stool

Definitions

  • Three Legged-Stool
    Three Legged-Stool
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v stool have a bowel movement "The dog had made in the flower beds"
    • v stool grow shoots in the form of stools or tillers
    • v stool react to a decoy, of wildfowl
    • v stool lure with a stool, as of wild fowl
    • n stool a simple seat without a back or arms
    • n stool a plumbing fixture for defecation and urination
    • n stool (forestry) the stump of a tree that has been felled or headed for the production of saplings
    • n stool solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Oak Stool with Brass Cover Oak Stool with Brass Cover
The prince holds on to the leg of the flying stool The prince holds on to the leg of the flying stool
He sprang from his stool He sprang from his stool
JACOBEAN STOOL AT KNOLE JACOBEAN STOOL AT KNOLE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Stool A bench or form for resting the feet or the knees; a footstool; as, a kneeling stool .
    • Stool A bishop's seat or see; a bishop-stool.
    • n Stool (Hort) A plant from which layers are propagated by bending its branches into the soil.
    • Stool A seat used in evacuating the bowels; hence, an evacuation; a discharge from the bowels.
    • Stool A single seat with three or four legs and without a back, made in various forms for various uses.
    • Stool (Naut) A small channel on the side of a vessel, for the dead-eyes of the backstays.
    • Stool A stool pigeon, or decoy bird.
    • Stool Material, such as oyster shells, spread on the sea bottom for oyster spat to adhere to.
    • v. i Stool (Agric) To ramfy; to tiller, as grain; to shoot out suckers.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n stool A seat or chair; now, in particular, a seat, whether high or low, consisting of a piece of wood mounted usually on three or four legs, and without a back, intended for one person; also, any support of like construction used as a rest for the feet, or for the knees when kneeling.
    • n stool The seat of a bishop; a see.
    • n stool Same as ducking-stool.
    • n stool The seat used in easing the bowels; hence, a fecal evacuation; a discharge from the bowels.
    • n stool A frame for tapestry-work.
    • n stool The root or stump of a timber-tree, or of a bush, cane, grass, etc., which throws up shoots; also, the cluster of shoots thus produced.
    • n stool The mother plant from which young plants are propagated by the process of layering.
    • n stool Nautical: A small channel in the side of a vessel for the deadeyes of the backstays.
    • n stool An ornamental block placed over the stem to support a poop-lantern.
    • n stool A movable pole or perch to which a pigeon is fastened as a lure or decoy for wild birds. See the extract under stool-pigeon, 1.
    • n stool Hence A stool-pigeon; also, a decoy-duck.
    • n stool Material spread on the bottom for oysterspat to cling to; set, either natural or artificial. See Cultch.
    • n stool (See also camp-stool, footstool, night-stool, piano-stool.)
    • stool To throw up shoots from the root, as a grass or a grain-plant; form a stool. See stool, n., 6.
    • stool To decoy duck or other fowl by means of stools.
    • stool To be decoyed; respond to a decoy.
    • stool To evacuate the bowels.
    • stool To plow; cultivate.
    • n stool In wooden ships, one of the pieces of plank bolted to the quarters for the purpose of forming and erecting the galleries; also, one of the ornamental blocks for the poop lanterns to stand on abaft.
    • n stool In iron ship-building, a small foundation or seating for the support of some part of the machinery, as the shaft-bearings, pumps, etc.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Stool stōōl a seat without a back: a low bench for the feet or for kneeling on: the seat used in evacuating the bowels: the act of evacuating the bowels, also that which is evacuated: a root of any kind from which sprouts shoot up: a portable piece of wood to which a pigeon is fastened as a decoy for wild birds
    • ***

Quotations

  • Samuel Johnson
    Samuel%20Johnson
    “Players, Sir! I look on them as no better than creatures set upon tables and joint stools to make faces and produce laughter, like dancing dogs.”
  • Richard Cecil
    Richard Cecil
    “Self-will so ardent and active that it will break a world to pieces to make a stool to sit on.”

Idioms

Stool pigeon - (USA) A stool pigeon is a police informer.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. stōl, a seat; akin to OFries. & OS. stōl, D. stoel, G. stuhl, OHG. stuol, Icel. stōll, Sw. & Dan. stol, Goth. stōls, Lith. stalas, a table, Russ. stol',; from the root of E. stand,. √163. See Stand, and cf. Fauteuil
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. stól, Ger. stuhl; cf. Ger. stellen, to place.

Usage

In literature:

Eeny came in and sat down on a low stool at Grace's feet.
"Kate Danton, or, Captain Danton's Daughters" by May Agnes Fleming
Almost with one motion he stooped, snatched up by the leg a heavy stool, and sprang to the bed upon which he had been sitting.
"The Yukon Trail" by William MacLeod Raine
Hanlon made his way to the latter, and sat on one of the upholstered stools.
"Man of Many Minds" by E. Everett Evans
One of his colleagues after the other left his own place and came to Anton's stool.
"Debit and Credit" by Gustav Freytag
He took his place in the row perched on stools in front of the white slab, his feet on the railing, his elbows on the counter.
"Gigolo" by Edna Ferber
The little man undoubled his knees and descended the stool.
"The Coast of Chance" by Esther Chamberlain
Jill, when Freddie and Nelly left the room, had seated herself on a low stool, and sat looking thoughtfully into the fire.
"Jill the Reckless" by P. G. (Pelham Grenville) Wodehouse
Each guest brought his own knife, fork, and stool.
"Through Three Campaigns" by G. A. Henty
Then sitting down on a three-legged stool, he kindled a bright fire.
"Heidi" by Johanna Spyri
I think she must have had a kind of notion that it was a coaxing, wheedling little stool.
"The Cricket on the Hearth" by Charles Dickens
If the results at stool before breakfast were not satisfactory, vaseline rectum and go to stool again.
"The Mother and Her Child" by William S. Sadler
They also carried diminutive stools, on which they sat wherever they went.
"Great African Travellers" by W.H.G. Kingston
In a few hours diarrhea sets in, the stools may number from four to twelve or more in twenty-four hours.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Volume IV. (of IV.)" by Grant Hague
He descended from the stool, as the doctor entered the shop looking very grave.
"Post Haste" by R.M. Ballantyne
An open Bible placed on Daddy Skinner's stool attracted his attention in his survey of the room.
"Tess of the Storm Country" by Grace Miller White
Mildred secured a stool and sat down in the shadow, gazing up toward the high altar.
"The Red Cross Girls with the Russian Army" by Margaret Vandercook
There he found his friend in dressing-gown and slippers, one bandaged foot on a stool.
"Black Oxen" by Gertrude Franklin Horn Atherton
The narrow and contracted strait or canal through which the feces must pass, gives a tape-like shape to the stools.
"Intestinal Ills" by Alcinous Burton Jamison
He sat himself by the fireside upon a stool, being minded to avoid temptation.
"Privy Seal" by Ford Madox Ford
Out in the kitchen, standing on a high stool, was Mrs. Bullfinch.
"Jerry's Charge Account" by Hazel Hutchins Wilson
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In poetry:

"Our governess is not in school,
So we may talk a bit;
Sit down upon this little stool,
Come, little Mary, sit:
"The End Of May" by Charles Lamb
Princes then shall come to rule,
As Sheba did of old:
Nevermore, as black foot-stool,
Shall Afric's sons be sold.
"Glory To The Lord" by Marcus Mosiah Garvey
'Till Caleb, nine years old, upsprung,
And kick'd his stool aside,
And younger Mary round him clung,
"I'll go, and you shall guide."
"The Drunken Father" by Robert Bloomfield
At length they bowed to Nature's rule -
Their steps grew feeble and unsteady,
Till FREDDY fainted on a stool,
And JOHNNY on the top of FREDDY.
"John and Freddy" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Wing'd Squadrons of the God of War,
Who conquer wheresoe'er you are,
Let Ecchoing Anthems make his Praises known
On Earth, his Foot-stool, as in Heav'n his Throne.
"A Paraphrase On The CXLVIIIth Psalm" by Wentworth Dillon
Whan famishin' Tories, owre benches and stools,
Cam' loupin' an' yellin', the Whigamore fools
Left a' in their han's, an' took aff to the hill,
In the "Cave o' Adullam" was buried the bill.
"Rhymes For The Times: III" by Janet Hamilton

In news:

In this stool, the Dogon people of Mali describe the cosmos as two disks forming the sky and earth connected by a tree.
Add a small stool to an open or floating vanity to quickly transform it into a glam makeup station.
When the stool is not in use, tuck it underneath to open up floor space.
Outdoor Server with Stools Woodworking Plan.
14.75" diameter x 30.25" H (bar-height stool ).
Tennessee Volunteers head coach Derek Dooley watches warmups from a stool before the game against the Alabama Crimson Tide at Neyland Stadium.
Few stools are as clean and elegant as this one.
It's almost as easy to make half a dozen stools as it is to make one.
It's another edition of From the Bar Stool .
The causes and treatments of a dog's tarry or bloody stool .
Tarry or Bloody Stool in Dogs.
The stools are remarkably lightweight – less than 4 lbs.
Essentially, that means one of the stool 's legs is a bit shorter and a bit weaker.
Those who have only relied on the one leg of retirement planning their whole lives may find that the stool will become a bit difficult to depend on in their later years.
Send Them to Their "Naughty Stools " If they don't listen to your warning, place them on their "naughty stools .".
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In science:

Generally, these three approaches intertwine, inform each other, and provide support for each other. I have illustrated them in figure 1 as the legs of a three-legged stool.
The role of context and culture in teaching physics: The implication of disciplinary differences
And as we all know well, the most important leg of a three-legged stool is the one that’s missing.
The role of context and culture in teaching physics: The implication of disciplinary differences
H. floriensis, who was too small to get up on a bar stool anyhow, and would probably have been carded15 .
Astrophysics in 2006
An application of the proposed confidence bounds to a sample of 256 pairs of laboratory test results for toxigenic Clostridium difficile provides evidence for a dramatic sensitivity gain through first appropriately culturing Clostridium difficile from stool samples before applying an enzyme-immuno-assay.
Confidence bounds for the sensitivity lack of a less specific diagnostic test, without gold standard
Available diagnostic tests are applied to stool specimens of patients with diarrhoea, using one of the following three methods, with details to be specified.
Confidence bounds for the sensitivity lack of a less specific diagnostic test, without gold standard
The first, simple and a matter of a few hours, consists in performing an enzyme-immuno-assay (EIA) for the direct detection of toxin A or B in the stool specimen.
Confidence bounds for the sensitivity lack of a less specific diagnostic test, without gold standard
The second, taking about 3 days, consists in trying to culture Clostridium difficile (possibly nontoxigenic) from the stool specimen on an appropriate medium and applying then a “confirmatory test” for toxin A or B, for example an EIA as above, to any cultured colonies.
Confidence bounds for the sensitivity lack of a less specific diagnostic test, without gold standard
The third, again taking about 3 days, tests the cytotoxicital potential of the stool specimen by applying it to a vero-cell culture (cytotoxicity neutralisation test).
Confidence bounds for the sensitivity lack of a less specific diagnostic test, without gold standard
Both tests were applied to each stool specimen of a sample of size 256, consisting of all liquid specimens sent to a microbiological laboratory during two consecutive months.
Confidence bounds for the sensitivity lack of a less specific diagnostic test, without gold standard
The prevalence of toxigenic Clostridium difficile, in the population of all liquid stool samples sent to a laboratory for microbiological investigation, is certainly not known precisely, but is believed to be very roughly 15%.
Confidence bounds for the sensitivity lack of a less specific diagnostic test, without gold standard
However, as the EIA is applied in Test 1 to the whole stool specimen and in Test 2 only to a part of a culture from the specimen already identified as Clostridium difficile, it seems very plausible to assume that Test 2 is at least as specific as Test 1.
Confidence bounds for the sensitivity lack of a less specific diagnostic test, without gold standard
Delamont, Sara, Paul Atkinson & Odette Parry (1994) ‘Suspended Between Two Stools: Doctoral Education in British Higher Education’, in A Coffey & P. Atkinson (eds), Occupational Socialization and Working lives (Aldershot: Avebury): 138–55.
On the shoulders of students? The contribution of PhD students to the advancement of knowledge
The effort yij required (on the Borg scale) to arise from a stool is measured for J = 9 different sub jects each using I = 4 different types of stools.
Blockwise and coordinatewise thresholds as pivots for modern ANOVA tests
For θ1 we decide to coordinatewise threshold it to be able to determine which types of stool seem significant.
Blockwise and coordinatewise thresholds as pivots for modern ANOVA tests
Moreover the test provides the information that levels 3 and 4 of the type of stool are not significant.
Blockwise and coordinatewise thresholds as pivots for modern ANOVA tests
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