troglodyte

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n troglodyte someone who lives in a cave
    • n troglodyte one who lives in solitude
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Troglodyte (Zoöl) An anthropoid ape, as the chimpanzee.
    • Troglodyte (Ethnol) One of any savage race that dwells in caves, instead of constructing dwellings; a cave dweller, or cave man. Most of the primitive races of man were troglodytes. "In the troglodytes' country there is a lake, for the hurtful water it beareth called the “mad lake.”"
    • Troglodyte (Zoöl) The wren.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • troglodyte Inhabiting caverns; cavedwelling; cavernicolous; spelæan; troglodytic: specifically noting human beings, apes, and birds.
    • n troglodyte A cave-dweller; a caveman; one who lives in a naturally formed cavity in the rocks, or, by extension, one who has his abode in a dwelling-place of that kind, whether constructed by enlarging a natural cave or by making an entirely new excavation. The word troglodyte is rarely used except in translating from the classic authors, or in discussions with regard to the nature of the people so denominated by them, or as applied to members of some prehistoric tribes, as those of the Mediterranean caves near Mentone, in Italy. Caves were natural places of refuge and residence in the early stages of man's development, and were very frequently thus occupied by various prehistoric races, as has been proved by explorations made in different parts of the world. These explorations have in numerous instances revealed the existence of human remains mingled with implements and ornaments made by the hand of man, together with the bones of living and extinct species of animals, the whole occurring in such a way as to prove beyond a doubt that they were contemporaneous. Several classic authors—among whom are Herodotus, Aristotle, Strabo, and Pliny—speak of the troglodytes, and give this name to cave-dwellers in various rather vaguely designated regions. Cave-dwellers still live in a few places in the United States, as some of the Yavasupai Indians in caves in the side cañous is of the Colorado river.
    • n troglodyte Hence, one living in seclusion; one unacquainted with the affairs of the world.
    • n troglodyte In mammalogy, an anthropoid ape of the genus Troglodytes, as the chimpanzee or the gorilla, especially the former, which was earlier known to naturalists and was called Simia troglodytes. The name is actually a misnomer, arising from some confounding or comparing of these apes with peoples who in ancient times were called troglodytes. See Troglodytes, 2, and cuts under chimpanzee and gorilla.
    • n troglodyte In ornithology, a wren of the genus Troglodytes or family Troglodytldæ. The term is a misnomer, since no wrens live in caves.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Troglodyte trog′lō-dīt a cave-dweller
    • adjs Troglodyte cave-dwelling
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. troglodytae, pl., Gr. one who creeps into holes; a hole, cavern (fr. to gnaw) + enter: cf. F. troglodyte,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—Gr. trōglodytēstrōglē, a cave, dyein, to enter.

Usage

In literature:

Apparently they were under the impression that we had taken to troglodytic habits and required none.
"With Our Army in Palestine" by Antony Bluett
A sweep of spike-haired, deep-eyed troglodytes from the underworld of labor.
"Erik Dorn" by Ben Hecht
It seemed but a step to the Neanderthal skull and our Troglodyte forbears.
"A Labrador Doctor" by Wilfred Thomason Grenfell
If human beings inhabited this unknown land, they must live like troglodytes, below, and not above the ground.
"Godfrey Morgan" by Jules Verne
There should have been a troglodyte attendant, instead.
"Stubble" by George Looms
From being a forest wanderer he became a troglodyte.
"Man And His Ancestor" by Charles Morris
This, then, is the cave of our troglodyte!
"The Book of Khalid" by Ameen Rihani
From beneath it, the potential troglodyte, that lurks in us all, is ready enough to erupt.
"The Paliser case" by Edgar Saltus
Something troglodytic, shall we say?
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 5 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
We call those hill-crest dwellers the troglodytes.
"Through Our Unknown Southwest" by Agnes C. Laut
The troglodytes, then, were but two; but there was a third fugitive regicide who came to Newhaven, and now lies there in his grave.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 61, No. 377, March 1847" by Various
We are back in the troglodyte age!
"The Tremendous Event" by Maurice Leblanc
The poor troglodyte had translated the glory of the sun into cubic feet of gas.
"A Bed of Roses" by W. L. George
Alec's simply a troglodyte.
"The Tower of Oblivion" by Oliver Onions
Troglodyte, an inhabitant of a cave.
"A Manual of the Antiquity of Man" by J. P. MacLean
PERFORMER: One who has a right to do troglodyte stunts and who can do something else.
"The Roycroft Dictionary" by Elbert Hubbard
This dim troglodyte industry was in truth the centre and mainspring of all industries, without which trade would stop.
"The Wanderings of a Spiritualist" by Arthur Conan Doyle
They were nomads or semi-nomads, troglodytes, and mountain peoples.
"The Transformation of Early Christianity from an Eschatological to a Socialized Movement" by Lyford Paterson Edwards
Their numbers rapidly diminished under the hail of darts cast at them so accurately by the troglodytes.
"Spacewrecked on Venus" by Neil R. Jones
The troglodytes showed themselves at last.
"The Drunkard" by Cyril Arthur Edward Ranger Gull
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In news:

His best known song was the 1972 Jimmy Castor Bunch hit "Troglodyte.".
View full size Wikimedia Commons Ancient "troglodyte" homes in Louresse-Rochemenier, France.
The Mexican Blind Cave Fish Isn't the Only Troglodytic Fish Available to Fishkeepers.
Getty A stock photo of a chimpanzee (pan troglodytes) with arms raised.
I see our local troglodyte Fernand LaBranche has emerged from his cave to hurl more fire and brimstone at President Obama.
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In science:

Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii and Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii.
Stable isotopes, functional morphology, and human evolution: a model of consilience
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