transmutation

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n transmutation an act that changes the form or character or substance of something
    • n transmutation a qualitative change
    • n transmutation (physics) the change of one chemical element into another (as by nuclear decay or radioactive bombardment) "the transmutation of base metals into gold proved to be impossible"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Transmutation The act of transmuting, or the state of being transmuted; as, the transmutation of metals.
    • Transmutation (Biol) The change of one species into another, which is assumed to take place in any development theory of life; transformism.
    • Transmutation (Geom) The change or reduction of one figure or body into another of the same area or solidity, but of a different form, as of a triangle into a square.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n transmutation The act of transmuting, or the state of being transmuted: change into another substance, form, or nature.
    • n transmutation In alchemy, the changing of baser metals into metals of greater value, especially into gold or silver.
    • n transmutation In geometry, the change or reduction of one figure or body into another of the same area or solidity but of a different form, as of a triangle into a square; transformation.
    • n transmutation In biology, the change of one species into another by any means; transpeciation; transformism. The history of the idea or of the fact runs parallel with that of transformism, from an early crude or vulgar notion akin to that involved in the alchemy of metals (see above) to the modern scientific conception of transmutation as an evolutionary process, or the gradual modification of one species into another by descent with modification through many generations.
    • n transmutation Successive change; alternation; interchange.
    • n transmutation Synonyms See transform, transitive verb
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Transmutation a changing into a different form, nature, or substance
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Quotations

  • Sri Swami Sivananda
    Sri Swami Sivananda
    “Anger is a great force. If you control it, it can be transmuted into a power which can move the whole world.”
  • Marianne Moore
    Marianne Moore
    “War is pillage versus resistance and if illusions of magnitude could be transmuted into ideals of magnanimity, peace might be realized.”
  • Suzanne Lafollette
    Suzanne Lafollette
    “There is nothing more innately human than the tendency to transmute what has become customary into what has been divinely ordained.”
  • Edith Hamilton
    Edith Hamilton
    “None but a poet can write a tragedy. For tragedy is nothing less than pain transmuted into exaltation by the alchemy of poetry.”
  • Sir William Osler
    Sir%20William%20Osler
    “Work is the open sesame of every portal, the great equalizer in the world, the true philosopher's stone which transmutes all the base metal of humanity into gold.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. transmutation, L. transmutatio,. See Transmute
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. trans, over, mutāre, to change.

Usage

In literature:

There you have your transmutation.
"The Long Night" by Stanley Weyman
Is that transmuted also?
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 13, No. 77, March, 1864" by Various
The orchestra is transmuted to steel.
"Musical Portraits" by Paul Rosenfeld
Nor has a single instance of the transmutation of species ever been proved.
"Fables of Infidelity and Facts of Faith" by Robert Patterson
Nor can Pope often rise to that level at which alone satire is transmuted into the higher class of poetry.
"Alexander Pope" by Leslie Stephen
The sweat-shop is transmuted into as grim and glorious a battlefield as any Tours or Gettysburg of them all.
"The Joyful Heart" by Robert Haven Schauffler
It is not unimaginable that prudery might undergo a sort of transmutation.
"Woman and Womanhood" by C. W. Saleeby
In such state, it transmutes all things into a show of sympathy with itself.
"Recreations of Christopher North, Volume 2" by John Wilson
How many of these recommendations see sex as an instinct which can be transmuted, and turned into one of the values of life?
"A Preface to Politics" by Walter Lippmann
It used to be the custom to make fun of these medieval scientists for believing in the transmutation of metals.
"Old-Time Makers of Medicine" by James J. Walsh
But we have no experience either of spontaneous generation on the one hand, or of a transmutation of species on the other.
"Modern Atheism under its forms of Pantheism, Materialism, Secularism, Development, and Natural Laws" by James Buchanan
There is something deeper in my moral convictions than an outward sanction wondrously transmuted into an internal one.
"Gloria Crucis addresses delivered in Lichfield Cathedral Holy Week and Good Friday, 1907" by J. H. Beibitz
The transmuting of the lower into the higher is the object of this, as of all, Sacraments.
"Esoteric Christianity, or The Lesser Mysteries" by Annie Besant
The vital is born out of inspiration, and the living idea transmutes its material into emotion.
"The Gate of Appreciation" by Carleton Noyes
The bearing of all this upon the problem of the transmutation of elements is evident.
"The Machinery of the Universe" by Amos Emerson Dolbear
He teaches in many forms the necessity of 'transmuting' sorrow into strength.
"Hours in a Library" by Leslie Stephen
He transmuted fact into truth.
"The Brownings" by Lilian Whiting
The discovery of her handbag was all that was required to transmute fears and doubts into irrefragable knowledge.
"The Bandbox" by Louis Joseph Vance
Their art is the transmutation of styles.
"Hazlitt on English Literature" by Jacob Zeitlin
The alchemists sought to discover processes whereby one metal might be transmuted into another.
"An Introduction to the History of Science" by Walter Libby
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In poetry:

Believe me better than my best,
And stronger than my strength can hold,
Until your magic faith transmute
My pebbles into gold.
"Three Friends" by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward
For heaven's sake, avoid excess,
And the vile sin of drunkenness,
Which to a fiend does man transmute,
Or worse, much worse, than any brute.
"Advice To A Youth" by Rees Prichard
I. MADRIGALE
Seed in your heart, warm dust transmuted
Gold, blooms in flakes of radiance
Arched in your face whereon my days,
Brinks of silence, glance.
"The Progress Of Œnia" by Allen Tate
How oft, O Life, on worlds forgot,
Hast thou, in thine unnumbered forms,
Gone forth to Time's transmuting storms,
And fought till storm and stress were not!
"The Testimony of the Suns" by George Sterling
"Undisbranched of the storms that disroot us,
Of the lures that enthrall unenticed;
The names that exalt and transmute us;
The blood-bright splendour of Brutus,
The snow-bright splendour of Christ.
"Tenebrae" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
Then Lario paints for liquid miles
The white-robed monarchs' glittering crowns,
Transmutes at once to dimpled smiles
The sternest of their glacial frowns,
And often holds, with subtlest art,
Some Titan's likeness to her heart.
"Isola Comacina" by John Lawson Stoddard

In news:

Knowing more, the Alchemists of this anger and fear, transmuting leaden nonsense into political gold, know better.
In medieval times, alchemists used an alembic when they tried to transmute base metals into gold.
Let's suppose that you are a resident of a magical land, a land where alchemists cast arcane spells transmuting lead into platinum and enchanted geese lay oodles of golden eggs.
SFMOMA's new Jasper Johns retrospective explicates and transmutes.
Theory of transmutation vs migration mythbusting.
Annie Clark is a girl on the cusp of transmutation.
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In science:

Imagine a model with dynamically generated intrinsic scale, e.g. with spontaneous symmetry breaking or condensation or dimensional transmutation, where the IR instability generates non-trivial scaling laws and non-Gaussian relevant coupling constants appear in the IR scaling.
Renormalization of composite operators
This is due to the dimensional transmutation from the dimensionless parameters, g (coupling constant) and Nc (number of color), to the dimensionful scale Λ.
Vacuum condensate of mass dimension 2 as the origin of mass gap and quark confinement (A review)
Upon introducing holes into the Mott insulator, it becomes possible to move charges around without any additional Coulomb energy cost, and so the static valence bond pairs in (9) transmute into the mobile Cooper pairs in (2); the condensation of these pairs leads to superconductivity.
Order and quantum phase transitions in the cuprate superconductors
We considered bosonic spinons zσ in Section III.C.2, but they can transmute into fermions by binding with a vison (Demler et al., 2002; Kivelson, 1989; Read and Chakraborty, 1989): we represent the fermionic spinon by fjσ .
Order and quantum phase transitions in the cuprate superconductors
While we are primarily concerned in this section with dimensional transmutation of higher dimension operators, Lorentz violating renormalizable operators for one particle of course also yield radiative corrections to other particle operators.
Modern tests of Lorentz invariance
Sagnotti, “Type I strings on magnetized orbifolds and brane transmutation”, Phys.
Issues on tadpoles and vacuum redefinitions in String Theory
Sagnotti, “Type-I vacua and brane transmutation”, arXiv:hep-th/0010279 .
Issues on tadpoles and vacuum redefinitions in String Theory
This is the mechanism of dimensional transmutation.
Technicolor Signals at the LHC
Once dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking has been arranged, dimensional transmutation naturally explains why ΛEW is exponentially smaller than ΛU V .
Technicolor Signals at the LHC
Its nuclei transmute into 109mAg by electron capture to emit the radiation needed.
Cooling effect in emissions of 103mRh excited by bremsstrahlung
In their very next paper the authors made the bold conjecture that supernovae mark the transmutation of an aging star into a neutron star, a most compact ob ject (which itself was a novel hypothesis first proposed by L.
Cosmic Explosions (Optical Transients)
We analysed this problem on the computer and found that beyond the 24 rates of section 3 we can include one more set of reactions, namely those corresponding to mutation and transmutation of A.
Reaction-Diffusion Processes Described by Three-State Quantum Chains and Integrability
We can follow the same procedure for the Eaton Lens as for the Invisible Sphere to obtain the completely transmuted version of the lens which has finite but anomalous refractive index values (Fig. 2B).
Partial Transmutation of Singularities in Optical Instruments
By performing partial transmutation at a radius less than or equal to r = 0.3585, we can arrive to an anisotropic profile whose tensor eigenvalues are greater than unity and finite at all points (Fig. 2C).
Partial Transmutation of Singularities in Optical Instruments
In the previous section we argued that refractive index profiles with isolated divergent singularities can be changed into equivalent non-anomalous finite profiles by partial transmutation.
Partial Transmutation of Singularities in Optical Instruments
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