stigma

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n stigma a skin lesion that is a diagnostic sign of some disease
    • n stigma an external tracheal aperture in a terrestrial arthropod
    • n stigma a symbol of disgrace or infamy "And the Lord set a mark upon Cain"--Genesis"
    • n stigma the apical end of the style where deposited pollen enters the pistil
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Stigma A mark made with a burning iron; a brand.
    • Stigma (Geom) A point so connected by any law whatever with another point, called an index, that as the index moves in any manner in a plane the first point or stigma moves in a determinate way in the same plane.
    • Stigma (Pathol) A red speck upon the skin, produced either by the extravasation of blood, as in the bloody sweat characteristic of certain varieties of religious ecstasy, or by capillary congestion, as in the case of drunkards.
    • Stigma (Anat) A small spot, mark, scar, or a minute hole; -- applied especially to a spot on the outer surface of a Graafian follicle, and to spots of intercellular substance in scaly epithelium, or to minute holes in such spots.
    • Stigma Any mark of infamy or disgrace; sign of moral blemish; stain or reproach caused by dishonorable conduct; reproachful characterization. "The blackest stigma that can be fastened upon him.""All such slaughters were from thence called Bartelmies, simply in a perpetual stigma of that butchery."
    • Stigma (R. C. Ch) Marks believed to have been supernaturally impressed upon the bodies of certain persons in imitation of the wounds on the crucified body of Christ. See def. 5, above.
    • Stigma (Zoöl) One of the apertures of the gill of an ascidian, and of Amphioxus.
    • Stigma (Zoöl) One of the apertures of the pulmonary sacs of arachnids. See Illust. of Scorpion.
    • Stigma (Zoöl) One of the external openings of the tracheæ of insects, myriapods, and other arthropods; a spiracle.
    • Stigma (Bot) That part of a pistil which has no epidermis, and is fitted to receive the pollen. It is usually the terminal portion, and is commonly somewhat glutinous or viscid. See Illust. of Stamen and of Flower.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n stigma A mark made with a red-hot iron, formerly in many countries upon criminals as a badge of infamy; a brand impressed on slaves and others.
    • n stigma Any mark of infamy, slur, or disgrace which attaches to a person on account of evil conduct.
    • n stigma In anatomy and zoology, a mark; a marked point or place: variously applied to marks of color, as a spot, and to many different pores or small holes. Specifically— A birth-mark; a nævus.
    • n stigma A place or point on the skin which bleeds periodically or at irregular intervals during some mental states. The spontaneous appearance of stigmata was formerly regarded super-stitiously.
    • n stigma plural In the Roman Catholic Church, marks said to have been supernaturally impressed upon the bodies of certain persons in imitation of the wounds on the crucified body of Christ.
    • n stigma In botany, a modified part of the style or, when that is wanting, of the surface of the ovary, which in impregnation receives the pollen. In the latter case the stigma is said to be sessile, as in the poppy and the tulip. When the style is present, the stigma may be terminal, occupying its summit, as in the plum and cherry, or lateral, running down its face in one or two lines, as in Ranunculus. Its form and appearance are very various. In many plants there is only one stigma, while in others there are two, three, five, or many, according to the number of styles or style-branches. The stigma is composed of delicate cellular tissue; its surface is destitute of true epidermis, and is usually moist. See pistil (with cut) and pollen-tube.
    • n stigma In Greek grammar and paleography, a ligature (ς) still sometimes used for στ (st), and also used as a numeral .
    • n stigma In geometry, a point so connected with another, called the index, that motion of the index in a plane through their join causes definite motion of the stigma in this plane.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Stigma stig′ma a brand: a mark of infamy:
    • n Stigma stig′ma (bot.) the top of a pistil: any special mark: a place on the skin which bleeds periodically
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Quotations

  • B. R. Hayden
    B. R. Hayden
    “The first proof of a person's incapacity to achieve, is their endeavoring to fix the stigma of failure on others.”
  • R. A. Pinker
    R. A. Pinker
    “The imposition of stigma is the commonest form of violence used in democratic societies.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., a mark, a brand, from Gr. , , the prick or mark of a pointed instrument, a spot, mark, from to prick, to brand. See Stick (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr.,—stizein, to mark.

Usage

In literature:

But let not the fell stigma be attached entirely to the present retainers of the slaves.
"American Slave Trade" by Jesse Torrey
A family stigma always keeps cropping up.
"Helen Grant's Schooldays" by Amanda M. Douglas
Slavery cast a stigma upon labor which proved almost as harmful to the poor white man as did negro competition.
"The Planters of Colonial Virginia" by Thomas J. Wertenbaker
For years our product lay under a stigma, and it was said that it was not suited to the manufacture of the best lead.
"The Galaxy, April, 1877" by Various
Dissent is a stigma in society.
"The Religious Life of London" by J. Ewing Ritchie
Surely no man could continue to hold an official position with such a stigma clinging to him.
"A Veldt Official" by Bertram Mitford
All who wish to remain with the fleet may do so without the least stigma of cowardice attaching to them.
"A Daughter of the Union" by Lucy Foster Madison
Alan had refused to accept any stigma in his relationship with Corvet; but now he could not refuse to accept it.
"The Indian Drum" by William MacHarg
There was no social stigma put upon them.
"The Complete Club Book for Women" by Caroline French Benton
It cast a stigma of disgrace on labour, and prevented the formation of that intelligent middle class which is the true safeguard of liberty.
"Valeria" by William Henry Withrow
Every truly devout minister of the Gospel should rise and erase this stigma from his profession.
"The Arena" by Various
It does not, however, promise to remove the stigma of "adventure" from science.
"Creative Intelligence" by John Dewey, Addison W. Moore, Harold Chapman Brown, George H. Mead, Boyd H. Bode, Henry Waldgrave, Stuart James, Hayden Tufts, Horace M. Kallen
So a simple pistil should have a one-celled ovary, only one line of attachment for the ovules, a single style, and a single stigma.
"The Elements of Botany" by Asa Gray
The true free ends are those nearest the stigma.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 3" by Various
It involved no moral stigma, no personal disadvantage.
"Nevermore" by Rolf Boldrewood
I have branded myself as one who is mad, and I must bear the stigma.
"The Man with a Shadow" by George Manville Fenn
He did not deserve the stigma in so far as it might have implied financial prosperity.
"Ghetto Tragedies" by Israel Zangwill
If so, is not every step in intellectual progress, every stage of development, a stigma?
"The Dodd Family Abroad, Vol. I.(of II)" by Charles James Lever
Only far Connaught escaped the stigma.
"The Charm of Ireland" by Burton Egbert Stevenson
Why do you want to put such a stigma upon the child?
"Professor Huskins" by Lettie M. Cummings
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In poetry:

For who shall vindicate this wrong?
Who shall defend our perjured race?
We must speak out with one accord,
If we the stigma would erase.
"Honour's Appeal To Justice" by Olivia Ward Bush-Banks
ASTOLFO. Though 'tis true I owe the debt,
Still 'tis needful to consider
That she knows not who she is;
It were infamous, a stigma
On my name to wed a woman . . . .
"Life Is A Dream - Act III" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
He fought with the he-dogs, and winked at the she-dogs,
A thing that had never been heard of before.
"For the stigma of gluttony, I care not a button!" he
Cried, and ate all he could swallow—and more.
"The Little Dog's Day" by Rupert Brooke
Ye sons of Great Britain, I think no shame
To write in praise of brave General Graham!
Whose name will be handed down to posterity without any stigma,
Because, at the battle of El-Teb, he defeated Osman Digna.
"The Battle of El-Teb" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Tucson News NowDismantling the Painful Stigma About Fibromyalgia.
Can we reduce the stigma around drinking .
Military moms at Fairchild Air Base, in Washington, want to remove the stigma from breastfeeding.
End of an institution 'Going to Waterbury' cites hospital's stigmas, triumphs.
Toxic Danish Farm Loans Linger as Bad Bank Swap Faces Stigma.
The stigma around lung cancer has effects that go beyond each individual patient.
The stigma of smoking looms large.
Stigma slows fight against lung cancer .
FARMINGTON — The second annual "E-Race the Stigma" walk/5K event is scheduled for Sunday, Nov 4.
On World AIDS Day, Triangle celebrates medical advances, laments continuing stigma.
Erasing The Stigma Of Mental Illness .
There is a public stigma about Jackson Lake that it's a dirty or polluted lake.
Stockton, San Bernardino and Mammoth Lakes have sought Chapter 9 protection, stoking investor concerns that more will follow as municipal finances worsen and bankruptcy's stigma fades.
HIV stigma is so intense in the Appalachian foothills of western North Carolina that many people walk into the offices of the ALFA Health Center in Hickory having advanced to AIDS.
Erasing The Stigma Of Mental Illness.
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In science:

Marriage: Among the ‘reproductive age group’ of PWDs (1835 years), it was found that 60 percent of them were unmarried, which reflects the low level of social acceptance and high level of social stigma coupled with lack of self esteem.
Mathematical Analysis of the Problems faced by the People With Disabilities (PWDs)
Another important reason is ‘social stigma’. It is difficult to get them married off due to this major social hurdle. Poverty is also another reasons for the PWD’s remaining unmarried.
Mathematical Analysis of the Problems faced by the People With Disabilities (PWDs)
One of the basic conclusions we get is that they don’t wish the PWDs to get employed under any one for they are afraid of ill treatment and stigma. We are unable to understand their ideology about this.
Mathematical Analysis of the Problems faced by the People With Disabilities (PWDs)
Social stigma as PWDs born in the family. There is a general belief that the family is cursed by God.
Mathematical Analysis of the Problems faced by the People With Disabilities (PWDs)
PWD really cripples both the PWDs and the caretakers. Let us now study the on state of the node R4 in the range space; i.e., social stigma for having a PWD born their family. Let X = (0 0 0 1 0 0) be given state vector. To study the effect of X on the dynamical system P.
Mathematical Analysis of the Problems faced by the People With Disabilities (PWDs)
PWDs are ill-treated by the caretakers as they feel PWDs are curse and social stigma to their family.
Mathematical Analysis of the Problems faced by the People With Disabilities (PWDs)
From our discussions we see it is mainly the caretakers fear of social stigma, which is a cause of majority of the problems for the PWDs.
Mathematical Analysis of the Problems faced by the People With Disabilities (PWDs)
Thus X o M gives a hidden pattern which is a fixed point. We see if social stigma alone is in the on state then there is a medium suffering economically for the state P2 is medium.
Mathematical Analysis of the Problems faced by the People With Disabilities (PWDs)
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