supersede

Definitions

• WordNet 3.6
• v supersede take the place or move into the position of "Smith replaced Miller as CEO after Miller left","the computer has supplanted the slide rule","Mary replaced Susan as the team's captain and the highest-ranked player in the school"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Vellum, a fine-quality writing parchment, is prepared from animal skin: lambs, kids, and very young calves. Coarser, tougher types are made from the skins of male goats, wolves, and older calves. Vellum replaced papyrus and was superseded by paper.
• Supersede To come, or be placed, in the room of; to replace.
• Supersede To displace, or set aside, and put another in place of; as, to supersede an officer.
• Supersede To make void, inefficacious, or useless, by superior power, or by coming in the place of; to set aside; to render unnecessary; to suspend; to stay. "Nothing is supposed that can supersede the known laws of natural motion."
• Supersede (Old Law) To omit; to forbear.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• supersede To make void, inefficacious, or useless by superior power, or by coming in the place of; set aside; render unnecessary; suspend; stay.
• supersede To be placed in or take the room of; displace; supplant; replace: as, an officer superseded by another.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• v.t Supersede sū-pėr-sēd′ to take the place of another by reason of superior right, power, &c.: to make useless by superior power: to come in the room of, to replace: to displace, set aside, render unnecessary
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Quotations

• Mark Twain
“A crime persevered in a thousand centuries ceases to be a crime, and becomes a virtue. This is the law of custom, and custom supersedes all other forms of law.”
• Ralph Waldo Emerson
“Intellectual tasting of life will not supersede muscular activity.”
• George Santayana
“Prayer, among sane people, has never superseded practical efforts to secure the desired end.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. supersedere, supersessum, to sit above, be superior to, forbear, omit; super, above + sedere, to sit: cf. F. superséder,. See Sit, and cf. Surcease
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. super, above, sedēre, sessum, to sit.

Usage

In literature:

Would not a wider love supersede the creed-bound charity of sects?
"Lady Byron Vindicated" by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Mere physical maintenance and mental culture cannot supersede the necessity of spiritual training.
"The Christian Home" by Samuel Philips
But the voyage of Japan superseded that of Ormuz.
"The Works of John Dryden, Volume XVI. (of 18)" by John Dryden
These for a time divided the interest with the mysteries, but eventually superseded them.
"English Literature, Considered as an Interpreter of English History" by Henry Coppee
Its cultivation has been superseded by the other.
"The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom" by P. L. Simmonds
These foreign troops remained at the disposal of the tyrants and superseded the national militia.
"Renaissance in Italy, Volume 1 (of 7)" by John Addington Symonds
Sharp was silenced; Burnet of Glasgow was superseded, and the see was given to the saintly but unpractical Leighton.
"A Short History of Scotland" by Andrew Lang
Some are retained in the Chinese Tripitaka but are superseded by later versions.
"Hinduism And Buddhism, Volume II. (of 3)" by Charles Eliot
Look how the coach has been superseded by the use of steam.
"The Greatest Thing In the World and Other Addresses" by Henry Drummond
As to the Dollar, events have overtaken and superseded the question.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
The necessity of our position will supersede all appeal to calculation how, as it has done heretofore.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
It was the germ of a government which in time was to supersede the government of George III in the colonies.
"History of the United States" by Charles A. Beard and Mary R. Beard
The latter felt themselves quite superseded by the new nobility, introduced from Southern France.
"The House of Walderne" by A. D. Crake
Let us examine somewhat more closely the fact that machinery more and more supersedes the work of men.
"The Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844 with a Preface written in 1892" by Frederick Engels
Alexandria superseded the Phoenician cities and became the great port of the entire world.
"History Of Ancient Civilization" by Charles Seignobos
An order does not necessarily supersede its predecessor, unless the two are incompatible.
"Types of Naval Officers" by A. T. Mahan
Priority of appropriation is the only title of right which can supersede the title of greater force.
"What Social Classes Owe to Each Other" by William Graham Sumner
The Second Law of obedience supersedes the Third Law of self-preservation.
"Unwise Child" by Gordon Randall Garrett
The Bible was superseding Plutarch.
"History of the English People, Volume V (of 8)" by John Richard Green
They were finding friends in the new neighbourhood; yet Daisy Jasper could not be superseded.
"A Little Girl of Long Ago" by Amanda Millie Douglas
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In poetry:

"But stay," said Mr. PETER: "when in England, as you know,
I earned a living tasting teas for BAKER, CROOP, AND CO.,
I may be superseded - my employers think me dead!"
"Then come with me," said SOMERS, "and taste indigo instead."
"Etiquette" by William Schwenck Gilbert
"Lo! the time is close upon you when the madness of the season
Having howled itself to silence like a Minnesota 'clone,
Will at last be superseded by the still, small voice of reason,
When the whelpage of your folly you would willingly disown.
"At The Close Of The Canvass" by Ambrose Bierce

In news:

Carpinteria Airport opened in 1928 and was the largest airport in this area until being superseded in the early 1930s by what is today Santa Barbara Municipal Airport.
Talk supersedes conflict at hearing over hot-button issue.
A hometown Flatts show superseded her desire to give birth naturally, and she opted for a carefully scheduled C-section .
But in this outing by playwright Kevin Del Aguila, with songwriters Gary Adler and Michael Patrick Walker, derision is superseded by affection.
This version has been superseded by TaskPower 2 which you can find here.
Federal laws and constitutional protections regarding firearms supersede any laws the state might pass.
This version has been superseded by FIle Warden 2.
"This new measurement supersedes the traditional reporting of the Customer Service Index," the organization stated.
New policy doesn't supersede enterprise, government contracts.
State Senate rules don't supersede law.
Louis Rams game supersedes the airing rights and will be shown on WUPW, Channel 36 at 1 pm instead CBS-affliiate WTOL, Channel 11 will air the Indianapolis-Chicago game at 1 pm.
Louis Rams game supersedes the airing rights and will be shown on WUPW, Channel 36 at 1 pm instead.
The specifics of Guthrie 's refusal to travel to the Stadium of Light have yet to be disclosed, but McDermott insists the needs of the squad will always supersede those of the individual.
Windows 2000, XP, & Vista (64 bit untested) Released: August 28, 2008 Version: 2 This version has been superseded by File Utility Pack 3.
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In science:

Not to be superseded, VandenBerg et al. (2006) have provided a new set of tracks for the commonest sorts of ranges of mass, Fe/H, α/Fe, etc., including convective core overshoot at the empiricallycalibrated level.
Astrophysics in 2006
The later Feynman graphs representation of PT was a great new tool which superseded and improved earlier graphical representations of the calculations.
Perturbation Theory
As such we do not believe it to be true, strictly speaking, since it has been superseded by quantum electrodynamics.
Frisch, Muller and Belot on an Inconsistency in Classical Electrodynamics
The danger in the word is made manifest in that Belot uses it in two quite distinct ways. On p. 264 he describes CED as a ‘less than fundamental theory’. In this context the word is apparently used to describe a theory which has not been superseded.
Frisch, Muller and Belot on an Inconsistency in Classical Electrodynamics
Thus we assume that the most recent work [134] supersedes the other three studies.
Charged-Particle Thermonuclear Reaction Rates: II. Tables and Graphs of Reaction Rates and Probability Density Functions
We thus believe that the 2008 measurement should be regarded as superseding the 2006 measurement rather than trying to average the two measurements, which would only insigniﬁcantly change the value of g/2 in the second digit of the 2008 uncertainty.
Cavity Control of a Single-Electron Quantum Cyclotron:\\Measuring the Electron Magnetic Moment
However, shortly after its discovery Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) which is a SU (3) Yang–Mills gauge theory, superseded it.
Magnetic Catalysis of Chiral Symmetry Breaking. A Holographic Prospective
It was only superseded by the multiple frequency Dopplertracking of Cassini spacecraft .
Upper bounds on the photon mass
Does the new version supersede the previous version?: No Nature of problem: A central ob ject of the dispersive (or “analytic”) approach to Quantum Chromodynamics [2, 3] is the so–called spectral function, which can be calculated by making use of the strong running coupling.
QCDMAPT_F: Fortran version of QCDMAPT package
These methods supersede older perturbative QCD computations of things such as quarkonium decay rates.
Heavy Flavour Spectroscopy
However, although (4) is a good estimate, it is superseded by the previous discovery of √Ric(0, u), for the speciﬁc purpose of estimating entropies.
A refinement of G\"unther's candle inequality
More recently the maser distance to NGC 4258 has superseded the calibration with the LMC.
Astrophysical Tests of Modified Gravity: Constraints from Distance Indicators in the Nearby Universe
Choosing the maximum ﬂuorescence as the single feature results in the maximum achievable robustness via ﬁnite differences and smoothing and consequently, using information from ﬁnite differences does not result in a test that supersedes the null test.
Optimal diagnostic tests for sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease based on support vector machine classification of RT-QuIC data
Even disregarding the 1960’s calculations of Schwinger and Chang and G¨ursey which were superseded by QCD, a signiﬁcant range of predicted values remains.
Summary of $\pi$--$\pi$ Scattering Experiments
This happens to be true in spite of the fact that in the correct procedure one has to take away the ALEPH contribution, now superseded, from the “old” average and add to it some newly presented reﬁnements to some of the “old” analyses.
Status of precision tests of the Standard Model
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