• WordNet 3.6
    • adj stubborn tenaciously unwilling or marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield
    • adj stubborn not responding to treatment "a stubborn infection","a refractory case of acne","stubborn rust stains"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1649, Massachusetts's Puritan government ruled the following: "Any childe over 16 who shall CURSE or SMITE their natural FATHER or MOTHER, or act in a STUBBORNE or REBELLIOUS manner shall be put to death."
    • a Stubborn Firm as a stub or stump; stiff; unbending; unyielding; persistent; hence, unreasonably obstinate in will or opinion; not yielding to reason or persuasion; refractory; harsh; -- said of persons and things; as, stubborn wills; stubborn ore; a stubborn oak; as stubborn as a mule. "Bow, stubborn knees.""Stubborn attention and more than common application.""Stubborn Stoics.""And I was young and full of ragerie [wantonness Stubborn and strong, and jolly as a pie.""These heretics be so stiff and stubborn .""Your stubborn usage of the pope."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • stubborn Sturdy; stout; strong.
    • stubborn Fixed or set in opinion or purpose; obstinately determined; inflexibly resolute; not to be moved by persuasion; unyielding.
    • stubborn Persistently obdurate; obtuse to reason or right; obstinately perverse. [This sense depends upon the connection, and is not always clearly distinguishable from the preceding, since what is justifiable or natural persistence from one point of view may be sheer perversity from another.]
    • stubborn Persistently pursued or practised; obstinately maintained; not readily abandoned or relinquished.
    • stubborn Difficult of treatment or management; hard to deal with or handle; not easily manipulated; refractory; tough; unyielding; stiff.
    • stubborn Harsh; rough; rude; coarse in texture or quality.
    • stubborn Synonyms and Refractory, Intractable, etc. (see obstinate); wilful, headstrong, unruly, inflexible, obdurate, ungovernable, indocile, mulish.
    • stubborn To make stubborn; render stiff, unyielding, enduring, or the like.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Stubborn stub′orn immovably fixed in opinion: obstinate: persevering: steady: stiff: inflexible: hardy: not easily melted or worked
    • v.t Stubborn (Keats) to make stubborn
    • ***


  • Plato
    “There are few people so stubborn in their atheism who when danger is pressing in will not acknowledge the divine power.”
  • Albert Einstein
    “It gives me great pleasure indeed to see the stubbornness of an incorrigible nonconformist warmly acclaimed.”
  • John Dryden
    “Roused by the lash of his own stubborn tail our lion now will foreign foes assail.”
  • Coltvos
    “The one who overcomes egotism rids themselves of the most stubborn obstacle that blocks the way to all true greatness and all true happiness.”
  • John Adams
    “Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passions, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.”
  • Albert Einstein
    “The distinction between the past, present and future is only a stubbornly persistent illusion.”


Stubborn as a mule - Someone who will not listen to other people's advice and won't change their way of doing things is as stubborn as a mule.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. stoburn, stiborn,; probably fr. AS. styb, a stub. See Stub


In literature:

She had never been an ardent admirer of Miriam, and had at first stubbornly refused to repudiate Grace.
"Grace Harlowe's Sophomore Year at High School" by Jessie Graham Flower
But the stubborn fact was, he couldn't.
"The Real Adventure" by Henry Kitchell Webster
He became suddenly stubborn, almost sullen.
"Children of the Market Place" by Edgar Lee Masters
But I think you'll find he's quite stubborn about it.
"Paradise Garden" by George Gibbs
I am slower than she, but even more stubborn, as the English are.
"A Woman Named Smith" by Marie Conway Oemler
Julia can be quite as hard and as stubborn as he can.
"The Claverings" by Anthony Trollope
The horse grew weary of the effort, made in vain, to dislodge the stubborn torment on his back.
"The Furnace of Gold" by Philip Verrill Mighels
He maintained a stubborn silence.
"The Skipper and the Skipped" by Holman Day
This stubborn resistance was backed too by natural obstacles of the gravest kind.
"History of the English People, Volume I (of 8)" by John Richard Green
The stubborn will of the conquered was met by as stubborn a will in their conquerors.
"History of the English People, Volume II (of 8)" by John Richard Green
He could never argue with Hamilton and yet on one or two subjects he was gently and immovably stubborn.
"Destiny" by Charles Neville Buck
This was no message of fear or warning, but of implacable stubbornness and ravening hunger.
"Star Born" by Andre Norton
It was stubbornly defended.
"Historical Tales, Vol. 4 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
The usual methods would not prevail in his stubborn case.
"The President" by Alfred Henry Lewis
You're just as stubborn as I am.
"The Victim" by Thomas Dixon
Stubbornness or no stubbornness, she must go this time.
"Ralestone Luck" by Andre Norton
And," stubbornly, "I won't believe it!
"Judith of Blue Lake Ranch" by Jackson Gregory
But I must say that I don't know where you get your stubbornness.
"An Arkansas Planter" by Opie Percival Read
What James was as stubbornly resolved on was the restoration of Episcopacy.
"History of the English People, Volume V (of 8)" by John Richard Green
He could have jogged up a little, but he was too stubborn.
"Land of the Burnt Thigh" by Edith Eudora Kohl

In poetry:

Broke! Broke! Broken
Your master's neck is broken!
And you see what came of a stubborn frame
O Lilly Willy Woken!
"Lilly-Willy-Woken" by Henry Clay Work
The want, the misery, the woe,
The stubborn heart which will not turn;
The tears which will or will not flow;
The shame which does or does not burn.
"Isle Of Wight--Spring, 1891" by Horace Smith
We are not come to wage a strife
With swords upon this hill,
It is not wise to waste the life
Against a stubborn will.
Yet would we die as some have done.
Beating a way for the rising sun.
"The Day-Breakers" by Arna Wendall Bontemps
If thou hadst bid thy thunders roll,
And lightnings flash to blast my soul,
I still had stubborn been:
But mercy has my heart subdued,
A bleeding Saviour I have viewed,
And now, I hate my sin.
"The Rebel's Surrender To Grace (Lord, What Wilt Thou Have Me to Do?)" by John Newton
With those that bred, with those that loosed the strife,
He had no part whose hands were clear of gain;
But subtle, strong, and stubborn, gave his life
To a lost cause, and knew the gift was vain.
"General Joubert" by Rudyard Kipling
`Twas a stubborn fight, no doubt, and the fortune wheeled about,
And the brave Mossoos kept coming most uncomfortable near,
And says Wellington the hero, as his hopes went down to zero,
`I wish to God that Blooker or the night was only here!'
"After Waterloo" by Robert Fuller Murray

In news:

Dugger reports on a stubborn attacker - a preventable disease that blinds poor people in the third world.
Suicide rate is stubbornly high.
For all the ways it is rife with tenderness, fury and ugliness, William Faulkner's fiction is stubbornly persistent in its artistry.
Stubborn weed exhibits more resistance in Midwest.
For all the ways it is rife with tenderness, fury and ugliness, William Faulkner 's fiction is stubbornly persistent in its artistry.
I'd been stubborn for years, refusing to cave to the pressure to be part of facebook.
The arrest apparently brought a stubborn mystery to a close.
CAIRO— The revolution in Egypt belongs to brave, stubborn Egyptians who faced down the clubs, gas, and gunfire of Hosni's henchmen.
Q&A: Beach House 's Victoria Legrand on Her 'Scrappy and Stubborn' Band.
Our stubbornly high unemployment rate is playing a central role in the current presidential election campaigns.
"That stubborn 10 pin got me," Verbil said, laughing.
Two stubborn clouds continued to block out the sun, however.
Celebrity trainer Joe Dowdell reveals the surprising cause of stubborn arm fat.
Fire companies from numerous counties battled the stubborn blaze for over two hours.
Add to that a stubborn case of politics fatigue, and you've got a lot of reasons to write off this city.

In science:

The reader should not mind that the text itself avoids all more sophisticated considerations, but this stubborn approach should make it quite transparent to trace in which way the structure of the category of finite dimensional representations determines that of all the representations.
Infinite dimensional representations of canonical algebras
We could prove this directly by going stubbornly through the definitions of sec. 2, but this is somewhat tedious because the Lagrangian (4.72) and the corresponding supersymmetry transformations are relatively complicated.
Asymptotic generators of fermionic charges and boundary conditions preserving supersymmetry
The problem has stubbornly resisted a complete solution despite the attention of many suitors (see for a short history).
Higher dimensional distortion of random complexes
We think that our argument provides a transparent explanation for why lim m/n = 1 stubbornly remains the threshold for the constrained k-XORSAT for every k ≥ 3.
The Satisfiability Threshold for k-XORSAT
Despite many attempts, MOND resisted stubbornly to be falsified as an alternative to cold dark matter (CDM; e.g.
Testing MOND with Ultra-Compact Dwarf Galaxies
Finding of function w(El ) is an intricate combination problem, determination of power spectrum of El , as the set of acceptable energies for l state, is also a stubborn problem.
Probability distribution function for a solid with vacancies
The precision on the third angle of the Unitarity Triangle, γ , determined from B → DK and related decay processes, has stubbornly refused to go below the 10◦ level despite great efforts from BaBar and Belle [73, 74].
What We've Learned from Heavy Flavour Experiments Since CKM2010
In their epochal experimental researches these individuals have demonstrated originality, perseverance (i.e., stubbornness), and enormous achievement.
Summary Talk: International Symposium on Neutrino Astrophysics, Takayama/Kamioka (10/'92)
QCD calculations stubbornly persist in predicting a cross section slightly above the experimental measurement.
QCD: Challenges for the Future
Both deadlocks could be resolved if drivers would follow their plans less “stubbornly”, i.e., after having unsuccessfully waited for a certain movement for a certain time period, they should just do something else.
Using microsimulation feedback for trip adaptation for realistic traffic in Dallas
The problem in both figures could be resolved by making the black vehicles less “stubborn”, i.e. eventually they decide to go straight or left.
Using microsimulation feedback for trip adaptation for realistic traffic in Dallas
In fact, she translated the article into Spanish. I was impressed not only with the demonstration of language skills, but the display of stubborn independence found in astronomers everywhere.
Proceedings of the Bonn/Bochum-Graduiertenkolleg Workshop 'The Magellanic Clouds and Other Dwarf Galaxies'
They are usually faithful to long-term programs, maybe even stubborn! Beyond the adjective “constructive”, they share in common with the “constructive” trend in mathematics, advocated for instance by Kronecker, a taste for explicit solutions, together with explicit bounds, rathere than abstract existence theorems.
Constructive Field Theory and Applications: Perspectives and Open Problems
Given their stubborn refusal to do so, perhaps it is time for their colleagues and administrators – and any willing Pennsylvania judges – to provide the necessary wake-up call.
Intelligent Design in the Physics Classroom?
Some were quickly solved, but some, related to the computation of the BPS spectrum, remained stubbornly open.
Four-dimensional N=2 Field Theory and Physical Mathematics