tin

Definitions

  • The Tin Cup Went Round Again and Again
    The Tin Cup Went Round Again and Again
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v tin prepare (a metal) for soldering or brazing by applying a thin layer of solder to the surface
    • v tin preserve in a can or tin "tinned foods are not very tasty"
    • v tin plate with tin
    • n tin airtight sealed metal container for food or drink or paint etc.
    • n tin metal container for storing dry foods such as tea or flour
    • n tin a vessel (box, can, pan, etc.) made of tinplate and used mainly in baking
    • n tin a silvery malleable metallic element that resists corrosion; used in many alloys and to coat other metals to prevent corrosion; obtained chiefly from cassiterite where it occurs as tin oxide
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Duchess thinks she swallowed the tin Duchess thinks she swallowed the tin

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1810, Peter Durand invented the tin can for preserving food
    • Tin (Chem) An elementary substance found as an oxide in the mineral cassiterite, and reduced as a soft silvery-white crystalline metal, with a tinge of yellowish-blue, and a high luster. It is malleable at ordinary temperatures, but brittle when heated. It is softer than gold and can be beaten out into very thin strips called tinfoil. It is ductile at 2120, when it can be drawn out into wire which is not very tenacious; it melts at 4420, and at a higher temperature burns with a brilliant white light. Air and moisture act on tin very slightly. The peculiar properties of tin, especially its malleability, its brilliancy and the slowness with which it rusts make it very serviceable. With other metals it forms valuable alloys, as bronze, gun metal, bell metal, pewter and solder. It is not easily oxidized in the air, and is used chiefly to coat iron to protect it from rusting, in the form of tin foil with mercury to form the reflective surface of mirrors, and in solder, bronze, speculum metal, and other alloys. Its compounds are designated as stannous, or stannic. Symbol Sn (Stannum). Atomic weight 117.4.
    • Tin Money. "The gilt of France."
    • Tin Thin plates of iron covered with tin; tin plate.
    • v. t Tin To cover with tin or tinned iron, or to overlay with tin foil.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Stannous fluoride, which is the cavity fighter found in toothpaste is made from recycled tin
    • n tin In cricket, a sheet of metal bearing painted numbers, exhibited in a conspicuous place to indicate the score of the match to spectators. Hutchinson, Cricket, p. 97.
    • n tin Chemical symbol, Sn (stannum); atomic weight, 118.8. A metal nearly approaching silver in whiteness and luster, highly malleable, taking a high polish, fusing at 442° F., and having a specific gravity of about 7.3. It is inferior to all the other so-called useful metals, excepting lead, in ductility and tenacity; but, owing to the fact that it is but little affected by the atmosphere at ordinary temperature, it is extensively used for culinary vessels, especially in the form of tin-plate, which is sheet-iron coated with tin, the former metal giving the strength and the latter the desired agreeable luster and color and the necessary resistance to oxidation under the conditions to which vessels used in cooking are ordinarily exposed. (See tin-plate.) Tin forms a part of several very important alloys, especially bronze, and also pewter and Britannia metal, both formerly extensively used, but now of less importance. Native tin occurs, if at all (which has not been definitely ascertained), in very small quantity, and is certainly of no economical importance. The sulphuret of tin (tin pyrites, or stannine, a mixture of the isomorphous sulphurets of tin, iron, copper, and zinc) is found in various localities, but nowhere in abundance, and it is of no importance as an ore. All the tin of commerce is obtained from the dioxid, the cassiterite of the mineralogist and the tinstone of the miner. This metal has, however, been found in various rare minerals in small quantity, as also in some mineral waters and in a few meteorites. Tinstone is a mineral resisting decomposition in a remarkable degree, hence fragments mechanically separated from veinstone or rock containing it remain in the debris unchanged in character, and like gold they can be separated by washing from the sands or gravel in which they occur: this operation in the case of tin ore is usually called Streaming. The ore of tin is remarkable in that it occurs quite frequently disseminated through granite or greisen (a metamorphosed granitoid rock), in the form of stockwork deposits, and not concentrated into regular veins; it is also very generally accompanied by certain minerals, especially wolfram, schorl, topaz, and lithia mica. Tin is not a very generally distributed metal, and the regions producing it in considerable quantity are few in number. Cornwall, the Malayan peninsula, the islands of Banca and Billiton, and Australia furnish the principal supply of this metal, of which the annual consumption has within the past few years been about 40,000 tons. The value of tin has been of late about twice that of copper and from four to five times that of lead. Tin is chemically related to the metals titanium, zirconium, and thorium, and also to the non-metallic element silicon.
    • n tin Collectively, thin plates of iron covered with tin. See tin-plate.
    • n tin A pot, pan, or other utensil made of tin, or of iron covered with tin; especially, in Great Britain, such a vessel prepared for preserving meats, fruits, etc.; a can: as, milk-tins.
    • n tin Money.
    • tin Made of or from tin; made of iron covered with tin: as, tin plates; a tin vessel.
    • tin A child's toy.
    • tin To cover or overlay with tin; coat with tin.
    • tin To put up, pack, or preserve in tins; can: as, to tin condensed milk; to tin provisions.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Boil in tin pot twenty to twenty-five minutes. If boiled longer it will not taste fresh and lively.
    • n Tin tin a silvery-white, non-elastic, easily fusible, and malleable metal:
    • adj Tin made of tin
    • v.t Tin to cover or overlay with tin or tinfoil: to pack in tins:—pr.p. tin′ning; pa.t. and pa.p. tinned
    • n Tin a small vessel of tin
    • n Tin tin (slang) money: a vessel of tin, a can, &c
    • ***

Quotations

  • Elbert Hubbard
    Elbert%20Hubbard
    “The path of civilization is paved with tin cans.”
  • George Orwell
    George%20Orwell
    “We may find in the long run that tinned food is a deadlier weapon than the machine-gun.”
  • Wizard of Oz Movie
    Wizard of Oz Movie
    “A heart is not judged by how much you love, but by how much you are loved, by others. (Wizard to the Tin Man)”
  • Aneurin Bevan
    Aneurin%20Bevan
    “He seems determined to make a trumpet sound like a tin whistle.”
  • Thomas E. Lawrence
    Thomas E. Lawrence
    “To have news value is to have a tin can tied to one's tail.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
As. tin,; akin to D. tin, G. zinn, OHG. zin, Icel. & Dan. tin, Sw. tenn,; of unknown origin
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. tin; Ice. tin, Ger. zinn.

Usage

In literature:

Here are mine;' and he pulled out his tin case, and handed them to the court.
"Jacob Faithful" by Captain Frederick Marryat
In Botallack mine a large quantity of iron is mingled with the tin ore.
"Deep Down, a Tale of the Cornish Mines" by R.M. Ballantyne
The squaws would often have ear rings made of wire with three cornered pieces of tin dangling all around their ears.
"Old Rail Fence Corners" by Various
The metals which are alloyed for this purpose are copper, silver, brass, zinc and tin.
"Practical Mechanics for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
All that remained of our three months' provisions were six tins of sardines and one tin of anchovies.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
Candles were also run in moulds which were groups of metal cylinders, usually made of tin or pewter.
"Home Life in Colonial Days" by Alice Morse Earle
An iron tinned in this way is much to be preferred to one tinned by means of chloride of zinc.
"On Laboratory Arts" by Richard Threlfall
The Bolivian plateau is one vast mineral bed abounding in rich mines of copper, tin, silver, and gold.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
Drew sat on his heels by a palm-sized fire, watching with weary content the tin pail boiling there.
"Ride Proud, Rebel!" by Andre Alice Norton
Iron and tin filings have also been used.
"Vegetable Dyes" by Ethel M. Mairet
Bake on a shallow tin plate, split and butter while hot.
"365 Luncheon Dishes" by Anonymous
Before removing from the tin squeeze half a lemon over.
"The Italian Cook Book" by Maria Gentile
An ordinary tin pie plate may be used.
"Games For All Occasions" by Mary E. Blain
And now he had come home, driving a tin-wagon.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1909 to 1922" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
The catsup should be made in a tin utensil, and the later in the season it is made, the less liable it will be to spoil.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
They were of tin, tall and straight, with a flaring upstanding tin ruffle around the tops.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
You will find the tin boxes which hold the jewels.
"The School Queens" by L. T. Meade
The burner consists of a rectangular tin box with a top cut out as illustrated.
"Boys' Book of Model Boats" by Raymond Francis Yates
One of the most convenient materials for use is common tin, which can be obtained almost everywhere.
"Harper's Young People, October 5, 1880" by Various
Boil all in a tin saucepan half an hour; strain it through a fine hair sieve.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
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In poetry:

Empty as an old tin can
Is each horrid phantom,
Neither ghost they are nor man,
I can't understand 'em.
"A Nightly Deed" by Charles Madge
O bright Apollo,
Tin andra, tin heroa, tina theon,
What god, man or hero
Shall I place a tin wreath upon!
"E.P. Ode Pour L'election De Son Sepulchre" by Ezra Pound
I suffered the knife at my skin;
I knew the dye that he used
Was two and eleven a tin.
I confess I was somewhat amused.
"Bluebeard’s First Wife" by Leon Gellert
'Tis long since, long since, since I heard
A tin-whistle played,
And heard the tunes, the ha'penny tunes
That nobody made!
"The Tin-Whistle Player" by Padraic Colum
And on the Sabbath day ye will see many a man
Going for beer with a big tin can,
And seems proud to be seen carrying home the beer
To treat his neighbours and his family dear.
"Jottings of New York" by William Topaz McGonagall
But waked, and heard my own voice tinly screaming
In the whorled and whirling valleys of the ear,
And beat the savage bed back in my fear,
And crawled, unheroed, down those cliffs of dreaming.
"Hero" by Paul Engle

In news:

Creative cooks have found many unorthodox uses for muffin tins.
The old article tells of "Tin Lizzy's Wooden Heart".
Susan Orlean was on the show to discuss the legacy of dog and movie star Rin Tin Tin.
'Rin Tin Tin' puts Susan Orlean through her paces.
A Dog's Life: Susan Orlean on Her New Book, Rin Tin Tin.
This is what $100,000 looks like and was found in an ammunition tin in a Far North paddock .
2 small, tinned anchovy fillets.
Glenn Beck puts on his tin-foil art critic's hat -- again.
Sure, there are funny lines in A Streetcar Named Desire, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, and The Glass Menagerie.
He's known for cornball jokes and has a tendency to display a political tin ear.
Lucy Corin, Author, Pam Houston, Introduction by Tin House Books $13.95 (186p) ISBN 978-0-9776989-8-1.
Value of Prince Albert tin is no joke.
1 X (2-ounce) tins of oil-packed anchovies, drained well.
We laugh about it but I know that, for her, the tin has real meaning.
Tumbleweed Wanderers and Rin Tin Tiger.
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In science:

Right: Pairing gap in Tin isotopes obtained by directly plugging the bare Vlowk interaction (and Coulomb interaction for protons) into the pairing channel while keeping the mean-field channel unchanged.
Introduction - Strong interaction in the nuclear medium: new trends
The same helical distortion of the β-tin structure was reported in Sr-IV phase (ref. 35, where the space group, however, was misdetermined as Ia – while a closer inspection shows it to be C2/c).
Exotic behavior and crystal structures of calcium under pressure
Fig. 4 describes the density of states (DOS) of Ca at 50 GPa in both sc and β-tin phases.
Exotic behavior and crystal structures of calcium under pressure
It is clear from the figure that a Peierls transition drives the distortion of the former, as it can be deduced from the energy-lowering opening of a (pseudo)gap at the Fermi level in the β-tin phase.
Exotic behavior and crystal structures of calcium under pressure
Fig. 5 displays the phonon spectrum of Ca in the β-tin phase at 60 GPa.
Exotic behavior and crystal structures of calcium under pressure
At 50 GPa the structure collapses into β-tin structure from which it appears as a result of a symmetry lowering second-order phase transition at 71 GPa.
Exotic behavior and crystal structures of calcium under pressure
In the β-tin phase a pseudogap develops close to the Fermi level, which is a characteristic of the Peierls transition.
Exotic behavior and crystal structures of calcium under pressure
We used identical muffin-tin spheres for all atoms in the unit cell having the average Wigner-Seitz radius 2.62852a.u. corresponding to the experimental GaAs lattice parameter (a0 = 5.65˚A) .
Absence of halfmetallicity in defect-free Cr, Mn-delta-doped Digital Magnetic Heterostructures
They studied the chemical trends by calculating the valence charge densities using linearized muffin-tin orbital (LMTO) based localized basis sets.
Relative stability of zincblende and wurtzite structure in CdX(X = S, Se, Te) series - A NMTO study
In the present work, we revised the issue of relative stability of ZB and WZ in the CdX series, with X = S, Se, Te using Nth-order muffin-tin orbital (NMTO) technique within the framework of density functional theory (DFT).
Relative stability of zincblende and wurtzite structure in CdX(X = S, Se, Te) series - A NMTO study
L − Lin) = r2 (−Trφ + ξ (Tout − Tin )) , Qadv = Qvis − Qrad + ξQret introducing a dimensionless parameter ξ satisfying 0 ≤ ξ ≤ 1.
Slim accretion disks around black holes
In the beginning we put Tout = Tin = Qret = 0 and solve the set of regular slim disk equations.
Slim accretion disks around black holes
During the relaxation in ξ we keep the calculated values of Tout , Tin and Qret fixed.
Slim accretion disks around black holes
Basing on them, we relax the solution from the one obtained in the previous set of iterations to a new one, following the most recent estimate of Tout , Tin and Qret .
Slim accretion disks around black holes
In a steady-state disk around a point-mass, tacc would match tinflow at r = rp .
Three Dimensional MHD Simulation of Circumbinary Accretion Disks: Disk Structures and Angular Momentum Transport
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