synod

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n synod a council convened to discuss ecclesiastical business
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Synod (Astron) A conjunction of two or more of the heavenly bodies.
    • Synod An assembly or council having civil authority; a legislative body. "It hath in solemn synods been decreed,
      Both by the Syracusians and ourselves,
      To admit no traffic to our adverse towns."
      "Parent of gods and men, propitious Jove!
      And you, bright synod of the powers above."
    • Synod (Eccl. Hist) An ecclesiastic council or meeting to consult on church matters.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n synod An assembly of ecclesiastics or other church delegates duly convoked, pursuant to the law of the church, for the discussion and decision of ecclesiastical affairs; an ecclesiastical council. Synods or councils are of five kinds—ecumenical, general, national, provincial, and diocesan. For definition of their several characteristics, see council, 7.
    • n synod Specifically In Presbyterian churches, the court which ranks above the presbytery, and either is subordinate to a general assembly (as in most of the larger denominations) or is itself the supreme court of the church. In the former case the presbyteries of the whole church are grouped into synods, each of which comprises all the parishes or congregations of a particular district. The members of the synod are in most cases the members of all the presbyteries within its bounds; but in some churches the court is composed of delegates from the presbyteries.
    • n synod A meeting, convention, or council.
    • n synod In astronomy, a conjunction of two or more planets or stars.
    • n synod In the Reformed Dutch Church and in the Reformed German Church of the United States, a body composed of clerical and lay representatives from the classes, having complete supervision of the church and acting as the highest judicatory.
    • n synod In the Lutheran Ch., the district council, composed of all the ministers and one lay representative from each congregation in the district
    • n synod In the Reformed German Ch., a delegated body of ministers and elders from adjacent classes, subject to the general synod.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Synod sin′od a meeting: an ecclesiastical council: among Presbyterians, a church court consisting of several presbyteries, intermediate between these and the General Assembly, also the supreme court of the United Presbyterian Church until its union with the Free Church in 1900
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. synodus, Gr. sy`nodos a meeting; sy`n with + "odo`s a way; cf. AS. sinoð, senoð, F. synode, both from the Latin
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. synodus—Gr. synodossyn, together, hodos, a way.

Usage

In literature:

DIAMPER (Udayampura), Synod of, 193.
"Rulers of India: Albuquerque" by Henry Morse Stephens
For the appointment of a bishop there must be the consent of the local synod, and also that of the General Synod of New Zealand.
"A History of the English Church in New Zealand" by Henry Thomas Purchas
In action and in unction you had not your superior in the Synod.
"Recreations of Christopher North, Volume I (of 2)" by John Wilson
Three tokens of a blessed site: a bell, psalm-singing, a synod (of elders).
"The Triads of Ireland" by Kuno Meyer
In the early times, she is even found taking part in synods.
"Women of England, Volume 9 (of 10)" by Burleigh James Bartlett
The next year a new synod was held, and the action of the Synod of the Oak was confirmed.
"Women of Early Christianity" by Alfred Brittain
The synods in the free states stood, he believed, without exception, just where the Assembly stood, on this subject.
"Discussion on American Slavery" by George Thompson
The Synod determined in the affirmative.
"Thoughts on the Religious Instruction of the Negroes of this Country" by William Swan Plumer
In 1844, on the disruption of the Church of Scotland, the (Free) Presbyterian Synod of Canada was organized.
"The Makers of Canada: Index and Dictionary of Canadian History" by Various
In 1618 and 1619 it was the seat of the synod of Dort (q.v.).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
The Church, especially at the synod of Mayence, A.D. 851, began to thunder against licentiousness, but in vain.
"Women of the Teutonic Nations" by Hermann Schoenfeld
Theodore united it in obedience to himself, instituted national synods and subdivided the over-large bishoprics.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 4" by Various
Besides the small salary paid him by the synod, the pastor must receive some help from his parish.
"The Spanish Pioneers" by Charles F. Lummis
These decisions were confirmed by a synod of Rome in the autumn of the same year.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4" by Various
Once in Edinburgh she was coaxed to address a meeting in the Synod Hall.
"The White Queen of Okoyong" by W.P. Livingstone
The first church council which definitely forbade marriage to the higher clergy was the local Spanish synod of Elvira (A.D. 305).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
Apis was about the most sacred of the whole synod of Egyptian beasts.
"The Ship Dwellers" by Albert Bigelow Paine
Under the sons of Constantine Christian bishops in numberless synods cursed one another turn by turn.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 5" by Various
He was soon tried by the synod for wandering from the faith.
"The True Benjamin Franklin" by Sydney George Fisher
Take the education of the masses out of the hands of the Sacred Synod, and restore it to Galitzin.
"The Green Book" by Mór Jókai
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In poetry:

Look down, sainted sage, from thy synod of Gods;
See, inspired by thy venturous soul,
Mackenzie roll northward his earth-draining floods,
And surge the broad waves to the pole.
"On The Discoveries Of Captain Lewis (January 14, 1807)" by Joel Barlow
See! how the synod is met
There of the heavens to preach us--
Freed from the earth's oubliette,
See how the blossoms beseech us--
Were it not well to forget
Winter and night as they teach us?
"One Day And Another: A Lyrical Eclogue – Part I" by Madison Julius Cawein
Ag. Now, me thinks, I could confute a Colledge of Divines,
A Synod of Doctors, a Lycaeum of Philosophers;
Yet me thinkes my braines are not right,
And somewhat too weake to maintaine a paradox.
"Rhodon And Iris. Act II" by Ralph Knevet

In news:

Christian Reformed Church Synod : Combat global warming by using less energy.
Here is the link to the "Message to the People of God" issued at the conclusion at the end of the special assembly of the Synod of Bishops for the Middle East.
It, and some of the comments made at the Synod are being criticized in Israel and elsewhere.
Synod on the Middle East.
The Synod on the Middle East began in Rome on Monday and there have already been a number of interesting interventions.
Today the two Muslim observers addressed the Synod : a historic first.
Up to the present there have been twelve ordinary Synods and two extraordinary ones (1969 and 1985).
In terms of collegiality, a distinction was made at one of the Synods in the 1970s.
Its purpose is to organize the Synods and take care of all the details.
Some saw the vote as Synod 's way of celebrating the breakthrough after a nearly 40-year battle for women's full clergy rights.
But for most, Synod 's opening day had the buzz of history being made.
RCA has 'turned the page' on declining numbers, Synod speaker says.
Press File Photo Four of 26 female delegates: Women elected to the CRC's Synod 2008 include, from left, Carol Rottman, Victoria Gibbs, the Rev.
LONDON—The Church of England has taken a tentative step toward trying again to get its governing General Synod to approve female bishops.
The Northeastern Pennsylvania Synod, at its assembly in Wilkes Barre, moves ahead with a plan to relocate its offices, thanks to a congregation's property donation.
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In science:

The disturbing function is then expressed in terms of the mean synodic longitudes λp = Mp and λ = M + ω + Ω.
Asteroids in the Inner Solar System I - Existence
The thermal cycle also occurs at the synodic period which is important to the EP test.
Improving LLR Tests of Gravitational Theory
It is reasonable to suspect that this frequency may be related to the synodic rotation frequency of the solar core, since this is where neutrinos originate.
Power Spectrum Analysis of BNL Decay-Rate Data
The primary goal of this article is therefore to determine whether decay data— specifically the BNL data—show evidence of a periodicity in a “search band” appropriate for synodic solar rotation rates, which we take to be 10—15 year-1.
Power Spectrum Analysis of BNL Decay-Rate Data
An alternative explanation for the modulation of the spotted area in CoRoT-2 considers it as a signature of SPMI in the photosphere of the star because of the close coincidence of the periodicity with ten synodic periods of the planet with respect to the mean stellar rotation period.
Searching for star-planet magnetic interaction in CoRoT observations
Now the rotation period (Prot = 6.35 days) is shorter than the orbital period of the planet (Porb = 8.886 days), giving us the possibility to resolve the spot evolution during the orbital as well as the synodic periods (Psyn = 22.25 days).
Searching for star-planet magnetic interaction in CoRoT observations
In conclusion, the perturbation of the α effect at the longitude where magnetic reconnection is more effective, owing to the interaction with the planet, leads to a modulation of the field emergence with the orbital period of the planet or its synodic period.
Searching for star-planet magnetic interaction in CoRoT observations
The one with the footpoints in the latitude range occulted by the planet is located in a zone of higher dynamo efficiency leading to a typical timescale of 6 synodic periods for the magnetic flux modulation.
Searching for star-planet magnetic interaction in CoRoT observations
Clearly, the picture repeats twice over the synodal orbital period.
On the origin of X-ray dips in Her X-1
The vector of the disk angular momentum moves along a precession cone and undergoes an oscillating (wobbling) motion twice the synodical orbital period.
On the origin of X-ray dips in Her X-1
We also find the saturation of the corotation torque after the synodic period of the planet (about 30 rotations of the planet) because viscosity is not included in this study.
Type I Migration in Radiatively Efficient Discs
Note that the saturation of the corotation torque occurs after the synodic period (t/tp ≃ 30) if we continue the simulation.
Type I Migration in Radiatively Efficient Discs
The corotation torque saturates in a synodic period of the planet because viscosity is not included in the present study.
Type I Migration in Radiatively Efficient Discs
This method relies on an approach given by differential geometry that analyzes the curvature of the planetary orbit in the synodic coordinate system.
The Instability Transition for the Restricted 3-Body Problem. III. The Lyapunov Exponent Criterion
We enumerate the co-linear Lagrange points in the synodic frame by the order of which the ZVC opens.
The Instability Transition for the Restricted 3-Body Problem. III. The Lyapunov Exponent Criterion
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