synthetic

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj synthetic of a proposition whose truth value is determined by observation or facts "`all men are arrogant' is a synthetic proposition"
    • adj synthetic systematic combining of root and modifying elements into single words
    • adj synthetic involving or of the nature of synthesis (combining separate elements to form a coherent whole) as opposed to analysis "limnology is essentially a synthetic science composed of elements...that extend well beyond the limits of biology"- P.S.Welch"
    • adj synthetic not genuine or natural "counterfeit rhetoric that flourishes when passions are synthetic"- George Will"
    • adj synthetic artificial as if portrayed in a film "a novel with flat celluloid characters"
    • adj synthetic not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially "man-made fibers","synthetic leather"
    • n synthetic a compound made artificially by chemical reactions
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Penicillin was first produced synthetically in a laboratory in 1946.
    • Synthetic (Chem) Artificial. Cf. Synthesis, 2.
    • Synthetic (Zoöl) Comprising within itself structural or other characters which are usually found only in two or more diverse groups; -- said of species, genera, and higher groups. See the Note under Comprehensive, 3.
    • Synthetic Of or pertaining to synthesis; consisting in synthesis or composition; as, the synthetic method of reasoning, as opposed to analytical . "Philosophers hasten too much from the analytic to the synthetic method; that is, they draw general conclusions from too small a number of particular observations and experiments."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • synthetic Of or pertaining to synthesis; consisting in synthesis: as, the synthetic method of reasoning, as opposed to the analytical.
    • synthetic In grammar, characterized by synthesis, or the combination of radical and formative elements into one word, as distinguished from their maintenance in separate words, which is analytic. Thus, man's is synthetic, of man is analytic; higher is synthetic, more high is analytic; loved is synthetic, did love is analytic; and so amabitur (Latin) and will be loved. The epithet is used both of single formations, like these, and of classes of expressions; also of a whole language, or a period or class of languages, according as expressions of one or of the other class prevail in each case.
    • synthetic In biology, of a general or comprehensive type of structure; combining in one organism characters which are to be specialized in several different organisms in the course of evolution; generalized, not specialized; undifferentiated. Thus, the Symphyla are a synthetic type, as combining characters of the classes Myriapoda and Hexapoda. Since the general course of evolution is from generals to particulars, or from generalization to specialization, synthetic forms are mostly low or primitive, and less fully illustrated by recent or living than by early and extinct organisms. Most fossil types are synthetic in comparison with existent forms of which they are ancestral.
    • synthetic In chem., noting a substance made by artificial means, in the laboratory, in contradistinction to one produced without human agency, as in vegetables and animals. Thus indigo is produced from certain plants and may also be made artificially, or synthetically, from naphthalene.
    • synthetic In pictorial composition, noting an arrangement which tells a story or explains a situation.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adjs Synthetic pertaining to synthesis: consisting in synthesis or composition
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Quotations

  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “The person of analytic or critical intellect finds something ridiculous in everything. The person of synthetic or constructive intellect, in almost nothing.”
  • Serge Daney
    Serge Daney
    “In an age of synthetic images and synthetic emotions, the chances of an accidental encounter with reality are remote indeed.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. : cf. F. synthétique,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. synthesissyn, with, together, thesis, a placing—tithēmi, I place.

Usage

In literature:

He must give all, not abstractly, but concretely, synthetically.
"Whitman" by John Burroughs
For proof he relied on the intuitive and the synthetic.
"History of Human Society" by Frank W. Blackmar
Here they saw the preparation of their synthetic food, untouched by human hands.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, December 1930" by Various
Not a synthetic in sight.
"The Dueling Machine" by Benjamin William Bova
The way you tell a synthetic ruby from a natural ruby is to look for flaws.
"A World by the Tale" by Gordon Randall Garrett
They were thought to be synthetic, were they not?
"Astounding Stories, July, 1931" by Various
Plato is analytic, Aristotle synthetic.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume I (of 2)" by John William Draper
Those 'native' foods I served you were all synthetics from our personal stores.
"Collector's Item" by Evelyn E. Smith
In the earlier years teaching should be largely synthetic; in later years, analytic.
"Training the Teacher" by A. F. Schauffler
Otherwise, what is Verbal or Analytic to one man may be Real or Synthetic to another.
"Logic, Inductive and Deductive" by William Minto
It was that skin, of course, the synthetic substance they had put on him over the circuit.
"Tangle Hold" by F. L. Wallace
The synthetic-fabrics plant had been partially wiped out, though the lower levels underground had not been reached by the dis ray.
"Armageddon--2419 A.D." by Philip Francis Nowlan
Further, that the real problem concerns all synthetic judgements alike is shown by the solution which he eventually reaches.
"Kant's Theory of Knowledge" by Harold Arthur Prichard
Why don't those scientists develop synthetic elements, so that we can have atomic power again?
"Thy Rocks and Rills" by Robert Ernest Gilbert
Mich'l climbed out, and faced a surprised cook in the kitchen, engaged in flavoring synthetic food drinks.
"Astounding Stories, August, 1931" by Various
Woman is ultimate, intuitive, basic, and synthetic.
"Years of Plenty" by Ivor Brown
In the south synthetic verb-forms are employed to a much larger extent than in the north.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
Every one knows that the minds of the Chinese are not by nature analytic; neither are they synthetic.
"Village Life in China" by Arthur H. Smith
They are reports of facts and the results of synthetic construction.
"The Sources Of Religious Insight" by Josiah Royce
The concept "right" reflects the standardizing, valuing process of a synthetic order and a synthetic self.
"Creative Intelligence" by John Dewey, Addison W. Moore, Harold Chapman Brown, George H. Mead, Boyd H. Bode, Henry Waldgrave, Stuart James, Hayden Tufts, Horace M. Kallen
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In poetry:

In labour-saving homes, with care
Their wives frizz out peroxide hair
And dry it in synthetic air
And paint their nails.
"Slough" by Sir John Betjeman
"I am dripping with bootlegger brandy,
I ooze with synthetical gin;
And the beer that you make in the kitchen—
Ah, dire are the wages of sin!
"Owed To Volstead" by Wallace Irwin
Fear not the waking world, my mortal,
Fear not the flat, synthetic blood,
Nor the heart in the ribbing metal.
Fear not the tread, the seeded milling,
The trigger and scythe, the bridal blade,
Nor the flint in the lover's mauling.
"All All And All" by Dylan Thomas
In the false New England forest
where the misplanted Norwegian trees
refused to root, their thick synthetic
roots barging out of the dirt to work on the air,
we held hands and walked on our knees.
Actually, there was no one there.
"The Expatriates" by Anne Sexton

In news:

2C-I or 'Smiles' is a new synthetic drug.
ST LOUIS (AP) — St Louis-area police and prosecutors say the nationwide crackdown on synthetic designer drug s is fair warning to makers, distributors and sellers: Authorities are coming after you.
Synthetic materials are the worst.
(AP) — The city of Duluth is asking a judge to shut down a downtown head shop that sells synthetic marijuana.
The city of Duluth is asking a judge to shut down a downtown head shop that sells synthetic marijuana.
The suit is one of more than a dozen filed by the AG that attempts to use consumer protection laws to stop head shop s from selling synthetic drugs by alleging that the products are improperly labeled.
HOLLAND – Installation of a new synthetic turf surface at Holland Municipal Stadium could begin within three weeks, with the new field to be ready for use by the start of football season in late August.
Growth in Asia to Help Synthetic Rubber Sector Bounce Back.
Energy Lessons From America's Early Synthetic Rubber Program.
Army developing 'synthetic telepathy .
The US Army is developing a technology known as synthetic telepathy that would allow someone to create email or voice mail and send it by thought alone.
New lab-grown synthetic meat rears its head in the food supply chain.
To help reduce the environmental impact of meat production, scientists state lab-grown synthetic meats are a wiser alternative instead of animal slaughter.
Test-tube food: Synthetic, lab-grown meat could soon appear on supermarket shelves.
Selling synthetic drugs ought to be a felony, according to a resolution set for Marshall County commissioners approval on Monday when it could be sent to state lawmakers.
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In science:

Aggarwal et al. evaluated their algorithm as well as that for GroupLens, Fire fly, and LikeMinds, for accuracy against synthetic data.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
Fig. 9.— Synthetic column density maps for our best bar forcing runs (see Fig. 8).
On the Spiral Structure of NGC 2915 and Dark Matter
Fig. 12.— Synthetic column density maps for our best halo forcing runs The timestep and pattern frequency are indicated in each panel.
On the Spiral Structure of NGC 2915 and Dark Matter
We have produced synthetic PSFs with the TINYTIM software (Krist 1995) for the different instrument configurations.
The nuclear SED of NGC6251: a BL Lac in the center of an FR I radio galaxy
Finally, we give also a synthetic outlook for further developments.
About the cavity fields in mean field spin glass models
Creation of a (synthetic) reference catalogue. B.
Formalism and quality of a proper motion link with extragalactic objects for astrometric satellite missions
For the construction of the synthetic reference catalogue the astrometric data from Lestrade et al. (1999) were used, magnitudes were taken from the H catalogue.
Formalism and quality of a proper motion link with extragalactic objects for astrometric satellite missions
The left panel in Fig. 4 shows a synthetic map of the integrated photon flux above 100 MeV for a Coma like cluster of galaxies (Miniati 2003).
Non-thermal particles in the intergalactic and intracluster medium
Right: synthetic spectra extracted from the inner region (top) and the outer region( (bottom).
Non-thermal particles in the intergalactic and intracluster medium
Active areas in the synthetic tradition include CAT(0) spaces, δhyperbolicity, and geometric group theory in general.
Thin triangles and a multiplicative ergodic theorem for Teichm\"uller geometry
These [Si I] NIR features can also be found in the synthetic late-time spectra of Type Ib SNe computed by Fransson & Chevalier (1989).
The Optical/Near-Infrared Light Curves of SN 2002ap for the First 1.5 Years after Discovery
An important example is synthetic differential geometry , the study of the topos over the site category of smooth rings, or “analytic spaces” (there are several variants).
Categorical Geometry and the Mathematical Foundations of Quantum General Relativity
Bidan (eds): Advances in Synthetic Metals, Twenty Years of Progress in Science and Technology (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1999). 8) H.
Theoretical Aspects of Charge Ordering in Molecular Conductors
Model mid-IR luminosities were obtained by convolving our synthetic dust spectra (for a range of star-formation rates) with the Spitzer filter response curves.
A Simple Model For Mid-Infrared Emission from Normal Galaxies
In Fig. 3(a) we show the fits derived from the synthetic (V − K )0 colors, derived from our models using the procedure and assumptions of Bessell et al. (1998).
The Effective Temperatures and Physical Properties of Magellanic Cloud Red Supergiants: The Effects of Metallicity
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