sugar

Definitions

  • The bear invades the sugar party camp
    The bear invades the sugar party camp
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v sugar sweeten with sugar "sugar your tea"
    • n sugar a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative
    • n sugar informal terms for money
    • n sugar an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Night at the Sugar Camp The Night at the Sugar Camp
BLACK SUGAR MAPLE BLACK SUGAR MAPLE
Dutchess balances a lump of sugar on her nose Dutchess balances a lump of sugar on her nose
bowl and brown sugar, etc bowl and brown sugar, etc
confectioner's sugar and bowl, etc confectioner's sugar and bowl, etc
Vacumm pan in sugar refinery Vacumm pan in sugar refinery
Sugar Maple. Hard Maple. Rock Maple Sugar Maple. Hard Maple. Rock Maple
Black Maple. Black Sugar Maple Black Maple. Black Sugar Maple

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Lemons contain more sugar than strawberries
    • Sugar A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance, of a sandy or granular consistency, obtained by crystallizing the evaporated juice of certain plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, beet root, sugar maple, etc. It is used for seasoning and preserving many kinds of food and drink. Ordinary sugar is essentially sucrose. See the Note below.
    • Sugar By extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance; as, sugar of lead (lead acetate), a poisonous white crystalline substance having a sweet taste.
    • Sugar Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.
    • v. i Sugar In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; -- with the preposition off.
    • Sugar To cover with soft words; to disguise by flattery; to compliment; to sweeten; as, to sugar reproof. "With devotion's visage
      And pious action we do sugar o'er
      The devil himself."
    • Sugar To impregnate, season, cover, or sprinkle with sugar; to mix sugar with. "When I sugar my liquor."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: From all the vegetables, beets contain the most sugar
    • n sugar The general name of certain chemical compounds belonging to the group of carbohydrates. They are soluble in water, have a more or less sweet taste, and are directly or indirectly fermentable. According to their chemical nature they are divided into two classes, the saccharoses and glucoses. See saccharose and glucose.
    • n sugar A sweet crystalline substance, prepared chiefly from the expressed juice of the sugarcane, Saccharum officinarum, and of the sugar-beet, but obtained also from a great variety of other plants, as maple, maize, sorghum, birch, and parsnip. The process of manufacturing cane-sugar generally begins with extracting the juice of the canes, either by passing them between the rollers of a rolling-mill (see sugar-mill), or by the use of raspers or “defibrators” reducing the canes to pulp and expressing the juice by subjecting the pulp to the action of powerful presses. Maceration of the canes in steam or water, as a preparation for extraction of the juice, is also practised to some extent. Another method, now coming extensively into use, is that of diffusion, in which the canes or beets are cut in small pieces, and the sugar is extracted by repeated washings with hot water. (Compare diffusion apparatus (under diffusion), and osmose.) The extraction of the juice by the crushing and expressing action of rollers in sugar-mills is, however, still more extensively practised than any other method. The juice is received in a shallow trough placed beneath the rollers, and defecated by adding to it while heated below the boiling-point either milk of lime, lime-water, bisulphite of lime, lime followed by sulphur dioxid, sulphur dioxid followed by lime, alkaline earths, sulphur compounds, or chlorine compounds, milk of lime being more generally used than any of the other substances named. (Compare defecator.) The saccharine liquor is concentrated by boiling, which expels the water; lime-water is added to neutralize the acid that is usually present; the grosser impurities rise to the surface, and are separated in the form of scum. When duly concentrated the syrup is run off into shallow wooden coolers, where it concretes; it is then put into hogsheads with holes in the bottom, through which the molasses drains off into cisterns below, leaving the sugar in the state known in commerce by the name of raw sugar, or muscovado. Sometimes the molasses is immediately separated from the sugar by centrifugal force. The raw sugar is further purified by solution in water and filtration, first through cotton bags, then through layers of animal charcoal, boiling down under diminished pressure, and crystallization. Thus clarified, it takes the names of lump-sugar, loaf-sugar, refined sugar, etc., according to the different degrees of purification and the form in which it is placed on the market. The manufacture of sugar from beet-root is carried on to a very considerable extent in France, Germany, Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, Russia, etc. The sugar is mostly extracted from the roots by diffusion, and the subsequent defecation and concentration are carried out in a manner entirely analogous to that described for these operations in the manufacture of cane-sugar. In the United States and in Canada great quantities of sugar are obtained from the sap of the sugar-maple, Acer saccharinum. (See cut under Acer.) The Gulf States and the West Indies are the principal sources whence the supplies of cane-sugar are derived; the sugar used on the continent of Europe is chiefly obtained from the beet. Sugar was only vaguely known to the Greeks and Romans; it seems to have been introduced into Europe during the time of the crusades. The cane was grown about the middle of the twelfth century in Cyprus, whence, some time later, it was transplanted into Madeira, and about the beginning of the sixteenth century it was thence carried to the New World. For the chemical properties of pure cane-sugar, see saccharose, 3.
    • n sugar Something that resembles sugar many of its properties.
    • n sugar Figuratively, sweet, honeyed, or soothing words; flattery employed to disguise something distasteful.
    • n sugar The coarse grains or dust of refined sugar formed during the operations of crushing or cutting loaf-sugar, and separated from the lumps by screening.
    • sugar To season, cover, sprinkle, mix, or impregnate with sugar.
    • sugar Figuratively, to cover as with sugar; sweeten; disguise so as to render acceptable what is otherwise distasteful.
    • sugar To sweeten something, as tea, with sugar.
    • sugar To make (maple) sugar.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: One pound of maple syrup can make eight pounds of candy or sugar
    • n Sugar shoog′ar a sweet substance obtained chiefly from a kind of cane: anything sugary, honeyed words, flattery
    • v.t Sugar to sprinkle or mix with sugar: to compliment
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Faulkner
    William%20Faulkner
    “When my horse is running good, I don't stop to give him sugar.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Rebuke should have a grain more of salt than of sugar.”
  • John D. Rockefeller
    John%20D.%20Rockefeller
    “The ability to deal with people is as purchasable a commodity as sugar or coffee and I will pay more for that ability than for any other under the sun.”
  • Pablo Picasso
    Pablo%20Picasso
    “Everything is a miracle. It is a miracle that one does not dissolve in one's bath like a lump of sugar.”
  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning
    Elizabeth%20Barrett%20Browning
    “A good neighbor sometimes cuts your morning up to mince-meat of the very smallest talk, then helps to sugar her bohea at night with your reputation.”
  • William Cowper
    William%20Cowper
    “I pity them greatly, but I must be mum, for how could we do without sugar and rum?”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. sugre, F. sucre,cf. It. zucchero, Sp. azúcar,), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. çarkarā, sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar,. Cf. Saccharine Sucrose

Usage

In literature:

Who'll take sugar in de coffee-o?
"Negro Folk Rhymes" by Thomas W. Talley
Plenty of butter and sugar.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
Place the water, sugar, and flavourings in a large enamelled stewpan, and stand over a gentle heat until the sugar is dissolved.
"New Vegetarian Dishes" by Mrs. Bowdich
Weigh out and mix the ash from 10 grammes of yeast; ammonium tartrate, 10 grammes; cane sugar, 100 grammes.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
In the year 1887 there was raised upon these islands a very large amount of sugar, over one hundred thousand tons in all.
"Foot-prints of Travel" by Maturin M. Ballou
De boat was loaded wid sugar and coffee coming back.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
They had played and danced at many of the sugar houses, and the Bear had been given everywhere all the waste sugar he could eat.
"The Arkansaw Bear" by Albert Bigelow Paine
Remember that all grease or sugar spots should be removed before putting a woolen garment away.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
Sugar and flour should be quite dry, and a drum sieve is recommended for the sugar.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
Sugar is sweet; Salt is not sweet.
"Symbolic Logic" by Lewis Carroll
He walked across, to where the sugar was, and sat down on the table, and took the sugar bowl in his lap.
"Aunt Fanny's Story-Book for Little Boys and Girls" by Frances Elizabeth Barrow
The plants in the figure were collected in the woods at Sugar Grove, Ohio, by R. A.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
Lemon marmalade may be done in the same way, only with a much greater quantity of sugar, or sugar mixed with sugar-candy.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
A quicker way is to boil the sugar and water with the juice of 1 lemon for a few minutes and strain the same way.
"Desserts and Salads" by Gesine Lemcke
Dey put us in a sugar hogshead and give us a spoon to scrape out de sugar.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves." by Work Projects Administration
The Southern Express Company bring sugar, partridges, turkeys, etc.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
And there sat the mouse in the sugar-basin.
"The Old Willow Tree and Other Stories" by Carl Ewald
Boil the water and sugar together very gently until the sugar is melted.
"What Shall We Do Now?: Five Hundred Games and Pastimes" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
As he was returning, he met a bullock-cart laden with bags of sugar, and he asked the driver what the bags contained.
"Indian Fairy Tales" by Anonymous
Candy, molasses, or sugar in any form, taken in small quantities, is a good food.
"Health Lessons" by Alvin Davison
***

In poetry:

The sugar looked so nice and white —
It was spread some inches deep —
But underneath was a lot of sand;
Such sugar is mighty cheap.
"The Deliverance" by Frances Ellen Watkins
Look at him, now the fourth’s day’s come!
He scarcely weighs a sugar-plum;
He’s like a little bit of thread
And on the fifth day he was dead!
"The Story of Augustus who would not have any Soup" by Heinrich Hoffmann
Dame Pleasure's drugs are steeped in sin,
Their sugared taste doth breed annoy ;
O fickle sense ! beware her gin,
Sell not thy soul to brittle joy !
"Man's Civil War" by Robert Southwell
"Do they miss me at home—do they miss me?"
In the fields of rice, sugar, and grain;
If they do, I am glad, I assure you,
They never shall see me again.
"Do They Miss Me? A Parody" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
O what sweetnesse from the bowl
Fills my soul,
Such as is, and makes divine!
In some starre (fled from the sphere)
Melted there,
As we sugar melt in wine?
"The Banquet " by George Herbert
Something more than butterflies,
Or the sugared ancient lies,
Something with the ring of truth,
And the majesty of youth,
Something singing "all is well"
In the blackest pit of hell!
"A Song of Singers" by Richard Le Gallienne

In news:

1987 Hey, baby, want some beet sugar .
Gradually beat in 1 cup sugar.
Tequila & Brown Sugar Glaze: 1 cup tequila 1 cup dark brown sugar 1½ tsp.
The suit, filed in US District Court in Los Angeles by Western Sugar Cooperative, Michigan Sugar Co. And C & H Sugar Co.
Sugar farmers sue over ' corn sugar ' campaign.
Sugary drinks or sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB's) are those to which sugar has been added.
White sugar 1 c. White Karo Syrup 1 1/4 c. Crunchy peanut butter 6 c. Mix syrup and sugar.
Michigan Sugar Company has a goal to improve beet quality by increasing the co-op's average sugar content to 19.
The Western Sugar Cooperative plant in Fort Morgan began slicing sugar beet s almost a month ago.
The Western Sugar Cooperative plant in Fort Morgan began slicing sugar beets almost a month ago.
A man headed to work at a sugar plantation in Orlandia in São Paulo State, which accounts for 60 percent of the sugar production in Brazil.
Not surprisingly, the sugar maple contains the most sugar .
Hugh Newton, of Hugh's Sugar Shack, Hannawa Falls, has been out preparing his 800-tap sugar bush since mid-February.
2-3 cups fresh organic cherries 6 tablespoons butter, room temperature 1/2 cup sugar, plus 1 tablespoon sugar.
Jackie Conn from Weight Watchers shares some important sugar facts and tips to take the fright out of sugar.
***

In science:

Following λJ S , the DS -WH IL E desugars while loops to recursive functions (we write letrec as syntactic sugar for the standard encoding using fix).
Dependent Types for JavaScript
Note that <, ≤, = can be used as syntactic sugar.
Bounded Termination of Monotonicity-Constraint Transition Systems
If there is no match, the program halts. A wildcard “?” can be introduced in patterns as syntactic sugar.
Bounded Termination of Monotonicity-Constraint Transition Systems
The weak neutral currents (mediated by Z 0) stabilize preferentially the L-aminoacids and D-sugars over the D-aminoacids and L-sugars.
Quantum Entanglement on Cosmological Scale
Kamada, Nonlocalities in NN forces defined through the Blankenbecler-Sugar equation, preprint, University of Bochum (1994).
Off-Shell NN Potential and Triton Binding Energy
This bee knows Boris’s sweetness, for bees are drawn to sugar.
Classical Chaos and its Quantum Manifestations
Boris became quite the expert on sugar, and knows good and bad sugar when he tastes it.
Classical Chaos and its Quantum Manifestations
Please accept this small box of American sugar, but I do ask that after you try it, you do make public your referee report.
Classical Chaos and its Quantum Manifestations
The basic idea of this approach is due to Blankenbecler, Scalapino and Sugar [Blankenbecler et al. 1981].
d_{x^2-y^2}-wave superconductivity and the Hubbard model
This is shown for instance with Sugar and AGASA coverage in (Anchordoqui et al. 2003), or with Auger Southern and Northern sites in (Sommers 2000).
Angular Power Spectrum Estimation of Cosmic Ray Anisotropies with Full or Partial Sky Coverage
As an example one can consider a large chiral molecule (like sugar) which can have both left-handed and righthanded classical spatial structures [89, 90].
Zeno meets modern science
We also test the method with data available from the AGASA and SUGAR surface detector arrays.
Detecting filaments in the ultra-high energy cosmic ray distribution
SUGAR for EeV energies near the location of the galactic center (but not confirmed by Auger ).
Detecting filaments in the ultra-high energy cosmic ray distribution
In section 4 we test the method with simulated structures superimposed to an isotropic background, showing that these can be efficiently recovered, while in section 5 we apply the technique to the available AGASA and SUGAR data.
Detecting filaments in the ultra-high energy cosmic ray distribution
We then applied these tools to the available AGASA and SUGAR data, without finding any very significant evidence in favor of the presence of elongated structures in those datasets.
Detecting filaments in the ultra-high energy cosmic ray distribution
***