• WordNet 3.6
    • adj surmounted having something on top "columns surmounted by statues"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Surmounted (Arch) Having its vertical height greater than the half span; -- said of an arch.
    • Surmounted (Her) Partly covered by another charge; -- said of an ordinary or other bearing.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • surmounted Overcome; conquered; surpassed.
    • surmounted In heraldry, having another bearing of the same kind placed upon it: as, a chief surmounted by another. This and supported in the same sense are charges difficult rightly to explain; the representation of them can only be by narrow fillets or fimbriations which stand for the lower charge, and it would be better to blazon a chief charged with a fillet, a chief fimbriated, or the like. Also sommé.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Surmounted surpassed: overcome: :
    • adj Surmounted (archit.) denoting an arch or dome rising higher than a semicircle
    • adj Surmounted (her.) denoting a figure when another is laid over it
    • ***


  • Epictetus
    “The greater the difficulty the more glory in surmounting it. Skillful pilots gain their reputation from storms and tempests.”
  • Samuel Johnson
    “Life affords no higher pleasure than that of surmounting difficulties, passing from one step of success to another, forming new wishes and seeing them gratified.”
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    “Mountains cannot be surmounted except by winding paths.”
  • Thomas Jefferson
    “It is part of the American character to consider nothing as desperate -- to surmount every difficulty by resolution and contrivance.”
  • Anthony Robbins
    “Surmounting difficulty is the crucible that forms character.”
  • Louis Kossuth
    Louis Kossuth
    “It is surmounting difficulties that makes heroes.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.—sur (L. super), above, monter, to mount.


In literature:

Above all, over the stage was a gilt carved eagle surmounting the State coat of arms.
"The Bay State Monthly, Vol. II, No. 6, March, 1885" by Various
The highest hill surmounted was certainly 1000 feet above our halting place.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
The railing or wall around the jail, though at first it looked forbidding, was soon surmounted by a desperate effort.
"The Underground Railroad" by William Still
The howdah was surmounted by two pyramidal roofs, one in front of the other, supported by small columns.
"Across India" by Oliver Optic
Surmounting that column was the figure of the Corsican.
"Bunker Bean" by Harry Leon Wilson
The whole is surmounted by a splendid cedar of Lebanon.
"Paris: With Pen and Pencil" by David W. Bartlett
But illustrations of it are easily to be found in his tragedies, and it is not always surmounted.
"Shakespearean Tragedy" by A. C. Bradley
This position is surmounted by a small fort with a court-yard, whose walls are pierced for musketry.
"Herzegovina" by George Arbuthnot
Each figure was surmounted with an inscription indicating the name of the gladiator and the number of his victories.
"The Wonders of Pompeii" by Marc Monnier
A brown sun-bonnet, surmounting a tall, gaunt figure, came in sight.
"On the Church Steps" by Sarah C. Hallowell
A low, eight-sided cupalo surmounts the choir space inside the chapel, and above the nave rises the balcony.
"Samantha at the World's Fair" by Marietta Holley
The upper gallery is surmounted by a gilt figure of Christ, made of lead, by Clodion.
"Rouen, It's History and Monuments" by Théodore Licquet
The difficulty has been surmounted by enlarging from time to time the basis of representation.
"The Critical Period of American History" by John Fiske
The tower was square, surmounted by a cupola of four sides, with a small turret on the top.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
As a matter of fact, under Barth's guidance, a blind cripple could have surmounted the first kilometer of the Forno glacier.
"The Silent Barrier" by Louis Tracy
The interior of the arch which surmounts it is filled with sculpture.
"The Pictureque Antiquities of Spain;" by Nathaniel Armstrong Wells
As such he is represented as a youthful god, wearing a skull-cap surmounted by the moon.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 1" by Various
When he has surmounted the first wave, he dreads the second.
"The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews" by Thomas Charles Edwards
Now Aristotle saw this dualism in Plato, and attempted to surmount it.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
Roses and feathers surmounted the graceful coiffure and white laces opened at the neck to reveal a perfect throat.
"The Mystery of the Lost Dauphin" by Emilia Pardo Bazán

In poetry:

And with Sir George and stout Sir James,
Both knights of good account,
Good Sir Ralph Rabby there was slaine,
Whose prowesse did surmount.
"The More Modern Ballad of Chevy Chace" by Anonymous British
Aeschylos: But where kings honor better men than they
Let kings be honored too.
The laurel crown
Surmounts the golden; wear it, and farewell.
"Aeschylos And Sophocles" by Walter Savage Landor
The smoke, like burning incense, tow'rs;
So should a praying heart of yours
With ardent cries
Surmount the skies.
Thus think, and smoke tobacco.
"Meditations on Smoking Tobacco; or, Smoking Spiritualized" by Ralph Erskine
The smoke, like burning incense, towers,
So should a praying heart of yours,
With ardent cries,
Surmount the skies.
Thus think, and smoke tobacco.
"Smoking Spiritualized" by Anonymous British
Who shall fulfil this boundless song?
The theme surmounts an angel's tongue:
How low, how vain are mortal airs,
When Gabriel's nobler harp despairs!
"Hymn 37 part 1" by Isaac Watts
Near to the lake, and surmounting the lawn,
Sculptured Undine sits facing the dawn;
White, on the rocks of the fountain below,
Glistens her form, like a statue of snow;
Smiling, she listens, entranced, to the call,
Sung so alluringly under my wall.
"Undine" by John Lawson Stoddard

In news:

And like Amundsen, who relied on innovation and technology to surmount a harsh environment, Bramble 's contribution is key to the trip's success.
LOS ANGELES—After slowly surmounting a key obstacle, the space shuttle Endeavour maintained a heading Saturday through the streets of Los Angeles toward its retirement home at a museum.
LOS ANGELES (AP) — Slowly surmounting a key obstacle, the shuttle Endeavour maintained a heading Saturday through the streets of Los Angeles toward its retirement home at a museum.
"It seems like all the objections to the dome are surmountable, except the size," he said.
Tools and Techniques Surmount the Multi-core Challenge.
EU Backs Italy's Monti, Says Challenges Are Huge, But Surmountable .
With banks, businesses, and homeowners hanging by a thread from last year's credit crisis, the 2009 12th annual Wall Street Project Economic Summit has quite a challenge to surmount.
Supporters of Proposition 37, the genetically engineered food labeling initiative, are calling their defeat at the polls a surmountable setback.
Surmounting the psychological barriers that divide us.
Nonetheless, OLPC is working with Peru to surmount this obstacle.—Dave Prochnow.
Job- seekers have a similar challenge to surmount, but only one shot (per employer) to surmount it.
The election's outcome was foreshadowed by Mitt Romney struggling as long as he did to surmount a notably weak field of Republican rivals.
So that tax advantage would have to be surmounted if another company were to come and make an offer.
France was unable to surmount the three major setbacks in its final Group C game against Italy Tuesday, writes Cedric Rouquette at
Difficulties exist to be surmounted.

In science:

Solids often get stuck in long-lived metastable or jammed states because the energy barriers that need to be surmounted in order to get unstuck are much larger than kB T .
Arrested States of Solids
Despite this, it remains fair to say that as yet the inflationary paradigm has been confronted with only a few observational challenges, which it has comfortably surmounted.
Observational tests of inflation
Activated dynamics in phase space leads to a maximum barrier surmounted in the time tw of magnitude ∆(tw , T ) = kB T ℓn(tw /τ0 ).
Finite Size Effects on Spin Glass Dynamics
The characteristic response time is set by the time it takes for the population in the states which have surmounted the highest barrier, D∆(tw ,T ) , to diffuse to the Hamming distance at the edge of the sink, DEz .
Finite Size Effects on Spin Glass Dynamics
By supposition, this is equivalent to surmounting a barrier of characteristic height ∆(tw , T ) − Ez .
Finite Size Effects on Spin Glass Dynamics
Immediately after the time tw when the magnetic field is cut to zero, Eq. (3) specifies the maximum barrier height surmounted by the system.
Finite Size Effects on Spin Glass Dynamics
Should ξ (tw , T ) ≈ r, there would be no more barriers to surmount! The occupation of all states would be at equilibrium, and aging in the sense of the barrier model ceases.
Finite Size Effects on Spin Glass Dynamics
Finally, we make a brief examination of possible direction in which the revealed difficulties can be surmounted.
Singularities in kinetic theory
In §6.2 we will surmount this difficulty by using the technique called the filtering process, which was formulated by Datskovsky-Wright .
A mean value theorem for orders of degree zero divisor class groups of quadratic extensions over a function field
The problems raised by the difficulty of the statistical analysis are now surmounted.
Some thoughts and some new results about the Butcher-Oemler effect
Reimann, P.HЁanggi.,Surmounting Oscillating Barriers: Path-integral approach for Weak Noise.
Large deviations principles of Non-Freidlin-Wentzell type
There still remains one final obstacle to surmount.
Planar Graphs On The World Sheet: The Hamiltonian Approach
These obstacles are surmounted in the proof of Lemma 2 by a very clean argument: the analysis of the second moment is reduced to a certain stable form of tree recursions on T∆ , allowing for a short inequality argument.
Inapproximability of the Partition Function for the Antiferromagnetic Ising and Hard-Core Models
Fig. 4 may readily be extended to larger lattices and boson-boson repulsions, but at the price of the increased sampling needed to surmount the phase problem.
Finite-Temperature Auxiliary-Field Quantum Monte Carlo for Bose-Fermi Mixtures
In an effort to surmount the latter hurdle, one of the authors (GB) developed a novel hydrogen-particle technique for visualizing the internal motions of superfluid helium.
The journey of hydrogen to quantized vortex cores