# statistics

## Definitions

• WordNet 3.6
• n statistics a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Approximately 97.35618329% of all statistics are made up
• Statistics Classified facts of a numerical nature regarding any topic.
• Statistics Numerical facts regarding the performance of athletes or athletic teams, such as winning percentages, numbers of games won or lost in a season, batting averages (for baseball players), total yards gained (for football players). The creation and classification of such numbers is limited only by the imagination of those wishing to describe athletic performance numerically.
• Statistics Numerical facts respecting the condition of the people in a state, their health, their longevity, domestic economy, arts, property, and political strength, their resources, the state of the country, etc., or respecting any particular class or interest; especially, those facts which can be stated in numbers, or in tables of numbers, or in any tabular and classified arrangement.
• Statistics The branch of mathematics which studies methods for the calculation of probabilities.
• Statistics The science which has to do with the collection, classification, and analysis of facts of a numerical nature regarding any topic.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: As of 14.10.2003, only 0.6% of people actually sign the guestbook. Its true. Over 120,000 visitors. Yes, the statistic did go down.
• n statistics A systematic collection of numbers relating to the enumeration of great classes, or to ratios of quantities connected with such classes, and ascertained by direct enumeration. Thus, a table of the populations of the different States of the American Union is called a table of statistics; so is a table showing the percentages of farms in different parts of the country that are mortgaged, provided these percentages have been ascertained from direct sampling, and not calculated by dividing the number of mortgaged farms by the total number of farms.
• n statistics The study of any subject, especially sociology, by means of extensive enumerations; the science of human society, so far as deduced from enumerations.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: In the game "Monopoly," the space on which a player has the greatest statistical chance of landing is Illinois Avenue.
• n Statistics sta-tist′iks a collection of facts and figures regarding the condition of a people, class, &c.: the science which treats of the collection and arrangement of facts bearing on the condition—social, moral, and material—of a people
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## Quotations

• Fogg Brackell
“Facts in books, statistics in encyclopedias, the ability to use them in men's heads.”
• Henry Clay
“Statistics are no substitute for judgment.”
• Benjamin Disraeli
“There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics.”
• George Gallup
“I could prove God statistically.”
• Fletcher Knebel
“Smoking is one of the leading causes of statistics.”
• Joseph Stalin
“A single death is a tragedy. A million deaths is a statistic.”

## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. statistique, G. statistik,. See State (n.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Coined (as if from a form statistikē) from Gr. statizein, to set up.

## Usage

### In literature:

Mere numbers or statistics cannot measure the sacrifice and suffering of these lives.
"With Our Soldiers in France" by Sherwood Eddy
But if I tackle the great American public, I'm licked by statistics.
"The Fourth R" by George Oliver Smith
What terrible truths are unfolded in these statistics!
"Continental Monthly , Vol V. Issue III. March, 1864" by Various
In spite of all the difficulties which they have been called upon to face, the statistics generally have been reassuring.
"Modern Religious Cults and Movements" by Gaius Glenn Atkins
A few statistics relative to the expenditures will not prove uninteresting to the reader.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol III, Issue VI, June, 1863" by Various
That their use is justified is shown by statistics.
"Kelly Miller's History of the World War for Human Rights" by Kelly Miller
They are difficult to record, but are perhaps more convincing than any quantity of statistics.
"Applied Eugenics" by Paul Popenoe and Roswell Hill Johnson
A function of the eugenist is to gather and attest statistics, and to establish conclusions based on these statistics.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Volume I. (of IV.)" by W. Grant Hague, M.D.
It is not exhibited in the mortality statistics of the leading European countries.
"How to Live" by Irving Fisher and Eugene Fisk
The fire statistics speak more eloquently than words could, and they show a steady decrease of the loss by fire.
"Lights and Shadows of New York Life" by James D. McCabe
First of all we shall take the census statistics for the State for all eight of the enumerations which were taken during the slavery era.
"The Journal of Negro History, Volume 3, 1918" by Various
They also advise that the statistics should be entrusted to a statistical staff, to be permanently kept up in Ireland.
"Thomas Davis, Selections from his Prose and Poetry" by Thomas Davis
The statistics of production for Asia are extremely unreliable.
"Tobacco Leaves" by W. A. Brennan
The second annual report of the Postmaster General is dated the 31st March, 1853, and contains little of interest but statistics.
"Canada: Its Postage Stamps and Postal Stationery" by Clifton Armstrong Howes
We have not vanquished death, but we have prolonged life, as the mortality statistics prove.
"Morals and the Evolution of Man" by Max Simon Nordau
He investigated the subject thoroughly, filling his mind with statistics.
"Gargoyles" by Ben Hecht
He was president of the Statistical Society (1882-1884); and after being made a C.B.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 1" by Various
Vital statistics are set forth by the various Government Statists of Australia with extreme particularity.
"Our First Half-Century" by Government of Queensland
Statistics relating to railways will be found in Chapter VI.
"The Argentine as a Market" by N. L. Watson
There are certain statistics quoted by every writer upon the Negro, statistics of mortality and crime.
"Half a Man" by Mary White Ovington
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### In poetry:

Leave we the child: he is immersed
With scientists and mystics:
With deep prophetic voice he cries
"A Dedication To E.C.B." by Gilbert Keith Chesterton
The pomps of Fleet St., festering year on year,
Hid truth and lied, and lied and hid the facts.
The pimps of Whitehall ever more in fear,
Hid health statistics, dodged the Labour Acts.
"Alf’s Fifth Bit" by Ezra Pound
This occurs more or less than it did in the past times.
There are statistics. There are no real statistics.
There is also no heroism. There is merely
Fatigue, pain, great confusion, sometimes recovery.
"Minor Litany" by Stephen Vincent Benet

### In news:

Such is the case with Georgia's public schools, if you analyze data from the National Center for Education Statistics.
Bundesliga live scores, statistics, schedules, standings, games, leaders, and features from the leading soccer website FoxSoccer.com Watch Werder Bremen vs FC Schalke 04 live Bundesliga Soccer game online with MatchTrax.
School bullying statistics show about one in four kids in the United.
NEW CASTLE — The unemployment rate in Lawrence County did not go up or down in August, according to the latest statistics available.
According to recent statistics there are more birthdays in September than any other month.
Facts & Statistics The teams on the mountain at the time of the '96 storm.
Statistically, they don't have much chance of emerging victorious.
Consumer prices rose.9 percent in March, according to information from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Use of the contraceptive pill has a statistical relationship with an increased risk of prostate cancer, according to new research.
NCAA Women's Basketball Conversation: Final statistics from the Longwood Lancers vs Coppin State Eagles game played on November 20, 2012.
Here are a few interesting statistics for you: Washington State, a state since 1889, used to have all its laws in one book.
Get bus sales numbers, transportation statistics, industry survey results and more.
In June, the total construction unemployment rate was 17.4%, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
In 2009, union membership fell by 771,000 to 15.3 million, making up 12.3 percent of the total workforce, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
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### In science:

In gene category testing, global statistics typically fall into two groups: “categorical” statistics that rely on a list of signiﬁcant genes to be identiﬁed, and “continuous” statistics that incorporate real-valued measures of gene-speciﬁc differential expression.
A statistical framework for testing functional categories in microarray data
Ln Keywords: Goodness of ﬁt tests; Critical values; Anderson - Darling statistic; Kolmogorov - Smirnov statistic; Kuiper statistic; Cram´er - Von Mises statistic; Empirical distribution function; Monte-Carlo simulations.
On approximating the distributions of goodness-of-fit test statistics based on the empirical distribution function: The case of unknown parameters
Unlike most asymptotic test statistics, which are either normal or χ2 , this test statistic has a limiting gamma distribution (henceforth, the gamma test statistic ).
Quotient correlation: A sample based alternative to Pearson's correlation
The statistical analysis conducted in Section 4 shall demonstrate, in the case γn → 0, the need to respectively recenter and rescale (a standard statistical transformation known as studentization ) the maximum Fisher discriminant ratio, in order to get a theoretically wellgrounded test statistic.
Testing for Homogeneity with Kernel Fisher Discriminant Analysis
This general representation for the test statistics covers standard one-sample and two-sample t-statistics for testing hypotheses concerning mean parameters, but also test statistics for correlation coeﬃcients and regression coeﬃcients in linear and nonlinear models.
Multiple tests of association with biological annotation metadata
Test statistics for other types of null hypotheses include F -statistics, χ2 -statistics, and likelihood ratio statistics.
Multiple tests of association with biological annotation metadata
Type I error control in testing problems involving general data generating distributions (with arbitrary dependence structures among variables), null hypotheses (deﬁned in terms of submodels for the data generating distribution), and test statistics (e.g., t-statistics, χ2 -statistics, F -statistics).
Multiple tests of association with biological annotation metadata
Certain testing problems may call for other test statistics Tn , such as, F -statistics, χ2 -statistics, and likelihood ratio statistics.
Multiple tests of association with biological annotation metadata
Replacing observations with summary statistics Instead of focusing on the posterior density p(θ | x), ABC aims at a possibly less informative target density p(θ | S (x) = sobs ) ∝ Pr(sobs |θ)π(θ) where S is a summary statistic that takes its values in a normed space, and sobs denotes the observed summary statistic.
HIV with contact-tracing: a case study in Approximate Bayesian Computation
This class contains Spearman’s coeﬃcient of rank correlation statistic, Fisher-Yates statistic, weighted Mann statistic and others.
On the Permutation Distribution of Independence Tests
The limit as c → 0 of the 2(ELR n − 1)/c statistic is equal to the “average score” statistic R LRn (ζ ) dJ (ζ ), which is the limit of the ELR statistics that are designed for alternatives that are very close to the null hypothesis.
On asymptotically optimal tests under loss of identifiability in semiparametric models
The statistical ﬂuctuation observed with 22 strings was not conﬁrmed with the larger statistics sample, indicating that the hot spot was a statistical ﬂuctuation.
Rapporteur Summary of Sessions HE 2.2-2.4 and OG 2.5-2.7
IceCube 40 string conﬁguration : the upper blue dashed-dotted line is the 5σ discovery ﬂux for the entire statistics (345 d), the solid line is the sensitivity for the unblinded statistics at ICRC2009 (140 d), and the blue solid line is the sensitivity for the full statistics.
Rapporteur Summary of Sessions HE 2.2-2.4 and OG 2.5-2.7
Belle D0 → K 0 S π+π− analysis . 95% CL contours for (x, y): dotted (solid) corresponds to statistical (statistical and systematic) contour for no CPV, and dash-dotted (dashed) corresponds to statistical (statistical and systematic) contours for the CPV-allowed case.
Review on D0-antiD0 mixing
We record the KS statistic for the ﬁt; (d) we count what fraction of the time the resulting KS statistic for synthetic data is larger than or equal to the KS statistic for the empirical data.
The skewness of computer science
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