sublimate

Definitions

  • A VISION OF SUBLIMITY
    A VISION OF SUBLIMITY
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj sublimate made pure
    • v sublimate vaporize and then condense right back again
    • v sublimate change or cause to change directly from a solid into a vapor without first melting "sublime iodine","some salts sublime when heated"
    • v sublimate remove impurities from, increase the concentration of, and separate through the process of distillation "purify the water"
    • v sublimate make more subtle or refined
    • v sublimate direct energy or urges into useful activities
    • n sublimate the product of vaporization of a solid
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Sublimate (Chem) A product obtained by sublimation; hence, also, a purified product so obtained.
    • a Sublimate Brought into a state of vapor by heat, and again condensed as a solid.
    • Sublimate To bring by heat into the state of vapor, which, on cooling, returns again to the solid state; as, to sublimate sulphur or camphor.
    • Sublimate (Psychology) To redirect the energy (of sexual or other biological drives) into a more socially acceptable or constructive form.
    • Sublimate To refine and exalt; to heighten; to elevate. "The precepts of Christianity are . . . so apt to cleanse and sublimate the more gross and corrupt."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • sublimate To bring (a solid substance, such as camphor or sulphur) by heat into the state of vapor, which on cooling returns again to the solid state. See sublimation.
    • sublimate To extract by or as by sublimation.
    • sublimate Figuratively, to deprive of earthly dross; elevate; refine; purify; idealize.
    • sublimate Brought into a state of vapor by heat, and again condensed, as camphor, sulphur, etc.; hence, elevated; purified.
    • n sublimate Anything produced by sublimation or refining.
    • n sublimate In mineralogy, the deposit formed, as in a glass tube or on a surface of charcoal, when a mineral containing a volatile ingredient is heated before the blowpipe.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Sublimate sub′lim-āt to elevate: to refine and exalt: to purify by raising by heat into vapour which again becomes solid
    • n Sublimate the product of sublimation
    • n Sublimate a vessel used in sublimation
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Quotations

  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “Rest not. Life is sweeping by; go and dare before you die. Something mighty and sublime, leave behind to conquer time.”
  • Josh Billings
    Josh%20Billings
    “When a man gets talking about himself, he seldom fails to be eloquent and often reaches the sublime.”
  • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
    Henry%20Wadsworth%20Longfellow
    “Know how sublime a thing it is to suffer and be strong.”
  • Lauter
    Lauter
    “He who has not forgiven an enemy has never yet tasted one of the most sublime enjoyments of life.”
  • Eric Hoffer
    Eric%20Hoffer
    “There is sublime thieving in all giving. Someone gives us all he has and we are his.”
  • Fyodor Dostoevsky
    Fyodor%20Dostoevsky
    “Neither man or nation can exist without a sublime idea.”

Idioms

From the sublime to the ridiculous - If something declines considerably in quality or importance, it is said to have gone from the sublime to the ridiculous.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. sublimatus, p. p. of sublimare, to raise, elevate, fr. sublimis, high: cf. F. sublimer,. See Sublime (a.), and cf. Surlime (v. t.)

Usage

In literature:

It inspires a sublime audacity and a heroic courage.
"Architects of Fate" by Orison Swett Marden
It was not a popular doctrine; and yet a conscientious few practised it with sublime courage whenever occasion required.
"History of the Negro Race in America from 1619 to 1880. Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Washington Williams
And those who held that sublime code of yours, that cleaving to truth for truth's sake, where are they?
"Wisdom, Wit, and Pathos of Ouida" by Ouida
It is touching, solemn, sublime, this pause and outburst of feeling in the midst of the wild festal scene.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volumes I-VI." by Various
In this sublime masterpiece, the early oratorio reached its highest form in Germany.
"The Standard Oratorios" by George P. Upton
Bossuet, twinned here with Corneille, is to the Frenchman, as Milton is to the Englishman, his synonym for sublimity.
"Classic French Course in English" by William Cleaver Wilkinson
His sublimity is not to be questioned; but it does not always disdain the aid of rude contrasts and mere theatrical effect.
"The Life of Friedrich Schiller" by Thomas Carlyle
This man had talent, and he had sublime conceptions, great dreams, and splendid aspirations.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great Philosophers, Volume 8" by Elbert Hubbard
He believed that with the stupendous vision of Unaga he had witnessed Nature's most sublime effort.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
He pronounces it sublime, or sublime in cases of intensity.
"The Posthumous Works of Thomas De Quincey, Vol. 1 (2 vols)" by Thomas De Quincey
The spectacle was as suggestive as it was sublime.
"The Life Radiant" by Lilian Whiting
AN ILLUSTRATION OF THE SUBLIME AND BEAUTIFUL.
"Ups and Downs in the Life of a Distressed Gentleman" by William L. Stone
This in general is the process of substitution or sublimation.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
The sound, I think, is one of the grandest in nature, and is of the true species of the sublime.
"From Farm House to the White House" by William M. Thayer
We have hitherto spoken of the taste for what is beautiful; a taste for the sublime we should be cautious in cultivating.
"Practical Education, Volume II" by Maria Edgeworth
Solitude generates a certain amount of sublime exaltation.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
The colossal flux and reflux of waters produces a feeling of terrible sublimity.
"The Goddess of Atvatabar" by William R. Bradshaw
And burns Lorenzo still for the sublime Of life?
"Young's Night Thoughts" by Edward Young
Thus arose in their bosoms the sublime thought of God as an active power to be reckoned upon.
"The Expositor's Bible: The Book of Exodus" by G. A. Chadwick
The fumaroles and sublimations abounded, only about the brims of the craters.
"The Eruption of Vesuvius in 1872" by Luigi Palmieri
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In poetry:

It is the Law, complete, sublime;
And now, with Faith unshaken,
In patience I but bide my time
When any joy is taken.
"Recompense" by Ella Wheeler Wilcox
But there's sublimer work than even
To free your native sod;
--Ye may be loyal to your land,
Yet traitors to your God!
"Beechenbrook - VII" by Margaret Junkin Preston
Amazed I pass
From glass to glass,
Deloighted I survey 'em;
Fresh wondthers grows
Before me nose
In this sublime Musayum!
"The Crystal Palace" by William Makepeace Thackeray
Oh, fear not in a world like this,
And thou shalt know erelong,--
Know how sublime a thing it is
To suffer and be strong.
"The Red Planet Mars" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
In that golden time what worship
Rang with most melodious chime
From his inmost haunt of being,
Making all his life sublime.
"Dante" by Alexander Anderson
Across these unresisting plains
It sweeps at times with force sublime,
And always like the wraith it seems
Of happier clime.
"Prairie Winds" by Helena Coleman

In news:

Sublime's Rome Ramirez / Photo by Andrew Herrold.
Episode 7: the sublimation hour.
In Praise of The Sea Ranch, a Sublimely Beautiful Example of Environmental Architecture.
Two drivers were taken to the hospital after a collision in Sublimity on Tuesday.
The color is exquisite, the fit, sublime.
Through a series of unexplainable events, throwback Pepsi made its way into my life a couple of weeks ago -- and our meeting was sublime.
While normally it is the newest technology that blows us away -- the Lytro, say -- using the oldest tech can be sublime, too.
But the supreme dancers, along with Frank, keep it sublime.
Writer-director Javier Fuentes-León's directorial debut, Undertow , is sublime.
The transition from cake bottom to candy-like top is sublime.
Virtuosity , Vacant or Sublime.
Antony and the Johnsons escape camp and get close to the sublime.
Founding members of Sublime , drummer Bud Gaugh and bass player Eric Wilson after 14 years, have officially taken to the stage once again.
Dubbed Sublime with Rome, the group will reintroduce themselves and Sublime 's music to fans across the country.
The Beatles' most famous chords and Sublime 's sudden end.
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In science:

It must be noted that, as in the case of α Lyr, most of the grains in this model are submicronic and located close to their sublimation radius.
A near-infrared interferometric survey of debris disc stars. II. CHARA/FLUOR observations of six early-type dwarfs
Ba vapor is created through sublimation out of the alloy.
An apparatus for immersing trapped ions into an ultracold gas of neutral atoms
The higher accretion rates observed in a number of white dwarfs require the presence of gas that increases the viscosity, and Rafikov (2011b) shows that sublimation of the inner disk may be sufficient to lead to a runaway evolution which produces accretion rates of 1010 − 1011 g/s, exhausting the disk in ∼ 105 yr.
Constraints on the Lifetimes of Disks Resulting from Tidally Destroyed Rocky Planetary Bodies
If the activity is driven by sublimation, MBCs represent an unexpected and persistent reservoir of water in the inner solar system.
Faint moving object detection, and the Low Signal-to-Noise recovery of Main Belt comet P/2008 R1 Garradd
First, the interior of a frozen membrane is exposed by fracturing; then, the ice that covers one of the adjacent membrane surfaces is sublimed away: this process is called deep-etching.
Amphiphilic Membranes
If the grain temperature is less than the sublimation temperature of the H2O ice (Tsub,H2O ≃ 110 − 120 K), the H2O ice is able to fill all or part of the vaccum in the grain.
On the HR 4796A circumstellar disk
Thermal sublimation (as discussed above, but now with larger binding energies U0/k ≈ 7 × 104 K and shorter times ∆t ≈ 10 s for the optical transient, so the grain temperature can rise to ∼ 3000 K.
Astrophysics of Dust in Cold Clouds
The BLR is dust free, because inside the dust sublimation radius; therefore, if a large fraction of the X-ray absorbing column density is located within the BLR, as discussed in the previous section, then this naturally yields to a reduced AV /NH .
X-ray absorption in Active Galactic Nuclei
Since such a temperature is higher or equal to the grain sublimation temperature, relatively little dust thermal emission is expected at this wavelength.
ISO observations of the radio-loud BALQSO 1556+3517
Simpson 1998), whereby a dusty torus obscures less of the central nucleus in more luminous systems; the dust sublimation radius grows with increasing L.
A Review of Line and Continuum Correlations in AGNs
Note that in our calculations (at r ≥ 0.1 AU) the temperatures never exceed 1500-1800K in the disk and we do not consider dust sublimation; the dust is present at all times and is the dominant opacity source.
On the Snow Line in Dusty Protoplanetary Disks
As appears typical of DFT calculations on ice Ih our calculations slightly overestimate the sublimation energy of 0.69 eV compared to the experimental value 0.61 eV .
Orientational Defects in Ice Ih: An Interpretation of Electrical Conductivity Measurements
For a liquids is an evaporation and for solids – sublimation.
Fugacity of condensed media
But it does not preclude a segregation of the various ice components according to their sublimation temperatures.
Cometary diversity and cometary families
This investigation is indirect, since only the gas and dust coma is observed, after the nucleus ices have sublimated.
Cometary diversity and cometary families
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