truffle

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n truffle creamy chocolate candy
    • n truffle edible subterranean fungus of the genus Tuber
    • n truffle any of various highly prized edible subterranean fungi of the genus Tuber; grow naturally in southwestern Europe
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The fungus called truffles can cost $800 to $1,500 per pound. They are sniffed out by female pigs, which detect a compound that is in the saliva of male pigs as well. The same chemical is found in the sweat of human males.
    • n Truffle Any one of several kinds of roundish, subterranean fungi, usually of a blackish color. The French truffle (Tuber melanosporum) and the English truffle (Tuber æstivum) are much esteemed as articles of food.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Truffles, or mushrooms that grow below the ground, are one of the world's most expensive foods. One variety, Tuber melanosporum, can cost between $800 and $1,500 a pound.
    • n truffle A subterranean edible fungus, especially of the ascomycetous genus Tuber. The common English truffle, T. æstivum, is roundish in shape, and is covered externally with polygonal warts. It is black outside, and brownish veined with white inside, and grows in calcareous soils, usually under birch- or oak-trees. Truffles are much esteemed as an ingredient in high-seasoned dishes. As there is no appearance above ground to indicate their presence, dogs and pigs are frequently trained to find them by the scent, and scratch or root them up. Many persons also become expert in selecting the places where they are likely to grow. The most famous field for the production of truffles is the old province of Périgord in France. The commonest species of the French markets is T. melanosporum. T. magnatum is the garlicscented truffle of Italy. Other edible species of Tuber are T. brumale, T. mesentericum, etc. The celebrated potato-like truffle of Italy, etc., is Terfezia leonis. The false truffle, which is frequently sold in the English and continental markets, is Scleroderma rulgare, allied, as is the so-called red truffle, Melanogaster variegatus, to the puffballs. See Tuber, 2, and compare tuckahoe.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: When Catherine de Medici married Henry II of France (1533) she brought forks with her, as well as several master Florentine cooks. Foods never before seen in France were soon being served using utensils instead of fingers or daggers. She is said to have introduced spinach (which "à la Florentine" usually means) as well as aspics, sweetbreads, artichoke hearts, truffles, liver crépinettes, quenelles of poultry, macaroons, ice cream, and zabagliones.
    • n Truffle truf′l a globose underground edible fungus, used for its agreeable flavour in the preparation of many dishes
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. trufle, F. truffe,; akin to Sp. trufa, tartufo,; of uncertain origin; perhaps from L. tuber, a tumor, knob, truffle. Cf. Tuber Trifle
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. truffle (Fr. truffe), prob. from L. tuber.

Usage

In literature:

Wonder whether I can find uncle any truffles.
"The Weathercock" by George Manville Fenn
The next day a number of truffles were found, which afforded them some delicious truffle soup.
"Great African Travellers" by W.H.G. Kingston
The surface, when the truffle is young, is whitish; but, in those that are full grown, it is either blackish or a deep-black.
"The Field and Garden Vegetables of America" by Fearing Burr
Other comestibles, peculiar to Christmas, are almond soup, truffled turkey, roasted chestnuts, and nuts of every sort.
"Christmas: Its Origin and Associations" by William Francis Dawson
A few truffles are a great addition.
"The Golden Age Cook Book" by Henrietta Latham Dwight
The third must be made dark with pounded truffles.
"Choice Cookery" by Catherine Owen
Truffle; Buds of trees how generated 71.
"The Temple of Nature; or, the Origin of Society" by Erasmus Darwin
The pair are mighty hunters of truffles, in the season.
"Merry-Garden and Other Stories" by Sir Arthur Thomas Quiller-Couch
Truffle (je), 460, 589.
"An Introductorie for to Lerne to Read, To Pronounce, and to Speke French Trewly" by Anonymous
It grows two or three inches under the surface and somewhat resembles a truffle in appearance.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
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In poetry:

``A plague on your feasts where the dish goes round,
Though I know where the truffles burrow,
And the plover's eggs may, in fours, be found,
In the folds of the pleated furrow.
"An April Fool" by Alfred Austin

In news:

Excited children take off at the start of the Kids' Fun Run portion of the 15th annual Truffle Shuffle at Alton Baker Park Saturday afternoon.
Plus, she shares a recipe for raw cacao truffles that are so tasty, you won't believe they're good for you.
Truffles are rare and expensive as it is.
Instead, imagine a softer, creamier version of a richly spiced handmade truffle.
Black Truffle Sweet Potato Fries.
Porcini soy turkey, shallot truffle gravy and lemon-herb carrot tarts.
Truffle-Scented Tot variation (yields 25 tots ).
Make your own truffle box.
The Times and Truffle -Gate.
Profile was posted to The Times' Web site, and the Truffle Kerfuffle continues.
In true Memphis fashion, local chocolatier has whipped up a BBQ Truffle .
Franklin Garland of Garland Truffles shares his recipe for a Truffle Omelet.
Franklin Garland of Garland Truffles finishes his recipe for a Truffle Omelet.
Marisa May, chef Matteo Bergamini and Tony May of SD26 with the white truffles they plan to serve at their annual truffle dinner.
Were the world's most expensive fungi served at the Last Supper?In villages across the south of France, truffles are a near-religious experience.
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