tenure

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v tenure give life-time employment to "She was tenured after she published her book"
    • n tenure the right to hold property; part of an ancient hierarchical system of holding lands
    • n tenure the term during which some position is held
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Tenure Manner of holding, in general; as, in absolute governments, men hold their rights by a precarious tenure . "All that seems thine own,
      Held by the tenure of his will alone."
    • Tenure The act or right of holding, as property, especially real estate. "That the tenure of estates might rest on equity, the Indian title to lands was in all cases to be quieted."
    • Tenure The consideration, condition, or service which the occupier of land gives to his lord or superior for the use of his land.
    • Tenure (Eng. Law) The manner of holding lands and tenements of a superior.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n tenure The nature of the right or title by which property, especially real property, is held; also, the property so held. ; . Land-tenure is, in the main, either feudal or allodial. According to the latter tenure, the whole right and title to the land rests with the owner, subject only to the right of the state, and this is the principle of United States law; according to the former, the person possessing the land holds it from a superior, and this is the principle of English law. According to the theory in England, all land is held of the crown, either mediately or immediately. The ownership of land is therefore never unlimited as to extent, for he who is the owner of land in fee, which is the largest estate that a man can have in land, is not absolute owner; he owes services in respect of his fee (or flef), and the seigniory of the lord always subsists. All land in the hands of any layman is held of some lord, to whom the holder or tenant owes some service; but in the case of church lands, although they are held by tenure, no temporal services are due, but the lord of whom these lands are held must be considered the owner, although the beneficial ownership can never revert to the lord. All the species of ancient tenures may be reduced to four, three of which still subsist: tenure by knight-service, which was the most honorable (now abolished)
    • n tenure The consideration or service which the occupier of land pays to his lord or superior for the use of his land, or the condition on which he holds it.
    • n tenure Holding, or manner of holding, in general; the terms or conditions on which, or the period during which, anything is held.
    • n tenure Quality with respect to proportion of ingredients.
    • n tenure An act of 1867 (14 Stat. 430; Rev. Stat. § 1767 et seq.), providing that persons appointed to civil offices by the President, and confirmed by the Senate, excepting members of the cabinet, shall hold such offices until their successors are qualified, subject to suspension by the, President, during the recess of the Senate, for misconduct; and that they can be removed only with the consent of the Senate.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Tenure ten′ūr a general name for the conditions on which land is held by the persons who occupy and use it.
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Quotations

  • Hubert H. Humphrey
    Hubert%20H.%20Humphrey
    “A politician never forgets the precarious nature of elective life. We have never established a practice of tenure in public office.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. tenure, OF. teneure, fr. F. tenir, to hold. See Tenable
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. tenure—Low L. tenura—L. tenēre, to hold.

Usage

In literature:

The last attempt to impose it was made during Smith's own tenure of the exhibition, and failed.
"Life of Adam Smith" by John Rae
This method of tenure was similar to the system of holding land in France, called the Feudal System.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: History" by Ontario Ministry of Education
The Indians also hold everything they possess on a loose tenure.
"The Romantic Settlement of Lord Selkirk's Colonists" by George Bryce
Bye the bye I will tell you about the tenure of land in Egypt which people are always disputing about, as the Kadee laid it down for me.
"Letters from Egypt" by Lucie Duff Gordon
Perhaps you knew its uncertain tenure when you wished me joy.
"The Chief Legatee" by Anna Katharine Green
We think, that the more important an employ, the more temporary should be its tenure.
"History of the Girondists, Volume I" by Alphonse de Lamartine
Previous to the year 1864 there were three kinds of tenure in Roumania in which the peasantry were interested.
"Roumania Past and Present" by James Samuelson
Meanwhile, his tenure of new line must be made as costly as possible.
"My Second Year of the War" by Frederick Palmer
Only a few months more and the danger would be over, for he felt convinced that his uncle's tenure of life would be brief.
"Adrift in New York" by Horatio Alger
A matter involving the validity of my tenure-contract.
"The Edge of the Knife" by Henry Beam Piper
It seemed to be a contrivance devised by politicians to succeed the old system of feudal tenures.
"The Life of George Washington, Vol. 5 (of 5)" by John Marshall
Though their tenure was brief they had made the most of their time.
"The New York Times Current History: the European War, February, 1915" by Various
I soothed him by explaining that all that I asked about was the tenure of office in their system, and he apologized.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 20, No. 117, July, 1867." by Various
Navada Alvarado, and others; 1632-36, Decree extending the tenure of encomiendas.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, Volume XXV, 1635-36" by Various
What was his probable tenure of life?
"An Australian in China" by George Ernest Morrison
No man shall be obliged to perform more service for his fee than he is bound to by his tenure.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.I., Part A. From the Britons of Early Times to King John" by David Hume
There are some very curious tenures of lands and manors connected with Christmas which must not be passed over.
"A Righte Merrie Christmasse" by John Ashton
He has made judges dependent on his will alone for the tenure of their offices and the amount and payment of their salaries.
"The Handy Cyclopedia of Things Worth Knowing" by Joseph Triemens
Then the strangest of all doubts came into my head; I doubted the legality of my tenure of these hawks; how did I come by them?
"Lavengro the Scholar - the Gypsy - the Priest" by George Borrow
Personal tenure of land did not exist.
"The Maya Chronicles" by Various
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In poetry:

Your lands, with force or cunning got,
Shrink to the measure of the grave;
But Death himself abridges not
The tenures of almighty thought,
The titles of the wise and brave.
"The Landlord" by James Russell Lowell
Q. What was the vow thy sponsors then exprest?
What was the solemn promise that they gave,
By which with equal tenure to the best,
Thou wast entitled all those rights to have?
"The Catechism " by Rees Prichard
On everych Seynctes his daie,
Wythe the mynstrelle am I seen, All a footeynge it awaie,
Wythe maydens on the greene
But oh! I wyshe to be moe greate,
In rennome, tenure and estate.
"Eclogue The Third" by Thomas Chatterton
I. "JOY a fix'd state—a tenure, not a start!"
Whence came that thought, sublime and pensive sage?
Did Joy e'er play upon thy grief-chill'd heart,
Or flash its warm beam o'er the life's sad page?
"Joy" by Sydney Owenson
Spurning a throne
Held by blood-tenure, 'gainst a nation's will;
Lived on his narrow fields alone,
Content life's common service to fulfil;
Not careful of a carnage-bought renown,
Or that precarious crown:--
"At Hursley In Marden" by Francis Turner Palgrave

In news:

He will officially begin his tenure July 1.
JUNEAU, Alaska — In the three years since Sarah Palin stormed the national political stage, her brief tenure as governor of Alaska has often been reduced to caricature.
He quoted Winston Churchill, William Shakespeare and Muhammed Ali when touting the accomplishments of his tenure.
At different times quoted Winston Churchill, William Shakespeare and Muhammed Ali when touting the accomplishments of his league during his tenure.
Alan Greenspan's 18-year tenure as chairman of the Fed has been marked by a relentless focus on inflation.
Former Stanford University president Richard Lyman dies Tenure spanned tumultuous period of student protest over war, weapons research, civil rights.
Broadcaster Dave Niehaus has outlasted even the Kingdome during his tenure in the Seattle Mariners' booth.
Arguably the biggest victory in Bill Snyder's long, successful tenure at Kansas State came against the program that has otherwise caused him the biggest problems.
"Son of Boss" is the nickname of a tax shelter used by Marriott International Inc during Mitt Romney's tenure as a Marriott director, when he was also the head of the company's audit committee in 1994.
"During his tenure at NASA," an agency-wide memo said, "Braun served as the agency's principal advisor and advocate on matters concerning agency-wide technology policy and programs.
McAllen ISD Fires Longest Tenured Football Coach In The Valley.
Chief Parrish served as fire chief from 1977 to 1990, which represents the longest tenure of any fire chief in CCFD history.
Tenured Radical Celebrates Cyber Monday.
Professors must be considered for tenure by their sixth year, and if they don't receive tenure they must leave.
Michigan's longest- tenured Congressmen eye return to Washington.
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In science:

When applied to such activities, recommender systems which model such social connections among individuals are compelling and applicable to a variety of other important information-oriented tasks (including some studied in the field of ‘bibliometrics’ ) such as granting tenure to a faculty member of a university.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
The second author held the tenure of an ERCIM “Alain Bensoussan” fellowship programme.
Solving Simple Stochastic Games with Few Random Vertices
The conventional wisdom has been to have children later in life after tenure has been achieved.
Challenges facing young astrophysicists
Tenure reviews can also be extremely harsh on academics raising young children.
Challenges facing young astrophysicists
This biases selection of papers at conferences, as well as selection of candidates for postdoc and tenure track positions. 6) The status of CS journals is too low.
A Revised Publication Model for ECML PKDD
The first author is indebted to the UGC (University Grants Commissions), India for awarding him a JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) during the tenure in which this paper was written.
On a Fixed Point Theorem for a Cyclical Kannan-type Mapping
Effectiveness of teaching has little effect on promotion/tenure decisions or on national departmental rankings. d.
Lessons From the Physics-Education Reform Effort
Some scientists are given tenure, and others have to leave academia The elites of all countries and all times has always some explanations, like the Grace of God having them put into the upper levels of society.
Sociophysics Simulations
What is your current position? Our sample consisted of 17 Masters/PhD students, four postdoctoral fellows on their first placement, six postdoctoral fellows on their second or later placement, eight tenured/permanent academics, four researchers in contract positions, one retired academic and one undergraduate student.
Future Directions in Astronomy Visualisation
Top young scientists getting their Ph.D’s from the RHIC program and postdoctoral research scientists at the start of the RHIC program are now new leaders as tenured faculty at our nation’s universities and research scientists at national laboratories.
Phases of QCD: Summary of the Rutgers Long Range Plan Town Meeting
Acknowledgements. J. W. T. H. acknowledges support from an NSERC postdoctoral fellowship and a CSA supplement, tenured at the University of Amsterdam.
A Strong Upper Limit on the Pulsed Radio Luminosity of the Compact Object 1RXS J141256.0+792204
The second author wishes to thank the Government of Canada for supporting his tenure at the University of Calgary as a DFAIT research fellow.
Hypothesis Testing in Speckled Data with Stochastic Distances
The ideological suppression followed a letter from Dijkstra that caused the then EE tenured faculty to prevent refereeing of my paper.
Adding Methodological Testing to Naur's Anti-formalism
Consider for instance that one is neither likely to get tenure nor any research funding without having published substantially.
True Peer Review
We study the term structure of interest rates for the US and find evidence that global Hurst exponents change dramatically according to Chairman Tenure in the Federal Reserve Board and also with changes in the conduct of monetary policy.
Econophysics of interest rates and the role of monetary policy
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