translocate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v translocate move from one place to another, especially of wild animals "The endangered turtles were translocated to a safe environment"
    • v translocate transfer (a chromosomal segment) to a new position
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • translocate To cause to change place, or to exchange places; put in a different relative position; displace; dislocate.
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Usage

In literature:

Come right out yeah befo' he falls and translocates his neck!
"Tom Swift and his Photo Telephone" by Victor Appleton
No doubt not all of the deer killed or fed upon by the translocated wolves were found, even when snow was present.
"An Experimental Translocation of the Eastern Timber Wolf" by Thomas F. Weise
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In news:

Translocations are of special concern as they result in a portion of one chromosome being juxtaposed to a portion of another chromosome , potentially scrambling the genetic script.
Arrestin Translocation Is Stoichiometric to Rhodopsin Isomerization and Accelerated by Phototransduc.
Many human B-cell lymphomas are characterised by recurrent chromosomal translocations involving immuno-globulin (Ig) genes and different oncogene loci.
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemias (ALL) that carry a chromosomal translocation involving the mixed-lineage leukaemia ( MLL ) gene on chromosome 11 have a particularly poor prognosis.
You Have Till November 19 to Chime In on End of 24-Year-Old Translocation Period .
Cotton requires a significant amount of potassium as it performs three main functions for the plant: it is essential for enzyme activation, assimilating and translocating energy related compounds and for regulating water.
Copy number variations comprise simple duplications to inversions, translocations, and trisomies, and are associated with phenotypes ranging from having no effect, enhanced features, to cancers and premature death.
Herbicides such as Roundup, lawn weed killers, and brush killers are most effective when applied as weeds are translocating food to the root system.
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In science:

Polymer translocation involves a large entropic barrier, and thus most polymer translocation phenomena require a driving force, such as an external electric field used in above mentioned experiments.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
This gives a motivation to study the translocation in which only the leading monomer experiences a pulling force.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
Therefore, it is of great importance to theoretically investigate the polymer translocation under a pulling force.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
Kantor and Kardar have presented a scaling argument for the unimpeded translocation, which serves as a lower bound for the true translocation through the nanopore.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
The polymer travels a distance L(F ))during the translocation process.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
The translocation velocity scales as F /N since the force is applied to one monomer only.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
Thus the translocation time should depend on N and F as τ ∼ L(F ) .
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
Such a configuration is shown in Fig. 1 for a polymer of length N = 300 during translocation.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
The translocation time is defined as the time interval between the entrance of the first segment into the pore and the exit of the last segment.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
The estimate for the translocation time was obtained by neglecting any failed translocation and then calculating the average duration of the successful translocations.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
In this section, we only investigate the translocation under the consant pulling force.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
The distribution of translocation times for a polymer of length N = 100 pulled with a force F = 5 is presented in Fig. 2.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
This distribution has a qualitatively different shape compared to that for the free translocation case, where the corresponding distribution is asymmetric, wider and has a long tail [29, 34].
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
However, this distribution is quite similar to that for driven translocation under an electric field, in that it is narrow without a long tail and symmetric [30, 34].
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
As a consequence of this distribution, the average translocation time τ is well defined and scales in the same manner as the most probable translocation time.
Polymer translocation through a nanopore under a pulling force
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