supposition

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n supposition the cognitive process of supposing
    • n supposition a hypothesis that is taken for granted "any society is built upon certain assumptions"
    • n supposition a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Supposition That which is supposed; hypothesis; conjecture; surmise; opinion or belief without sufficient evidence. "This is only an infallibility upon supposition that if a thing be true, it is imposible to be false.""He means are in supposition ."
    • Supposition The act of supposing, laying down, imagining, or considering as true or existing, what is known not to be true, or what is not proved.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n supposition The act and mental result of hypothetical inference; that act of mind by which a likelihood is admitted in a proposition on account of the truth of its consequences; a presumption.
    • n supposition The act and mental result of formulating a proposition, without reference to its truth or falsity, for the sake of tracing out its consequences; a hypothesis.
    • n supposition In logic, the way in which a name is to be understood in a given proposition, in reference to its standing for an object of this or that class. Thus, in the sentences “man is a biped,” “man has turned rivers and cut through mountains,” “man is a class name,” the substantive name man has the same signification but different suppositions. The signification is said to be the same, because the variations of meaning are merely the regular variations to which names are generally subject; and these general modes of variation of meaning are called suppositions.
    • n supposition Substitution.
    • n supposition See the adjectives.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Supposition act of supposing: that which is supposed: assumption: presumption, opinion
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. supposition, L. suppositio, a placing under, a substitution, fr. supponere, suppositium, to put under, to substitute. The word has the meaning corresponding to suppose,. See Sub-, and Position
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. supposer—L. supponĕre, -positumsub, under, ponĕre, to place.

Usage

In literature:

There is no impossibility or contradiction in either supposition.
"Christianity and Greek Philosophy" by Benjamin Franklin Cocker
The supposition that the young men of a clan or tribe go off to seek food, and thus found a new clan, has more in its favor.
"Introduction to the History of Religions" by Crawford Howell Toy
On the supposition that the slaves of Besancon were aboard, my heart felt relieved.
"The Quadroon" by Mayne Reid
We have only the general supposition of antiquity that the Trojan war occurred about B.C.
"Museum of Antiquity" by L. W. Yaggy
We own that we see no ground for such a supposition.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
But this is an unlikely supposition, for Citizen Broquet died in extreme poverty.
"The Confessions of Arsène Lupin" by Maurice Leblanc
We answer, no; because on that supposition freedom would be a curse and not a blessing.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
Nevertheless, the spectroscope gives little countenance to the supposition of any considerable permanent light-emission.
"A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century" by Agnes M. (Agnes Mary) Clerke
But soon these thoughts were banished by the supposition that it was simply a note for one of the servants.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
And, all things considered, the latter was the more likely supposition.
"The Radio Boys with the Revenue Guards" by Gerald Breckenridge
No reason, except its importance to us personally, can be alleged for such a supposition.
"Sir William Herschel: His Life and Works" by Edward Singleton Holden
The swift supposition was absurd, because Alice was only about ten, and this girl was grown.
"Valley of Wild Horses" by Zane Grey
What a wild supposition, but good enough for an illustration!
"Literary Tours in The Highlands and Islands of Scotland" by Daniel Turner Holmes
They were soon satisfied that this supposition was unfounded.
"Chronicles of Border Warfare" by Alexander Scott Withers
If I am right in my supposition, there should be five more here in the apartment.
"The Film of Fear" by Arnold Fredericks
Neither of these suppositions can be entertained.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
In this supposition there is nothing patently absurd.
"Old-Fashioned Ethics and Common-Sense Metaphysics" by William Thomas Thornton
The absurdity of the supposition, indeed, is not fully brought out by the simile.
"Monophysitism Past and Present" by A. A. Luce
This supposition enables us to understand, as will be more fully discussed in the sixth chapter, how the Oriental fauna entered Europe.
"The History of the European Fauna" by R. F. Scharff
The latter supposition seemed the probable one.
"Lost Man's Lane" by Anna Katharine Green
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In news:

The Martini Mustang is based on a supposition.Suppose Ford executives had a chance.
However, many have fallen into the erroneous supposition that after the early church was established, the office of apostle and the office of prophet were no longer needed.
Suppositions and ideas that we hold commonplace, may need to be set aside to understand some quantum level interactions.
Their supposition, however, has not been confirmed by test results.
CLEVELAND – The supposition has always been that the Yankees-Red Sox rivalry means more to those in Boston than New York.
Items on this list were fabrications, insinuations, suppositions and blatant falsehoods.
The rest is supposition and surmise.
No human knows for certain, but here are some suppositions.
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In science:

To solve this problem FLUKA simulation of energy deposition was used with supposition of the primary differential momentum spectra to be a power law with index γ = −2.6 (there is only a weak dependence of exact value of γ ).
Relative abundances of cosmic ray nuclei B-C-N-O in the energy region from 10 GeV/n to 300 GeV/n. Results from ATIC-2 (the science flight of ATIC)
Note that the supposition in the theorem implies that f = Φ−1 g ∈ D(A), the domain of the operator A acting in L2 (Rn ).
Improved Hardy-Sobolev inequalities
Tran. 1825), on the supposition of β being very small.
An Essay on the Application of mathematical Analysis to the theories of Electricity and Magnetism
Now on this supposition DV − D ′V = h D ϕ(y cos ̟ − x sin ̟ ) − (x sin ϕ − y cos ϕ)b d ϕ = D ϕ(cid:2)y(h cos ̟ + b cos ϕ) − x(h sin ̟ + b cos ϕ)(cid:3).
An Essay on the Application of mathematical Analysis to the theories of Electricity and Magnetism
By knowledge on the Zp -base of Exts,∗ A (Zp , Zp ) for (s ≤ 3) we know that the the supposition (I)(II) of the main Theorem A hold for (σ, σ ′ ) = (hn , bn−1 ), (s, tq) = (1, pn q).
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
That is, the supposition )III) of the main Theorem A hold for (σ, σ ′ ) = (hn , bn−1 ), (s, tq) = (1, pn q).
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
A (Zp , Zp ) for s = 1, 2, 3 we can easy to see that the supposition (I) of the main Theorem C hold for (σ, σ ′ , s, tq) = (hn , bn−1 , 1, pn q). Q.E.D.
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
Zp ) for s ≤ 3 we know that the supposition (I)(II)(III) of the main Theorem A hold.
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
This is because the supposition (I) of the main Theorem C hold by the knowledge of the Zp -base of Exts,∗ A (Zp , Zp ) for s = 1, 2, 3. Q.E.D.
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
Zp -base of Exts,∗ A (Zp , Zp ) for s = 1, 2, 3 we know that the supposition (I) of the main Theorem B holds, then the first result of the Theorem follows by the main Theorem B.
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
Ext4,∗ A (Zp , Zp ) we know that the supposition (I) of the main Theorem B holds.
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
Then , the second result also follows by the main Theorem B. Q.E.D. alternative Proof : It is known from the proof of Theorem 9.5.1 that the supposition (I)(II)(III) if the main Theorem A hold for (σ, σ ′ ) = (hn , bn−1 ), (s, tq) = (1, pn q).
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
By knowledge on the Zp -base of Exts,∗ A (Zp , Zp ) for s = 2, 3 and some result in on Ext4,∗ A (Zp , Zp ) we know that the supposition (I) of the main Theorem B also holds.
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
Then, the second result follows immediately by the main Theorem B. Q.E.D. alternative Proof : It is known from the proof of Theorem 9.5.2 that the supposition (I)(II)(III) of the main Theorem A hold for (σ, σ ′ ) = (hnhm , hn bm−1 − hm bn−1 ), (s, tq) = (2, pn q + pm q).
English translation of chapter 9 of the book "Adams spectral sequence and stable homotopy groups of spheres" by Jijkun Lin (In Chinese)(Sciences Press, Beijing 2007)
Gonz´alez-L´opez†,‡ Universidade Estadual de Campinas ‡ We propose a new nonparametric test for the supposition of independence between two continuous random variables X and Y .
A nonparametric independence test using random permutations
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