synecdoche

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n synecdoche substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Synecdoche (Rhet) A figure or trope by which a part of a thing is put for the whole (as, fifty sail for fifty ships), or the whole for a part (as, the smiling year for spring), the species for the genus (as, cutthroat for assassin), the genus for the species (as, a creature for a man), the name of the material for the thing made, etc.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n synecdoche In rhetoric, a figure or trope by which the whole of a thing is put for a part, or a part for the whole, as the genus for the species, or the species for the genus, etc.: as, for example, a fleet of ten sail (for ships); a master employing new hands (for workmen). Compare metonymy.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Synecdoche sin-ek′dō-kē a figure of speech by which a part is made to comprehend the whole, or the whole is put for a part
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. synecdoche, Gr. synekdochh`, fr. to receive jointly; sy`n with + to receive; out + to receive
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. synekdochēsyn, together, ekdechesthai, to receive.

Usage

In literature:

They spelled from the grammars, hyperbole, synecdoche, and epizeuxis.
"Laddie" by Gene Stratton Porter
I know a great deal of it by heart, for I loved it long before I knew a metaphor from a synecdoche.
"Story of My Life" by Helen Keller
Let us begin with the figure called Synecdoche.
"The Philosophy of Style" by Herbert Spencer
And apparently various causes might produce this Synecdoche.
"Atlantic Monthly, Vol. XII. September, 1863, No. LXXI." by Various
A SYNECDOCHE OR COMPREHENSION.
"English Grammar in Familiar Lectures" by Samuel Kirkham
METONYMY AND SYNECDOCHE are nearly related and in this poem the examples are numerous.
"Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 10" by Charles Herbert Sylvester
This is the figure of speech which is called Synecdoche.
"The Epistles of St. Peter and St. Jude Preached and Explained" by Martin Luther
I understand your synecdoche, or do I mean hypallage?
"Wilderness of Spring" by Edgar Pangborn
The heralds adopted the figure of speech termed synecdoche, which adopts a part to represent the whole.
"Fictitious & Symbolic Creatures in Art" by John Vinycomb
They insist that both Matthew and Mark were employing a figure of speech, synecdoche, when they said that "all the council" were present.
"The Trial of Jesus from a Lawyer's Standpoint, Vol. I (of II)" by Walter M. Chandler
***

In news:

Synecdoche boards 'Last of the Unjust'.
' Synecdoche , New York'.
On its face, Synecdoche , New York has a lot of things going against it.
" Synecdoche , New York," screenwriter.
Synecdoche , New York Running Time 124 minutes Written and directed by Charlie Kaufman Starring Philip Seymour Hoffman, Catherine Keener, Michelle Williams, Emily Watson, Samantha Morton, Dianne Wiest.
The " Synecdoche , New York" trailer.
It's useful to know two things going into Charlie Kaufman's head-trip of a movie, Synecdoche , New York.
In this Oct 15, 2008 file photo, musician Adam Yauch attends a Cinema Society hosted screening of "Synecdoche New York" in New York.
According to Moore, the spotted owl is used as a synecdoche (a rhetorical figure in which the part represents the whole) by both sides in the controversy over harvesting old-growth forests in the Pacific Northwest.
Synecdoche boards 'Last of the Unjust '.
***