-bore into the down-town slow lane.
"Modus Vivendi" by Gordon Randall Garrett
For a moment the whine of the turbine was high, the gleam of the headlights low, then they were on their way.
"Take the Reason Prisoner" by John Joseph McGuire
Sporangia scattered, gregarious, turbinate, short stipitate, blue-gray, about 1 mm.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
The steam-turbine is the most clearly visible of the revolutionary agencies in motors using the artificial sources of power.
"Twentieth Century Inventions" by George Sutherland
The faint drone of turbines and whistle of jets and sundered air began to enlarge.
"The Sensitive Man" by Poul William Anderson
Great transformers were here, operated by turbines in the dam.
"Astounding Stories, June, 1931" by Various
Round vision-ports stared glassily, and turbines buzzed feverishly shrill.
"World of the Drone" by Robert Abernathy
It should have had a set of turbines, instead of the ancient, moss-grown, overshot waterwheels.
"Lord Stranleigh Abroad" by Robert Barr
There was a turbine with a fuel supply and tiers of high-voltage storage batteries.
"For Every Man A Reason" by Patrick Wilkins
The turbines of the ship were beginning to rumble, shaking the ground under them with a deep vibration.
"Mr. Spaceship" by Philip K. Dick
There was a steam turbine at one end, and a huge boiler at the other.
"The Hell Ship" by Raymond Alfred Palmer
Besides, they knew that the turbine generators of Potomac Edison were still running.
"Astounding Stories, August, 1931" by Various
Ralph de Turbine, 1114 to 80.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 2" by Various
But a great number of the bivalve Testacea, and many also of the turbinated univalves, burrow in sand or mud.
"Principles of Geology" by Charles Lyell
BARKER'S MILL, also called Scottish turbine, a hydraulic machine on the principle of what is known as the hydraulic tourniquet.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
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In poetry:

So they begin to see and know.
In din of started turbines roaring
Mother seems not their mother now,
And you not you, and home is foreign.
"So they begin. With two years gone..." by Boris Pasternak
Hulks of black turbines all mangled and roaring,
Battering egress through ramparted walls…
Mouthing of engines, made rabid with power,
Into the holocaust snorting and plunging…
"The Song Of Iron" by Lola Ridge

In news:

'Saltie' BBC Balboa unloads turbine blades at the Mart Dock in downtown Muskegon (video).
Indicting oil and gas companies but giving wind turbines a pass.
The vessel traffic control tower at the port of Los Angeles goes green with 300 solar panels and four wind turbines.
Legislative panel hears concerns about shutting off turbines.
Maine environmental regulars recommend rejecting an application to build a 14-turbine wind farm in Penobscot County.
Turbine manufacturer Nordex has introduced Premium Light, a new maintenance package for existing wind turbines.
German engineers have developed a way to dampen the humming noise that prompts complaints from those who live near the turbines.
At Peck's Boats, two of the three blades of its 15,000 Kw turbine broke from the 100-foot tall installation.
Vestas Wins 68-Megawatt Wind Turbine Order From SSE Farm in U.K. Go To Businessweek.com.
What's involved in changing from an electric motor to a steam turbine .
ANSI/ISA77.14.01-2010 Fossil Fuel Power Plant Steam Turbine Controls.
ANSI/ISA-77.13.01-1999 (R2008) Fossil Fuel Power Plant Steam Turbine Bypass System.
This standard covers the design requirements and operator interface for steam turbine bypass systems for drum and once-through steam generators and combined cycle plants.
The Stair Tower Module System will be put inside wind turbines to allow for safer entrance and exit for workers.
The Massachusetts Water Resource Authority's new wind turbine in Charlestown has apparently sunk about 2 inches causing significant worry that the structural integrity of the 426,000 pound turbine is at risk.
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In science:

Conversely, simulation of fluid flow is not so efficient, and wind tunnel testing is often used for aircraft and turbine design.
A random walk approach to quantum algorithms
Korolyuk V.S., Turbin A.F., Mathematical foundation of state lumping of large systems, Kluwer Acad.
Asymptotic expansion of semi-Markov random evolutions
However solar energy (in summer) and wind power (the turbine mounted on a tower to place it above the boundary layer, where a steady wind blows) could provide a clean energy source for observatories.
Astronomy in Antarctica
Spinato F., Tavner P. J., van Bussel G. J. W., Koutoulakos E. 2009. Reliability of wind turbine subassemblies.
A Multi-State Power Model for Adequacy Assessment of Distributed Generation via Universal Generating Function
Most microgrids today employ generators powered by gas turbines or diesel engines.
Online Energy Generation Scheduling for Microgrids with Intermittent Energy Sources and Co-Generation
The resulting wind speeds were passed through the power curve of a standard 1.5-MW GE Wind Turbine which was scaled to the wind farm nameplate capacity to estimate the power output pr (t ) (in MW) at each wind farm as a function of time.
Distributed Control of Generation in a Transmission Grid with a High Penetration of Renewables
Turbiner, “Energy Reflection Symmetry of Lie-Algebraic Problems: Where the Quasiclassical and Weak Coupling Expansions Meet,” Phys.
Perturbative--nonperturbative connection in quantum mechanics and field theory
The top end of tube has air turbine and electric generator 19.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
The top end can also has the wind turbine 20 (optinal).
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
Moreover, we can install an air turbine and electric generator at top of tube and get electricity when we do not need a big amount of freshwater.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
When the vertical tube extractor has a solar air heater at lower end and air turbine (plus electric generator) at top of tube, we can get additional energy. The solar radiation heats the air.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
The warm air makes a less pressure into tube; the air flow into tube has more (high) speed and air turbine at a top tube end produces the energy.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
Example 15.3 in Meeker and Escobar (1998) describes, generally, how results of fatigue tests on specimens are used to predict the reliability of a jet engine turbine disk.
A Review of Accelerated Test Models
High strain rate and high temperature behaviour of metallic materials for jet engine turbine containment.
A study of localisation in dual-phase high-strength steels under dynamic loading using digital image correlation and FE analysis
Islanding is implemented using a two step process to obtain islands which would be powered by distributed energy sources such as wind turbines.
Topological Analysis and Mitigation Strategies for Cascading Failures in Power Grid Networks
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