• WordNet 3.6
    • n thickener any material used to thicken "starch is used in cooking as a thickening"
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Arrowroot, an antidote for poisoned arrows, is used as a thickener in cooking.
    • n thickener One who or that which thickens; specifically, in calico-printing, a substance used to give to the mordant or the dye such consistency as will prevent it from spreading too much, or to add to the weight of the fabric in the process of dyeing. Various materials are used, as gum arabic, gum Senegal, gum tragacanth, jalap, pipe-clay, dextrine, potato- and rice-starch, sulphate of lead, sugar, and molasses, but wheat-starch and flour are the best.
    • ***


  • Rebecca West
    “But there are other things than dissipation that thicken the features. Tears, for example.”


In literature:

Bring to the boil and thicken with a tablespoonful of flour rubbed smooth in a little cold water.
"How to Cook Fish" by Olive Green
The white thickened about him and he felt himself stumbling and falling.
"At the Back of the North Wind" by Elizabeth Lewis and George MacDonald
They churned up the mud, wading in, and thickened and darkened it as they groped under.
"Nature Near London" by Richard Jefferies
The crowd of spectators had thickened.
"The Sun Of Quebec" by Joseph A. Altsheler
The sky kept on thickening and lowering until it broke into a snow-storm.
"The Bastonnais" by John Lesperance
As soon as the eggs thicken the sauce a little, serve on toast or crackers.
"Salads, Sandwiches and Chafing-Dish Dainties" by Janet McKenzie Hill
On the river bank it paused, the web of color thickening, then rolled over the edge and plunged in.
"The Emigrant Trail" by Geraldine Bonner
The fog was thickening.
"The Time Traders" by Andre Norton
But now there were shadows gathering on the plate, thickening, to sharpen into a distinct picture.
"Key Out of Time" by Andre Alice Norton
The undermost rings should have thin joints, those of each succeeding ring being slightly thickened.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
Not a sound issued from his thickened tongue and his dry throat.
"The Literary World Seventh Reader" by Various
So there we shall leave our case and turn to follow the ever thickening plot of coming war.
"Flag and Fleet" by William Wood
The blowing of noses, low sobbings, and fervent amens from the old men thickened encouragingly, and he entered upon more impassioned flights.
"Other Main-Travelled Roads" by Hamlin Garland
Their apparent motion slowed rapidly and the material about them thickened and became more and more opaque.
"Skylark Three" by Edward Elmer Smith
He could drive himself a few steps forward, but it seemed that the air between him and the thing on all fours had thickened to monstrous glue.
"Wilderness of Spring" by Edgar Pangborn
Bells, ring not; chimes, fling not your gladsome notes into the air thickened with snow.
"The Legend of Ulenspiegel, Vol. II (of 2)" by Charles de Coster
The enzymes of rennet (rennin and pepsin) do not cease acting with the thickening of the milk.
"The Book of Cheese" by Charles Thom and Walter Warner Fisk
In folds where the compression has been great the layers are often found thickened at the crest and thinned along the limbs (174).
"The Elements of Geology" by William Harmon Norton
If the slip is found to be still thin another settling and removal of the water will thicken it.
"The Potter's Craft" by Charles F. Binns
The gloom thickened; rain fell.
"Behind the Scenes in Warring Germany" by Edward Lyell Fox

In poetry:

How the leaves thicken
On the boughs,
And the birds make
Their lyric vows.
"Summer Songs" by Richard Le Gallienne
'STRIKE me blind!' we swore.
God, and I was stricken!
I have seen the morning fade
And noonday thicken.
"The Blind Sailor" by Theodore Goodridge Roberts
And did young Stephen sicken,
And did young Stephen die?
And did the sad hearts thicken,
And did the mourners cry?
"Ode To Stephen Bowling Bots" by Mark Twain
But when the thickening sunbeams
Had drunk the gleaming dew,
A misty cloud of sorrow
Swept o'er her eyes' deep blue.
"Ernst Of Edelsheim" by John Hay
And feeling thus by habit, that poor man
Though the black shadow of untimely death
Hopelessly thickened under every stroke,
Upstruggled desperate, until at last,
One, as in mercy, gave him to the dust,
With all his sorrows.
"The Creek of the Four Graves [Early Version]" by Charles Harpur
Darkness once again thickens throughout the sky:
This darkness, like light's mysterious sister.
She who has loved me always,
Whose face I have yet to see,
Like that woman
Is this darkness, deepening, closing in upon a February sky.
"Naked Lonely Hand (Nagna Nirjan Hat)" by Jibanananda Das

In news:

Pitt engineers to design affordable CO2 thickener to augment oil extraction.
Plot thickens for AOY, Classic races .
Learn our correctly thicken custard with cornstarch .
Watch How to Thicken with Cornstarch in the Better Homes and Gardens Video.
Factor in that you knew the guy for only two months and the plot thickens.
Oregon Liquor Plot Thickens as Gov John Kitzhaber Names Former Republican Lawmaker to OLCC.
The 9/11 conspiracy plots thicken .
Lawsuit claims food thickener caused infant death.
Liquid associative thickeners are usually post-added for convenience.
Similar to a thickened pie filling.
In a medium bowl, use an electric mixer to beat together the eggs, brown sugar, cocoa powder, salt and brandy for 2 to 3 minutes, or until slightly thickened.
When you go back for seconds, it will have thickened.
And our hearty Toms teach kids how to chop an onion and thicken a sauce.
We're down to just 72 hours left in the summer season and we'll see the air get a little bit cooler and the clouds thicken with each day.
We'll also show you how to thicken soups and remove fat from soups .

In science:

In what fol lows, we shal l use the same letter for an abstract virtual knot K and the knot lying in a thickened surface M × I and representing the knot K (abusing notation).
Virtual Knots and Links
We now give the simplicial thickening C[∆n ] ∈ Cat∆ of [n].
A short course on infinity-categories
Since the left Kan extension along a fully-faithful functor is in fact an extension, this notation is not in conflict with the notation C[∆n ] for the simplicial thickening of [n].
A short course on infinity-categories
The internal energy of large star clusters is enough to thicken the disk.
Structure and Evolution of the Milky Way
We shall principally use I when thickening a submanifold in the neighbourhood of a boundary.
A Second Order Algebraic Knot Concordance Group
The algebraic Thom complex and algebraic Poincar´e thickening are inverse operations [Ran80, part I, Proposition 3.4].
A Second Order Algebraic Knot Concordance Group
However, the existence of a dual surface to the S 2 which we remove guarantees that the boundary S 1 of the thickening D2 bounds a surface on the other side, so that we do not create extra 1-homology.
A Second Order Algebraic Knot Concordance Group
The appearance of δϕ0 here means that the choice from geometry of framing in πr (SO(n − r)) for the thickening disk Dn−r under the embedding g : S r × Dn−r ֒→ M is taken into account in the algebra.
A Second Order Algebraic Knot Concordance Group
Observations of gravitational waves from BHNS inspiral thus restrict the EOS to a surface of constant Λ in the parameter space, thickened by the measurement error.
Extracting equation of state parameters from black hole-neutron star mergers. I. Nonspinning black holes
To this end, we decompose the knot complement into a cell complex called a handle decomposition that realizes the exterior as a thickening of a 2dimensional complex.
Classical Knot Theory
The “upside-down” decomposition of the torus that is depicted on the lower right side of Fig. 15 is thickened to a decomposition of the torus times an interval.
Classical Knot Theory
As such, M inherits a natural area measure: roughly, take a region on M, thicken it out by  to be fully 3-dimensional, compute the usual volume of the thickened region and take the limit of this area divided by  as  −→ 0.
Sampling From A Manifold
From my point of view, the idea was to simultaneously have a diagrammatic theory that could handle knots in thickened surfaces and would generalize knot theory to arbitrary oriented, not necessarily planar, Gauss codes.
Book Review of "Virtual Knot Theory - The State of the Art" by Vassily Manturov and Denis Ilyutko, World Scientific (2012), ISBN: 978-981-4401-12-8
Once embedded, they yield a knot in a thickened version of that surface.
Book Review of "Virtual Knot Theory - The State of the Art" by Vassily Manturov and Denis Ilyutko, World Scientific (2012), ISBN: 978-981-4401-12-8
All these perturbations, thickening of the plane, and radial condensation, leading to a decrease of the ratio h/z0 , must however be transient, and disappear after the interaction is over, i.e. on a time scale of one Gyr.
Tidally-triggered disk thickening. II. Results and interpretations