• WordNet 3.6
    • n tribune the apse of a Christian church that contains the bishop's throne
    • n tribune (ancient Rome) an official elected by the plebeians to protect their interests
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the fathers of communism, wrote 500 articles for the "New York Tribune" from 1851 to 1862.
    • Tribune (Rom. Antiq) An officer or magistrate chosen by the people, to protect them from the oppression of the patricians, or nobles, and to defend their liberties against any attempts that might be made upon them by the senate and consuls.
    • Tribune Anciently, a bench or elevated place, from which speeches were delivered; in France, a kind of pulpit in the hall of the legislative assembly, where a member stands while making an address; any place occupied by a public orator.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n tribune In Roman history, originally, a magistrate presiding over a tribe, or representing a tribe for certain purposes; specifically, a tribune of the people (tribunus plebis), an officer or magistrate chosen by the people, from the time of the secession (probably in 494 b. c.), to protect them from the oppression of the patricians or nobles, and to defend their liberties against any attempts upon them by the senate and consuls. Their persons were inviolable, and any one who transgressed in regard to the respect due them was outlawed. These magistrates were at first two, but their number was increased to five and ultimately to ten, which last number appears to have remained unaltered down to the end of the empire. The tribunes figured especially in the assembly of the tribes (comitia tributa); they could inflict no direct punishment, but could propose the imposition of fines, and from their personal inviolability could afford protection to any person. With the advance of time, they could bring an offending patrician before the comitia, could sit in the senate, could stop summarily proceedings instituted before any magistrate, could propose measures of state to the comitia or the senate, and finally could even issue peremptory edicts and suspend decrees of the senate. Their powers were greatly curtailed by the emperors. The name tribune was also given to any one of general officers of the legions (tribunus militaris), and to certain other officers, as the tribunus voluptatum, or superintendent of public amusements, of Diocletian and later.
    • n tribune Hence, one who upholds or defends popular rights; a champion of the people. In this sense the word is used as the name of various newspapers.
    • tribune To regulate or manage by the authority of a tribune.
    • n tribune In a Roman basilica, the raised platform at one end of the auditorium, frequently in a small addition of semicircular plan to the main structure, which formed the official station of the pretor; the tribunal; hence, in Christian churches of basilican plan, the throne of the bishop (which originally occupied the place of the pretor's seat), and the part of the church containing it; hence, again, in Italian churches generally, any apse or structure of apsidal form. See cut under basilica.
    • n tribune A raised seat or stand; a platform; a dais.
    • n tribune Specifically— The throne of a bishop. See def 1.
    • n tribune A sort of pulpit or rostrum where a speaker stands to address an assembly, as in the French chamber of deputies.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Tribune trib′ūn a magistrate elected by the Roman plebeians to defend their rights: a champion of popular rights: the raised platform from which speeches were delivered, any platform or pulpit
    • ***


  • Robert Browning
    “There's a new tribunal now higher than God's --The educated man s!”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. tribunus, properly, the chief of a tribe, fr. tribus, tribe: cf. F. tribun,. See Tribe
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. tribunustribus, a tribe.


In literature:

And thence our expectation of reward or punishment from an enlightened and righteous tribunal.
"Sermons on Various Important Subjects" by Andrew Lee
It was a splendid tribunal.
"Tell England" by Ernest Raymond
The tribunes conspired against each other; the people rebelled against the tribunes.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 4" by Various
All the tribunes were filled to overflowing.
"New York Times Current History; The European War, Vol 2, No. 3, June, 1915" by Various
Is our monarchy to be annihilated, with all the laws, all the tribunals, and all the ancient corporations of the kingdom?
"The Works of the Right Honourable Edmund Burke, Vol. III. (of 12)" by Edmund Burke
Much marvelling at the visit of a Vestal, the slave obeyed, and in a few moments that tribune was in her presence.
"A Friend of Caesar" by William Stearns Davis
At the forefront rode a young general; on either side a tribune.
"The City of Delight" by Elizabeth Miller
A civil tribunal was to be organized to settle all national difficulties, so that there should be no more war.
"The Empire of Austria; Its Rise and Present Power" by John S. C. Abbott
I take the first interval of rest and stillness to be filled up by some lines for the Tribune.
"At Home And Abroad" by Margaret Fuller Ossoli
These protectors were the famous Tribunes of the Plebs.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Vol. 1" by Various

In poetry:

'At his tribunal ye'll appear--
The wicked tremble there with fear,
The guilty will by no means clear,
Condemn he will;
To them in judgment will come near,
That blood do spill.
"The Death Of Thomas Stoddart" by Susannah Hawkins
From thence, with Glory and great Pow'r, he'll come
As Judge, both o'er the living and the dead,
That terribly-important day of doom,
When they'll be call'd to his tribunal dread.
"The Creed" by Rees Prichard
God, will preserve them from a shameful fall —
God, from transgression will restrain them all —
God, will protect them, with a parent's care,
'Till they to his tribunal summon'd are.
"Concerning Perseverance In A State Of Grace" by Rees Prichard
Like roar of ocean beating on the Cretan cliff,
The strong Komiske gives the panting sphere a biff;
And from the tribunes rise loud murmurs everywhere,
When twice and thrice Mikellius beats the mocking air.
"At The Ball Game" by Roswell Martin Field
Thou Saviour God, who of thy grace
Hast brought salvation to our race,
And from infernal flames thy servants freed,
O, save us, in the day of doom,
When we to thy tribunal come,
And to the blissful seats of Eden lead!
"To The Sons Of Brutus" by Rees Prichard
Before the tribunal of his own conscience, before the face of his own God,
he, this marvel, this monster of virtue, raised his eyes heavenwards, and
with clear unfaltering voice declared, 'Yes, I am an exemplary, a truly
moral man!'
"The Egoist" by Ivan Turgenev

In news:

This Pat Bagley editorial cartoon appears in The Salt Lake Tribune on Thursday, Oct 25, 2012.
Post by Adam Ashton / The News Tribune on Jan 17, 2012 at 11:40 am.
Post by Adam Ashton / The News Tribune on Sep 19, 2011 at 10:03 am.
Post by Rosemary Ponnekanti / The News Tribune on April 20, 2010 at 1:49 pm.
Post by News Tribune Staff on Nov 5, 2012 at 8:21 pm.
(Phil Velasquez/Tribune photo ( September 17, 2012 ).
Rhonda Prast, Star Tribune file.
Post by Craig Hill / The News Tribune on Sep 25, 2012 at 9:40 am.
Nelvin C Cepeda / Union-Tribune.
Mike Goolsby celebrates an interception in this South Bend Tribune file photo.
Johnson, Chicago Tribune reporter Chicago Tribune.
TRIBUNE — Vivian L Engle , 83, died Saturday, Sept 29, 2012, at Greeley County Health Center Long Term Care in Tribune.
Special to the Tribune Chronicle, Tribune Chronicle
Tribune Chronicle columnist (, Tribune Chronicle
( Tribune archive photo, Chicago Tribune ).

In science:

The day before the workshop, the Herald Tribune reminded us that, in July 1962, the Telstar satellite began the global information revolution with the first television pictures broadcast live across the Atlantic .
Theoretical Summary Lecture for Higgs Hunting 2012