trial

Definitions

  • Trials of a heavyweight
    Trials of a heavyweight
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n trial the act of testing something "in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately","he called each flip of the coin a new trial"
    • n trial the act of undergoing testing "he survived the great test of battle","candidates must compete in a trial of skill"
    • n trial (law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law "he had a fair trial and the jury found him guilty","most of these complaints are settled before they go to trial"
    • n trial trying something to find out about it "a sample for ten days free trial","a trial of progesterone failed to relieve the pain"
    • n trial an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event "his mother-in-law's visits were a great trial for him","life is full of tribulations","a visitation of the plague"
    • n trial (sports) a preliminary competition to determine qualifications "the trials for the semifinals began yesterday"
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Trials of a Novice Trials of a Novice

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Sawney Beane, his wife, 8 sons, 6 daughters, and 32 grandchildren were a family of cannibals that lived in the caves near Galloway, Scotland in the early 17th Century. Although the total number is not known, it is believed they claimed over 50 victims per year. The entire family was taken by an army detachment to Edinburgh and executed, apparently without trial
    • Trial Any effort or exertion of strength for the purpose of ascertaining what can be done or effected.
    • Trial Examination by a test; experiment, as in chemistry, metallurgy, etc.
    • Trial That which tries or afflicts; that which harasses; that which tries the character or principles; that which tempts to evil; as, his child's conduct was a sore trial . "Every station is exposed to some trials ."
    • Trial The act of testing by experience; proof; test.
    • Trial The act of trying or testing in any manner.
    • Trial (Law) The formal examination of the matter in issue in a cause before a competent tribunal; the mode of determining a question of fact in a court of law; the examination, in legal form, of the facts in issue in a cause pending before a competent tribunal, for the purpose of determining such issue.
    • Trial The state of being tried or tempted; exposure to suffering that tests strength, patience, faith, or the like; affliction or temptation that exercises and proves the graces or virtues of men. "Others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Back in 1924, a monkey was convicted in South Bend of the crime of smoking a cigarette and sentenced to pay a 25 dollar fine and the trial costs.
    • n trial The process of obtaining accuracy in mechanical undertakings, whereby the result is attained by successive approximations. The first operation is tested and the error ascertained: then this error is corrected, and other trials made. Used in centering rough-finished work for the lathe operations, for the turning and boring of cast-pulleys, in making of face-plates, straight edges, valves, earings, and the like.
    • n trial The act of trying or making a test of something; a putting to proof by examination, experiment, use, exercise, or other means.
    • n trial The act of trying or making an effort; a seeking to do or effect something; a determining essay or attempt.
    • n trial A test of superiority; a contest; a competition.
    • n trial The state of being tried; probation by the experience or suffering of something; subjection to or endurance of affliction.
    • n trial That which tries or afflicts; a trying circumstance or condition; a hardship; an affliction.
    • n trial In law, the judicial investigation and determination of the issues between parties; that part of a litigation which consists in the examination by the court of the point in controversy, the hearing of the evidence, if any, and the determination of the controversy, or final submission of the cause for such determination. Whether the word includes the preliminary steps of the hearing, such as the impaneling of the jury, and the conclusion reached or the rendering of the decision, depends on the connection in which it is used. “When used of a criminal cause, trial commonly means the proceedings in open court after the pleadings are finished and it is otherwise ready, down to and including the rendition of the verdict. Not extending, on the one hand, to such preliminary steps as the arraignment and giving in of the pleas, it does not comprehend, on the other hand, a hearing on appeal.” (Bishop.) The modes of trial now in use in the United States and England are—by a judge with a jury, by a judge without a jury, or by a referee or similar officer appointed for the purpose. In England assessors or assistants sometimes sit with the judge or referee. See issue, judgment jury, summary, verdict, etc.
    • n trial Something upon or by means of which a test is made; an experimental sample or indicator; a trial-piece.
    • n trial In ceramics, one of the pieces of ware which are used to try the heat of the kiln and the progress of the firing of its contents. In the firing of painted porcelain the trials are often painted in carmine, a color which responds delicately to the degree of heat to which it is subjected. The trials are observed through small openings closed with transparent talc.
    • n trial To bring to a test; try.
    • n trial Synonyms Trial, Test, proof. Trial is the more general; test is the stronger. Test more often than trial represents that which is final and decisive: as, the guns, after a severe public test, were accepted.
    • n trial Attempt, endeavor, effort, essay, exertion.
    • n trial Trouble, affliction, distress, tribulation.
    • n trial Touchstone, ordeal.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The supersonic Concorde jet made its first trial flight on January 1, 1969.
    • n Trial trī′al a trying: the act of trying: examination by a test: the state of being tried: suffering: temptation: judicial examination: attempt: a piece of ware used to test the heat of a kiln
    • ***

Quotations

  • Henry Ward Beecher
    Henry%20Ward%20Beecher
    “We are always on the anvil; by trials God is shaping us for higher things.”
  • Qur'an
    Qur'an
    “Do you think that you shall enter the Garden of Bliss without such trials as came to those who passed before you?”
  • Charles Haddon Spurgeon
    Charles%20Haddon%20Spurgeon
    “Friendship is one of the sweetest joys of life. Many might have failed beneath the bitterness of their trial had they not found a friend.”
  • Orison Swett Marden
    Orison%20Swett%20Marden
    “Our trials, our sorrows, and our grieves develop us...”
  • Lew Wallace
    Lew Wallace
    “One is never more on trial than in the moment of excessive good fortune.”
  • Thomas Fuller
    Thomas%20Fuller
    “A fox should not be of the jury at a goose's trial.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From Try

Usage

In literature:

It is "Nickleby" and the "Trial" to-night; "Copperfield" again to-morrow.
"The Letters of Charles Dickens" by Charles Dickens
Muscles are developed by trials; minds are developed by trials; God's redeemed people are developed by trials.
"God's Plan with Men" by T. T. (Thomas Theodore) Martin
Next year Watt made trial of a new and larger model, with unsatisfactory results upon the first trial.
"James Watt" by Andrew Carnegie
The affair was so trivial that I was surprised that it ever had been brought to trial.
"The Loyalist" by James Francis Barrett
The boy wasn't fully conscious at the trial.
"The Clansman" by Thomas Dixon
The trial won't take up much of your time.
"The Jucklins" by Opie Read
One month later another trial of faith confronted them in the orphan work.
"George Muller of Bristol" by Arthur T. Pierson
An impeachment is a trial of a high officer of state for maladministration of his office.
"Charles I" by Jacob Abbott
He ought to have all the rights and privileges of a British subject in his trial, if it comes to that.
"The Art of Disappearing" by John Talbot Smith
The last meeting of the series was held at Canandaigua on the evening before the trial.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume II"
Even those mysteries of religion which are the hardest trial of faith were in his case palpable to sight.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
The police recognize them, and they are a second time arraigned before the court for trial.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
A moment sufficed for trial, and verdict, and execution.
"Madame Roland, Makers of History" by John S. C. Abbott
There was no trial, and Howe at once ordered that he should be hanged the next morning.
"Great Men and Famous Women. Vol. 6 of 8" by Various
Everything pointed to a speedy trial and quick conviction.
"The Third Degree" by Charles Klein and Arthur Hornblow
Well; there is nothing but the trial will teach any of us.
"The Marriage of Elinor" by Margaret Oliphant
The method of the trial is explained.
"The Life of Cicero" by Anthony Trollope
The human subject's behavior in his first trial with a puzzle is often quite of the trial and error sort.
"Psychology" by Robert S. Woodworth
Looking on life as nothing but a trial, the Church is careful not to prolong it.
"La Sorcière: The Witch of the Middle Ages" by Jules Michelet
The Bedford trial resembled much the Northampton trial of the previous year.
"A History of Witchcraft in England from 1558 to 1718" by Wallace Notestein
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In poetry:

Yes, courage not to falter
In the trial now so nigh,
But, as victim on the altar,
A Sachem’s daughter die.
"White Canoe—A Legend Of Niagara Falls" by Rosanna Eleanor Leprohon
It matters not how low our lot
We rise by honest trial;
No effort made for needed aid
E'er met complete denial.
"Duty Done" by Jared Barhite
Yes; in a trial world like this
Where all that comes — is sent,
Learn how divine a thing it is
To smile and be content!
"Venus. A Reply To Longfellow's "Mars"" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
No spring was His—no fairy gleam -
For He by trial knew
How cold and bare what mortals dream,
To worlds where all is true.
"St. Philip And St. James" by John Keble
If thou hast ne'er
Conceived this mighty aim, this full desire,
Thou hast not passed my trial, and thou art
No king of mine.
"Paracelsus: Part II: Paracelsus Attains" by Robert Browning
Still fix'd she stood in silent woe,
Still gazing on the door;
When lo! a murmur through the crowd
Proclaim'd the trial o'er.
"A Ballad" by Jane Bowdler

In news:

Since Alger Hiss was convicted at his second trial for perjury in 1950, most of the books on the Hiss-Chambers case have been written by partisans of Hiss who believe he was framed.
L'Oréal trial: heiress Bettencourt's tax shelters, gifts alienate belt-tightening French.
Experts have requested more time to run further DNA tests in the trial against Amanda Knox in Italy.
Jammie Thomas testifies in her first civil trial, while US District Judge Michael Davis watches from the bench.
A trial of a former appointee of then-Milwaukee County Executive Scott Walker could wrap up this week, or as late as Wednesday.
Thursday was set to be day four of Kevin Kavanaugh's trial.
Army officer issues trial advice.
Joe Arpaio's Racial Profiling Trial Ends, and Yes, Joe's Still Guilty as Sin.
Banwala's case is the first honor-killing trial to secure a verdict, although a similar trial is underway.
The Arkansas Supreme Court says Conway, who was convicted in the 2009 shooting deaths of five people deserves a new trial because his previous trial wasn't fair.
Hospital is leading trial site in Southern California for randomized trial.
Alderman Mike McGee's multi-count December trial will feature something that has only come up a handful of times in state history: one criminal trial with two juries.
When Jason Young goes on trial again in October, accused of murdering his pregnant wife in their Wake County home, it's likely to be a little different from the first trial.
Dejuan Hammond and Steven Pettway were supposed to go on trial together, but now the trials will be separate .
Security has been beefed up around the courthouse as the Cesar Laurean murder trial began with pre-trial motions.
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In science:

We choose the trial Lanczos state to be that with np = J .
Two-Body Random Ensembles: From Nuclear Spectra to Random Polynomials
Note that in calculating F (3) dyn , the average h iS ′ in Eq.(30) is performed over the trial distribution (and therefore denoted h ivar ).
Random Heteropolymer Dynamics
In the trial functions (12)-(13) this factor is used as in Ref. 2, and in our previous papers where it was denoted (k.a).
Coherent description of electrical and thermal impurity-and-phonon limited transport in simple metals
We flip the selected spin (Si → −Si ) and get a trial configuration denoted by Ct .
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
Flip the spin (Si → −Si ) and get the trial configuration Ct .
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
E ) reject the trial state; Ck+1 = Ck Iterating the above we get a Markov chain of microstates.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
Since in the first iteration, αi = 0 ∀ i, every trial move gets accepted.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
Start with an arbitrary microstate and construct a trial microstate by selecting a spin randomly and flipping it.
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
The acceptance/rejection of the trial state is made on the basis of Eq. (118).
An Introduction to Monte Carlo Simulation of Statistical physics Problem
The sum of the elements in each row as well as each column of the trial matrix W ⋆ is unity.
Monte Carlo: Basics
As we shall see below, we need W ⋆ matrix to select a trial state from the current state.
Monte Carlo: Basics
Accept the trial state as the next state with a probability given by minimum of (1, w).
Monte Carlo: Basics
The above conclusions do not depend on the trial value chosen for h.
Beware the Non-uniqueness of Einstein Rings
After several trials, it turns out that the most numerically stable estimates of cef f are those obtained with a polynomial of degree 2 (including only the L−4 term) in the range of lattice sizes [3 : 8].
Quenched bond dilution in two-dimensional Potts models
The expected and observed numbers of photons are given, along with the single trial probability PS and the significance PT as determined by the Monte Carlo.
A Search for Gamma-Ray Bursts and Pulsars, and the Application of Kalman Filters to Gamma-Ray Reconstruction
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