truss

Definitions

  • A Trussed Fowl
    A Trussed Fowl
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v truss support structurally "truss the roofs","trussed bridges"
    • v truss secure with or as if with ropes "tie down the prisoners","tie up the old newspapers and bring them to the recycling shed"
    • v truss tie the wings and legs of a bird before cooking it
    • n truss (architecture) a triangular bracket of brick or stone (usually of slight extent)
    • n truss a framework of beams (rafters, posts, struts) forming a rigid structure that supports a roof or bridge or other structure
    • n truss (medicine) a bandage consisting of a pad and belt; worn to hold a hernia in place by pressure
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Truss (Surg) A bandage or apparatus used in cases of hernia, to keep up the reduced parts and hinder further protrusion, and for other purposes.
    • Truss A bundle; a package; as, a truss of grass. "Bearing a truss of trifles at his back."
    • Truss A padded jacket or dress worn under armor, to protect the body from the effects of friction; also, a part of a woman's dress; a stomacher. "Puts off his palmer's weed unto his truss , which bore
      The stains of ancient arms."
    • Truss (Bot) A tuft of flowers formed at the top of the main stalk, or stem, of certain plants.
    • Truss (Arch. & Engin) An assemblage of members of wood or metal, supported at two points, and arranged to transmit pressure vertically to those points, with the least possible strain across the length of any member. Architectural trusses when left visible, as in open timber roofs, often contain members not needed for construction, or are built with greater massiveness than is requisite, or are composed in unscientific ways in accordance with the exigencies of style.
    • Truss (Naut) The rope or iron used to keep the center of a yard to the mast.
    • Truss To bind or pack close; to tie up tightly; to make into a truss. "It [his hood] was trussed up in his wallet."
    • Truss To execute by hanging; to hang; -- usually with up.
    • Truss To skewer; to make fast, as the wings of a fowl to the body in cooking it.
    • Truss To strengthen or stiffen, as a beam or girder, by means of a brace or braces.
    • Truss To take fast hold of; to seize and hold firmly; to pounce upon. "Who trussing me as eagle doth his prey."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • truss To tie up; pack in a bundle; bundle: often with up.
    • truss To tie, bind, or fasten: sometimes with up.
    • truss Specifically, to adjust and draw closely the garment or garments of, as a person; also, to draw tight and tie, as laces or points.
    • truss To seize and hold firmly; seize and carry off: said especially of birds of prey.
    • truss To make fast, as the wings of a fowl to the body preparatory to cooking it; skewer.
    • truss To hang: usually with up.
    • truss In building, to furnish with a truss; suspend or support by a truss.
    • truss To drive off; rout.
    • truss To pack; make ready.
    • truss To go; be off; begone, as one who has been sent packing.
    • n truss A bundle; pack.
    • n truss Specifically A bundle of hay or straw. A quantity of hay tied together, and having a definite weight, usually stated at 50 pounds, but, according to a statute of George III., 56 pounds of old hay or 60 pounds of new. Statutes of George II. legalized local trusses of 36 pounds in London and 7 pounds in Bristol.
    • n truss In horticulture, a compact terminal flower-cluster of any kind, as an umbel, corymb, or spike.
    • n truss In surgery, an appliance consisting of a belt or an elastic steel spring encircling the body, to which is attached a pad, used in cases of rupture to hinder the descent of the parts, or to prevent an increase in size of an irreducible hernia.
    • n truss A garment worn in the sixteenth century and previously: probably so called from being laced closely to the person.
    • n truss plural Trousers; tight-fitting drawers. See trouse, trousers.
    • n truss In building, a stiff frame; a combination of timbers, of iron parts, or of timbers and ironwork, so arranged as to constitute an unyielding frame. The simplest example of a truss is the principal or main couple of a roof (see cuts under roof and queen-post), in which the tie-beam is suspended in the middle by the king-post to the apex of the angle formed by the meeting of the rafters. The feet of the rafters being tied together by the beam, and being thus incapable of yielding in the direction of their length, their apex becomes a fixed point, to which the beam is trussed or tied up to prevent its sagging, and to prevent the rafters from sagging struts are inserted. There are other forms of truss suited to different purposes, but the conditions are the same in all—namely, the establishing of fixed points to which the tie-beam is trussed. Two points of attachment are sometimes substituted for the single one, and two suspending posts are required; these are called queen-posts, and the truss is called a queen-post truss. The principle of the truss is of very wide application in bridge-building. Trusses of various forms are much used in iron-construction.
    • n truss In architecture, a large corbel or modillion supporting a mural monument or any object projecting from the face of a wall. See crosset, 1 , with cut.
    • n truss In ship-building, a short piece of carved work fitted under the taffrail: chiefly used in small ships.
    • n truss A heavy iron fitting by which the lower yards of vessels are secured to the lower mast and on which they swing. Formerly yards were kept in place by trusses of rope which passed round the yard and mast and were kept taut by truss-tackles which were hooked to the truss-pendants.
    • truss Bunchy; stumpy; stocky; round and thick.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Truss trus a bundle: timbers fastened together for binding a beam or supporting a roof: in ships, the rope or iron for keeping the lower yard to the mast: a tuft of flowers at the top of the main stalk or stem: a bandage or apparatus used in hernia to retain reduced parts, or to hinder protusion
    • v.t Truss to bind up: to pack close: to furnish with a truss: to draw tight and tie: to skewer in cooking
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. trusse, F. trousse, OF. also tourse,; perhaps fr. L. tryrsus, stalk, stem. Cf. Thyrsus Torso Trousers Trousseau

Usage

In literature:

Here, drag him headlong in, And truss the rascal up immediately.
"The Comedies of Terence" by Publius Terentius Afer
They then place, with care, the travellers mess upon a truss of straw.
"Perils and Captivity" by Charlotte-Adélaïde [née Picard] Dard
One glance revealed the strange lad clinging to a perilous seat on the truss rod.
"Boy Scouts Mysterious Signal" by G. Harvey Ralphson
I am trussed; are they going to roast me?
"In the King's Name" by George Manville Fenn
With a quick turn of the ropes he had brought, Tom had the wrecker trussed up.
"The Moving Picture Boys on the Coast" by Victor Appleton
The man's sash was useful in binding his feet, and, thus trussed, they threw him under the bush.
"Under the Rebel's Reign" by Charles Neufeld
In due time her messenger returned; and with her Ben, carrying a truss of straw.
"Deerbrook" by Harriet Martineau
Some trusses of good clean straw were brought into the room and spread upon the floor.
"Germany, Bohemia, and Hungary, Visited in 1837. Vol. II" by G. R. Gleig
I perceived that I had been lying on a bed of straw, composed of two or three trusses apparently.
"Japhet in Search of a Father" by Frederick Marryat
He can't lie there like a trussed fowl; and see if one of you can't stop that bleeding.
"Rodman The Boatsteerer And Other Stories" by Louis Becke
You wished, say, to order a truss for a patient.
"In Mesopotamia" by Martin Swayne
The captain was trussed up like a chicken now.
"Young Glory and the Spanish Cruiser" by Walter Fenton Mott
I want you to show your arms, and not to keep them glued to your sides like trussed fowls.
"The Idler Magazine, Volume III, March 1893" by Various
In the main frame a few changes were also made in the details of construction and trussing employed by Mr. Chanute.
"The Early History of the Airplane" by Orville Wright
The trussed form of the M.P.
"The Kangaroo Marines" by R. W. Campbell
We present in the following designs, several illustrations of the principle of the truss applied to wooden gates.
"Woodward's Country Homes" by George E. Woodward
The boys covered them with guns an' we trussed 'em both.
"Boy Scouts in the Canal Zone" by G. Harvey Ralphson
Escorting Shane to the camp, they soon had him safely trussed.
"Jim Spurling, Fisherman" by Albert Walter Tolman
Track timber not trussed on openings under 12 feet wide.
"Seasoning of Wood" by Joseph B. Wagner
I done it, an' ee trusses me up like a bloomin' chicken, an' sticks my own angkincher dahn me froat.
"The Motor Pirate" by George Sidney Paternoster
***

In poetry:

No other comes, no labourer
To cut his shaggy truss of hay,
Along the road no traveller,
Day after day, day after day.
"A Lonely Place" by Edward Shanks
"They chok'd me, as in bed I lay,
Then wrapp'd me in a truss of hay;
And bore me out at dead of night,
And laid me in this lonely height.
"The Heddybee Spectre" by George Borrow
And what has reason now to say,
Chief of our modern gods?
And Mercy? "Keep the man apart,
But harm not such poor clods?"
"Nay," saith the Law, "we'll truss him up
And scourge his back with rods!"
"The Age of Reason" by C J Dennis
To-morrow, our hero reply'd, in a fright,
He that's hang'd before noon ought to think of to-night;
Tell your beads, quoth the priest, and be fairly truss'd up, For you surely to-night shall in Paradise sup.
Derry down, down, hey derry down.
"The Thief And Cordelier. A Ballad" by Matthew Prior

In news:

The largest employer in Montrose – Automated Building Components (ABC Truss ) – is closing its production facility as of Friday, Aug 29, company officials confirmed last week.
ABS will class the ChevronTexaco "Tahiti" truss spar, destined for deepwater Gulf of Mexico.
ABC Truss carpenters vote 'no' to union.
Ed's Shed: How to Adjust Your Guitar's Truss Rod .
Hunley, discusses removing a steel truss that had surrounded sub on Thursday, Jan 12, 2012 at a conservation lab in North Charleston, S.C.
Our design documents were based on measurements of the existing steel truss at a few locations where it was exposed during our investigation.
American Builders Supply ( ABS ), an independent supplier of doors, windows and trusses to home builders in Florida, has appointed Ben Phillips to its board of directors.
Solved its winter salt storage problem: From asphalt pad to truss arch building.
Crews will close the bridge at ten Sunday morning to blast one section of the steel truss on the westbound span of the bridge.
There are so many different parts and pieces to the trusses.
Let's assume you know a little bit about cooking , that you know how to chop an onion, make a vinaigrette, truss something.
Fabian Truss' rushing propels Samford University to 44-23 win over Gardner-Webb.
A Dodgeville man was killed Wednesday while operating a forklift in the yard at Wick Homes in Mazomanie when a load of trusses collapsed on him.
We stuff them, truss them and roast them for hours.
A would-be burglar, who was trussed up like a Thanksgiving turkey by a St John, Wash.
***

In science:

Truss (1989), Infinite permutation groups, I, Products of conjugacy classes, J.
The random graph
Truss (1992), Generic automorphisms of homogeneous structures, Proc.
The random graph
Recently, Truss et al. (2000) used a 2D SPH code to simulate dwarf nova outbursts.
The disc instability model of dwarf-novae and low-mass X-ray binary transients
As evident from Figure 3, the key element of the LATOR experiment is a redundant geometry optical truss to measure the departure from Euclidean geometry caused by gravity.
35 Years of Testing Relativistic Gravity: Where do we go from here?
The LATOR experiment does not need a drag-free system, but uses a geometric redundant optical truss to achieve a very precise determination of the interplanetary distances between the two micro-spacecraft and a beacon station on the ISS.
35 Years of Testing Relativistic Gravity: Where do we go from here?
As evident from Figure 2, the key element of the LATOR experiment is a redundant geometry optical truss to measure the departure from Euclidean geometry caused by Gravity.
New Concept for Testing General Relativity: The Laser Astrometric Test of Relativity (LATOR) Mission
The aimed high precision can be achieved by an optical truss provided by a 100 m long multi–channel optical interferometer mounted on the ISS.
General Relativity in Space and Sensitive Tests of the Equivalence Principle
As is evident from Figure 3, the key element of the LATOR experiment is a redundant-geometry optical truss to measure the effects of gravity on the laser signal tra jectories.
Science, Technology and Mission Design for the Laser Astrometric Test Of Relativity
The use of a redundant optical truss offers an excellent alternative to an ultra-precise orbit determination.
Science, Technology and Mission Design for the Laser Astrometric Test Of Relativity
LATOR uses geometric redundancy of the optical truss to achieve a very precise determination of the interplanetary distances between the two micro-spacecraft and a beacon station on the ISS.
Science, Technology and Mission Design for the Laser Astrometric Test Of Relativity
In fact, LATOR will utilize the photon-counting laser ranging methods and redundant optical truss provided by the longbaseline optical multi-chanelled interferometer on the ISS.
Science, Technology and Mission Design for the Laser Astrometric Test Of Relativity
In addition, the use of a redundant optical truss offers an excellent alternative to an ultra-precise orbit determination.
Science, Technology and Mission Design for the Laser Astrometric Test Of Relativity
In order to analyze how these differences affect walking, a simplified foot arch structure model (triangle truss) was created by a foot arch index from two types of foot arch.
Natural gaits of the non-pathological flat foot and high-arched foot
For space interferometers with modest baselines (e.g. the Space Interferometry Mission – SIM), an integral truss allows for changes in the baseline scale size and, even more simply, changes in position angle that offer complete UV plane coverage.
Does the Lunar Surface Still Offer Value As a Site for Astronomical Observatories?
In [Tru85], Truss proved that the automorphism group of the random graph is simple.
The conjugacy problem for the automorphism group of the random graph
***