• WordNet 3.6
    • n tsar a male monarch or emperor (especially of Russia prior to 1917)
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolokol in the Kremlin in Moscow. It’s 20’ 2” high and 21’ 8” in diameter. Cast in 1735, it weighs 222.56 tons and has never been wrung. It cracked before it was installed.
    • n Tsar The title of the emperor of Russia. See Czar.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The biggest bell is the "Tsar Kolokol" cast in the Kremlin in 1733. It weighs 216 tons, but alas, is cracked and has never been rung. The bell was being stored in a Moscow shed which caught fire. To "save" it, caretakers decided to throw water on the bell. This did not succeed, as the water hit the superheated metal and a giant piece immediately cracked off, destroying the bell forever.
    • n Tsar zär the emperor of Russia
    • n Tsar tsär better form of Czar.
    • n Tsar or zär, the emperor of Russia
    • ***


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Russ. tsari, a king; conn. with Ger. kaiser, ult. from L. cæsar, a king or emperor.


In literature:

Then he asked to speak with the Tsar, and so old and venerable did he look that they would not refuse him, but brought him before the Tsar.
"Tales of Folk and Fairies" by Katharine Pyle
The Ambassador held that Berlin had false ideas as to the course that the Tsar's Government would adopt.
"World's War Events, Vol. I" by Various
The tsar is anointed by the metropolitan, but places the crown on his head himself.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
The king, or tsar, was the leading nobleman.
"Area Handbook for Bulgaria" by Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
His clever ward, Natalia Kirillovna Naryshkina, attracted the widowed tsar's attention and became tsarina and mother of Peter the Great.
"Women of the Teutonic Nations" by Hermann Schoenfeld
No, no; I do not hear, I do not see, although I am conscious of, my Tsar, whose unemancipated serf I am.
"Bye-Ways" by Robert Smythe Hichens
As for the present Tsar, he has followed, in a humane spirit, the best traditions of his ancestors.
"Russian Life To-day" by Right Rev. Herbert Bury
On the 1st of September he was solemnly crowned tsar.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 3" by Various
The Empire of the Tsars has provided collectors with a few stamps of philanthropic interest in connection with its wars.
"The Postage Stamp in War" by Fred. J. Melville
The road led past some of the Grand Dukes' estates and Livadia, the Tsar's Crimean palace.
"A Kut Prisoner" by H. C. W. Bishop

In poetry:

Loudly to the fight
Then the Tsar did call--
Russia swift replied,
Coming one and all.
"To Russia" by Ivan Nikitin
And even should the Tsar arrive,
We would not set our glasses down.
Or should God's thunder strike our feast,
We would not halt our merriment.
And even should the Tsar arrive,
We would not set our glasses down.
"We Love Noisy Parties" by Nikolay Mikhailovich Yazykov
Saying that the tsar is the head of the faith and that in him is God,
and that he can counsel nothing contrary to the Holy Spirit,
even when he commandeth things which are like crimes,
for in him is the Holy Spirit.
"Anhelli - Chapter 3" by Juliusz Slowacki
If ghosts should walk in Deptford, as very well they may,
A man might find the night there more stirring than the day,
Might meet a Russian Tsar there, or see in Spain's despite
Queen Bess ride down to Deptford to dub Sir Francis knight.
"Ghosts In Deptford" by Cicely Fox Smith
Who will excel in unwavering courage,
Conquering fate with a prayer and with faith,
Evil with bayonets, envy with jests?
Capturing scepters, remaining a slave,
Who will keep striving for valor alone,
Live for our Tsars, while consuming himself?
"The Bullfinch" by Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin

In news:

'Daughter of the Red Tsar'.
Tsar Nicoulai's domestically raised caviar.
'Daughter of the Red Tsar '.
Jenny Grey, the Government's 'comms tsar ', will chair this year's PRWeek Awards.
Government 'comms tsar ' Jenny Grey to chair PRWeek Awards.
'Alix and Nicky: The Passion of the Last Tsar and Tsarina:' A book review.
The Passion of the Last Tsar and Tsarina Virginia Rounding St Martin's Press, 400 pp.
"Car tsar " Steve Rattner agrees to $10 million settlement over alleged state pension fund kickbacks.
Politicians love appointing tsars or czars to deal with difficult problems.
International Energy Tsar Michael Freedman and Heidi Brown 07.24.06.
Seattle to watchdog tow-trucks, cap fees, hire tow-truck tsar .
Jenny Grey, the Government's 'comms tsar', will chair this year's PRWeek Awards.
Government 'comms tsar' Jenny Grey to chair PRWeek Awards.
The Court of The Red Tsar.
Seattle to watchdog tow-trucks, cap fees, hire tow-truck tsar.

In science:

Another work simulated only the German emperor and the Russian tsar while for a more complex study used a supercomputer of that time.
A Biased Review of Sociophysics
Sola Pool I., Kessler, A.: The Kaiser, the Tsar and the computer: Information processes in a crisis.
A Biased Review of Sociophysics