theodicy

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n theodicy the branch of theology that defends God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Theodicy A vindication of the justice of God in ordaining or permitting natural and moral evil.
    • Theodicy That department of philosophy which treats of the being, perfections, and government of God, and the immortality of the soul.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n theodicy An exposition of the theory of divine Providence with a view to the vindication of the attributes, particularly of the holiness and justice, of God, in establishing the present order of things, in which evil, moral as well as physical, largely exists. The word in this sense was used by Leibnitz in a series of essays, in which he maintained that metaphysical evil is necessary to moral beings, that physical evil is a means of a greater good, and that moral evil was permitted by God as necessary to the best possible world, as a set-off to moral good, which it increases by contrast.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Theodicy thē-od′i-si a name given to the exposition of the theory of Divine Providence, with a view especially to the vindication of the sanctity and justice of God in establishing the present order of things, in which evil, moral as well as physical, so largely appears to prevail
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL. theodicæa, fr. Gr. God + right, justice: cf. F. théodicée,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. theos, God, dikē, justice.

Usage

In literature:

The idea of God, formulated by a theodicy that claims to be rational, is simply an hypothesis, like the hypotheses of ether, for example.
"Tragic Sense Of Life" by Miguel de Unamuno
The admission of this single truth of value is enough to raise all the time-honoured problems of ethics and theodicy.
"Recent Developments in European Thought" by Various
The Essay on Man professes to be a theodicy.
"Alexander Pope" by Leslie Stephen
Milton's theodicy is of his own devising, and is neither Catholic nor Calvinist.
"Milton" by Sir Walter Alexander Raleigh
THEODICY: Essays on Divine Providence.
"Historical Sketches, Volume I (of 3)" by John Henry Newman
From this they are led to take up the questions of theodicy or of the principles of the divine government.
"History of Religion" by Allan Menzies
In other words, the search for a theodicy leads to agnosticism.
"The Next Step in Religion" by Roy Wood Sellars
This theodicy of Cousin laid him open obviously enough to the charge of pantheism.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
Thus they presented in fact a theodicy, a rudimentary philosophy of religion.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 2" by Various
Others find in the gospel of redemption the true theodicy.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 3" by Various
What has a theodicy to say as to these facts?
"Theology and the Social Consciousness" by Henry Churchill King
It is just here that this study of a theodicy sets in.
"Abraham Lincoln's Cardinal Traits;" by Clark S. Beardslee
***

In news:

Anarchy and Apocalypse Essays on Faith, Violence, and Theodicy Ronald E Osborn Cascade Books, $20, 174 pp.
Mourdock, Conception, and Theodicy .
Theodicy in the theater.
Stephen Colbert's Heartfelt Advice to God—related to theodicy and public relations.
THEODICY OF THE AIR-PUMP OF ROBERT BOYLE.
***

In science:

The first distinction is then Lucifer’s breaking away from God as the devil (Luhmann, 1990, at pp. 118 ff.) or, in other words, the problem of the Theodicy, that is, the origin of evil in the world (Leibniz, [1710] 1962).
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
The logical problem of theodicy, namely the problem of bypassing the logical incompatibility between the definition of God as the maximally good entity and the existence of evil in the world was first raised by Epicurus and has been at the center of Rational Theology from Leibniz’s treatise to recent time.
An interesting temporalization of G\"odel's ontological proof
***