tetany

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n tetany clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures; associated with calcium deficiency (hypoparathyroidism) or vitamin D deficiency or alkalosis
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Tetany (Med) A morbid condition resembling tetanus, but distinguished from it by being less severe and having intermittent spasms.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n tetany A disease characterized by irregularly intermittent tonic spasms of various groups of muscles, more commonly those of the upper extremities, unaccompanied, as a rule, by fever. It is seen most frequently in individuals between fifteen and thirty-five years of age. Among the causes of the affection are mentioned pregnancy, lactation, exposure to cold and wet, intestinal irritation, and mental shock. It sometimes occurs as a sequel to scarlet fever and other diseases of childhood. The disease seldom results fatally, except when the muscles of respiration are profoundly affected.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Tetany a rare and little understood disease of the nervous system, occurring both in children and adults, characterised by recurring attacks of tonic spasm of various muscles, particularly those of the fingers and toes, associated with defective hygienic conditions, imperfect ventilation, poor diet, and in children with rickets
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr.,—tetanos, stretched—teinein, to stretch.

Usage

In literature:

Trousseau's sign is the production of tetany by applying firm and prolonged pressure to the brachial nerve in the upper arm.
"The Nervous Child" by Hector Charles Cameron
When tetany follows operations for goitre it is due to the removal of these glands.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
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In news:

The April issue article, "The Grass Tetany Puzzle," generated some reader concern over its reliance on anecdotal observations as opposed to peer-reviewed research.
Research by a veterinary pathologist indicates salt is a big factor in preventing and treating grass tetany .
Watch for grass tetany in North Dakota cattle this spring, warns Carl Dahlen, North Dakota State University Extension Service beef cattle specialist.
Grass tetany is a cattle disorder caused by an abnormally low amount of magnesium in the bloodstream of cattle.
A University of Missouri Extension beef nutrition specialist counsels farmers to prepare for grass tetany season in March.
South Dakota State University Extension Veterinarian Russ Daly said some South Dakota producers are seeing AIP (atypical interstitial pneumonia) and grass tetany in cattle herds on pasture.
Cattle producers often consider grass tetany a problem that only affects cattle eating lush, spring grass.
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