supine

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj supine offering no resistance "resistless hostages","No other colony showed such supine, selfish helplessness in allowing her own border citizens to be mercilessly harried"- Theodore Roosevelt"
    • adj supine lying face upward
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Supine (Lat. Gram) A verbal noun; or (according to C.F.Becker), a case of the infinitive mood ending in -um and -u, that in -um being sometimes called the former supine, and that in -u the latter supine.
    • Supine Leaning backward, or inclining with exposure to the sun; sloping; inclined. "If the vine
      On rising ground be placed, or hills supine ."
    • Supine Lying on the back, or with the face upward; -- opposed to prone.
    • Supine Negligent; heedless; indolent; listless. "He became pusillanimous and supine , and openly exposed to any temptation."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • supine Lying on the back, or with the face upward: opposed to prone.
    • supine Leaning backward; inclined; sloping: said of localities.
    • supine Negligent; listless; heedless; indolent; thoughtless; inattentive; careless.
    • supine In botany, lying flat with the face upward, as sometimes a thallus or leaf. Synonyms Prone, etc. See prostrate.
    • n supine A part of the Latin verb, really a verbal noun, similar to the English verbals in -ing, with two cases. One of these, usually called the first supine, ends in um, and is the accnsative case. It always follows a verb of motion: as, abiit deambulatum, he has gone to walk, or he has gone a-walking. The other, called the second supine, ends in u of the ablative case, and is governed by substantives or adjectives: as, facile dictu, easy to be told (literally, easy in the telling).
    • supine Supinely.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Supine sū-pīn′ lying on the back: leaning backward, inclined, sloping: negligent: indolent
    • Supine one of two parts of the Latin verb, really verbal nouns, ending in tum and tu, called the first and second supine respectively
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Quotations

  • Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin%20Franklin
    “They that are on their guard and appear ready to receive their adversaries, are in much less danger of being attacked than the supine, secure and negligent.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. supinum,sc. verbum,), from supinus, bent or thrown backward, perhaps so called because, although furnished with substantive case endings, it rests or falls back, as it were, on the verb: cf. F. supin,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. supinussub, under.

Usage

In literature:

He seemed as eager as Septimus was supine.
"Septimus" by William J. Locke
That the brilliant success of 1624 was thus so soon turned into disaster was in no way due to the supineness of the home authorities.
"History of Holland" by George Edmundson
And yet, hopelessly caught as they were, neither could give up supinely.
"The Boy Scouts In Russia" by John Blaine
He was ashamed to lie supinely enduring, to seem helpless before another man's eyes.
"Burned Bridges" by Bertrand W. Sinclair
And yet, despite their danger, the people of Germany remained supine.
"Historical Tales, Vol 5 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Eveline did not sit down in supine idleness, and mourn over her sad fate.
"Eveline Mandeville" by Alvin Addison
In idle wishes fools supinely stay; Be there a will, then wisdom finds a way.
"Familiar Quotations" by Various
But to his utter amazement the creature did not fall supinely back into watery world from which it had emerged.
"Plague Ship" by Andre Norton
Still it is fair to say that this apparent supineness was not all due to the British generals.
"History of the United States" by Charles A. Beard and Mary R. Beard
They should be plucked forthwith from a supine world and offered her as a nosegay.
"The Black Pearl" by Mrs. Wilson Woodrow
She had come to recognise that supine state as a great danger to the spiritual life.
"The Helpmate" by May Sinclair
Supination is feebly performed by the supinator muscle.
"Manual of Surgery" by Alexis Thomson and Alexander Miles
Whereas, on the contrary, a majority with a good cause are negligent and supine.
"The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., Vol. VII" by Jonathan Swift
The officers cringed back under his glance, but stood supine and inactive.
"The Lighted Match" by Charles Neville Buck
Popery is ever at work, whilst Protestantism is supine.
"Isopel Berners The History of certain doings in a Staffordshire Dingle, July, 1825" by George Borrow
The officers lost heart on seeing the supineness of their leader.
"Historical Tales, Vol. 4 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
Supineness, and a disposition to flatter ourselves, seem to make parts of our national character.
"The Life of George Washington, Vol. 3 (of 5)" by John Marshall
Had he a right to desert her in her trouble, to yield supinely to a conventional prejudice?
"The Mayor of Warwick" by Herbert M. Hopkins
Oh, supin' in theatres.
"Lord Loveland Discovers America" by C. N. Williamson
Then I looked the other way just as she flopped over from a prone to a supine position.
"Bass, Pike, Perch, and Others" by James Alexander Henshall
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In poetry:

Now the sleek courtier, indolent and vain,
Throned in the splendid carriage, glides supine,
To taint his virtue with a foreign stain,
Or at a favourite board his faith resign.
"Elegy XXI. Taking a View of the Country From His Retirement" by William Shenstone
Let not the skies, like brass in fusion, glow,
Nor th' earth, with heat, as hard as iron grow,
Let not our pastures and our meads of hay,
For our supine neglect of Thee, decay!
"The Farmer's Prayer" by Rees Prichard
The "To be" family’s just complaints—
(Brown had ten toes as good as mine)
Made Brown cast off the last restraints:
He smashed the "Is nots" into "Ain’ts"
And kicked both mood and tense supine.
"Little Ballads Of Timely Warning; II:" by Ellis Parker Butler
A stable had, where lumber's put;
For he ne'er rode or walk'd on foot.
Nor did he need a horse to chuse,
Who never learnt himself to use.
Supineness through his life attends
He wanted neither foes nor friends.
"The Cobbler" by William Hutton
Recit.
Beneath a verdant laurel's ample shade
His lyre to mournful numbers strung,
Horace, immortal bard supinely laid, To Venus thus address'd the song;
Ten thousand little loves around,
Listening dwelt on every sound.
"Cantata. Set" by Matthew Prior
No butler's proxies snore supine,
Where the old monarch kept his wine;
No Welch ox roasting, horns and all,
Adorns his throng'd and laughing hall;
But where he pray'd, and told his beads,
A thriving ash luxuriant spreads.
"The Banks Of Wye - Book I" by Robert Bloomfield

In news:

Tony Supine & Mike Walters, Camfil Farr APC.
The ratio of overpronation to excessive supination is about 9:1, according to research.1 Cases of excessive supination do, however, present regularly at chiropractic practices.
The DIEP flap can be harvested concurrent with oncologic resection, with the patient in the supine position.
A 56-year old man presented to the ED after 4 days of hemoptysis and intermittent left chest pain that worsened when he was supine.
Pain at the level of the lacertus fibrosus is surmised by resisting pronation of a patient's arm which is fully supinated and flexed at the elbow.
I know you're hoping that one night he'll take a big slurp off his brewski, pull that lever into its most supine setting, and put those reclining sofas (ugh.
HAMSTRING CURL START Lie supine with the feet on the ball .
Various compensatory strategies were attempted to relieve the aspiration, but only assumption of the supine position was successful.
Supine, pelvis and spine neutral.
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In science:

In the supine position, a midline ventral incision was made in the neck.
Time course of oxidative damage in different brain regions following transient cerebral ischemia in gerbils
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