sulphur

Definitions

  • On a stone bridge, leaning against the iron railing, stood a woman in a sulphur shawl
    On a stone bridge, leaning against the iron railing, stood a woman in a sulphur shawl
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v sulphur treat with sulphur in order to preserve "These dried fruits are sulphured"
    • n sulphur an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The green ring that is formed around the yolk of eggs that have been cooked too long is formed by the chemical reaction from the iron in the yolk and the sulphur in the white part of the egg
    • Sulphur (Chem) A nonmetallic element occurring naturally in large quantities, either combined as in the sulphides (as pyrites) and sulphates (as gypsum), or native in volcanic regions, in vast beds mixed with gypsum and various earthy materials, from which it is melted out. Symbol S. Atomic weight 32. The specific gravity of ordinary octohedral sulphur is 2.05; of prismatic sulphur, 1.96.
    • Sulphur (Zoöl) Any one of numerous species of yellow or orange butterflies of the subfamily Pierinæ; as, the clouded sulphur Eurymus philodice syn. Colias philodice), which is the common yellow butterfly of the Eastern United States.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Joseph Priestley not only discovered oxygen, but he also discovered ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, sulphur dioxide, and nitrous oxide. He was also the first person to isolate chlorine.
    • n sulphur Chemical symbol, S; atomic weight, 31.98. An elementary substance which occurs in nature as a brittle crystalline solid, with resinous luster, almost tasteless, and emitting when rubbed or warmed a peculiar characteristic odor. It is a non-conductor of electricity. Its specific gravity is 2.05. It is insoluble in water, nearly so in alcohol and in ether, but quite soluble in carbon disulphid, petroleum, benzin, etc. It burns in the air with a blue flame, and is oxidized to sulphur dioxid or sulphurous acid. It melts at 238° F., and boils at 824° F., giving off a dense red vapor. Sulphur exists in two distinct crystalline forms, and also as an amorphous variety; these modifications are characterized by differences in specific gravity, in solubility in various liquids, and in many other respects. Between its melting-point and 280° F. it is most fluid, and when cast in wooden molds it forms the stick-sulphur or brimstone of commerce. Between 430° and 480° it becomes much less liquid, and can with difficulty be poured. If poured into water, it forms a ductile mass called plastic sulphur, which may be used for taking impressions of coins, etc. On standing it becomes hard and brittle. From 480° to its boiling-point it is liquid again. Sulphur occurs in great abundance and purity in the neighborhood of active and extinct volcanoes. As an article of commerce, most of it is brought from Sicily. It is also widely distributed in combination with other elements, chiefly in the form of sulphates and sulphids. and it is now extensively obtained from the native sulphids of iron and copper for use in the manufacture of sulphuric acid. It also occurs sparingly in animal and vegetable tissues. Sulphur combines with oxygen, hydrogen, chlorin, etc., to form important compounds, of great use in the arts. It is used in the pure state extensively in the manufacture of gunpowder and matches, and for vulcanizing rubber. Refined sulphur, prepared by sublimation from the crude substance, is used in medicine as a laxative, diaphoretic, and resolvent; it is also largely employed in skin-diseases, both internally and externally. From the sixteenth to the eighteenth century casts or copies of antique gems were frequently made by pouring into a mold melted sulphur colored with metallic oxids.
    • n sulphur The supposed substance of lightning.
    • n sulphur In zoology, one of many different pieridine butterflies: a yellow pierian. These butterflies are of some shade of yellow, blanching to nearly white, or deepening to orange, and more or less marked with black. They represent several genera. Colias philodice of the United States is the clouded sulphur; Callidryas eubule is the cloudless sulphur. The former is one of the commonest of North American butterflies, often seen in flocks along roads, settling about mud-puddles and other moist spots. Its larva feeds upon clover. See cuts under Colias, Pieris, and cabbage-butterfly.
    • sulphur Of the color of brimstone, or stick-sulphur; of a very greenish, excessively luminous, and highly chromatic yellow: used in zoölogy in many obvious compounds: as, sulphur-bellied; sulphur-crested. A color-disk of two thirds bright chrome-yellow and one third emerald-green gives a somewhat dull sulphur-yellow.
    • sulphur To apply sulphur to; also, to fume with sulphur;, sulphurate.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Joseph Priestly is credited with discovering oxygen, ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, sulphur dioxide, and nitrous oxide. He was also the first to isolate chlorine.
    • n Sulphur sul′fur a yellow mineral substance, very brittle, fusible, and inflammable: brimstone
    • v.t Sulphur to form a deposit of lead sulphate on
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., better sulfur,: cf. F. soufre,

Usage

In literature:

SULPHUR OR BRIMSTONE BROCCOLI.
"The Field and Garden Vegetables of America" by Fearing Burr
Lee was still in front, in the vicinity of Sulphur Springs.
"Three Years in the Sixth Corps" by George T. Stevens
There were no flames, no sulphurous steam, no smoke, no bubbling whirls of viscid matter, nothing exciting whatever.
"Plotting in Pirate Seas" by Francis Rolt-Wheeler
There, beneath that sulphurous cloud, the North and the South were locked in an embrace that was not of love.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
Gold bronze is merely a mixture of equal parts of oxide of tin and sulphur.
"Practical Mechanics for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
In most works upon meteorites, the peculiar, sulphurous odor of things that fall from the sky is mentioned.
"The Book of the Damned" by Charles Fort
When we drank it it nearly made us ill, so foul was its taste of sulphur and lead.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
Acid, sulphuric, 31, 84.
"Electricity for Boys" by J. S. Zerbe
The "specific resistance" of sulphur in this condition is above 1028 C.G.S.E.M.
"On Laboratory Arts" by Richard Threlfall
Et tamen res saltem tres sunt; una essentia est sulphur; una est sal; una est Mercurius.
"The Sceptical Chymist" by Robert Boyle
It looks like black sulphur (bitumen), and has a brimstone smell.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 6, No 3, September 1864" by Various
We had nearly reached the summit of the cone, when a thick puff of sulphureous smoke almost drove us back headlong.
"A Voyage round the World" by W.H.G. Kingston
Flour of sulphur, teaspoonful.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
It was to help him to a victory that she suffocated a part of the army of his enemy with steam and sulphur fumes.
"Myths & Legends of our New Possessions & Protectorate" by Charles M. Skinner
The boat was filled with a sulphurous smoke, and my comrades were shaken off into the sea and drowned.
"Odysseus, the Hero of Ithaca" by Homer
We then take the flocks and run them through a bath of lime and sulphur.
"The Story of Wool" by Sara Ware Bassett
I'd be thankfuller still if the matron wouldn't make me take sulphur and molasses.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1909 to 1922" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
Iron ore, copper, and sulphur occur, but they have not been made commercially available to any extent.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
They told me of one sulphur-miner who, having seen enough funerals, left the mine and went to Palermo in search of work.
"Castellinaria and Other Sicilian Diversions" by Henry Festing Jones
I saw embedded in this seam great irregular masses of sulphur.
"The Fire People" by Ray Cummings
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In poetry:

Away! The sulphur-coloured stars are hurrying
through the Western gate!
Away! Or it may be too late to climb their silent
silver cars!
"The Sphinx" by Oscar Wilde
While the grey grasshopper whirrs
In the furze,
You that with your sulphur wings
Melt into the gold perfume
Of the broom
Where the linnet sits and sings;
"Butterflies" by Alfred Noyes
Shot and shell, the dark air rending—
Sulphurous flash, and bayonet's gleam—
Shouts and shrieks, and groans wild blending,
With her loud discordant scream.
"Lines Suggested" by Janet Hamilton
While the train rushed on at an awful pace—
The sulphurous fumes scorched their hands and face;
Wider and wider the country grew,
As faster and faster the engine flew.
"Hellbound Train" by Anonymous Americas
O'er the vex'd deep the vivid sulphur flies,
The jarring elements their clamours blend,
The deaf'ning thunder roars along the skies,
And whistling winds from lurid clouds descend.
"Lines Written on the Sea-Coast" by Mary Darby Robinson
Round her what alien rites,
What savage sounds and sights—
The plunging war—horse and sulphureous match.
Than such as these, alas!
Better the ox, the ass,
The manger's crib secure and peace—bestowing thatch.
"Christmas,1870" by Alfred Austin

In news:

If you're in the mood for a road trip today, go east to Sulphur Springs.
Sulphur Springs Group Hopes "Strong Family" Message Prevents Alcohol Sales Passage.
Ahead of School Finance Trial, Sulphur Springs ISD Joins Suit.
Sulphur Springs Photo Walk.
Greenbrier owner Jim Justice told The Associated Press on Friday, Oct 12, 2012, he is taking over Oakhurst Links, a few miles north of the resort in White Sulphur Springs.
The 13th Annual Sulphur Bluff Scholarship Foundation Fundraiser will be Saturday, Sept 29 in the Sulphur Bluff High School Gym.
Low- sulphur rule would hurt Kodiak business.
Sulphur Springs Citizens to Vote on Alcohol Sales.
Texas Highway 37 at the Sulphur River Bridge was closed about 10 am this morning by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT).
The Greenbrier's famous sulphur springs.
Sulphur Breakthrough Significantly Boosts Lithium Battery Capacity.
Eagle watching planned in Norman, Sulphur .
Hot Sulphur Springs Resort & Spa.
Robert Whayne Leatherman, 51, of Sulphur , died August 6, 2008 at his residence.
Sulphuric acid information products from ICIS.
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In science:

The resulting spectrum of G 29-23 is shown in Fig. 9 and compared with a spectral synthesis of the three sulphur lines.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
For all six S i lines the mean sulphur abundances is log ǫ(S)= 5.79 and the rms deviation is only 0.035 dex.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
Although one should not put too much weight on a single star, we consider this good agreement to be an important check of the reliability of our sulphur abundance determinations.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
The derived sulphur abundances are given in Table 1.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
Sulphur has not been specifically modelled in any of the stochastic models, but in the case of Si that has similar yield variations as S, Argast et al. (2000) predict a rms scatter of ±0.35 dex at [Fe/H] = −3.0, ±0.25 dex at [Fe/H] = −2.5, and ±0.12 dex at [Fe/H] = −2.0.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
The abundances were taken from Vigroux et al. (1987), except for carbon, neon and sulphur, where the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) ratios for C/O, Ne/O and S/O were assumed (Russell & Dopita 1992).
A multi-wavelength study of the Magellanic-type galaxy NGC 4449. I. Modelling the spectral energy distribution, the ionisation structure and the star formation history
For example, our results do not correctly predict the ionisation structure of sulphur: lines from the higher ionisation potential S2+ ion are systematically underpredicted whereas lines from the lower ionisation potential S+ ion are overpredicted.
A multi-wavelength study of the Magellanic-type galaxy NGC 4449. I. Modelling the spectral energy distribution, the ionisation structure and the star formation history
However, the predicted relative sulphur line fluxes shown in Table 6 can be brought into very good agreement with observations by using a filling factor of  = 0.055 for sulphur in place of the lower global value of 0.033 adopted in this work.
A multi-wavelength study of the Magellanic-type galaxy NGC 4449. I. Modelling the spectral energy distribution, the ionisation structure and the star formation history
A more frequent type of photoionisation with X-rays involves the ejection of an inner-shell electron from the atom (around 95-97% of photoionisations remove a Kshell electron from carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur).
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
The initial models used for the sulphur calculations were smaller than the models used for the other atom types.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
Sulphur, on the other hand, behaves differently, and the probability of multiple ionisation (n > 2) after the ejection of a K-shell photoelectron is larger.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
There is, however, a number of loop holes in this result, such as extra dust cooling, mixing with other heavy elements contributing to the cooling like silicon and sulphur, as well as uncertainties in the atomic data.
Radioactivities and nucleosynthesis in SN 1987A
In particular, the main nitrogen and sulphur carriers are waiting to be identified, as are deuterated constituents.
The chemistry of high-mass star formation
Bergin & Langer (1997) first showed that carbon- and sulphur-bearing species (e.g.
Cold Dark Clouds: The Initial Conditions for Star Formation
We investigated GaP samples with impurities of aluminum or sulphur (≈ 1015cm−3 ): GaP(Al) and GaP(S).
Phonon-Drag Thermopower at High Temperatures
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