tuning

Definitions

  • WHISTLING THE LAST NEW TUNE
    WHISTLING THE LAST NEW TUNE
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n tuning (music) calibrating something (an instrument or electronic circuit) to a standard frequency
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Tuning scheme Tuning scheme
Text: TUNES FOR SPRING Text: TUNES FOR SPRING

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Keeping your car tuned up is a good way to save on gas. A car that is tuned up is 9% more efficient on gasoline.
    • Tuning tūn"ĭng a. & n. from Tune v.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Nags Headm North Carolina you can be fined for singing out of tune for more than ninety seconds.
    • n tuning In electricity, the adjustment of a circuit, as to capacity and inductance, so that electrical oscillations induced in it shall agree in frequency with those in another circuit or circuits.
    • n tuning The act, process, or result of adjusting the intonation of a musical instrument. The process varies with the mechanical construction of the instrument. In stringed instruments, like the pianoforte, violin, harp, etc., it consists in adjusting the tension of the strings by means of tuning-pins or-pegs. In wind-instruments, like the flute, clarinet, trumpet, etc., it consists in adjusting the length of the tube by means of some kind of sliding joint or crook, so that the fundamental tone of the tube shall be correct. In a bell it consists in adjusting the thickness of the sound-bow. In the organ it consists in various adjustments of the effective length of the aircolumn in fiue-pipes, or of the vibrating part of the reed in reed-pipes. The intricacy of the process depends chiefly on the number of separate tones whose intonation is fixed, and is most conspicuous in instruments with a keyboard, like the organ and the pianoforte. On these instruments some system of compromise temperament is a necessity, if freedom of modulation is desired. Accordingly, great pains is taken to set the temperament in a single central octave, and all other octaves are then adjusted thereto. Tuning is much facilitated by the phenomenon of beats, especially in the case of the organ. See temperament and beat.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The final episode of M*A*S*H ranks as the most watched television program of any kind in United States history. An estimated 50,150,000 people tuned in on February 28, 1983. That amounted to 60.2% of all households with a television. Second on the list was the “Who Shot J.R.” episode of Dallas.
    • Tuning the art of bringing musical instruments into tune
    • ***

Quotations

  • Wayne Dyer
    Wayne%20Dyer
    “Abundance is not something we acquire. It is something we tune into.”
  • Sigmund Z. Engel
    Sigmund Z. Engel
    “The age of a woman doesn't mean a thing. The best tunes are played on the oldest fiddles.”
  • English Proverb
    English Proverb
    “The older the fiddler, the sweeter the tune.”
  • Rowland Hill
    Rowland Hill
    “Why should the devil have all the good tunes?”
  • Eliza Cook
    Eliza Cook
    “Oh, how cruelly sweet are the echoes that start when memory plays an old tune on the heart!”
  • Ulysses S. Grant
    Ulysses S. Grant
    “I know only two tunes. One them is Yankee Doodle and the other isn't.”

Idioms

Call the tune - The person who calls the tune makes the important decisions about something.
***
Change your tune - If someone changes their ideas or the way they talk about them, they change their tune.
***
Fine tuning - Small adjustments to improve something or to get it working are called fine tuning.
***

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A doublet of tone.

Usage

In literature:

He has employed some of these tunes in his first set of Valses.
"The World's Great Men of Music" by Harriette Brower
Two sojers cum in de house en ax her fer ter play er tune dat dey liked.
"Slave Narratives, Administrative Files (A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves)" by Work Projects Administration
Would you stand here like this, friends good and true, with hearts tuned to the same feeling, a twelvemonth from to-night?
"V. V.'s Eyes" by Henry Sydnor Harrison
He said it aloud, and, with that, another tune, the old nigger-tune, "Nelly was a Lady," fitted itself absurdly to the words.
"Mount Music" by E. Oe. Somerville and Martin Ross
Her voice fell melodiously upon an ear long tuned to the whine of native women.
"Children of the Mist" by Eden Phillpotts
Beside that, if you let them sing one tune at a service, they will be putting their oar into the other tunes and bothering the choir.
"Around The Tea-Table" by T. De Witt Talmage
It has only two tunes and is like our teacher at school.
"The Redemption of David Corson" by Charles Frederic Goss
I'm paying the piper, and I'm going to choose all the tunes.
"Acton's Feud" by Frederick Swainson
That hand knows what tune the heart drummed out.
"The Life and Death of Richard Yea-and-Nay" by Maurice Hewlett
I don't know one tune from another, though I do sing the old Methody hymns that I learned in Lynn when I am about my work.
"The Log School-House on the Columbia" by Hezekiah Butterworth
They have a strange Power to tune the harsh Disorders of the Soul, and reduce us to a serene and placid State of Mind.
"Benjamin Franklin" by Frank Luther Mott
Then comes a third subject, a very decided march tune, which is used later on in the prelude to Act ii.
"Shakespeare and Music" by Christopher Wilson
And the thing you dance to; I think that's the best tune in the show.
"The Boy Grew Older" by Heywood Broun
Tune after tune she played, and the sweet strains sounded out over the water.
"If Any Man Sin" by H. A. Cody
The first thing to do is to decide upon the tune.
"The Meadow-Brook Girls Across Country" by Janet Aldridge
Gert's tune, with its endless variations, became absolutely hateful to the melancholy Boer.
"Between Sun and Sand" by William Charles Scully
They hav no song, but whissell for musik; the tune iz solitary and sad.
"The Complete Works of Josh Billings" by Henry W. Shaw
She remembers every tune that she hears, and can sing a great many songs.
"Julia Ward Howe" by Laura E. Richards
Presently back a comes, and sings t'other tune.
"The Cloister and the Hearth" by Charles Reade
When this is joined to a familiar chorus and tune, and then varied, a song has originated.
"Religious Folk-Songs of the Southern Negroes" by Howard W. Odum
***

In poetry:

The blooming earth so glad below--
The fragrant flowers--the streams that flow--
The tuneful birds--would bid us know,
"There is a God."
"There Is A God" by James Avis Bartley
The winds of May and June
Hum many a tender tune,
Blowing above thy leafy hiding-place,
Kissing, all thrilled with joy, thy modest face.
"To A Wild Flower" by Maurice Thompson
And thy voice comes like the sound
Of a sweet and hidden rill,
That makes the dim woods tuneful round–
But soon it must be still!
"Carolan's Prophecy" by Felicia Dorothea Hemans
Sweet is the day of sacred rest,
No mortal cares shall seize my breast;
O may my heart in tune be found,
Like David's harp of solemn sound!
"Psalm 92 part 1" by Isaac Watts
And from the apple branches fell
Blossoms and leaves that time in June;
The wanton breezes wooed them well
With soft caress and amorous tune.
"A Paraphrase Of Heine" by Eugene Field
And oh, how sweet is that sad tune
Of thine, within the evening breeze,
Which roams beneath the mirrored moon
On silver-sleeping summer seas!
"To the Spirit of Music" by Henry Kendall

In news:

Someday musical theater will unplug the jukebox and come up with new tunes.
Looney Tunes Animator & Director Turns 100.
The world's largest Internet poker company, PokerStars, is settling with the government to the tune of $731 million more than a year after a crackdown on online gambling.
Fleck & Flecktones dazzle Christmas tunes.
'Glee' castmates Mark Salling, Amber Riley and Cory Monteith belt out Christmas tunes at Bryant Park.
Today's Top Tune is "Sopeka," from the CD Bouger Le Monde.
Scientists tune into blue whale songs with defense technology.
Tune in to the Matt Allen Show every week night from 6:00-9:00 PM.
Other tunes are highly explicit.
DENALI PARK, Alaska — Sixteen hundred people tuned in during the first three days.
) I even recall the tune.
Exclusive Club Sends Up a Mighty Bank With Lampoons of Old Tunes.
Other Godolphin Runners Tune Up.
Classical to jazz to popular tunes will be served up with no cover charge Friday and Saturday evenings at Monticello Seasonal Cuisine, 630 G St in Davis.
Last week local rapper and Epic signee King L (aka King Louie) dropped a great tune with Juicy J and Pusha-T.
***

In science:

Development of the Professor framework and application to different implications of tuning continues: the next contribution details how ensembles of tunes created by Professor may be used for estimations of tune uncertainties in MC predictions.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
QUANTITATIVE ERROR ESTIMATION IN MC TUNES 11 Recent developments in Monte Carlo generator tuning have led to more robust and general-purpose “optimal” tunes to existing data, and there is a clear hope that when existing data is well-described, extrapolations to future collider energies will also be reliable.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
However, especially in the area of soft QCD, generator predictions are never expected to be exactly accurate: there is no single “best” tune for a given model, but rather one or more regions of parameter space which contains reasonable tunes.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
In this contribution, however, we describe how to quantitively assess major sources of uncertainty arising from the tuning process itself, i.e. the reasonable scatter to be expected around a tune for a discrete model.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
MC tuning with Professor The “Professor” approach to MC tuning constitutes both a numerical method and a suite of tools which implement it.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
We can then randomly sample a large number of mostly-independent N -run tunes to obtain an ensemble of reasonable tunes – again, this step can be trivially batch-parallelised.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
The spread of this tune ensemble as projected on each parameter has been used in several Professor MC tunes as a heuristic for determining whether a parameter is well or poorly constrained, for detecting parameterisation problems, and for ensuring that the “maximum information” tune is typical of the ensemble.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
Construction of tune uncertainty confidence belts Our approach to quantifying the uncertainties from (combinations of) the sources listed in the previous section is to construct central confidence belts for observable bins from the various ensembles of tune results, parameterisations, etc. we have described.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
PYTHIA TUNES We compared various tunes in Pythia 6.421 on the basis of three observables, the Z transverse momentum, the jet multiplicity and the leading jet transverse momentum.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
T region: both tune Perugia0 and tune Pro-Q0 differ from Tune DW, and they also differ from each other.
THE TOOLS AND MONTE CARLO WORKING GROUP Summary Report from the Les Houches 2009 Workshop on TeV Colliders
Our strategy is to seek a class of testing plans such that the risk of making wrong decisions can be controlled by the risk tuning parameter ζ > 0, and then apply the risk tuning technique to adjust the risk level to satisfy the requirement (7).
Sequential Tests of Statistical Hypotheses with Confidence Limits
While it is possible to arrange couplings in this way in concrete models, this may be hard to achieve without tunings [82, 83], or conversely without tunings the asymmetry would be SM-like as in Randall-Sundrum (RS) models of flavour .
Review of new physics effects in t-tbar production
Thus the time-2∆t state of S is given by ρS (2∆t) = TrA U {ρS (∆t) ⊗ ρA (0)} U † . A physical realization could be the passage S through a sequence of sharply tuned cavities—but not tuned to the frequency of S.
Violation of the zeroth law of thermodynamics for a non-ergodic interaction
Hamze & de Freitas (2010) state that it is easiest to manually tune the 2D grid Ising model and that tuning the 3D cube Ising model is more challenging.
Bayesian Optimization for Adaptive MCMC
The AMBT1 tune of Pythia 6, for example, highlighted that observables such as the pseudorapidity density are not well described by MC generators, even if they were taken as input to the tuning procedure.
Minimum Bias and Underlying Event Measurements with ATLAS
***