surmise

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v surmise infer from incomplete evidence
    • v surmise imagine to be the case or true or probable "I suspect he is a fugitive","I surmised that the butler did it"
    • n surmise a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Surmise A thought, imagination, or conjecture, which is based upon feeble or scanty evidence; suspicion; guess; as, the surmisses of jealousy or of envy. "We] double honor gain
      From his surmise proved false."
      "No man ought to be charged with principles he actually disowns, unless his practicies contradict his profession; not upon small surmises ."
    • Surmise Reflection; thought.
    • v. t Surmise To imagine without certain knowledge; to infer on slight grounds; to suppose, conjecture, or suspect; to guess. "It wafted nearer yet, and then she knew
      That what before she but surmised , was true."
      "This change was not wrought by altering the form or position of the earth, as was surmised by a very learned man, but by dissolving it."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n surmise The thought that something may be, of which, however, there is no certain or strong evidence; speculation; conjecture.
    • n surmise Thought; reflection.
    • n surmise Synonyms See surmise, verb, and inference.
    • surmise To accuse; make a charge against; also, to bring forward as an accusation.
    • surmise In old English law, to suggest; allege.
    • surmise To infer or guess upon slight evidence; conjecture; suspect.
    • surmise Synonyms Imagine, Guess, etc. (see conjecture); fancy, apprehend, mistrust.
    • n surmise In old English law, a suggestion. See suggestion, 5.
    • n surmise In ecclesiastical law, an allegation in a libel.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Surmise sur-mīz′ suspicion: conjecture
    • v.t Surmise to imagine: to suspect
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Quotations

  • Omar Khayyam
    Omar%20Khayyam
    “Living Life Tomorrow's fate, though thou be wise, Thou canst not tell nor yet surmise; Pass, therefore, not today in vain, For it will never come again.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. surmise, accusation, fr. surmettre, p. p. surmis, to impose, accuse; sur,see Sur-) + mettre, to put, set, L. mittere, to send. See Mission

Usage

In literature:

The mate's language gave backing to this surmise.
"The Yukon Trail" by William MacLeod Raine
I say antecedent probability, for to what extent that surmise might be true, could only be ascertained by investigation.
"Apologia pro Vita Sua" by John Henry Newman
She surmised that they had his arms held, otherwise he would surely have used his revolver.
"Phantom Wires" by Arthur Stringer
Perhaps Ehrenthal knew this; perhaps the baron too surmised that there must be a mystery, for he shook his head.
"Debit and Credit" by Gustav Freytag
I surmise that he had his fears.
"A Busy Year at the Old Squire's" by Charles Asbury Stephens
What might have been the result had the treaty been ratified by Spain can only be surmised.
"John Quincy Adams" by John. T. Morse
Serigny was right in his surmise, but I let him go on without interruption.
"The Black Wolf's Breed" by Harris Dickson
As the Tiger had surmised, they had fallen an easy prey to the Boers on the top of the hill.
"On the Heels of De Wet" by The Intelligence Officer
Let us presume, for a moment, that she is, as you surmise, the daughter of a nobleman.
"Mr. Grex of Monte Carlo" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
Suppose everything the other had surmised was the truth!
"Storm Over Warlock" by Andre Norton
He read the other's surmise that he might be of Hebrew birth and faith.
"Manasseh" by Maurus Jokai
In an instant the cause was well surmised, and away they hurried as rapidly as possible to the other end of the portage.
"Three Boys in the Wild North Land" by Egerton Ryerson Young
Various were the surmises as to what could bring the boat off to them.
"The Three Lieutenants" by W.H.G. Kingston
And were it surmised, was it not customary that such surmises should be kept in the dark?
"An Old Man's Love" by Anthony Trollope
It has been surmised that Ralegh dissuaded him.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
The appearance of the horse bore out this surmise.
"Wilmshurst of the Frontier Force" by Percy F. Westerman
I surmised that Theodora had prompted him to do it, however, but was not certain.
"When Life Was Young" by C. A. Stephens
It is no use basing theories upon mere surmises.
"The Stretton Street Affair" by William Le Queux
Surmising her wish to walk alone once more through the country which was so dear to her, he had not offered his company.
"The Explorer" by W. Somerset Maugham
Your idea that Mr. Deville is interested in me is only a surmise.
"The Yellow House" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
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In poetry:

When I came back from Lyonnesse
With magic in my eyes,
All marked with mute surmise
My radiance rare and fathomless,
When I came back from Lyonnesse
With magic in my eyes!
"When I Set Out For Lyonnesse" by Thomas Hardy
Next time we met in dim surmise,
Upon an autumn morn,
And in those understanding eyes
Shone humour, rainbow-born:
So travelling through this earthly maze,
A greater light fell on my ways.
"Love and Humour" by Herbert Ashley Asquith
Another round . . . They leap, they bound,
But - where O where is he?"
And then the girl with sunny curl
Turned chalk-faced unto me,
Within her eyes a wild surmise
It was not good to see.
"Rivera Honeymoon" by Robert W Service
I looked into the woman's eyes
And there I saw she knew.
There was no shadow of surmise, -
For her himself he slew:
That he might leave her free to wed
The "me" she worshipped in his stead.
"Murderers" by Robert W Service
He loosed his clasp; when, rising,
The bird—as if surmising—
Bore due to southward, crossing by the Froom,
And Durnover Great-Field and Fort, the soldier clear advising—
Prompted he wist by Whom.
"The Alarm" by Thomas Hardy
Then his poor brother Bill came and lent him a hand;
Gave him work and a share of his own bit of land;
If he means to keep steady I cannot surmise--
Let us hope that at length Fred has learnt to be wise.
"Bedfordshire Ballad - III" by E W Bowling

In news:

As you may have surmised from my previous columns, my affection for Darla the dog is matched only by my affection for chocolate milk.
I surmised that she was severely dehydrated.
Occupy Wall Street and Occupy Together, surmising from various data points, seems to have a substantial focus on the fraying social safety net for the middle class, or what's left of it.
Using infrared observations, Madhusudhan and colleagues around the world are able to surmise the chemical composition of certain planets outside our own solar system.
The combination of new food and new surroundings can be surmised in one word: Inspiring.
Or so you might surmise from the high-profile placements he's been getting in the press lately.
Tim Lambert looks at the Class 4A bracket and, with a shrug of the shoulders, surmises that there are no easy outs from here out.
But Hopkins said it was his opinion the government is purchasing huge quantities of food for stockpiles , and Americans will have to surmise why.
Students take on the roles of Pocahontas and English colonist John Smith to help tell the history of maple sugar , which historians surmise was discovered by Native Americans.
Repeated body-wash thefts are about monetizing, not moisturizing, Summit police surmise .
Her campaign team surmises that a heavy helping of Facebook ads during the home stretch of the race played an outsize role.
A round mass of stone under his foot may have been intended to be carved as Goliath's head, historians have surmised.
I surmise that this fault-finding tendency is a natural off-shoot of our competitive, "zero-defect" world.
The identity of the other two may be surmised by some, but it is Ralph who is the most well known.
Repeated body-wash thefts are about monetizing, not moisturizing, Summit police surmise.
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In science:

When these parameters are of the same order, the spacing distribution is approximated by the Wigner surmise.
Spacing statistics in two-mode random lasing
We find that the scaling domain size distribution of the gas and the spin systems is well fitted by the Wigner surmise, which lead us to explore a possible connection between these systems and the circular orthogonal ensemble of random matrices.
Statistical Behavior Of Domain Systems
This has the effect of changing the growth exponent of the domains, however the scaling domain size distribution p(0) (s) remains unchanged, it is still given by the Wigner surmise (2).
Statistical Behavior Of Domain Systems
The above equation can be written as the product of two distributions with the form of the Wigner surmise (2).
Statistical Behavior Of Domain Systems
The fact that the domain size distribution p(0) (s) for a domain of up or down spins is well described by the Wigner surmise (2) was also confirmed in Ref. [2, 3] from the numerical simulation results.
Statistical Behavior Of Domain Systems
It turns out that a very accurate approximate expression for the nearest neighbor spacing distribution p(0) (s) is given by the Wigner surmise (2).
Statistical Behavior Of Domain Systems
We also present the Wigner surmise, Eq. (2), which is know to numerically reproduce accurately the nearest neighbor distribution of eigenvalues of the circular orthogonal ensemble (it is exact for 2×2 matrices).
Statistical Behavior Of Domain Systems
As we can see in figure 1, the Wigner surmise reproduces correctly the nearest neighbor distribution p(0) (s) for the gas, the spin, the IRW, the CRW and the COE systems.
Statistical Behavior Of Domain Systems
Figure 1: Nearest neighbor spacing distributions for the gas, spin, IRW, CRW and COE and Wigner surmise.
Statistical Behavior Of Domain Systems
A first candidate was the circular orthogonal ensemble of random matrices (COE), since the scaling size distribution of the domains satisfies the Wigner surmise.
Statistical Behavior Of Domain Systems
Remarkably, Wigner’s surmise gave an extremely good fit with numerical computation of the true GOE distribution, cf.
A note on quantum chaology and gamma approximations to eigenvalue spacings for infinite random matrices
Endpoint contributions are surmised to be larger in electroproduction of transversely polarized vector mesons, and to therefore prevent factorization.
Chiral-Odd Generalized Parton Distributions from Exclusive pi^o Electroproduction
As one would surmise there is some overlap between the criteria.
Comparing Measures of Sparsity
However, there is much we can surmise simply from the citation patterns, time lapses and community information.
Information Diffusion in Computer Science Citation Networks
Since our rule (19) was derived under the assumption that individual studies are independent, we surmise that Zheng and Lo’s setting is under similar considerations, where variables are considered to be independent of each other and their contributions to the overall log-likelihood are additive.
Rejoinder: Quantifying the Fraction of Missing Information for Hypothesis Testing in Statistical and Genetic Studies
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