• WordNet 3.6
    • n tanning making leather from rawhide
    • n tanning beating with a whip or strap or rope as a form of punishment
    • n tanning process in which skin pigmentation darkens as a result of exposure to ultraviolet light
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The palms of your hands and the soles of your feet cannot tan, or grow hair
    • n Tanning The art or process of converting skins into leather. See Tan v. t., 1.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Leather skin does not have any smell. The leather smell that you sense is actually derived from the materials used in the tanning process
    • n tanning The art or process of converting hides and skins into leather; the manufacture of leather. The process is chiefly chemical, and depends essentially upon the action of tannic acid, gallic acid, alum, sulphates of iron and copper, salt, and other agents on the gelatin, glutin, albumin, and other constituents of animal skins. Strictly, tanning is the treatment of hides with tannin, or tannic acid; the treatment of hides with alum and other minerals is called tawing (which see). In tanning proper, raw, salted, and dried hides of cattle are treated with some form of tannin either by itself or in connection with other agents, and the product is called leather to distinguish it from the white or alum leather, kid, lambskin, etc., produced from the skins of goats, sheep, and other small animals. While a great number of plants yield tannin, the chief source of it is the bark of the oak, hemlock, birch, and beech, and the powdered leaves and young shoots of the sumac. Nutgalls are also used, as they carry gallic acid with the tannic acid. Many other vegetable matters are also used. The treatment of the hides in tanning is essentially a steeping or soaking in baths formed of extracts of tannin either by placing the ground bark directly in the baths, or by employing fluid extracts of the barks or sumacs. The hides are first freed from hair and fleshed, and are then placed in the baths. The art of tanning also includes the mechanical and chemical treatment of the hides to make them supple and water-proof. See leather, 1.
    • n tanning An appearance or hue of a brown color produced on the skin by the action of the sun.
    • n tanning Same as tannage, 3.
    • n tanning A whipping; a flogging.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Pakistan was named in 1933 and is derived from the first letters of "Punjab," "Afghan," "Kashmir," "Sind," and "Tan." All of these are districts or states of what is now Pakistan.
    • Tanning the art of tanning or converting into leather
    • ***


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. tannian; cf. Dut. tanen, or prob. O. Fr. tan—Bret. tann, an oak. If the latter, then Old High Ger. tanna (Ger. tanne), fir, oak, is borrowed.


In literature:

From a distance all the moon seems tan or sandy in tint.
"Operation: Outer Space" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
Then put them in boiler with a tan stocking and remove when the desired color is obtained.
"Fowler's Household Helps" by A. L. Fowler
The cap tends to become a pallid, reddish tan.
"Among the Mushrooms" by Ellen M. Dallas and Caroline A. Burgin
The shoes that these women slaves wore were made in the nearby town at a place known as the tan yards.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
His skin was tanned by an Indian and adorns a bench in the Ranger Office.
"I Married a Ranger" by Dama Margaret Smith
At night out troop crowds and crowds of the little tan-colored water bugs.
"The Insect Folk" by Margaret Warner Morley
It was the color of a tan shoe.
"The Prairie Wife" by Arthur Stringer
The Eastern lad looked rather white under his tan.
"The Border Boys Across the Frontier" by Fremont B. Deering
His skin was fair and smooth, but tanned to an olive-brown.
"The Mummy and Miss Nitocris" by George Griffith
Cap'n Pigg went a shade paler beneath the tan on his weather-beaten face.
"Golden Stories" by Various
One of the two was tall and tanned, and thirty-five or so.
"Set in Silver" by Charles Norris Williamson and Alice Muriel Williamson
He run a tan yard and kept a heap of guns in a big room.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
The huts were built of mats or of the tanned skins of the buffalo.
"The Adventures of the Chevalier De La Salle and His Companions, in Their Explorations of the Prairies, Forests, Lakes, and Rivers, of the New World, and Their Interviews with the Savage Tribes, Two Hundred Years Ago" by John S. C. Abbott
You bin 'tan' well; you bin las' long tam.
"Nights With Uncle Remus" by Joel Chandler Harris
He was tanned to bronze, of course.
"Still Jim" by Honoré Willsie Morrow
But here's our skipper; Fi Tan you call him, don't you?
"The Three Midshipmen" by W.H.G. Kingston
He ran after the blue dress and tan coat and slipped in through a door just a second before the guard closed it.
"Sunny Boy in the Big City" by Ramy Allison White
His face was tanned by the sun and the salt air, but it had few wrinkles.
"The Dead Command" by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
The girl took a step forward, her slim, tanned, ringless fingers clasped loosely about a book she held.
"Shoe-Bar Stratton" by Joseph Bushnell Ames
And this broad-shouldered, tanned young fellow was Crawford, after all!
"A Young Man in a Hurry" by Robert W. Chambers

In poetry:

Then up there stepped a merchant stout,
His face was brown and tan:
“I’ll volunteer to stay on board,
For I’m an Englishman!”
"'The Seabolt's Volunteers'" by Henry Lawson
Se que en su corazon, nido de sierpes,
No hay una fibra que al amor responda;
Que es una estatua inanimada... pero...
iEs tan hermosa!
"Rimas XXXIX" by Gustavo Adolfo Becquer
These are the men with the sun-tanned faces
and the keen far-sighted eyes-
the men of the open spaces,
and the land where the mirage lies.
"The Men Of The Open Spaces" by William Henry Ogilvie
"And then--you see that rock that's grown so bristly
With chapparal and tan--
Suthin crep' out: it might hev been a grizzly
It might hev been a man;
"The Hawk's Nest" by Francis Bret Harte
COME, my tan-faced children,
Follow well in order, get your weapons ready;
Have you your pistols? have you your sharp edged axes?
Pioneers! O pioneers!
"Pioneers! O Pioneers!" by Walt Whitman
Full wistfully along the slender way,
Through summer tan of freckled shade and shine,
I take the path that leads me as it may--
Its every choice is mine.
"A Country Pathway" by James Whitcomb Riley

In news:

Remember the TANNING MOM from earlier this year.
The Bodybuilder Who Forgot To Tan His Head.
The Bodybuilder Who Forgot To Tan His Head – Stupid Photo of the Day.
Remember the Tanning Mom from earlier this year.
Tessa puts a lot of time, effort, money, and tan into her bust.
NJ tanning mom Patricia Krentcil challenges Octomom to boxing match : Daily Buzz.
The Associated Press 'Tan Mom' Patricia Krentcil, left, has challenged fellow tabloid celebrity 'Octomom' Nadya Suleman to a boxing match .
The Tanning Mom challenges The Octomom to a boxing match.
NJ tanning mom Patricia Krentcil challenges Octomom to boxing match: Daily Buzz.
The Associated Press 'Tan Mom' Patricia Krentcil, left, has challenged fellow tabloid celebrity 'Octomom' Nadya Suleman to a boxing match.
Tanning mom' Patricia Krentcil has been in the news a lot for her antics and the paparazzi just seem to love her for the same.
Employees of the tanning salon state that the child was never in the room or the tanning booth with her mother, yet the story has become a media sensation.
Tan Lines Are Optional, Except That One Naughty Spot That Some Women Can't Tan .
Tan Tan creates vibrant dishes.

In science:

The transverse mass mτ ν T distribution over the total background including the jet and second top veto is shown in Fig. 7b for mH ± = 400 GeV and tan β = 40 and in Fig. 8a for mH ± = 200 GeV and tan β = 30.
The Higgs Working Group: Summary Report
However, for tan (cid:12) = . large tan β values, the pseudoscalar A boson tends to be rather light in mSUGRA, opening tan (cid:12) =  the possibility for the decay ˜t2 → ˜t1A to occur with an appreciable rate as shown in Fig. 8b.
The Higgs Working Group: Summary Report
For the LHC, high values of tan β produce a signal cross section much larger than the tan β = 3 scenario, over almost the entire range of mA .
The Higgs Working Group: Summary Report
In performing the signal-to-background analysis, we have chosen two representative points only, identified by the two following combinations: (i) tan β = 3 and mA = 210 GeV (yielding mh ≈ 104 GeV and mH ≈ 220 GeV); (ii) tan β = 50 and mA = 130 GeV (yielding mh ≈ 120 GeV and mH ≈ 130 GeV).
The Higgs Working Group: Summary Report
In Fig. 1 we give the plots of the solutions in (tan β , h ˜S i) and (tan β , λ) planes.
Radiative symmetry breaking and Higgs mass bound in the NMSSM
In Fig. 1(a), we show the dependence of mh on tan β , where only models with tan β > 1.5, mA > 80 GeV and mNLSP > 100 GeV are considered, while mt is fixed to 175 GeV.
Summary of the SUSY Working Group of the 1999 Les Houches Workshop
The dependence is strong for small tan β <∼ 10, while for larger tan β the increase of the lightest Higgs mass is rather mild.
Summary of the SUSY Working Group of the 1999 Les Houches Workshop
We introduce new coordinates ( ˜z , ˜r) defined by z = tan ˜z and r = tan ˜r .
Numerical evolution of Brill waves
For mH ± above 225 GeV, its decay into tb can be used to find the charged Higgs if tan β >∼ 25 or tan β <∼ 2.
Linear Collider Physics Resource Book for Snowmass 2001 - Part 1: Introduction
As in the case tan β = 10, µ < 0, the scalar cross section at higher tan β also exhibits the cancellation feature discussed above.
Theoretical Aspects of Dark Matter Detection
We recall that a value of tan β near 1 is an advantage for suppressing proton decay. A small range of tan β around one is currently disfavored by the negative results of the SUSY Higgs search at LEP .
The problem of neutrino masses in extensions of the Standard Model
For tanβ < 1, decays to c¯s and τ +ν dominate, whereas for tanβ > 1, W ∗A dominates. L3 has observed for years a significant excess (now 4.4σ) at 68 GeV in the four-jet channel, but the other LEP experiments have not confirmed it.
Experimental Summary
The total width increases with increasing tanβ which in some cases may give the possibility to determine the value of tanβ from the width measurement.
Summary of the CMS Discovery Potential for the MSSM SUSY Higgses
The expected Higgs mass resolution for mA = 150 GeV (mH = 151.2 GeV) at tanβ = 15, for instance, is 2.2 GeV with superimposed unresolved CP-even (H ) and CP-odd (A) states. B-tagging greatly improves signal visibility at large tanβ reducing the overwhelming → µµ background.
Summary of the CMS Discovery Potential for the MSSM SUSY Higgses
For low tan β values (tan β ∼ 1), the gluon-gluon fusion mechanism gg → A0 , H 0 dominates the production.
Observability of MSSM Higgs bosons via sparticle decay modes in CMS