• WordNet 3.6
    • adj substitute artificial and inferior "ersatz coffee","substitute coffee"
    • adj substitute serving or used in place of another "an alternative plan"
    • adj substitute capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team "a utility infielder"
    • v substitute put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items "the con artist replaced the original with a fake Rembrandt","substitute regular milk with fat-free milk","synonyms can be interchanged without a changing the context's meaning"
    • v substitute be a substitute "The young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague","The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are on a strict diet"
    • v substitute act as a substitute "She stood in for the soprano who suffered from a cold"
    • n substitute a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another
    • n substitute someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult) "the star had a stand-in for dangerous scenes","we need extra employees for summer fill-ins"
    • n substitute an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The liquid inside young coconuts can be used as substitute for blood plasma
    • n Substitute (Mil) One who, or that which, is substituted or put in the place of another; one who acts for another; that which stands in lieu of something else "Hast thou not made me here thy substitute ?""Ladies [in Shakespeare's age] . . . wore masks as the sole substitute known to our ancestors for the modern parasol."
    • v. t Substitute To put in the place of another person or thing; to exchange. "Some few verses are inserted or substituted in the room of others."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Dandelion root can be roasted and ground as a coffee substitute
    • substitute To put in the place of another; put in exchange.
    • substitute To appoint; invest with delegated authority.
    • substitute Put in the place or performing the functions of another; substituted.
    • n substitute A person put in the place of another; one acting for or in the room of another; theatrical, an understudy; specifically (military), one who for a consideration serves in an army or navy in the place of a conscript; also, a thing serving the purpose of another.
    • n substitute In calico-printing, a solution of phosphate of soda and phosphate of lime with a little glue or other form of gelatin, used as a substitute for cow-dung.
    • n substitute Synonyms Proxy, alternate.
    • substitute In chem., to replace (an atom or group) in the molecule of a compound by another atom or group. See substituent.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Acorns were used as a coffee substitute during the American Civil War
    • v.t Substitute sub′sti-tūt to put in place of another
    • n Substitute one who, or that which, is put in place of another
    • adj Substitute put instead of another
    • ***


  • Aesop
    “Outside show is a poor substitute for inner worth.”
  • Robert Louis Stevenson
    “Books are good enough in their own way, but they are a mighty bloodless substitute for life.”
  • Randall Jacobs
    Randall Jacobs
    “There is no substitute for accurate knowledge. Know yourself, know your business, know your men.”
  • St. Augustine
    “Charity is no substitute for justice withheld.”
  • C. S. Lewis
    “I sometimes wander whether all pleasures are not substitutes for joy.”
  • George Buttrick
    George Buttrick
    “Prayer is not a substitute for work, thinking, watching, suffering, or giving; prayer is a support for all other efforts.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. substitutus, p. p. of substituere, to put under, put in the place of; sub, under + statuere, to put, place: cf. F. substitut,. See Statute


In literature:

The third squad was now under the care of a youth named Marvin, a substitute quarter-back on last year's second team.
"Left End Edwards" by Ralph Henry Barbour
The next point in the conservation of the forests is to seek substitutes to take the place of wood.
"Checking the Waste" by Mary Huston Gregory
In such cases it is a great convenience to have a few substitutes available.
"The Measurement of Intelligence" by Lewis Madison Terman
Bran bread should be substituted for white bread.
"The Mother and Her Child" by William S. Sadler
The geared engine has also been used as a substitute for cable power, in "yarding" operations.
"Handwork in Wood" by William Noyes
For character of will we had substituted discipline.
"The New Society" by Walther Rathenau
He knew the necessity for some substitute, even a substitute so imperfect as the law of nations.
"The Life of William Ewart Gladstone, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by John Morley
Omission, Transposition, Substitution, and Addition.
"The Causes of the Corruption of the Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels" by John Burgon
Note, too, how rapidly the habit of substituting lightly-made resolutions for seriously-endeavoured acts grows.
"Expositions of Holy Scripture" by Alexander Maclaren
It did not occur to this young lady to try to disown the substitute.
"The Madigans" by Miriam Michelson
They are often a substitute for a large amount of hard work.
"Pushing to the Front" by Orison Swett Marden
One may find a substitute for a wife, there is no substitute for a mother.
"Woman" by William J. Robinson
To substitute judgments of fact for judgments of value, is a sign of a pedantic and borrowed criticism.
"The Sense of Beauty" by George Santayana
He, ignoring the substitute, merely kissed the tapering fingers.
"Ainslee's, Vol. 15, No. 6, July 1905" by Various
By permission of the chairman this substitute was accepted.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
You'd left a good substitute.
"The Side Of The Angels" by Basil King
The peace is inseparable from the substitution.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions. Vol. 2" by Ernst Hengstenberg
When the whistle blew and the game began, Teeny-bits was sitting on the side lines with the other substitutes.
"The Mark of the Knife" by Clayton H. Ernst
The business of purchasing substitutes is prevailing alarmingly.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
Thare iz no good substitute for wisdum, but silence iz the best that haz been discovered yet.
"The Complete Works of Josh Billings" by Henry W. Shaw

In poetry:

We look in vain for a substitute
To take the place of success;
A proxy saps its vital cords,
It dies of paralysis.
"Success" by Jared Barhite
"The only substitute for me
Was ever found, is called a pen:
The frequent use of that will be
The way to make me come again."
"Memory" by Charles Lamb
Then black men went as substitutes
While timid white men staid at home;
Thus swelled the ranks of all recruits,
Till bloody treason met its doom.
"The Triumph Of Liberty" by James Madison Bell
Sweet season ! that wings ev'ry moment with joy,
And gilds ev'ry cheek with a smile,
That chases the dark-brooding clouds from the sky,
And substitutes brightness the while.
"Summer" by Laura Sophia Temple
"But then," they said, "it's most unconstitutional, you know.
Besides, we have no precedent; therefore you have no show."
But Bill dispensed with precedent and substituted sense --
Whereat the anger of the tribal Tories was immense.
"In The First Elective Ministry" by C J Dennis
At one time the tillers of the soil cursed the traveller who brought the
potato, the substitute for bread, the poor man's daily food…. They shook
the precious gift out of his outstretched hands, flung it in the mud,
trampled it underfoot.
"'Thou shalt Hear The Fool's Judgment....'--_Pushkin_" by Ivan Turgenev

In news:

Experts are looking forward to an international cardiology meeting this weekend to help answer a key question: will Eliquis become the leading substitute.
Coconut water products are being touted as more healthful substitutes for sports drinks.
Vegan mayonnaise is made without eggs, but if you can't find it substitute low-fat mayonnaise.
1/4 pound country ham, diced, or substitute slab bacon, diced and cooked crisp.
He lined up a job as a substitute teacher in his home, Dublin, Ohio.
The mess we're in started with financial theories that substituted banking innovation for due diligence and sensible regulation.
Deciding how to join them requires examining options, including potential material substitutions and process possibilities.
For Orange Zest , Substitute Kool-Aid.
You can substitute a mixture of fresh orange and lime juices.
Seniors look forward to assignments as substitute teachers.
Bishop Moore Catholic High School seeks science teacher /permanent substitute.
NPs No Substitute for Physician-lead Team.
Substituting Tuna for T-Bone.
Bible translator criticized over word substitution .
Substitution of Doxil in Ovarian Cancer.

In science:

Substituting this diagonal form into (2.19) we obtain P (Z ) = Z dB f (tr BOΛOT B T ) |detB |n .
On the universality of the probability distribution of the product $B^{-1}X$ of random matrices
These neutrino oscillations are described by expressions (14)-(19) with the following substitution of νµ → ¯νe .
Neutrino Oscillations. Theory and Experiment
Furthermore, we assume α-conversion for the substitution of strategy variables.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
We assume α-conversion for the substitution of type variables.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
It will suffice to show that substituting ua = x and ub = x into the RHS of equation (7) yields zero.
Generating functions for moments of the quasi-nilpotent DT-operator
Let Ω/ ≡ denote the set of all equivalent classes of Boolean functions and let ⊑ denote the partial-order induced by ≤. A class K ⊆ Ω is said to be closed under simple variable substitutions if each function obtained from a function f in K by simple variable substitution is also in K .
On a quasi-ordering on Boolean functions
Since cation substitution can cause increased scattering, one ob jective of this work was to grow crystals with the lowest possible cation substitution level.
Tl2Ba2CuO6+d Brings Spectroscopic Probes Deep Into the Overdoped Regime of the High-Tc Cuprates
An example of a finitely based class whose substitution-closure is infinitely based is Av(4321) — the basis of its substitution-closure contains an infinite family of permutations, one of which is shown in Figure 6.
A Survey of Simple Permutations
The substitution y+ ↔ y− has no effect on the transition probabilities, contrary to the substitution x+ ↔ x−.
The 3-dimensional random walk with applications to overstretched DNA and the protein titin
GP phenomenon is observed and this feature is not unusual as it has also been detected in the corresponding single crystal.12 Here we show that Ga substitution enhances the GP singularity, whereas it disappears in the Al substituted sample.
Selective substitution in orbital domains of a low doped manganite : an investigation from Griffiths phenomenon and modification of glassy features
These contrasting magnetic state at low temperature in the substituted compounds also arise due to the selective substitution at the domains and at their walls.
Selective substitution in orbital domains of a low doped manganite : an investigation from Griffiths phenomenon and modification of glassy features
To emphasize the fact that the wall dynamics is modified or suppressed by Al substitution, thermal hysteresis (TH) of ac susceptibility is measured for the Al and Ga substituted samples.
Selective substitution in orbital domains of a low doped manganite : an investigation from Griffiths phenomenon and modification of glassy features
The graph GLϕ for our example substitution is drawn in Figure 3, this substitution satisfies Assumption 21 for it is suffix-free.
Factor complexity of infinite words associated with non-simple Parry numbers
Substitutions A substitution θ is a mapping from V to Term(Σ , V ) such that its domain dom(θ) = {x | x 6= θ(x)} is finite. A substitution θ is idempotent iff θ(θ(x)) = θ(x) for all x ∈ V .
Parametrizing Program Analysis by Lifting to Cardinal Power Domains
The set of all idempotent substitutions is denoted Subst . A renaming substitution is a bijection from V to V .
Parametrizing Program Analysis by Lifting to Cardinal Power Domains