syncope

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n syncope (phonology) the loss of sounds from within a word (as in `fo'c'sle' for `forecastle')
    • n syncope a spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood to the brain
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Jazz began in the 20th century, when bands in New Orleans began to apply the syncopated rhythms of ragtime to a variety of other tunes. In the first days of jazz, ensemble playing was emphasized. Only gradually did jazz come to be based on improvised solos.
    • Syncope (Med) A fainting, or swooning. See Fainting.
    • Syncope A pause or cessation; suspension. "Revely, and dance, and show,
      Suffer a syncope and solemn pause."
    • Syncope (Gram) An elision or retrenchment of one or more letters or syllables from the middle of a word; as, ne'er for never ev'ry for every.
    • Syncope (Mus) Same as Syncopation.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n syncope The contraction of a word by elision; an elision or retrenchment of one or more letters or a syllable from the middle of a word, as in ne'er for never. See also syncopation, syncopate. Compare apocope.
    • n syncope In medicine, loss of consciousness from fall of blood-pressure and consequent cerebral anemia; fainting. It may be induced by cardiac weakness or inhibition, hemorrhage, or probably visceral vasomotor relaxation.
    • n syncope A sudden pause or cessation; a suspension; temporary stop or inability to go on.
    • n syncope In music: Same as syncopation.
    • n syncope The combination of two voice-parts so that two or more tones in one coincide with a single tone in the other; simple figuration.
    • n syncope In ancient prosody, omission, or apparent omission, of an arsis in the interior of a line. This omission is usually only apparent, the long of the thesis being protracted to make up the time of the syllable or syllables which seem to be wanting: as, for (a trisemic long), for (a tetrasemic long). This application of the term is modern.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Syncope the omission of letters from the middle of a word, as ne'er for never: :
    • Syncope (med.) a fainting-fit, an attack in which the breathing and circulation become faint
    • Syncope (mus.) syncopation
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. syncope, syncopa, Gr. a cutting up, a syncope; akin to to beat together, to cut up, cut short, weavy; sy`n with + to strike, cut
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Low L. syncopāre, -ātum—L. syncope—-Gr. syn, together, koptein, to cut off.

Usage

In literature:

Now this process of coA¶rdination involves two activities, syncopation and substitution.
"The Principles of English Versification" by Paull Franklin Baum
Let any one try to realize a simple measure in syncopation.
"The Eurhythmics of Jaques-Dalcroze" by Emile Jaques-Dalcroze
The mere sight of blood, as well as its loss, may induce syncope, a condition favorable to the cessation of hemorrhage.
"Primitive Psycho-Therapy and Quackery" by Robert Means Lawrence
A young girl of sixteen consulted me on account of menstrual haemorrhage so excessive as to induce complete exhaustion, bordering upon syncope.
"The Education of American Girls" by Anna Callender Brackett
In paralysis of the heart the symptoms may be exactly similar to syncope.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
He is about to give us something American: to sing and dance to syncopated melody.
"Nights in London" by Thomas Burke
Ethel Manton had entirely recovered from her syncope of the previous evening, and had offered no elucidation other than that of fatigue.
"The Promise" by James B. Hendryx
Then the sweetness of it is relieved by the strong syncopations which break it up, toward the end (measures 17 and 18).
"The Masters and their Music" by W. S. B. Mathews
The abbess was better, and as yet there had been no return of the syncope which Dalrymple dreaded.
"Casa Braccio, Volumes 1 and 2 (of 2)" by F. Marion Crawford
About two months before death oedema of the legs appeared, which was soon followed by frequent and alarming syncope.
"Cases of Organic Diseases of the Heart" by John Collins Warren
It was the sound of a gramophone, harsh and loud, wheezing out a syncopated tune.
"The Trembling of a Leaf" by William Somerset Maugham
The very quiet is only that of syncope, and any day it may be broken by a wild and furious paroxysm.
"The Voyage Alone in the Yawl "Rob Roy"" by John MacGregor
The "time-step" and "break" must be perfectly timed to the syncopated rhythm.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
Fear, syncope from, i.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
THE CHASE AND THE SYNCOPE.
"The Wild Huntress" by Mayne Reid
Prolixity of speech produced avoidance of the offender, and silence tended to syncope of the language.
"A Romantic Young Lady" by Robert Grant
A Schuetzen Park picnic was gathering itself under the arches, to the syncopated tune of a brass band.
"The Readjustment" by Will Irwin
Verbs which suffer a syncope in the Infinitive, suffer a like syncope in the Pret.
"Elements of Gaelic Grammar" by Alexander Stewart
The anterior and lateral portions of the neck, were enormously distended with blood, and syncope supervened.
"North American Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July, 1826" by Various
There are parts of the Cornish Riviera, for example, in which you may travel for miles and miles without hearing a syncopated orchestra.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 158, May 26, 1920" by Various
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In poetry:

If you pluck out the heart
To find what makes it move,
You'll halt the clock
That syncopates our love.
"Admonition" by Sylvia Plath
MOSCON. Such being then thy constancy,
Livia, I must say good-bye,
Till to-morrow. Ah! if he
Is thy two-day fever, I
Hope he's not thy syncope.
"The Wonder-Working Magician - Act III" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
Some words she runstogetherso;
Some others are distinctly stated;
Some cometoofast and s o m e t o o s l o w
And some are syncopated.
And yet no voice--I am sincere--
Exists that I prefer to hear.
"Footlight Motifs" by Franklin Pierce Adams

In news:

If this patient had fainted at rest, I needed to know if an unsettling event had somehow triggered too much of a parasympathetic response, causing vasovagal syncope.
At any quality jazz concert, one should expect to hear a couple of important things that include: brilliant blasts from brass, the pulsing syncopation of a seasoned percussionist and rhythmic.
Syncopated Metronome Playlist for Sunday October 14, 2001 Hosted by Mike Lambert.
Syncopated Metronome Playlist for Sunday, December 17, 2000 hosted by Michael Lambert.
Syncopated Metronome Playlist for Sunday, November 5, 2000 hosted by Michael Lambert.
Syncopated Metronome Playlist for Sunday, November 5, 2000 hosted by Michael Lambert.
When the rules of music notation allow, syncopated rhythms can be indicated with dotted notes instead of ties, as demonstrated in FIGURE 4.
Mastering Rhythm and Syncopation , Part 1 — Whole, Half, Quarter and Eighth Notes.
"The Sound, the Soul, the Syncopation " considers public housing as artistic training ground.
Westside Mural ' Syncopation ' Gets New Home.
Ed Massey's 2004 " Syncopation " has been installed on the grounds of a private school and will be dedicated this week in a small ceremony.
Brazilian Samba Princess Finds Grace in Syncopation .
ACC.12 Late-breaker Shows Promise of Pacemakers through Diminishing Fainting Recurrences in Patients Diagnosed with Syncope .
In December, 2008, a 54-year-old man presented to our emergency department after a syncopal episode while reversing his car.
A pair of misfit hipsters hit the road in Brooklyn Brothers Beat the Best, a likably goofy, lo-fi indie propelled by the syncopations of a cheesy keyboard - and the cheesy dreams of its hapless heroes.
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In science:

Summary: Walking is regulated through the motorcontrol system (MCS). The MCS consists of a network of neurons from the central nervous system (CNS) and the intraspinal nervous system (INS), which is capable of producing a syncopated output.
A Multifractal Dynamical Model of Human Gait
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