tuberculosis

Definitions

  • X ray Showing Tuberculosis of the Lung
    X ray Showing Tuberculosis of the Lung
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n tuberculosis infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Bacteria that cause tooth decay, acne, tuberculosis, and leprosy can be cured with cashews.
    • n Tuberculosis (Med) A constitutional disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosisalso called the Tubercle bacillus), characterized by the production of tubercles in the internal organs, and especially in the lungs, where it constitutes the most common variety of pulmonary phthisis (consumption). The Mycobacteria are slow-growing and without cell walls, and are thus not affected by the beta-lactam antibiotics; treatment is difficult, usually requiring simultaneous administration of multiple antibiotics to effect a cure. Prior to availability of antibiotic treatment, the cure required extensive rest, for which special sanatoriums were constructed.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n tuberculosis It is a specific infectious disease, usually chronic in course. Any organ or tissue of the body may be the seat of the disease, but in the adult the lungs are the most frequently attacked. This form (pulmonary tuberculosis or consumption) is marked by emaciation, cough and expectoration, fever of a hectic character, rapid pulse, night sweats, and sometimes the expectoration of blood. The larynx may also he involved, in which case hoarseness or loss of voice and pain on swallowing are added symptoms. In children tuberculosis frequently invades the lymphatic glands of the neck, the spine' (constituting Pott's disease), or one or more of the joints, especially the hip or the knee. This form, being often amenable to treatment by mechanical or operative measures, is called surgical tuberculosis. Tuberculosis of the skin is known as lupus. In the treatment of pulmonary and other forms of tuberculosis, the main reliance is upon fresh air, the patient passing the greater part of the day in the open air and sleeping at night by an open window or actually out of doors, sheltered from rain or snow by an awning. A dry but dustless climate at an elevation of 1000 to 3000 feet is beneficial, but is not essential. Rest is an important factor in the treatment, especially when fever is present. The 'food should be of the most nourishing character, consisting largely of eggs and milk, and it is important that the diet should include a large amount of fat. To avoid the dissemination of infection, the sputum (which usually contains large numbers of the tubercle bacilli) should be received in a pasteboard box or paper napkin and immediately burned. Care should be taken also, when coughing, to hold a paper napkin before the mouth to catch the droplets of moisture which almost always contain the bacilli of the disease. The acute form of the disease is called miliary tuberculosis, which see, under tuberculosis.
    • n tuberculosis A specific disease affecting most of the tissues of the body, characterized by the formation of tubercles and the presence in the diseased parts of the tubercle-bacillus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Tuberculosis a specific infective disease induced by the invasion of the Bacillus tuberculosis, and characterised by the presence of tubercle or other tubercular formations—consumption or phthisis
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Quotations

  • Mother Teresa
    Mother%20Teresa
    “The biggest disease today is not leprosy or tuberculosis, but rather the feeling of being unwanted.”
  • Simone Weil
    Simone%20Weil
    “The poison of skepticism becomes, like alcoholism, tuberculosis, and some other diseases, much more virulent in a hitherto virgin soil.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL. See Tubercle
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. tuberculum, dim. of tuber.

Usage

In literature:

However, many other organs and tissues may be affected by tuberculosis.
"Woman" by William J. Robinson
A. KNOPF, M. D., New York, Honorary Vice-President of the British Congress on Tuberculosis.
"Alcohol: A Dangerous and Unnecessary Medicine, How and Why" by Martha M. Allen
Sheep are not subject to tuberculosis.
"Prof. Koch's Method to Cure Tuberculosis Popularly Treated" by Max Birnbaum
This cure of tuberculosis was a revelation to me.
"Self Mastery Through Conscious Autosuggestion" by Emile Coué
The death-rate from tuberculosis is almost three times that among the whites.
"The Indian Today" by Charles A. Eastman
One of the men who came to pick grapes this year has a wife at home with tuberculosis.
"Master of the Vineyard" by Myrtle Reed
The ~Monkey~ is naturally prone to tuberculosis, and should be injected with 1 c.c.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
His son, Dr. Walter Bowie Tyler, followed him, but not for long, as he had consumption, as tuberculosis was called in those days.
"A Portrait of Old George Town" by Grace Dunlop Ecker
It consists in being an anoematosis and not a tuberculosis.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Tuberculous ulcers usually occur in association with other and unmistakable evidences of tuberculosis.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
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In news:

The Richmond County Health Department has confirmed one case of tuberculosis at Butler High School.
Also called consumption or "wasting disease," tuberculosis once ran rampant in America.
How the Battle Against Tuberculosis Was Won—and Lost by Frank Ryan Little, Brown, 460 pp.
FOX54 has learned new details about the tuberculosis scare at Butler High School.
India's battle with drug-resistant tuberculosis.
Indian Bureaucracy Slows Treatment of Tuberculosis.
At least eight cases of tuberculosis have been identified in Grand Forks County– but others are under review.
After his mother died of tuberculosis when he was a baby, Black Eagle was raised by his grandparents and later became a strong advocate for preserving the Crow 's traditions and culture.
In panel 2 of their Article on biomarkers and diagnostics for tuberculosis (May 29, p 1920).
Tuberculosis is a lung disease that can be transmitted by sharing the same space with an infected person for an extended period of time.
Tuberculosis numbers drop to 8.7 million new cases.
WRTI's Jim Hilgen takes a look at the global danger of tuberculosis , a largely forgotten disease.
A man flew back and forth on commercial flights across the Atlantic before landing in an isolation ward, diagnosed with a particularly virulent and drug-resistant strain of tuberculosis .
Primary tuberculosis of the nose is very rare.
A new World Health Organization report finds that fewer people are acquiring tuberculosis worldwide than previously thought and that fewer people are dying of it.
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In science:

As a case in point, consider a pharmaceutical company that asks clients to disclose the diseases they have suffered from in order to investigate the correlations in their occurrences – f or example, “Adult females with malarial infections are also prone to contract tuberculosis”.
A Framework for High-Accuracy Privacy-Preserving Mining
Tuberculosis and gonorrhea are two much-studied examples.
The structure and function of complex networks
Using approximate Bayesian computation to estimate tuberculosis transmission parameters from genotype data.
Approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) gives exact results under the assumption of model error
Tanaka et al. (2006) use ABC to analyse Tuberculosis bacteria genotype data sampled in San Francisco over a period from 1991 to 1992.
Constructing Summary Statistics for Approximate Bayesian Computation: Semi-automatic ABC
Figure 3: ABC output for the Tuberculosis application.
Constructing Summary Statistics for Approximate Bayesian Computation: Semi-automatic ABC
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