stoic

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj stoic seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive "stoic courage","stoic patience","a stoical sufferer"
    • adj Stoic pertaining to Stoicism or its followers
    • n Stoic a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno "a Stoic achieves happiness by submission to destiny"
    • n stoic someone who is seemingly indifferent to emotions
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Stoic A disciple of the philosopher Zeno; one of a Greek sect which held that men should be free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief, and should submit without complaint to unavoidable necessity, by which all things are governed.
    • Stoic Hence, a person not easily excited; an apathetic person; one who is apparently or professedly indifferent to pleasure or pain. "A Stoic of the woods, a man without a tear."
    • Stoic Not affected by passion; manifesting indifference to pleasure or pain; especially, bearing pain, suffering, or bad fortune without complaint.
    • Stoic Of or pertaining to the Stoics; resembling the Stoics or their doctrines.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • stoic [capitalized] Pertaining to the Stoics, or to their teaching: as, a Stoic philosopher; the Stoic doctrine; hence, manifesting indifference to pleasure or pain (compare stoical).
    • n stoic [capitalized] A disciple of the philosopher Zeno, who founded a sect about 308 b. c. He taught that men should be free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief, and submit without complaint to the unavoidable necessity by which all things are governed. The Stoics are proverbially known for the sternness and austerity of their ethical doctrines, and for the influence which their tenets exercised over some of the noblest spirits of antiquity, especially among the Romans. Their system appears to have been an attempt to reconcile a theological pantheism and a materialist psychology with a logic which seeks the foundations of knowledge in the representations or perceptions of the senses, and a morality which claims as its first principle the absolute freedom of the human will. The Stoics teach that whatever is real is material; matter and force are the two ultimate principles; matter is of itself motionless and unformed, though capable of receiving all motions and all forms. Force is the active, moving, and molding principle, and is inseparably joined with matter; the working force in the universe is God, whose existence as a wise thinking being is proved by the beauty and adaptation of the world. The supreme end of life, or the highest good, is virtue—that is, a life conformed to nature, the agreement of human conduct with the all-controlling law of nature, or of the human with the divine will; not contemplation, but action, is the supreme problem for man; virtue is sufficient for happiness, but happiness or pleasure should never be made the end of human endeavor. The wise man alone attains to the complete performance of his duty; he is without passion, although not without feeling; he is not indulgent, but just toward himself and others; he alone is free; he is king and lord, and is inferior in inner worth to no other rational being, not even to Zeus himself.
    • n stoic Hence A person not easily excited; one who appears or professes to be indifferent to pleasure or pain: one who exhibits calm fortitude.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Stoic stō′ik a disciple of the philosopher Zeno (340-260 B.C.), who opened his school in a colonnade called the Stoa Poikilē ('painted porch') at Athens—later Roman Stoics were Cato the Younger, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius: one indifferent to pleasure or pain
    • adjs Stoic pertaining to the Stoics, or to their opinions; indifferent to pleasure or pain
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Let the stoics say what they please, we do not eat for the good of living, but because the meat is savory and the appetite is keen.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. stoicus, Gr. , fr. , adj., literally, of or pertaining to a colonnade, from a roofed colonnade, a porch, especially, a porch in Athens where Zeno and his successors taught
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. Stoicus—Gr. Stōïkosstoa, a porch.

Usage

In literature:

Her "Old Stoic" and "Last Lines" are probably the finest achievement of poetry that any woman has given to English literature.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 3" by Various
The whole phrase would thus be equivalent to 'solemn doctors of the Stoic sect.
"Milton's Comus" by John Milton
Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius were stoics.
"The Necessity of Atheism" by Dr. D.M. Brooks
Sophists, Socrates and the, viii, 18; the Stoics compared with, viii, 53.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great - Volume 14" by Elbert Hubbard
The stoic and profound philosopher is not diminished by an external debasement.
"Napoleon the Little" by Victor Hugo
Epictetus, one of the ablest of the Stoic philosophers, was a slave.
"The Journal of Negro History, Volume 2, 1917" by Various
It was accepted by all classes, but specially by the Stoic philosophers.
"Outlines of Greek and Roman Medicine" by James Sands Elliott
However, it is due to him to say that he bore his surprises and pains with the uncomplaining resignation of a Stoic.
"The Norsemen in the West" by R.M. Ballantyne
The shock revived him, but it also quelled the stoic in his breast.
"Personal Reminiscences in Book Making" by R.M. Ballantyne
Lithe though she was, she loved supineness, but upon occasion could endure like a stoic.
"The Confidence-Man" by Herman Melville
Herself wore the air of a stoic.
"The Californians" by Gertrude Franklin Horn Atherton
I was beginning to think you a little stoic.
"Odd" by Amy Le Feuvre
Stoic men, if so, they well conceal their pangs.
"Pipefuls" by Christopher Morley
Of the Stoics, Panaetius was the only one who ventured even to doubt.
"The Superstitions of Witchcraft" by Howard Williams
The alliance of the lawyers with the Stoic philosophers lasted through many centuries.
"Ancient Law" by Sir Henry James Sumner Maine
Stoic idea of Man as possessing Reason, and so partaking the Divine nature.
"The Religious Experience of the Roman People" by W. Warde Fowler
The pilot obeyed with the air of a Stoic.
"Under the Waves" by R M Ballantyne
I stood like a stoic; and, of course, attempted to tell who I was.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine - Volume 54, No. 338, December 1843" by Various
He endured them like a Stoic.
"The Seven Wives Of Bluebeard" by Anatole France
It was a ghastly tragedy, a grim mockery, but he would bear it like a stoic.
"The Day of Judgment" by Joseph Hocking
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In poetry:

CHRYSANTHUS.
Then there is no rashness shown
In repeating it once more,
Since to hear or to ignore
Suits alike your stoic coldness.
"The Two Lovers Of Heaven: Chrysanthus And Daria - Act I" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
But you would not have had me plan
To make your figure more heroic;
For you would rather be a man
Than just a marble hearted stoic.
"Robert E. Lee" by Gamaliel Bradford
Say why is the stern eye averted with scorn,
Of the stoic, who passes along?
And why frowns the maid, else as mild as the morn,
On the victim of falshood and wrong?
"Stanzas" by Thomas Gent
These enjoyments are sacred, and who shall explain
How such scenes can a comfort bestow;
The stoic may reason, and reason in vain,
On a pleasure he never shall know.
"The Reflections Of A Serious Moment" by Elizabeth Bath
But through such strange illusions have they
passed
Who in life's pilgrimage have baffled striven--
Even death may prove unreal at the last,
And stoics be astounded into heaven.
"Epilogue" by Herman Melville
The Word which the reason of Plato discerned;
The truth, as whose symbol the Mithra-fire burned;
The soul of the world which the Stoic but guessed,
In the Light Universal the Quaker confessed!
"The Quaker Alumni" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

Drivers stoic in face of rising prices By Chris Bishop Staff writer Calkins Media, Inc.
Spurs can't help but smile at play of stoic Leonard.
Area Rug Vendors Stoic on Second Half.
Tokyo Residents Stoic Amid War-Like Conditions.
A Stoic Torre Waits Out A Drought.
The mood inside was stoic .
We aren't claiming that the president's a secret Stoic .
We mentioned Barack Obama's Stoic demeanor above–and there's some more evidence for it in his recent interview with Michael Lewis.
Even so, it's a tad strange to think of the stoic Penn taking part in car chases and gunfights, but that seems like it's close to happening.
Chaz Bundick is stoic amidst video's luxe trappings.
Normally stoic and steady, Joker Phillips had trouble containing his emotions the day the University of Kentucky named him its head coach in waiting.
A normally stoic president sheds tears over mass shooting of 'our children.
The stoic sideline demeanor of coach Dennis Allen is a curiosity to Raiders fans who would like to see a little more fire.
Big, stoic dairy barns reminding us of an earlier time.
Sure, the Athletics outfielder and former Yankee became the first player to ever hit 500 home runs combined in MLB and the Japanese Leagues on Wednesday, but Matsui is remaining quite stoic about his accomplishment.
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