sturgeon

Definitions

  • SHOVEL-NOSED STURGEON This fish is covered with bony plates instead of scales. The roe is made into caviar. Range: Upper and middle Mississippi Valley
    SHOVEL-NOSED STURGEON This fish is covered with bony plates instead of scales. The roe is made into caviar. Range: Upper and middle Mississippi Valley
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n sturgeon large primitive fishes valued for their flesh and roe; widely distributed in the North Temperate Zone
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Sturgeon (Zoöl) Any one of numerous species of large cartilaginous ganoid fishes belonging to Acipenser and allied genera of the family Acipenseridæ. They run up rivers to spawn, and are common on the coasts and in the large rivers and lakes of North America, Europe, and Asia. Caviar is prepared from the roe, and isinglass from the air bladder.☞ The common North American species are Acipenser sturio of the Atlantic coast region, Acipenser transmontanus of the Pacific coast, and Acipenser rubicundus of the Mississippi River and its tributaries. In Europe, the common species is Acipenser sturio, and other well-known species are the sterlet and the huso. The sturgeons are included in the order Chondrostei. Their body is partially covered by five rows of large, carinated, bony plates, of which one row runs along the back. The tail is heterocercal. The toothless and protrusile mouth is beneath the head, and has four barbels in front.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n sturgeon A chondroganoid fish of the order Chondrostei and family Acipenseridæ (see the technical names). There are 2 leading genera, Acipenser and Scaphirhynchops, or ordinary and shovel-nosed sturgeons. Of the latter there are 4 species, confined to the fresh waters of the United States and some parts of Asia, as S. platyrhynchus of the former country, 5 feet long. (See cut under shovelhead.) The common sturgeon of the Atlantic, anadromous in Europe and North America, is A. sturio. Another, of the Atlantic coast of the United States, is the short-nosed sturgeon, A. brevirostris. The small or Ruthenian sturgeon, or sterlet, of some European waters is A. ruthenux. (See sterlet, with cut.) The great white sturgeon, beluga, or huso of Pontocaspian waters, is A. huso; this is the largest known, 12 or 15 feet or more in length, weighing 1,000 pounds or more, and an important source of isinglass and of caviar. The white sturgeon of the Columbia and Sacramento rivers is A. transmontanus, an important food-fish, of from 300 to 600 pounds weight. The green sturgeon of the same waters is A. medirostris, supposed to be unfit for food. An isolated and very distinct species, land-locked in fresh waters of the United States, is A. rubicundus, variously known as the red, black, stone-, rock-. lake-, and Ohio sturgeon; it reaches a length of o feet, and a weight of from 50 to 100 pounds. Nearly all the sturgeons are the objects of important fisheries, for their flesh, for various uses of their bony plated skins, and as sources of isinglass and caviar. Sturgeons rank with whales as regal or royal fishes (see regal). See also cut under Acipenser.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Sturgeon stur′jun a genus of large Ganoid fishes, yielding palatable flesh, caviare from their roe, isinglass from their air-bladders.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. esturgeon, LL. sturio, sturgio, OHG. sturjo, G. stör,; akin to AS. styria, styriga,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. esturgeon, from Old High Ger. sturjostōren, to spread.

Usage

In literature:

All the rivers are well stocked with fish, especially with sturgeon.
"Modern Persia" by Mooshie G. Daniel
A stop was made at the River of Sturgeons, to lay in a store of food against the voyage.
"French Pathfinders in North America" by William Henry Johnson
When we came to Sturgeon Bay, I took a cut in through the bar.
"Old Rail Fence Corners" by Various
He received us most hospitably, giving us a good supply of dried sturgeon.
"The Substance of a Journal During a Residence at the Red River Colony, British North America" by John West
Sturgeon Bay, Hope, 26.45.
"The American Missionary - Volume 52, No. 1, March, 1898" by Various
Sturgeon Bay, Hope, 20.15.
"The American Missionary - Volume 52, No. 2, June, 1898" by Various
A name for the sturgeon of the Hudson River, where it is taken in quantity for commerce.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
And he's got a brother what's going to be a sturgeon.
"The Trail of the Hawk" by Sinclair Lewis
When Smith spoke of sturgeon he was most probably referring to the James river, the best waters for sturgeon in Virginia to this day.
"The Bounty of the Chesapeake" by James Wharton
The sturgeon was tainted.
"The House with the Mezzanine and Other Stories" by Anton Tchekoff
Sturgeon are caught here, and trout, some of which weigh from forty to fifty pounds each.
"Travels in North America, From Modern Writers" by William Bingley
Sturgeons are very nice, cooked in the following manner.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
Sturgeon Bay, Hope, 26.88.
"The American Missionary -- Volume 54, No. 2, April, 1900" by Various
Sturgeon is frequently plentiful and reasonable in the London shops.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
You'll see here, too, one or two scows with blunt ends, such as they call the 'sturgeon' nose.
"Young Alaskans in the Far North" by Emerson Hough
They fished some time longer, and made one or two pretty good hauls; but the sturgeon was the great event of the day.
"Harper's Young People, April 13, 1880" by Various
From the fields the maize invites us, Sturgeons have been fat and plenty.
"The White Doe" by Sallie Southall Cotten
Here a band of Indians were cooking, feasting, laughing, shouting around a huge sturgeon captured the night before.
"The Bridge of the Gods" by Frederic Homer Balch
The following is an excellent imitation of pickled sturgeon.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Of all the forms of this order, the sturgeon is that which is least unfamiliar to us.
"The Contemporary Review, Volume 36, September 1879" by Various
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In poetry:

Hawks and eagles mount the sky;
Sturgeons in deep waters lie.
Out of reach, they safely get,
Arrow fear not, nor the net.
Hiding-place for me there's none;
Here I stay, and make my moan.
"An Officer Deplores The Misery Of The Time" by Confucius
Sweet river, in thy gentle stream
Myriads of funny beings swim:
The watchful trout with speckled pride;
The perch, the dace in silvered pride;
The princely salmon, sturgeon brave,
And lamprey, emblem of the knave.
"Ode To Connecticut River" by Josias Lyndon Arnold

In news:

Jason Sturgeon will perform at the Vigo County Fair.
The Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission has revised its schedule and now will adopt new lower Columbia River sturgeon management guidelines on Saturday, Jan 8, instead of Friday, Jan 7.
The Atlantic Sturgeon plays a crucial role in the development of many projects along the Hudson River.
The dominance of the hometown boy continues as Jason Sturgeon picked up his second win, this time over Dierks Bentley.
Mary E Sturgeon , 91, of State Route 154, passed away at 4:30 am, Friday, Nov 16, 2012 at Blossom Nursing and Rehabilitation Center following a recent illness.
Sturgeon was born May 15, 1921 near Lebanon, Ky. A daughter of the late Albert L and Rosa (Raley) Cox.
Approximately 70 of 100 young sturgeon will be released to the Kalamazoo River on Sept 24 in a ceremony to celebrate the first successful hatching and rearing of young sturgeon by state, federal, tribal and local partners.
Lennex and Albert M Sturgeon were united in marriage on Saturday, June 2, at 2:30 pm, at the Lansing United Methodist Church, with the Rev.
Mary E Sturgeon , 91, of state Route 154, died at 4:30 am Friday at the Blossom Nursing and Rehabilitation Center following a recent illness.
It's official: Atlantic sturgeon 'endangered'.
James E Sturgeon , 72, of Rockford, Ohio, died at 7:30 am Friday in his residence.
He was born on June 21, 1938, in Howard County, Indiana, to William E and Thelma R Wilson Sturgeon .
Sturgeon churches revive food pantry operation.
Parents of the couple are Duane and Julie Stangeland of Marshall and Robert Sturgeon and Tomaza Salas of Granite Falls.
COLUMBIA — A Sturgeon man was killed in a two-vehicle accident Sunday evening at US 63 and Peabody Road, according to a Missouri State Highway Patrol accident report.
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In science:

Intersexes in mississippi river shovelnose sturgeon sampled below saint louis, missouri, usa.
A Developmental Network Theory of Gynandromorphs, Sexual Dimorphism and Species Formation
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