• WordNet 3.6
    • n stratagem a maneuver in a game or conversation
    • n stratagem an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade "his testimony was just a contrivance to throw us off the track"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Stratagem An artifice or trick in war for deceiving the enemy; hence, in general, artifice; deceptive device; secret plot; evil machination. "Fit for treasons, stratagems , and spoils.""Those oft are stratagems which error seem,
      Nor is it Homer nods, but we that dream."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n stratagem An artifice in war; a plan or scheme for deceiving an enemy.
    • n stratagem Any artifice; a trick by which some advantage is intended to be obtained.
    • n stratagem Synonyms and
    • n stratagem Artifice, Manæuver. Trick, etc. See artifice.
    • n stratagem Deception, plot, trap, device, snare, dodge, contrivance.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Stratagem strat′a-jem an artifice, esp. in war: a plan for deceiving an enemy or gaining an advantage: any artifice generally
    • ***


  • Miguel De Cervantes
    “Love and war are the same thing, and stratagems and policy are as allowable in the one as in the other.”
  • Harold Pinter
    Harold Pinter
    “One way of looking at speech is to say it is a constant stratagem to cover nakedness.”
  • Washington Irving
    “The natural principle of war is to do the most harm to our enemy with the least harm to ourselves; and this of course is to be effected by stratagem.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. stratagème,cf. Sp. estratagema, It. stratagemma,), L. strategema, Gr. , fr. to be leader of an army, fr. a general; an army (probably as being spread out; cf. Stratum) + to lead. See Agent
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. stratagema—Gr. stratēgēmastratēgos, a general—stratos, an army, agein, to lead.


In literature:

They work chiefly by Stratagems.
"An Historical Relation Of The Island Ceylon In The East Indies" by Robert Knox
The Leinster king, Bran Dubh, had recourse to a stratagem, from whence the name was derived.
"An Illustrated History of Ireland from AD 400 to 1800" by Mary Frances Cusack
Numbers are powerful, with stratagem invincible.
"The Tragedies of Euripides, Volume I." by Euripides
Tea, sometimes take, 411. without a stratagem, 1868.
"Handy Dictionary of Poetical Quotations" by Various
To obtain victory in battle without cunning or stratagem is the best sport.
"The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 1"
By an ingenious stratagem, this castle was also taken.
"The Empire of Austria; Its Rise and Present Power" by John S. C. Abbott
He therefore condescended to stratagem.
"The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World, Vol 7. (of 7): The Sassanian or New Persian Empire" by George Rawlinson
It must be by stratagem or evasion.
"The Passenger from Calais" by Arthur Griffiths
What was this stratagem, and how was its perpetrator rewarded?
"Pinnock's Improved Edition of Dr. Goldsmith's History of Rome" by Oliver Goldsmith
This brave man fell into the hands of the emperor, who sought to use him in a stratagem to obtain possession of Benevento.
"Historical Tales, Vol 5 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
You express apprehensions that stratagems will be used, to produce a misunderstanding between the President and myself.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
I think it will need that stratagem we spoke of to open them.
"The Disentanglers" by Andrew Lang
If Dumah were delivered it must be by stratagem; and yet what stratagem could be employed?
"The Days of Mohammed" by Anna May Wilson
This battle he is said to have won by stratagem.
"Roumania Past and Present" by James Samuelson
You must not imagine, however, that my stratagem was deep-laid and deliberately executed.
"Arthur Mervyn" by Charles Brockden Brown
In fact, I succeeded several times, by stratagem only.
"Stories about Animals: with Pictures to Match" by Francis C. Woodworth
He tried the stratagem of right and left flank movements, but the space was too narrow.
"The Southerner" by Thomas Dixon
His general, the duke of Berwick, entering Portugal, took the town of Segura by stratagem.
"The History of England in Three Volumes, Vol.II. From William and Mary to George II." by Tobias Smollett
No, it must be by stratagem.
"The Comedies of William Congreve Volume 1 [of 2]" by William Congreve
The only way to get near them is by a stratagem.
"The Western World" by W.H.G. Kingston

In poetry:

Come and something newer learn
In the stratagem his father
Has arranged to cure the illness
Of Chrysanthus, whom he fancies . . .
"The Purgatory Of St. Patrick - Act II" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
Oh! had they sung in notes like these,
Inspired by stratagem or fear,
They might have set their hearts at ease
The devil a soul had stay'd to hear.
"Granta: A Medley" by Lord George Gordon Byron
I NOW propose to give a fav'rite tale :—
The god of Love was never known to fail,
In finding stratagems, as I have read,
And many have I seen most nicely spread.
"A Confidant Without Knowing It; Or The Stratagem" by Jean de La Fontaine
Stronger medicines are needed.
Already they find
None of their stratagems have succeeded,
Nor would have, no,
Not had their eyes been stricken blind,
Hands cut off at the elbow.
"Love's Strategems" by Donald Justice
Like Joshua, make thou our leaders strong,
That they like him, may chase the hostile throng,
Their schemes and stratagems do thou attend,
That they may bring them to a prosp'rous end.
"The Soldier's Prayer" by Rees Prichard
Po. Nay, if you doubt it, I wish it nere might take.
Have I made hell a partie in the action,
And laid such snares, that more then humane force
Cannot withstand my well knit stratagem;
Yet will you still torment me with these doubts?
"Rhodon And Iris. Act IV" by Ralph Knevet

In news:

Mother Bear's six children are balking at bedding down for the winter, but she coaxes them under the patchwork quilt with a clever stratagem: each cub gets a personalized bedtime rhyme.
Stratagem' follows two foppish fortune-hunters.
Konner cites the sexual practices of Tantric Yoga where men are "contemptuous of orgasm " and where they use "various stratagems to maintain for hours on end the blissful vertiginous state that immediately precedes it.
Dudnyk bought San Francisco-based Stratagem , expanding its West Coast presence and adding medical-device marketing expertise, the agency said.
MMM > News > Dudnyk buys device-marketing expert Stratagem .
FDA considers banning BPA in infant formula containers in response to lawmaker's stratagem .
Deception by artifice or stratagem in order to conceal, escape, or evade.
A deceptive device or stratagem.
StrataGem Press™ Announces Techno-Thriller 'OMAR: A Novel' Awarded 2012 Best Indie Book Competition Grand Prize.

In science:

One might then view clock fields as a stratagem to deploy in a Kretschmann-type ob jection that general covariance is trivial or purely formal, while taking the absence of clock fields in GTR to show that it, unlike STR, has no preferred coordinates and ipso facto is substantively generally covariant.
Empirical Equivalence, Artificial Gauge Freedom and a Generalized Kretschmann Objection
In this paper, a stratagem exploiting these symmetries will be used to provide an exact analytical description of a local deformation that is established in a flat membrane when two neighboring points are brought into contact.
Force dipoles and local defects on flat fluid membranes
This stratagem allows the electron mass to be taken to zero in ∆1 .
Two-Photon Physics in Hadronic Processes
Moreover, a system of assessment in which the length of the publication list is the only metric that counts can create incentive for pursuing stratagems that have little or no academic merit, such as arbitrarily subdividing a paper to get multiple submissions.
A view of mathematics research productivity at U.S. regional public universities
This suggests that a similar stratagem may apply to the supersymmetrical theory.
Basic Canon in D=4, N=1 Superfield Theory: Five Primer Lectures