supplement

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v supplement add to the very end "He appended a glossary to his novel where he used an invented language"
    • v supplement add as a supplement to what seems insufficient "supplement your diet"
    • v supplement serve as a supplement to "Vitamins supplemented his meager diet"
    • n supplement a supplementary component that improves capability
    • n supplement a quantity added (e.g. to make up for a deficiency)
    • n supplement textual matter that is added onto a publication; usually at the end
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: No two human outer EARS (pinnae)-even your own- are exactly alike.Earology, as the system is called, was developed to supplement identification by fingerprints.
    • Supplement That which fills up, completes, or makes an addition to, something already organized, arranged, or set apart; specifically, a part added to, or issued as a continuation of, a book or paper, to make good its deficiencies or correct its errors.
    • Supplement That which supplies a deficiency, or meets a want; a store; a supply.
    • Supplement (Trig) The number of degrees which, if added to a specified arc, make it 180°; the quantity by which an arc or an angle falls short of 180 degrees, or an arc falls short of a semicircle.
    • v. t Supplement To fill up or supply by addition; to add something to. "Causes of one kind must be supplemented by bringing to bear upon them a causation of another kind."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n supplement An addition to anything, by which it is made more full and complete; particularly, an addition to a book or paper.
    • n supplement Store; supply.
    • n supplement In trigonometry, the quantity by which an angle or an arc falls short of 180° or a semicircle. Hence, two angles which are together equal to two right angles, or two arcs which are together equal to a semicircle, are the supplements of each other.
    • n supplement Synonyms Appendix, Supplement. An appendix contains additional matter, not essential to the completeness of the principal work, but related to it; a supplement contains additional material, completing or improving the principal work.
    • supplement To fill up or supply by additions; add something to, as to a writing, etc.; make up deficiencies in.
    • n supplement In algebra, the supplement of any multiplicative combination Em of the reference elements e1, e2 … en and of the m th order is that multiplicative combination En–m of the (n–m)th order which contains those reference elements omitted from Em multiplied in such succession that (EmEn–m) = 1. The supplement of Em is denoted by | Em.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Supplement sup′le-ment that which supplies or fills up: any addition by which defects are supplied: the quantity by which an angle or an arc falls short of 180° or a semicircle
    • v.t Supplement to supply or fill up: to add to
    • n Supplement a supplement
    • ***

Quotations

  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    Friedrich%20Nietzsche
    “Art is not merely an imitation of the reality of nature, but in truth a metaphysical supplement to the reality of nature, placed alongside thereof for its conquest.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Friendship is like vitamins, we supplement each other's minimum daily requirements”
  • Viktor E. Frankl
    Viktor E. Frankl
    “I recommend that the Statue of Liberty be supplemented by a Statue of Responsibility on the west coast.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. supplément, L. supplementum, fr. supplere, to fill up. See Supply (v. t.)

Usage

In literature:

The principal agency for the learning of the animals, and for the supplementing of their instincts, is Imitation.
"The Story of the Mind" by James Mark Baldwin
In how far is it feasible to supplement the textbook by means of definite class-readings?
"A Guide to Methods and Observation in History" by Calvin Olin Davis
Any numbers of the Scientific American Supplement referred to in these columns may be had at this office.
"Scientific American, Volume XLIII., No. 25, December 18, 1880" by Various
To these fragments no long supplement is needed.
"The Life of William Ewart Gladstone, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by John Morley
All the children read eagerly the Literary Supplement; but Edwin, in virtue of his office, got it first.
"Clayhanger" by Arnold Bennett
As the human mind developed, impulse and emotion were supplemented by intellect.
"Society" by Henry Kalloch Rowe
People were too busy fighting to supplement a campaign of bullets with one of words.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
There is a supplement to it by J. F. Kirk, which appeared in two volumes in 1891.
"The Book-Hunter at Home" by P. B. M. Allan
Each year cut the grass and draw in around the tree to supplement the mulch.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Thirty-Eighth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
Other methods, however, may supplement the pathological one.
"Psychotherapy" by Hugo Münsterberg
The two elements supplement each other.
"Elementary Guide to Literary Criticism" by F. V. N. Painter
The term employed, on the contrary, invites and encourages the trust which is necessary to supplement the evidence.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
A full account of that trip would read like a supplement to the Arabian Nights.
"Danger! A True History of a Great City's Wiles and Temptations" by William Howe
How the captain and the mate scowled as we supplemented our elaborate meals with these purchases!
"The Great White Tribe in Filipinia" by Paul T. Gilbert
Forming a Supplement to the Evelyn Memoirs.
"On the Portraits of English Authors on Gardening," by Samuel Felton
I consider the Supplement one of the things peculiarly characteristic of Negro Rhyme.
"Negro Folk Rhymes" by Thomas W. Talley
Such guanos, it was found, were best supplemented with phosphatic manure when applied to the field.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
A few standard examples are to be found in the Supplement.
"Music: An Art and a Language" by Walter Raymond Spalding
This article is well supplemented by the reproductions of parts of old amateur papers which adorn the back cover of the magazine.
"Writings in the United Amateur, 1915-1922" by Howard Phillips Lovecraft
The teacher is at best only an aid to the parent, supplementing the influences of the home and the street.
"In the School-Room" by John S. Hart
***

In poetry:

Beneath her window, veiled from eye,
They nightly took their stand;
On birthdays supplemented by
The Covent Garden band.
"First Love" by William Schwenck Gilbert
That I would shut myself away
And in seclusion write a section
Of winter poems, day by day,
To supplement my spring collection.
"After the Interval" by Boris Pasternak
When I am grown to man's estate
I shall be very proud and great;
E'en now I have no reverence,
'Cause I read comic supplements.
"A New York Child's Garden Of Verses" by Franklin Pierce Adams
"Accursed Philistine!" I heard
The strange policeman hiss
Between his teeth. "O wretched man,
Was I hired here for this?
O Goth! Suburbanite! Repent!
Tear down that Christmas Supplement!"
"Culture and Cops" by C J Dennis
With startled state I looked to where
His anguished gaze was bent,
And, hanging by my wardrobe, was
A Christmas Supplement -
A thing I'd got for little price
And framed because I thought it nice.
"Culture and Cops" by C J Dennis
It was a Coloured Supplement
(The frame, I thought, was neat).
It showed a dog, a little maid -
Whose face was very sweet -
A kitten, and some odds and ends.
The title, rather apt, was "Friends."
"Culture and Cops" by C J Dennis

In news:

I stopped taking it two years ago when told the supplement could cause severe medical problems.
Can you imagine that the MD who writes a health column for the big newspaper basically believes supplementation to be useless, potentially harmful and irrational.
The FTC won a $29.8 million judgement against the group, which was also ordered to stop marketing or selling products related to grants, credit, work-from-home opportunities or dietary supplements.
The Meat Market A special Villager supplement.
But you dont have to be supplementing for two to need more of it.
Technically, that document would be the long awaited Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS), which the agency had originally expected in mid-2008.
RICHMOND — The Farm Service Agency announces the sign-up period for the 2011 crop year Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments (SURE) program will open from Oct 22 to June 7, 2013.
This is why I recommend this supplement to all of my patients.
In my last article, I mentioned supplementation to enhance your immune system function so you can defend yourself this cold and flu season.
IS THE LEADER in supplemental staffing and the Choice is Clear.
Includes lots of supplemental hardware, overclocking features.
"Many people believe that fiber supplements are for people who already have health issues, but my goal is to show people that this is not the case," Glassman said.
Doctors shouldn't recommend the popular supplement, researchers say.
Target and CVS are some of the first retailers to group adult multivitamins and supplements available in gummy format into one 4-ft.
Church & Dwight acquires Vitafusion, L'il Critters line of gummy supplements.
***

In science:

Clearly, eqs. (8) and (10) must be supplemented by the equation of state p = p(ǫ).
Spin-driven inflation
The equation for the fluidity and velocity have to be supplemented by boundary conditions at the confining walls at z = 0 and z = H .
A simple model for heterogeneous flows of yield stress fluids
In those cases where the original equation (26) is already dissipative, this route of corrections, supplemented by the construction of the thermodynamic pro jector as in Section 2.2, leads to an appropriate macroscopic kinetics .
Geometry of irreversibility: The film of nonequilibrium states
The idea of Ehrenfests is to supplement the dynamics (26) by “shakings”.
Geometry of irreversibility: The film of nonequilibrium states
The rest of this section is a supplement to Biane’s proof, completing the proof of Theorem 2.2 We need the following general technical lemma.
Inequalities related to free entropy derived from random matrix approximation
Our presentation is largely based on the work of Binder supplemented with numerical simulation of the model.
Domains and Interfaces in Random Fields
Let us supplement the construction with several remarks. 1.
Random Metric Spaces and Universality
We must supplement the columns with numbers {rk ,j }∞ j=k+1 so that every resulting column will lie in the set A(rk ) and the whole set of them will be dense in A(rk ).
Random Metric Spaces and Universality
Lensing–based mass estimates have been us ed to supplement X –ray cluster studies (e.g.
A Hubble Space Telescope Lensing Survey of X-ray Luminous Galaxy Clusters: IV. Mass, Structure and Thermodynamics of Cluster Cores at z=0.2
Einstein-Hilbert action has to be supplemented with boundary terms.
Quantum Gravity
We refer to these stars as the “supplemental sample”.
The Solar Neighborhood X: New Nearby Stars in the Southern Sky and Accurate Photometric Distance Estimates for Red Dwarfs
Illustrated in Figure 7 is a comparison between the two distance determinations for the 31 stars in the supplemental sample.
The Solar Neighborhood X: New Nearby Stars in the Southern Sky and Accurate Photometric Distance Estimates for Red Dwarfs
Fig. 6.— Example color-MK s fit of stars in the RECONS and supplemental samples, illustrating the (V − Ks ) relation.
The Solar Neighborhood X: New Nearby Stars in the Southern Sky and Accurate Photometric Distance Estimates for Red Dwarfs
It must be supplemented by the boundary conditions (25’).
On universality of conductivity of planar random self-dual systems
We will supplement these two easy lemmas with the following, somewhat more difficult, result.
On the singularity probability of random Bernoulli matrices
***