symptom

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n symptom anything that accompanies X and is regarded as an indication of X's existence
    • n symptom (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Nearly half of all Americans suffer from symptoms of burnout
    • Symptom A sign or token; that which indicates the existence of something else; as, corruption in elections is a symptom of the decay of public virtue.
    • Symptom (Med) Any affection which accompanies disease; a perceptible change in the body or its functions, which indicates disease, or the kind or phases of disease; as, the causes of disease often lie beyond our sight, but we learn their nature by the symptoms exhibited. "Like the sick man, we are expiring with all sorts of good symptoms ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In the 19th century, craftsmen who made hats were known to be excitable and irrational, as well as to tremble with palsy and mix up their words. Such behavior gave rise to the familiar expression "mad as a hatter". The disorder, called hatter's shakes, was caused by chronic mercury poisoning from the solution used to treat the felt. Attacking the central nervous system, the toxin led to behavioral symptoms.
    • n symptom One of the departures from normal function or form which a disease presents, especially one of the more evident of such departures. They are divided into subjective symptoms, or abnormal feelings on the part of the patient, and objective symptoms, which are evident to the senses of the observer. In a narrower sense, symptoms are contrasted with physical signs, in that case denoting all symptoms except the signs.
    • n symptom Any sign or indication; that which indicates the existence of something else.
    • n symptom paralysis of the facial muscles for the automatic movements of expression, with retention of the power of voluntary motion.
    • n symptom the occurrence of a paroxysm when the motor nerve of a limb is compressed in tetany.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Regular coffee drinkers have about one-third less asthma symptoms than those non-coffee drinkers. So says a Harvard researcher who studied 20,000 people.
    • n Symptom simp′tum that which attends and indicates the existence of something else, not as a cause, but as a constant effect:
    • n Symptom simp′tum (med.) that which indicates disease
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Quotations

  • Eugene Ionesco
    Eugene%20Ionesco
    “Banality is a symptom of non-communication. Men hide behind their clich?s.”
  • Peter F. Drucker
    Peter%20F.%20Drucker
    “Meetings are a symptom of bad organization. The fewer meetings the better.”
  • Lord Jeffrey
    Lord Jeffrey
    “The tendency to whining and complaining may be taken as the surest sign symptom of little souls and inferior intellects.”
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne
    Nathaniel%20Hawthorne
    “A bodily disease which we look upon as whole and entire within itself, may, after all, be but a symptom of some ailment in the spiritual part.”
  • Edward Gibbon
    Edward%20Gibbon
    “Corruption, the most infallible symptom of constitutional liberty.”
  • Eric Hoffer
    Eric%20Hoffer
    “A soul that is reluctant to share does not as a rule have much of its own. Miserliness is here a symptom of meagerness.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. symptôme, Gr. anything that has befallen one, a chance, causality, symptom, fr. to fall together; sy`n with + to fall; akin to Skr. pat, to fly, to fall. See Syn-, and cf. Asymptote Feather
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. symptōmasyn, with, piptein, to fall.

Usage

In literature:

During the first day or two of the period of efflorescence, which lasts three or four days, the above symptoms usually continue to increase.
"Hydriatic treatment of Scarlet Fever in its Different Forms" by Charles Munde
A rapid loss of flesh is one of the earliest and most common symptoms.
"Health on the Farm" by H. F. Harris
SYMPTOMS OF THE DISEASE, HOG CHOLERA.
"One Thousand Secrets of Wise and Rich Men Revealed" by C. A. Bogardus
All symptoms of 'heart failure' disappeared.
"Alcohol: A Dangerous and Unnecessary Medicine, How and Why" by Martha M. Allen
So, in my pretended illness, I went to my room and feigned the symptoms of acute indigestion.
"The Stretton Street Affair" by William Le Queux
Now when the tubercle bacilli have settled in the lungs, they cause various symptoms.
"Prof. Koch's Method to Cure Tuberculosis Popularly Treated" by Max Birnbaum
Mattie had manifested symptoms of vertigo that morning on first looking out, and decided not to go up with them.
"Doctor Jones' Picnic" by S. E. Chapman
The vertigo is a symptom of inirritability, as shewn in Class IV.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
Feelings of weakness, dizziness, and restlessness, accompanied by headache, are among the first symptoms.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume I (of VI)" by Various
Among rarer symptoms are nausea and dizziness.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume II (of VI)" by Various
The symptoms are usually so marked that they leave no doubt as to the diagnosis.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
But it is impossible to speak with certainty until, your symptoms are more fully developed.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
So much so that it has become with me a recognized symptom of incipient illness.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
We are, in the SECOND place, to describe the SYMPTOMS OF THE DISEASE.
"Bibliomania; or Book-Madness" by Thomas Frognall Dibdin
In the gardens and vegetable patches and orchards very curious symptoms manifested themselves.
"A Winter Amid the Ice" by Jules Verne
Amid these various occupations, Fitzjames, however fully occupied, showed no symptoms of being over-worked or over-worried.
"The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I." by Sir Leslie Stephen
Those showing symptoms are turned out the south gate.
"The Hate Disease" by William Fitzgerald Jenkins
I know the symptoms.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
No symptoms worse than before had appeared.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
The feverish Symptoms had increased, with the Addition of a Delirium: pergat.
"An Account of the Diseases which were most frequent in the British military hospitals in Germany" by Donald Monro
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In poetry:

Are THESE the symptoms of a heart
Of heavenly grace bereft—
For ever banished from its God,
To Satan's fury left?
"To Cowper" by Anne Bronte
She says champagne is made to drink;
(In this we quite agree!)
And all these symptoms make me think
Sweet Kate’s in love with me.
"Circumstantial Evidence" by Ellis Parker Butler
Trust me, these symptoms of thy faithful heart,
In absence shall my dearest hope sustain;
Delia! since such thy sorrow that we part,
Such when we meet thy joy shall be again.
"To Delia: On Her Endeavouring To Conceal Her Grief At Parting" by William Cowper
'T was day-break: yet still past the windows he saw
Busy forms lightly trip to and fro:
Blest sight! that she lives," he exclaimed with smile,
"Those symptoms of housewifery show:
"The Warrior's Return" by Amelia Opie

In news:

Learn the symptoms and treatments for ADD and ADHD.
Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment for ADHD in children and teens.
Tight end had concussion symptoms against the Steelers.
There's a lot of Picasso going around these days, and the symptoms present themselves clearly in Mark Grotjahn's current show in the downstairs space at Blum & Poe.
Boredom at school might be a symptom of troubles outside of school.
A new study says boredom at school might be a symptom of troubles outside of school.
Worsened symptoms, longer recovery, or death, young athletes are at higher risk of second impact syndrome.
Walla Walla-area horses have shown symptoms and are being tested, said Dr Andrea Adams, a mobile large-animal veterinarian based in Touchet.
Cramping is a typical symptom of dehydration, but Garza said he took the necessary precautions.
Author's note: Dizziness can be a frightening symptom.
In any case, dizziness is not a disease but a symptom of another condition.
Dizziness is a symptom of another underlying condition.
The Coast Guard transported a 72-year-old man aboard a fishing boat suffering from symptoms associated with heart attack Monday morning to Coast Guard Station Venice, where he was evaluated by emergency medical personnel.
If you know anything about Tourette's, you're probably aware that people who suffer from it experience symptoms like vocal outbursts or sudden twitches and movements.
Photo Essay Focus on Signs and Symptoms.
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In science:

Some symptoms of the problems can already be seen.
The QCD and Standard Model Working Group: Summary Report from Les Houches
This problem is a symptom of the fact that the Standard Model is only a parametrization, and not an explanation, of electroweak symmetry breaking.
Linear Collider Physics Resource Book for Snowmass 2001 - Part 1: Introduction
These are based upon well-known symptoms of star formation in our immediate cosmic neighbourhood.
Report to Anaximander: A Dialogue on the Origin of the Cosmos in the Cradle of Western Civilization
In fact while jets are generally considered as ‘symptoms’ of the underlying accretion flow, we consider it possible that the reverse may be true.
Accretion modes and jet production in black hole X-ray binaries
Among their pairs and groups they find a very strong anticorrelation between SF and galaxy density, which they interpret as a symptom of the well-known density-morphology relation in groups and clusters.
Galaxy Collisions - Dawn of a New Era
Therefore, no symptom onset can happen after day S + δmax .
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
Estimating g(l) and f (l) solely from a sequence of symptom onsets is an ongoing research topic and is only practical for a relatively large number of cases [Wallinga (2004), Cauchemez (2006)].
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
Let ˜ti be the symptom onset day for an infected person i.
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
Consider the observed data set as a sample point from the space of all possible infection status and symptom onset times that could occur based on the given population and parameter setting.
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
Clearly, sample points obtained by permuting the observed infection status and associated symptom onset dates across the population belong to the likelihood equivalence class.
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
Suppose that infection times are observable, and let ˜ti denote the infection time instead of the symptom onset time for now.
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
To keep ˜N unchanged, a permutation of the infection and associated symptom status across the population would suffice, and we refer to it as the initial stage of the resampling procedure.
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
The main deviation from the above ideal situation is that, because some cases may have special exposure history, re-arrangement of their symptom onset times will likely change the whole likelihood, and thus, they should be excluded from the refinement stage.
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
For any case i with symptom onset time ˜ti > δmax , there are δmax − δmin + 1 days in which infection could happen, that is, any day between ˜ti − δmax and ˜ti − δmin .
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
Symptom onset time of case i could be re-arranged from day δmax + 1 to day S + δmin without changing the likelihood of the null model, as long as the sum of symptom onset times are not changed.
A resampling-based test to detect person-to-person transmission of infectious disease
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