subsidy

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n subsidy a grant paid by a government to an enterprise that benefits the public "a subsidy for research in artificial intelligence"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Subsidy A grant from the government, from a municipal corporation, or the like, to a private person or company to assist the establishment or support of an enterprise deemed advantageous to the public; a subvention; as, a subsidy to the owners of a line of ocean steamships.
    • Subsidy Specifically: A sum of money paid by one sovereign or nation to another to purchase the coöperation or the neutrality of such sovereign or nation in war.
    • Subsidy Support; aid; coöperation; esp., extraordinary aid in money rendered to the sovereign or to a friendly power. "They advised the king to send speedy aids, and with much alacrity granted a great rate of subsidy ."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n subsidy An aid in money; pecuniary aid.
    • n subsidy Especially— In English history, an aid or tax formerly granted by Parliament to the crown for the urgent occasions of the realm, and levied on every subject of ability according to the value of his lands or goods; a tax levied on a particular occasion.
    • n subsidy A sum paid, often according to treaty, by one government to another, sometimes to secure its neutrality, but more frequently to meet the expenses of carrying on a war.
    • n subsidy Any direct pecuniary aid furnished by the state to private industrial undertakings, or to eleemosynary institutions. Such aid includes bounties on exports, those paid to the owners of ships for running them, and donations of land or money to railroad, manufacturing, theatrical, and other enterprises.
    • n subsidy Synonyms Subsidy, Subvention. In the original and essential meaning of a government grant in aid of a commercial enterprise, these termsare substantially equivalent; but two circumstances lead to some difference in common usage.
    • n subsidy Such grants being rarely, if ever, made in England or the United States except in aid of the mercantile marine, the establishment of lines of transportation, or the like, subsidy is used more commonly than subvention in reference to such enterprises, while, such grants being frequent in France in aid of the drama and the press, etc., the word subvention is used more commonly than subsidy in application to enterprises connected with literature and the arts.
    • n subsidy Writers who oppose all such uses of public funds commonly prefer to characterize them as subsidies, while those who approve of them commonly prefer the term subvention.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Subsidy sub′si-di assistance: aid in money: a sum of money paid by one state to another for assistance in war
    • n Subsidy one who, or that which, aids or supplies: an assistant
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. subsidium, the troops stationed in reserve in the third line of battlem reserve, support, help, fr. subsidere, to sit down, lie in wait: cf. F. subside,. See Subside

Usage

In literature:

Instead of poor relief he would give a subsidy to the children of the very poor, and pensions to the aged.
"Shelley, Godwin and Their Circle" by H. N. Brailsford
I represent King Joseph; On his behalf I brought the subsidies.
"L'Aiglon" by Edmond Rostand
To expect a subsidy from the crown was futile, but Henry felt compunction for his abrupt recall of the monopoly.
"The Founder of New France" by Charles W. Colby
The government subsidies were the first {153} resource.
"The Railway Builders" by Oscar D. Skelton
Student volunteer transit subsidy.
"Homeland Security Act of 2002" by Committee on Homeland Security, U.S. House of Representatives
Government subsidies made up the difference, enabling us to buy from Earth.
"Industrial Revolution" by Poul William Anderson
The Church maintains seminaries in all cathedral towns, and these also receive a subsidy from the government.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
What was Garnet doing or promising, that Leggett should thus single out Rosemont for subsidies?
"John March, Southerner" by George W. Cable
The names of the chief residents in Willenhall in 1327 may be gleaned from the Subsidy Roll given in Chapter IX.
"The Annals of Willenhall" by Frederick William Hackwood
Some while ago the French ambassador offered me a subsidy.
"A Prince of Good Fellows" by Robert Barr
The advertisements in the Advertiser are permanent, being simply subsidies for its existence.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 24 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
By 1852 the subsidy produced as much as L200 a year.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
Great controversy has prevailed as to the state subsidies given to co-operative credit.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
A subsidy, a one-time payment, of 280 leks was provided for each child.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
On the 27th of May, the first instalment of the subsidy, L300,000, was remitted from the British Treasury.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 57, No. 353, March 1845" by Various
The company receives a heavy subsidy from the national government.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4" by Various
Hesitatingly and sparingly did the Diet grant subsidies, and so defective was the payment that the grant became a mere farce.
"Pictures of German Life in the XVth XVIth and XVIIth Centuries, Vol. I." by Gustav Freytag
It was to be a kind of soil bank, though without the subsidy.
"Give Me Liberty" by Thomas J. Wertenbaker
It was too much like an invalid's subsidy to feel excessive.
"Makers" by Cory Doctorow
The estimated revenue of the state is L250,000, and the state pays a subsidy of L13,000 for the Bhopal battalion.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6" by Various
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In poetry:

HE had said, "Thank God for my body obscene,
For the lust that oppresses life, choking me;
Hereby shall I prove my faith serene,
Hereby shall my flesh's mortality,
Dire flame of passion, foul, unclean.
To my holy faith yield subsidy."
"The Apostate" by E J Rupert Atkinson

In news:

Remember, the single largest tax subsidy in health care today is the tax break for employer-sponsored insurance.
Obama calls for "revamping" of farm support system , possible income caps for subsidies.
Swear Off Subsidies To Achieve A Clean Energy Future.
Restore subsidies to Advantage plans.
Solyndra failed because subsidy was too little, too late .
After a recent denial for a federal grant, officials look to other subsidies for the city's intermodal transit hub.
Damn Those Tricksy Republicans With Their Hate and Their Crop Subsidies.
Obama's Trump Card on Oil Subsidies.
Mark Dayton ordered Tuesday that the state give child-care providers who receive a state subsidy the chance to vote on whether to form a union.
Can't Walk Away From Clean Energy Subsidies.
Businesses, communities need to be weaned from government subsidies.
Blown away by the attacks on wind-power subsidy.
Despite swingeing subsidy cuts this April, movies are still being put into production in Spain.
Subsidies fail to help sector take root.
The Hancock County commissioners have flatly rejected a request from MedCorp ambulance service for a monthly subsidy to keep operating in the county full time.
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In science:

Support from the Polish grant N203 387337 and TEAM subsidy of the Fundation for Polish Science (FNP) is also acknowledged.
The Baade-Wesselink p-factor applicable to LMC Cepheids
This research was supported by VICI subsidy 639.033.604 of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and the Hausdorff Center for Mathematics.
It\^{o} isomorphisms for $L^p$-valued Poisson stochastic integrals
The NSF funds provide subsidies for the local expenses of young participants and for the education and outreach activities.
Overview and Charge -- Snowmass Workshop 2005
RSK furthermore thanks for subsidies from a Frontier grant of Heidelberg University sponsored by the German Excellence Initiative and for support from the Landesstiftung BadenW¨urttemberg via their program International Collaboration II, grant no. P-LS-SPII/18.
Numerical and semi-analytic core mass distributions in supersonic isothermal turbulence
The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support by a ‘VIDI subsidie’ (639.032.201) in the ‘Vernieuwingsimpuls’ programme of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO).
A stochastic Datko-Pazy theorem
This research is partially supported by Open Research Center Pro ject for Private Universities: matching fund subsidy from MEXT, 2004-2008.
A Heat Kernel Approach to Interest Rate Models
The second-named author gratefully acknowledges support by VICI subsidy 639.033.604 of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO).
Pathwise Holder convergence of the implicit Euler scheme for semi-linear SPDEs with multiplicative noise
The second named author gratefully acknowledges the support by VICI subsidy 639.033.604 in the ‘Vernieuwingsimpuls’ programme of the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO).
Equivalence of laws and null controllability for SPDEs driven by a fractional Brownian motion
The first named author is supported by VICI subsidy 639.033.604 of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).
Tools for Malliavin calculus in UMD Banach spaces
The second author was supported by VENI subsidy 639.031.930 of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).
Tools for Malliavin calculus in UMD Banach spaces
The second author was supported by a VENI subsidy 639.031.930 of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).
Traces and embeddings of anisotropic function spaces
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