A similar cycle may be traced in the domestic or internal trade.
"The Fathers of the Constitution" by Max Farrand
The cooperative movement which was, as we saw, far less continuous than trade unionism, has also shown the effects of the business cycle.
"A History of Trade Unionism in the United States" by Selig Perlman
How, then, should men deal with the alternate cycles of flourishing and declining trade?
"Success (Second Edition)" by Max Aitken Beaverbrook
Owing largely to the strides made in the cycle trade enamelling is stoved by means of gas, and of this a plentiful supply is necessary.
"Handbook on Japanning: 2nd Edition" by William N. Brown
There is at present (February, 1878) the great depression of trade which marks the completion of one cycle and the commencement of a new one.
"Political economy" by W. Stanley Jevons
Coventry, Birmingham, Wolverhampton, London, and other towns, have largely benefited by the cycle trade.
"The Romance of Industry and Invention"
Cycling has produced a literature of its own, both of the pastime and of the trade.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 8" by Various
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To ﬁnd a trade-off between accuracy and execution speed, the cycle accuracy of the translated code can have several detail levels.
Cycle Accurate Binary Translation for Simulation Acceleration in Rapid Prototyping of SoCs
This turns out to be a good trade-off in the CUDA environment, as global memory accesses are by far the most costly operations, taking several hundred clock cycles to complete.
Accelerating numerical solution of Stochastic Differential Equations with CUDA
The next step is to trade the factor of directed cycles in D0 for one nearly spanning cycle using extra random edges, about O(n/√log n) of them – a negligible quantity easily absorbed into the original random digraph.
Longest cycles in sparse random digraphs
I mean the stability of the proportion of national dividend accruing to labour, irrespective apparently of the level of output as a whole and of the phase of the trade cycle.
The Bowley Ratio
It is worth noting that this behavior could have been used for around 5% profits in around 28 trading days, which equals to half of the period, for each cycle but only after the occurrence of the second or more safely the third testing of the supporting L7 line by the index.
Analysis of the trends in the index of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)
Roth and Postelwaite (1977) used Gale’s Top Trading Cycle Algorithm to show that if preferences are strict, then there exists a unique competitive equilibrium allocation, which is also the unique core allocation, for a Shapley-Scarf housing market.
Stable Outcomes For Contract Choice Problems
Consequently, in a given economy or market it is often possible to participate in a cycle of trading of currencies, goods or instruments and make a proﬁt or a loss, without anything actually having been produced or manufactured.
Time and symmetry in models of economic markets
To deﬁne a meaningful observable for an economic system one must compare ratios of prices of several goods of one agent, or consider the return, relative to doing nothing, to an agent of participating in a cycle of trading.
Time and symmetry in models of economic markets
This might be a cycle of trades that starts in one currency, goes through several currencies or goods and ends up back in the initial currency.
Time and symmetry in models of economic markets
This is true whether one agent or several are involved in the cycle of trades.
Time and symmetry in models of economic markets
Such quantities, deﬁned by cycles of trades such that they end up taking the ratio of two prices held by the same agent in the same currency have a name: they are called curvatures.
Time and symmetry in models of economic markets
Can one make a proﬁt or loss from participating in such a cycle of trades? The answer is yes, if the resulting P around the economic history α is not equal to unity.
Time and symmetry in models of economic markets
These are characterized by curvatures which measure gains and losses in cycles of trading.
Time and symmetry in models of economic markets
It speciﬁes the ratio of good a that was returned to i from k to that traded away from i to j , hence it speciﬁes the proﬁt or loss of the total cycle, so far as good a is concerned. A different kind of curvature can be constructed from the Qj b ia .
Time and symmetry in models of economic markets
Motivated by Morowitzes cycle theorem and the general observation of the importance of cycles in non-equilibrium systems we hypothesize that modern economies are dominated by cycles of trading.
Time and symmetry in models of economic markets
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