surfeit

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v surfeit indulge (one's appetite) to satiety
    • v surfeit supply or feed to surfeit
    • n surfeit eating until excessively full
    • n surfeit the quality of being so overabundant that prices fall
    • n surfeit the state of being more than full
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Surfeit Disgust caused by excess; satiety. "Matter and argument have been supplied abundantly, and even to surfeit ."
    • Surfeit Excess in eating and drinking. "Let not Sir Surfeit sit at thy board.""Now comes the sick hour that his surfeit made."
    • Surfeit Fullness and oppression of the system, occasioned often by excessive eating and drinking. "To prevent surfeit and other diseases that are incident to those that heat their blood by travels."
    • Surfeit To feed so as to oppress the stomach and derange the function of the system; to overfeed, and produce satiety, sickness, or uneasiness; -- often reflexive; as, to surfeit one's self with sweets.
    • Surfeit To fill to satiety and disgust; to cloy; as, he surfeits us with compliments.
    • Surfeit To indulge to satiety in any gratification.
    • Surfeit To load the stomach with food, so that sickness or uneasiness ensues; to eat to excess. "They are as sick that surfeit with too much as they that starve with nothing."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n surfeit Excess; specifically (and now usually), excess in eating and drinking; a gluttonous meal by which the stomach is overloaded and the digestion deranged.
    • n surfeit Fullness and oppression of the system, occasioned by excessive eating and drinking.
    • n surfeit Disgust caused by excess; satiety; nausea.
    • n surfeit Synonyms Repletion, plethora. See the verb.
    • surfeit To feed so as to oppress the stomach and derange the digestive functions; overfeed so as to produce sickness or uneasiness; overload the stomach of.
    • surfeit To fill to satiety and disgust; cloy; nauseate: as, to surfeit one with eulogies.
    • surfeit Synonyms Satiate, etc. (see satisfy); glut, gorge.
    • surfeit To be fed till the system is oppressed, and sickness or uneasiness ensues.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Surfeit sur′fit to fill to satiety and disgust
    • n Surfeit excess in eating and drinking: sickness or satiety caused by overfullness
    • ***

Quotations

  • Heraclitus
    Heraclitus
    “God is day and night, winter and summer, war and peace, surfeit and hunger.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. surfet, OF. surfait, sorfait, excess, arrogance, crime, fr. surfaire, sorfaire, to augment, exaggerate, F. surfaire, to overcharge; sur, over + faire, to make, do, L. facere,. See Sur-, and Fact

Usage

In literature:

At last, when the bateau had run a dozen of these noisy "rips," Mandy Ann grew surfeited with terror, and thought to comfort herself.
"The Backwoodsmen" by Charles G. D. Roberts
It is lawful for the body to take its meat and drink, but not to be surfeited and drunken.
"The Golden Fountain" by Lilian Staveley
Surfeited with power, you know.
"'Charge It'" by Irving Bacheller
A surfeit of news and gossip, I presume?
"The Strollers" by Frederic S. Isham
And even when one is beginning to fall in love, one can become surfeited with the beloved under such circumstances.
"The Crimson Tide" by Robert W. Chambers
Then he heaved a surfeited sigh.
"Fire Mountain" by Norman Springer
But the idle, starving slave is a danger to the idle, surfeiting master.
"Communism and Christianism" by William Montgomery Brown
We may become debauched with the surfeit of these things.
"The Moving Finger" by E. Phillips Oppenheim
At the present day, we, of the easier classes, are in a state of surfeit and disgrace after meat.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 16 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Nature played around them her virgin fancies wild; and spread for them a repast where no crude surfeit reigned.
"Hazlitt on English Literature" by Jacob Zeitlin
For a few days we were almost surfeited with good things, and then the trap fell.
"History of Morgan's Cavalry" by Basil W. Duke
It does not surfeit one with good things, but provokes and stimulates the curiosity.
"A Year in the Fields" by John Burroughs
Such idle whimsies heighten the surfeit, the mad rage of an empty mind.
"La Sorcière: The Witch of the Middle Ages" by Jules Michelet
Strawberries are a thing of which the public have never yet had a surfeit.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 16, No. 93, July, 1865" by Various
Of course, Claire was a very sweet girl, but it was so easy to have a surfeit of sweets.
"Peggy Raymond's Vacation" by Harriet L. (Harriet Lummis) Smith
As to me, I was surfeited before I touched a mouthful of these mountains of cold provisions.
"The Poniard's Hilt" by Eugène Sue
The guests were lying surfeited on their couches, loosening their garments.
"Sónnica" by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
Fancy so fed Begets a surfeit, ere it gets to bed.
"A Select Collection of Old English Plays" by Robert Dodsley
I fear that in these days more noble capacities die of a surfeit from too much poor reading, than starve from want of good books.
"The Library and Society" by Various
Humanity, when surfeited with emotion, becomes calm, almost phlegmatic.
"The Day of Wrath" by Louis Tracy
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In poetry:

HE. Specious foil!
That parries every stroke before 'tis made.
Yet surfeit's self doth not more surely cloy
Than endless fasting.
"A Dialogue At Fiesole" by Alfred Austin
They'll come too soon.—But there's a vice,
That shares the world's contempt no less;
To be in eating over-nice,
Or to court surfeits by excess.
"Moderation In Diet" by Charles Lamb
II. Till surfeit drove him from the feast,
And, pleasure-cloy'd , the tiny rover
Fled his idol rose's breast,
O'er the harp's still chords to hover.
"The Musical Fly" by Sydney Owenson
For the close—fitting doors that are barred,
Lest the vagrant should whine for bread,
And the yawn of the slinking pard
That hath gorged and surfeited.
"A Te Deum" by Alfred Austin
So when they had reached a pub safely
And a nice fire was warming their feet
The king asked 'Hast got any lampreys?
Then bring us two surfeits, toot sweet.'
"King John" by Stanley Holloway
How shocking! what a thirst he has for killing!
Outrageous, fell, revengeful he appears,
His blade still warm, not surfeited with spilling
The blood of thousands for six thousand years!
"To Charity" by Thomas Odiorne

In news:

The Class of 1958 may have been limited in production thanks to the recession, but today they provide a surfeit of interest for enthusiasts.
A month into the ongoing Horton Foote Festival on local stages, the surfeit of antimacassars and rocking chairs in these folksy , G-rated works is wearing me to a nubbin.
This first feature by character actor/theater director Terry Kinney addresses, once again, America's apparent surfeit of sweet- souled losers and eccentrics, replete with rueful indie muzak.
In Europe, a Possible Surfeit of Airlines.
For the most part, I find that the great majority suffer from a surfeit of oak, superfluity of alcohol, and countenances so fat, bold & buttery that they overpower any food with which they come in contact.
The juice's high carbohydrate load causes a surfeit of water to enter the intestines.
The pleasures of indulgence yield the worry of surfeit.
Chef Sergio Leoni serves Italian classics—seafood risotto, grilled sea bass and fennel—in a stylish setting, with formal service (an especially solicitous waitstaff, a surfeit of white linen).
There seems to be a surfeit of ska music in the coming months.
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In science:

It is somewhat surprising that there should be a surfeit of extraglactic sources when the assumed origin of the observed cosmic radiation at these energies is Galactic (albeit the detections are aided by relativistic beaming!).
TeV Gamma-ray Observations and the Origin of Cosmic Rays: I
ASKAP will most likely suffer from a surfeit of transient and variable sources.
Science with ASKAP - the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder
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