sustain

Definitions

  • A self-sustaining or balanced aquarium
    A self-sustaining or balanced aquarium
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v sustain undergo (as of injuries and illnesses) "She suffered a fracture in the accident","He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars","She got a bruise on her leg","He got his arm broken in the scuffle"
    • v sustain establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts "his story confirmed my doubts","The evidence supports the defendant"
    • v sustain admit as valid "The court sustained the motion"
    • v sustain supply with necessities and support "She alone sustained her family","The money will sustain our good cause","There's little to earn and many to keep"
    • v sustain provide with nourishment "We sustained ourselves on bread and water","This kind of food is not nourishing for young children"
    • v sustain be the physical support of; carry the weight of "The beam holds up the roof","He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam","What's holding that mirror?"
    • v sustain lengthen or extend in duration or space "We sustained the diplomatic negotiations as long as possible","prolong the treatment of the patient","keep up the good work"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Coral (pro osteon) has molecular architecture and chemistry similar to human bone and so it can be used to replace bone grafts, helping bones heal faster. 150-200 pounds of it can sustain hundreds of graphs
    • Sustain Hence, to keep from sinking, as in despondence, or the like; to support. "No comfortable expectations of another life to sustain him under the evils in this world."
    • n Sustain One who, or that which, upholds or sustains; a sustainer. "I waked again, for my sustain was the Lord."
    • Sustain To aid, comfort, or relieve; to vindicate. "His sons, who seek the tyrant to sustain ."
    • Sustain To allow the prosecution of; to admit as valid; to sanction; to continue; not to dismiss or abate; as, the court sustained the action or suit.
    • Sustain To endure without failing or yielding; to bear up under; as, to sustain defeat and disappointment.
    • Sustain To keep from falling; to bear; to uphold; to support; as, a foundation sustains the superstructure; a beast sustains a load; a rope sustains a weight. "Every pillar the temple to sustain ."
    • Sustain To maintain; to keep alive; to support; to subsist; to nourish; as, provisions to sustain an army.
    • Sustain To prove; to establish by evidence; to corroborate or confirm; to be conclusive of; as, to sustain a charge, an accusation, or a proposition.
    • Sustain To suffer; to bear; to undergo. "Shall Turnus, then, such endless toil sustain ?""You shall sustain more new disgraces."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1905, 18 men died from injuries sustained on the football field. President Theodore Roosevelt stepped in and instituted safety measures to make the game safer.
    • sustain To hold up; bear up; uphold; support.
    • sustain To hold suspended; keep from falling or sinking: as, a rope sustains a weight; to sustain one in the water.
    • sustain To keep from sinking in despondency; support.
    • sustain To maintain; keep up; especially, to keep alive; support; subsist; nourish: as, provisions to sustain a family or an army; food insufficient to sustain life.
    • sustain To support in any condition by aid; vindicate, comfort, assist, or relieve; favor.
    • sustain To endure without failing or yielding; bear up against; stand: as, able to sustain a shock.
    • sustain To suffer; have to submit to; bear; undergo.
    • sustain To admit or support as correct or valid; hold as well founded: as, the court sustained the action or suit.
    • sustain To support or maintain; establish by evidence; bear out; prove; confirm; make good; corroborate: as, such facts sustain the statement; the evidence is not sufficient to sustain the charge.
    • sustain In music, of tones, to prolong or hold to full time-value; render in a legato or sostenuto manner.
    • sustain See living.
    • sustain To sanction, approve, ratify, justify.
    • sustain To sustain one's self; rest for support.
    • sustain To bear; endure; suffer.
    • n sustain One who or that which upholds; a sustainer.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The last member of the famous Bonaparte family, Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, died in 1945, of injuries sustained from tripping over his dog's leash.
    • v.t Sustain sus-tān′ to hold up: to bear: to maintain: to relieve: to prove: to sanction: to prolong
    • ***

Quotations

  • Epictetus
    Epictetus
    “All philosophy lies in two words, sustain and abstain.”
  • Arie de Geus
    Arie de Geus
    “The ability to learn faster than your competitors may be the only sustainable competitive advantage.”
  • Alfred A. Montapert
    Alfred%20A.%20Montapert
    “Man's ultimate destiny is to become one with the Divine Power which governs and sustains the creation and its creatures.”
  • Samuel Smiles
    Samuel%20Smiles
    “Enthusiasm... the sustaining power of all great action.”
  • Miguel De Unamuno
    Miguel%20De%20Unamuno
    “We need God, not in order to understand the why, but in order to feel and sustain the ultimate wherefore, to give a meaning to the universe.”
  • Warren Bennis
    Warren Bennis
    “Leadership is the wise use of power. Power is the capacity to translate intention into reality and sustain it.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. sustenen, susteinen, OF. sustenir, sostenir, F. soutenir,the French prefix is properly fr. L. subtus, below, fr. sub, under), L. sustinere,; pref. sus-,see Sub-) + tenere, to hold. See Tenable, and cf. Sustenance
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. sustinēresub, up, tenēre, to hold.

Usage

In literature:

On the contrary, they have frequently sustained the moral life of a man.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volumes I-VI." by Various
With no hand to sustain, no eye to guide, how could she help falling into the watery chasm below?
"Helen and Arthur" by Caroline Lee Hentz
As she knows not how to swim, it will not sustain her long; itself becoming weighted with the water.
"The Death Shot" by Mayne Reid
It must be assumed that the communication could be sustained.
"Natural Law in the Spiritual World" by Henry Drummond
If it were death, even of the one dearest on earth, he would be sustained by divine consolations.
"The Life Radiant" by Lilian Whiting
The losses sustained by the company were great: the cold destroyed the stock, and their crops often perished from moisture.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
That they sustained this character under the kings of David's line is also manifest.
"The Ordinance of Covenanting" by John Cunningham
The Iraqi government has rejected sustained security operations in Sadr City.
"The Iraq Study Group Report" by United States Institute for Peace
Without such forces life and motion could not be sustained.
"Philosophy of Osteopathy" by Andrew T. Still
The loss sustained on this property was about $300.
"A Full Description of the Great Tornado in Chester County, Pa." by Richard Darlington
It had no need of sustained and frequent intercourse with men and women.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
Timbers going athwart the ship, from the sides to the hatchway, serving to sustain the deck on both sides.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
The severe loss they sustained, and the obstinacy with which their ship was defended, has fully proved their bravery.
"Memoirs and Correspondence of Admiral Lord de Saumarez, Vol. I" by Sir John Ross
Feeling thus, a few of the wealthy churches might sustain the present expenditures of all foreign operations.
"Thoughts on Missions" by Sheldon Dibble
But it was a Democratic house, and the Speaker was sustained by a vote of 96 to 40.
"Robert Toombs" by Pleasant A. Stovall
How could it be sustained without tangible support, like the legendary coffin of Mahomet?
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
The opinion that this Valley was once densely populous, is sustained from the supposed military works, distributed through the West.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
It snatched her forcibly from my life at a time when sustaining hope was most needed.
"Cupid's Middleman" by Edward B. Lent
They were still howling about Margharita in long sustained cadences.
"The Silent Barrier" by Louis Tracy
The mass hung without dragging, being partly sustained by a ledge of rock.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
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In poetry:

"Ask not," her father cried, "to know
What, known, were added pain;
Nor think, my child, the tale of woe
Thy softness can sustain."
"An American Tale" by Helen Maria Williams
Thy children shall not faint nor fear,
Sustained by this delightful thought,
Since Thou, their God, art everywhere,
They cannot be where thou art not.
"Hymn: Father and Friend! Thy light, Thy love" by John Bowring
Trust me, these symptoms of thy faithful heart,
In absence shall my dearest hope sustain;
Delia! since such thy sorrow that we part,
Such when we meet thy joy shall be again.
"To Delia: On Her Endeavouring To Conceal Her Grief At Parting" by William Cowper
I scorn the chilling Wind, and beating Rain,
Nor heed cold Watchings on the dewy Ground,
If all the Hardships I for Love sustain,
With Love's victorious Joys at last be crown'd:
"Elegy V" by James Hammond
He has come to learn wisdom of that lowly one,
Who spake as "never man spake" it was said;
And who, though so poor and despised among men,
Is the whole world's Sustainer, creation's great Head.
"The Nocturnal Visit" by Mary Ann H T Bigelow
O wakeful toiler in a world of pain,
A long rest waiteth thee:
Seek it not here, but bravely lift again
Tired hand and feeble knee:
If thou wilt trust, thy Master will sustain
And as thy days, thy strength shall be.
"Trust" by Samuel John Stone

In news:

Waterford — A child getting out of his family's car to shop at Wal-Mart Thursday evening was clipped by a Jeep Wrangler but did not sustain life-threatening injuries.
Sustainability has become a key part of this venerable company's corporate strategy and its holistic solutions for customers.
Can It Sustain This Pace.
On Thursday afternoon, CONSOL Energy employee William Edward Mock, 61, sustained serious injuries at the Blacksville No.
The storm is 100 miles off the Atlantic coast moving at 28 miles per hour with maximum sustained winds at 90 miles per hour.
Ferris sustained the injury in the fourth quarter of Florida's 27-14 victory over Bowling Green.
SL Green Sustainability Director Jason Black on Building a Better Light Bulb.
A Comer man died Friday, Nov 9, from injuries sustained in a head-on collision that occurred on Hwy 172, on Tuesday, Nov 6, at approximately 7:45 a.m.
Community gets lessons on sustainable seafood at Ocean Commotion 2011.
Wolak is a professor of economics and director of the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at Stanford University.
Facing the most sustained student protest in Canadian history, Quebec's provincial government - 4:08 pm.
As the MillerCoors 2009 Sustainability Development Report states.
Despite sustained drought and population growth, global hunger has decreased over the past two decades.
Hahn is the Arizona State player who sustained a serious neck injury in a base-running incident last year.
Mayoral Candidates Spar Over Sustainability Center.
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In science:

They sustain the value of C , obtained in zone I from a perfect fluid solution with positive pressure.
Static charged perfect fluid spheres in general relativity
Turbulent fluctuations are sustained by non helical random forcing of the velocity field, and the magneti c Prandtl number Pm ≡ n/h equals 1.
The divergence of neighboring magnetic field lines and fast-particle diffusion in strong magnetohydrodynamic turbulence, with application to thermal conduction in galaxy clusters
In dilute gases, which are non-degenerate, it took about twenty more years [5, 6] to realize that they should also sustain similar waves, for both bosonic and fermionic systems.
Large amplitude spin waves in ultra-cold gases
The upper critical field (Bc2 ) is the maximum magnetic field that a bulk type-II superconductor can sustain in the superconducting state.
Theory of Upper Critical Field without Energy Quantization
This imposes severe requirement for the mechanics of a shutter, which for a few years of operation must sustain 107 opening cycles.
"Pi of the Sky" - all-sky, real-time search for fast optical transients
It is evident that our source sampling mainly detects galaxies and AGN between z ∼ 0.5 and z ∼ 1.5, with a maximum at z = 1 and a fairly sustained tail up to z = 2.5.
Complete Multiwavelength Characterization of Faint Chandra X-ray Sources Seen in the Spitzer Wide-Area IR Extragalactic (SWIRE) Survey
In other words, the oscillations are sustained by the HV friction, which is much weaker than its GM counterpart.
Transitions between turbulent and laminar superfluid vorticity states in the outer core of a neutron star
By comparing the dashed and solid curves in Figure 7b, we see that the oscillations are sustained by HV mutual friction.
Transitions between turbulent and laminar superfluid vorticity states in the outer core of a neutron star
Thus I do not refer to continuous random fields as a sub-quantum theory, which I think indicates a stronger relationship to quantum field theory than can be sustained in the face of the measurement theory differences.
Models of measurement for quantum fields and for classical continuous random fields
Namely, it will be assumed that the sustained field oscillations are proportional to the unperturbed eigenvectors |Rk i.
Mode statistics in random lasers
This drift is sustained by the partial pressure equilibration.
Effects of turbulent diffusion on the chemistry of diffuse clouds
Entropy seems to be the most universal and sustainable characteristics of a frequency distribution of any nature (Gibbs, 1902; Gorban, 1984).
Codon Usage Bias Measured Through Entropy Approach
However, it is possible to see that isolated galaxies sustain comparable bar strengths.
Star formation in isolated AMIGA galaxies: dynamical influence of bars
N + ǫ|2i etc.) will not sustain the advantage, since for N copies the probability of success will fall roughly as O( 1 3N ), while not predetermining the parties will at most triple the expected entanglement.
Random multiparty entanglement distillation
Sustained movement patterns are generated by a subset of automorphisms of the graph spanning the spatial network of a city naturally interpreted as random walks.
Transport Networks Revisited: Why Dual Graphs?
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