stutter

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v stutter speak haltingly "The speaker faltered when he saw his opponent enter the room"
    • n stutter a speech disorder involving hesitations and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Stuttering is 4 to 6 times more common in boys than in girls.
    • Stutter One who stutters; a stammerer.
    • Stutter The act of stuttering; a stammer. See Stammer, and Stuttering.
    • v. t. & i Stutter To hesitate or stumble in uttering words; to speak with spasmodic repetition or pauses; to stammer. "Trembling, stuttering , calling for his confessor."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • stutter To speak with a marked stammer; utter words with frequent breaks and repetitions of parts, either habitually or under special excitement.
    • stutter Synonyms Falter, etc. See stammer.
    • stutter To utter with breaks and repetitions of parts of words; say disjointedly.
    • n stutter A marked stammer; broken and hesitating utterance of words.
    • n stutter One who stuts or stutters; a stutterer.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.i Stutter stut′ėr to hesitate in speaking: to stammer
    • n Stutter the act of stuttering: a hesitation in speaking
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Quotations

  • Marion Davies
    Marion Davies
    “Somebody told me I should put a pebble in my mouth to cure my stuttering. Well, I tried it, and during a scene I swallowed the pebble. That was the end of that.”
  • Logan Pearsall Smith
    Logan%20Pearsall%20Smith
    “We grow with years more fragile in body, but morally stutter, and can throw off the chill of a bad conscience almost at once.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Freq. of stut, OE. stoten,; probably of Dutch or Low German origin; cf. D. & LG. stotteren, G. stottern, D. stooten, to push, to strike; akin to G. stossen, Icel. stauta, Sw. stöta, Dan. stöde, Goth. stautan, L. tundere, Skr. tud, to thrust. Cf. Contuse Obtuse

Usage

In literature:

Whe-whe-when you talk so much, ye-ye-you g-get me to st-st-st-stuttering.
"A Forest Hearth: A Romance of Indiana in the Thirties" by Charles Major
The dumb man then spake, stuttering, and with great effort, I claim my expenses.
"Anecdotes & Incidents of the Deaf and Dumb" by W. R. Roe
His words came stuttering.
"Astounding Stories, February, 1931" by Various
I will kill thee,' he stuttered at the captain.
"The Fifth Queen" by Ford Madox Ford
Before he could even stutter a reply a motor footman had leaped down from the box and opened the door of the limousine.
"Officer 666" by Barton W. Currie
But his stuttering evidence gave no advantage to either side.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
He had a peculiar thickness of speech, not quite a stutter.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 15, No. 90, April, 1865" by Various
The motor conked with a non-stuttering finality.
"Aces Up" by Covington Clarke
He poised himself on one foot, and began to pump, blink, whistle, and finally to stutter.
"Captain Pott's Minister" by Francis L. Cooper
Among his other failings, he stuttered lamentably.
"My Schools and Schoolmasters" by Hugh Miller
He stuttered and coughed, and stood at ease, for the effort to remain at attention was beyond him.
"With Joffre at Verdun" by F. S. Brereton
A third stuttering series of reports saluted this action, and then there was a short pause ended by a single shot.
"The Bandbox" by Louis Joseph Vance
He stuttered with it.
"The Immortal Moment" by May Sinclair
He wheeled round, raised his cap, and broke into stuttering excuse.
"Cynthia's Chauffeur" by Louis Tracy
When Tescheron had calmed I broke out with a hiss and a stutter; it wasn't a laugh, for I haven't laughed in years.
"Cupid's Middleman" by Edward B. Lent
He stuttered and stammered and stalled.
"Sube Cane" by Edward Bellamy Partridge
Why a plague was stuttering Jack at Oxford then?
"Rewards and Fairies" by Rudyard Kipling
No stuttering or beating about the bush.
"In the Whirl of the Rising" by Bertram Mitford
The stuttering gardener made the proposal that they should remain, but should make a joint demand for higher wages.
"Villa Eden:" by Berthold Auerbach
The second son was a dear fellow, but stuttered.
"A Question of Marriage" by Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey
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In poetry:

With marvelling, or like him
I stutter with pride and fear:
I hold, Love, divinity
In my changed face and hair.
"Divinity" by Irving Layton
Stuttered-over-again World,
where I shall have been
a Guest, a Name,
sweated down from the Wall,
that a Wound licks up.
"Stuttered-Over-Again World" by Paul Celan
When tomorrow pleads the mortal decision
Sifting rankly out of time's sieve today,
No words differently will be uttered
Nor stuttered, like sheep astray.
"A Pauper" by Allen Tate
All through the night
I have heard the stuttering call of a blind quail,
A caged decoy, under a cairn of stones,
Crying for light as the quails cry for love.
"The Quails" by Francis Brett Young
For the cold of the pistol-butt and the bullet’s heat,
For the rope that chokes, the manacles that bind,
The huge voice, metal, that lies from a thousand tubes
And the stuttering machine-gun that answers all.
"Litany for Dictatorships" by Stephen Vincent Benet
"Onlike the previous speaker, Mr. Sutter of Yreka, he was but a
humble seeker--and not like him--a cuss"--
It was here that Mr. Sutter softly reached for Mr. Cutter, when the
latter with a stutter said: "ac-customed to discuss."
"A Question Of Privilege" by Francis Bret Harte

In news:

My husband also stuttered as a child, but as an adult he speaks quite well.
DVD provides help for stuttering problems.
"This is an important tool for families and teachers of kids who stutter ," said Jane Fraser, Stuttering Foundation president.
My mother had been a stutterer during her teen years, but I had never heard or saw her stutter .
My husband and I had three children, but none of them stuttered .
I do believe genetics was involved in my case of stuttering .
Recent studies show genetic factors probably play a role in stuttering .
For a long time, stuttering was believed to be a psychological problem.
"The fact is, you won't be coming to New York," Sharon told the embattled country singer, who had claimed his stutter was the result of a head injury he suffered while serving.
Many children who stutter have never met anyone else who struggles with the same disability.
When he spoke to the judges, it immediately became clear that he has a serious stutter .
Stutter by Marc Shell Harvard University Press, 341 pp.$27.95.
Barrett, a junior at Mountain View High School, stutters .
With the help of his father, Barrett is working to establish the first teen-focused Peninsula chapter of the National Stuttering Association — a non-profit organization benefitting adults and children who stutter .
But studies have shown that adopted children of adults who stutter are unlikely to stutter themselves.
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In science:

Lamport [Lam83] first proposed the notion of invariance under stuttering.
Modeling Time in Computing: A Taxonomy and a Comparative Survey
Whenever a (discrete time) behavior b3 can be obtained from another behavior b4 by adding and removing “stuttering steps” (i.e., pairs of identical states on adjacent time steps), we say that b3 and b4 are stutter-equivalent.
Modeling Time in Computing: A Taxonomy and a Comparative Survey
Note that stutter invariance is defined for discrete time models only.
Modeling Time in Computing: A Taxonomy and a Comparative Survey
Hm−z/2−2 (x, y ) : s(p) = by removing for 1 ≤ k ≤ m − z − 1 every second stutter in the k th run of stutters of size sk (p) ∈ 2Z, and that this transformation is a bijection.
Spectra of large random trees
In the stutter jump mode, the robot performed a small initial jump followed by a larger second jump, see Fig. 2c.
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
For large φ single jumps predominate while stutter jumps occurred at lower f and φ.
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
The emergence of the stutter jump was unexpected.
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
Interestingly, the stutter jump was observed even for phases somewhat larger than π (Fig 2), for which the initial actuator acceleration is expected to progress positively from 0.
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
The f which gave maximum h was less than f0 for stutter jumps and greater than f0 for single jumps (Fig 3b).
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
Understanding the optimality of the stutter jump is more complicated.
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
The situation is illustrated in Fig. 4, for φ = π/2, i.e. when the stutter jump is most effective.
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
In fact, the stutter jump uses nearly an order of magnitude less power to achieve comparable jump height to the single jump.
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
The system becomes hybrid for certain parameters as a stutter jump emerges.
Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot
Actually, the NP upper bound is shown by adequately combining a new stuttering theorem for Past LTL and the property of small integer solutions for quantifier-free Presburger formulae.
Taming Past LTL and Flat Counter Systems
Indeed, we combine three proof techniques: the general stuttering theorem , the property of small integer solutions of equation systems (this latter technique is used since [29, 17]) and the elimination of disjunctions in guards (see Section 6).
Taming Past LTL and Flat Counter Systems
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