trump

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v trump proclaim or announce with or as if with a fanfare
    • v trump play a trump
    • v trump get the better of "the goal was to best the competition"
    • v trump produce a sound as if from a trumpet
    • n trump a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone; has a narrow tube and a flared bell and is played by means of valves
    • n trump (card games) the suit that has been declared to rank above all other suits for the duration of the hand "clubs were declared trumps","a trump can take a trick even when a card of a different suit is led"
    • n trump a playing card in the suit that has been declared trumps "the ace of trumps is a sure winner"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Trump A good fellow; an excellent person. "Alfred is a trump , I think you say.""But when kings come so low as to fawn upon philosophy, which before they neither valued nor understood, it is a sign that fails not, they are then put to their last trump .""Put the housekeeper to her trumps to accommodate them."
    • n Trump A wind instrument of music; a trumpet, or sound of a trumpet; -- used chiefly in Scripture and poetry. "We shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump .""The wakeful trump of doom."
    • Trump A winning card; one of a particular suit (usually determined by chance for each deal) any card of which takes any card of the other suits.
    • Trump An old game with cards, nearly the same as whist; -- called also ruff.
    • v. i Trump To blow a trumpet.
    • Trump To impose unfairly; to palm off. "Authors have been trumped upon us."
    • v. t Trump To play a trump card upon; to take with a trump card; as, she trumped the first trick.
    • v. i Trump To play a trump card when one of another suit has been led.
    • Trump To trick, or impose on; to deceive. "To trick or trump mankind."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n trump A tube; pipe.
    • n trump A musical wind-instrument; a trumpet: as, the trump of doom; the last trump (the summons to final judgment).
    • n trump A trumpeter; a herald. See trumpet, 3.
    • n trump A jews'-harp.
    • trump To blow a trumpet.
    • trump To impose upon; dupe; deceive; gull.
    • trump To obtrude or impose unfairly.
    • n trump One card of that suit which for the time being outranks the other suits, and which is generally determined by turning up the last card in dealing, but in some games by choice or otherwise; also, the suit which thus outranks the others (a loose use, for the plural trumps).
    • n trump An old game at cards, also called ruff (see ruff), the original of the modern game of whist. See triumph, 7.
    • n trump A person upon whom one can depend; one who spontaneously does the right thing in any emergency; a good fellow.
    • trump To put a trump-card upon; take with a trump.
    • trump In card-playing, to play a trumpcard when another suit has been led.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Trump trump to deceive; to introduce unfairly
    • adj Trump showy and worthless
    • n Trump trump a trumpet: a Jew's-harp.
    • n Trump trump a card of the leading suit that triumphs or wins: one of the suit of cards which takes any other: an old game of cards:
    • v.i Trump to play a trump card
    • v.t Trump to play a trump card upon
    • n Trump trump (coll.) a good, trusty fellow
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Quotations

  • Joseph Addison
    Joseph%20Addison
    “Husband a lie, and trump it up in some extraordinary emergency.”

Idioms

Come up trumps - When someone is said to have 'come up trumps', they have completed an activity successfully or produced a good result, especially when they were not expected to.
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Trump card - A trump card is a resource or strategy that is held back for use at a crucial time when it will beat rivals or opponents.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. trumpe, trompe, F. trompe,; probably fr. L. triumphare, to triumph, to exult, hence, probably, to make a joyous sound or noise. See Triumph (v. i.) & (n.), and cf. Trombone Tromp Trump at cards, Trumpery Trumpet Trunk a proboscis
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
From triumph, confused with trump, to deceive.

Usage

In literature:

Jack's reputation had gone before him, and the midshipmen drank his wine and swore he was a trump.
"Mr. Midshipman Easy" by Frederick Marryat
This circumstance was a trump card in the Babu's hand.
"From the Caves and Jungles of Hindostan" by Helena Pretrovna Blavatsky
But you will own, a sentence like that is such a handful of trumps.
"Rudin" by Ivan Turgenev
You must pay off that trump of a girl.
"The History of Pendennis" by William Makepeace Thackeray
I was his trump card, and he left me unplayed.
"The Yeoman Adventurer" by George W. Gough
The man who holds the ace of trumps has no need to be alarmed.
"Mike" by P. G. Wodehouse
It rang through the empty theatre like the last trump, beating against the back wall and rising in hollow echoes to the very gallery.
"The Adventures of Sally" by P. G. Wodehouse
And that little trump of an Ethel, what do you think she said?
"The Newcomes" by William Makepeace Thackeray
In France there is more dash in playing out trumps than there is with English players.
"What Will He Do With It, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
But some men has a heart; and to those who has a heart, Grabman is a trump!
"Lucretia, Complete" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
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In poetry:

Sound again the trump of doom
Through the dread and solemn gloom;
Hear again the angel's call,
Rome is doomed—behold her fall!
"The Doom of The Papacy" by Janet Hamilton
The trump of God sounds in the air,
The dead do hear his voice;
The living too run here and there,
Who made not him their choice.
"Of Judgement" by John Bunyan
For the angel's trump shall sound,
And the bands of death will break;
Then the pris'ner in this mound
Shall to endless life awake.
"On The Death Of Mrs. Burnite Who Died February 2, 1878" by David John Scott
And as on Israel's awe-struck ear
The voice exceeding loud,
The trump, that angels quake to hear,
Thrilled from the deep, dark cloud;
"Whitsunday" by John Keble
Wreath of laurel and crown of bay
And the noisy trump of Fame,
Praise for the singer's deathless lay,
And a listening world's acclaim.
"Vain" by Leigh Gordon Giltner
For to his listening ear was borne
A music more entrancing far
Than strains of elfin harp or horn,
More thrilling than the trump of war.
"The Two Keys" by Victor James Daley

In news:

Trump had the political media worked into a full-blown frenzy last week when he gave the world a published heads up.
Edward Linsmier/Getty Images Donald Trump speaks at the Ritz-Carlton on Aug 26 in Sarasota, Fla.
A night at the Trump Hotel Toronto.
An online petition is urging Macy's to stop selling its line of Donald Trump branded clothing.
Politics trumps national security in Barack's White House.
For a lucky few, a job with a professional cycling team trumps the transition to the corporate world.
Lawmakers Head to Exits as Partisanship Trumps Legislating .
Seven bite-size Lemmon Drops to nibble on while waiting for Donald Trump's next publicity stunt.
Trump's Scotland course among best.
Cultural differences should not trump residents' concerns.
Comments follow statements by Donald Trump questioning legitimacy of president's birth record.
Trump keeps pressure on 'birther' debate.
Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner failed to fly private to Cape Town for their honeymoon, and thus, like most travelers, have been delayed, according to her Twitter.
Trump, one of the last of New York City's major postwar builders, died yesterday at a hospital in Queens.
Trump was a demon for controlling costs.
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In science:

This is not because the ensemble mean contains no information, but just because it is so poorly estimated that the estimation error trumps what information it might contain.
Improving the expected accuracy of forecasts of future climate using a simple bias-variance tradeoff
For present purposes the fact that the spin 2-spin 0 theories are related to Einstein’s in the same way that Proca’s is to Maxwell’s trumps any concern (noted above) that spin 2-spin 0 theories might not be healthy theories of gravity.
Empirical Equivalence, Artificial Gauge Freedom and a Generalized Kretschmann Objection
Although a redshift of z =0.784 was initially derived by Mainieri et al. (2007) and Trump et al. (2009), the optical spectroscopic redshift of z =1.592 in Brusa et al. (2010) agrees well with our Hα redshift and the photometric redshift of Salvato et al. (2009).
Heavily Reddened Quasars at z~2 in the UKIDSS Large Area Survey: A Transitional Phase in AGN Evolution
In addition, when the X-ray luminosity changes, the X-ray spectral state also changes, indicating that the accretion disk changes its type with the accretion rate (Fender et al. 2004; Trump et al. 2011; Esin et al. 1997; Remillard & McClintock 2006).
Launching and Quenching of Black Hole Relativistic Jets at Low Accretion Rate
How scholars trumped teachers: change without reform in university curriculum, teaching, and research, 1890 – 1990 .
Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort
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