state

Definitions

  • "Ping Wang was fished out in a state of collapse."
    "Ping Wang was fished out in a state of collapse."
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v state put before "I submit to you that the accused is guilty"
    • v state express in words "He said that he wanted to marry her","tell me what is bothering you","state your opinion","state your name"
    • v state indicate through a symbol, formula, etc. "Can you express this distance in kilometers?"
    • n state the way something is with respect to its main attributes "the current state of knowledge","his state of health","in a weak financial state"
    • n State the federal department in the United States that sets and maintains foreign policies "the Department of State was created in 1789"
    • n state a politically organized body of people under a single government "the state has elected a new president","African nations","students who had come to the nation's capitol","the country's largest manufacturer","an industrialized land"
    • n state the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state "the state has lowered its income tax"
    • n state the territory occupied by a nation "he returned to the land of his birth","he visited several European countries"
    • n state the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation "his state is in the deep south"
    • n state a state of depression or agitation "he was in such a state you just couldn't reason with him"
    • n state (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container) "the solid state of water is called ice"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

States General at Tours——329 States General at Tours——329
Fruits common to most of the States Fruits common to most of the States
ROADS THROUGH THE ASPENS Range: Northern United States and Canada, south in the Rocky Mountains to Mexico. Photograph by Albert E. Butler ROADS THROUGH THE ASPENS Range: Northern United States and Canada, south in the Rocky Mountains to Mexico. Photograph...
NEW YORK CENTRAL EMPIRE STATE EXPRESS. FASTEST LOCOMOTIVE IN THE WORLD. "ENGINE 999." NEW YORK CENTRAL EMPIRE STATE EXPRESS. FASTEST LOCOMOTIVE IN THE WORLD. "ENGINE 999."
Steamship United States Steamship United States
Map Illustrating the Struggle for the Hudson River and the Middle States Map Illustrating the Struggle for the Hudson River and the Middle States
Map of Louisiana Purchase; also United States in 1803 Map of Louisiana Purchase; also United States in 1803
Map of the United States showing the Southern Confederacy, the Slave States that did not Secede, and the Territories Map of the United States showing the Southern Confederacy, the Slave States that did not Secede, and the Territories

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Before 1928, yo-yos used to be called bandalores in the United States
    • State A chair with a canopy above it, often standing on a dais; a seat of dignity; also, the canopy itself. "His high throne, . . . under state Of richest texture spread.""When he went to court, he used to kick away the state , and sit down by his prince cheek by jowl."
    • State A form of government which is not monarchial, as a republic. "Well monarchies may own religion's name,
      But states are atheists in their very fame."
    • State A person of high rank. "She's a duchess, a great estate .""Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief estates of Galilee."
    • State A political body, or body politic; the whole body of people who are united under one government, whatever may be the form of the government; a nation. "Municipal law is a rule of conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state .""The Puritans in the reign of Mary, driven from their homes, sought an asylum in Geneva, where they found a state without a king, and a church without a bishop."
    • n State A statement; also, a document containing a statement.
    • State Any body of men united by profession, or constituting a community of a particular character; as, the civil and ecclesiastical states, or the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons, in Great Britain. Cf. Estate n., 6.
    • State Appearance of grandeur or dignity; pomp. "Where least of state there most of love is shown."
    • State Belonging to the state, or body politic; public.
    • State Condition of prosperity or grandeur; wealthy or prosperous circumstances; social importance. "She instructed him how he should keep state , and yet with a modest sense of his misfortunes.""Can this imperious lord forget to reign,
      Quit all his state , descend, and serve again?"
    • State Estate; possession. "Your state , my lord, again is yours."
    • State Highest and stationary condition, as that of maturity between growth and decline, or as that of crisis between the increase and the abating of a disease; height; acme. "I do not, brother,
      Infer as if I thought my sister's state Secure without all doubt or controversy."
      "We hoped to enjoy with ease what, in our situation , might be called the luxuries of life.""And, O, what man's condition can be worse
      Than his whom plenty starves and blessings curse?"
    • State In the United States, one of the commonwealths, or bodies politic, the people of which make up the body of the nation, and which, under the national constitution, stand in certain specified relations with the national government, and are invested, as commonwealths, with full power in their several spheres over all matters not expressly inhibited.
    • State Rank; condition; quality; as, the state of honor. "Thy honor, state , and seat is due to me."
    • state See Argillite.
    • State Stately.
    • State The bodies that constitute the legislature of a country; as, the States-general of Holland.
    • State The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any given time. "State is a term nearly synonymous with “mode,” but of a meaning more extensive, and is not exclusively limited to the mutable and contingent.""Declare the past and present state of things.""Keep the state of the question in your eye."
    • State The principal persons in a government. "The bold design
      Pleased highly those infernal states ."
    • State To express the particulars of; to set down in detail or in gross; to represent fully in words; to narrate; to recite; as, to state the facts of a case, one's opinion, etc.
    • State To set; to settle; to establish. "I myself, though meanest stated ,
      And in court now almost hated."
      "Who calls the council, states the certain day."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In China, fish is eaten more than three times what it is in the United States
    • n state Mode or form of existence; position; posture; situation; condition: as, the state of one's health; the state of the roads; a state of uncertainty or of excitement; the present unsatisfactory state of affaire.
    • n state Political or social position or status; station; standing in the world or the community; rank; condition; quality.
    • n state A class or order: same as estate, 9.
    • n state Style of living; mode of life; especially, the dignity and pomp befitting a person of high degree or large wealth.
    • n state Stateliness; dignity.
    • n state A person of high rank; a noble; a personage of distinction.
    • n state A seat of dignity; a dais; a chair of state, usually on a raised platform, with or without a canopy; also, this canopy itself.
    • n state The crisis, or culminating point, as of a disease; that point in the growth or course of a thing at which decline begins.
    • n state Continuance of existence; stability.
    • n state Estate; income; possession.
    • n state The whole people of one body politic; the commonwealth: usually with the definite article; in a particular sense, a civil and self-governing community; a commonwealth.
    • n state The power wielded by the government of a country; the civil power, often as contrasted with the ecclesiastical: as, the union of church and state.
    • n state One of the commonwealths or bodies politic which together make up a federal republic, which stand in certain specified relations with the central or national government, and as regards internal affairs are more or less independent. In this sense the word state is used chiefly with reference to the several States (generally cap.) of the American Union, the United States of America. The relations between the individual states and the national or central government of Mexico, Brazil, and various other republics of the American continent are formed more or less closely on the model of the United States. Current designations or epithets of the States of the American Union are the following: Badger State, Wisconsin; Bay State, Massachusetts; Bayou State, Mississippi; Bear State, Arkansas, California, Kentucky; Big-bend State, Tennessee; Blue-hen State, Delaware: Blue-law State, Connecticut; Buckeye State, Ohio; Bullion State, Missouri; Centennial State, Colorado; Corn-cracker State, Kentucky; Cracker State, Georgia; Creole State, Louisiana; Dark and Bloody Ground, Kentucky; Diamond State, Delaware; Empire State, New York; Empire State of the South, Georgia; Excelsior State, New York; Freestone State, Connecticut; Garden State, Kansas; Golden State, California; Gopher State, Minnesota; Granite State, New Hampshire; Green Mountain State, Vermont; Gulf State, Florida; Hawkeye State, Iowa; Hoosier State, Indiana; Keystone State, Pennsylvania; Lake State, Michigan; Land of Steady Habits, Connecticut; Little Rhody, Rhode Island; Lonestar State, Texas; Lumber State, Maine; Mother of Presidents, Virginia; Mother of States, Virginia; Mudcat State, Mississippi; New England of the West, Minnesota; Old Colony, Massachusetts; Old Dominion, Virginia; Old-line State, Maryland; Old North State, North Carolina; Palmetto State, South Carolina; Pan handle State, West Virginia; Pelican State, Louisiana; Peninsula State, Florida; Pine-tree State, Maine; Prairie State, Illinois; Sage-hen State, Nevada; Silver State, Nevada; Squatter State, Kansas; Sucker State, Illinois; Turpentine State, North Carolina; Web-foot State, Oregon; Wolverine State, Michigan; Wooden Nutmeg State, Connecticut.
    • n state plural [capitalized] The legislative body in the island of Jersey. It consists of the bailiff, jurats of the royal court, constables, rectors of the parishes, and fourteen deputies. The lieutenant-governor has the veto power. Guernsey has a similar body, the Deliberative States, and a more popular assembly, the Elective States.
    • n state A statement; a document containing a statement, or showing the state or condition of something at a given time; an account (or the like) stated.
    • n state In engraving, an impression taken from an engraved plate in some particular stage of its progress, recognized by certain distinctive marks not seen on previous impressions or on any made subsequently unless coupled with fresh details. There may be seven, eight, or more states from one plate.
    • n state In botany, a form or phase of a particular plant.
    • n state The United States of America: as, he has sailed from Liverpool for the States.
    • n state Synonyms and See situation.
    • state Of or pertaining to the community or body politic; public: as, state affairs; state policy; a state paper.
    • state Used on or intended for occasions of great pomp or ceremony: as, a state carriage.
    • state Of or pertaining to one of the commonwealths which make up a federal republic: opposed to national: as, state rights; a state prison; state legislatures.
    • state A newspaper selected, by or pursuant to law, for the publication of official or legal notices.
    • state A prison maintained by a State for the regular confinement of felons under sentence to imprisonment: distinguished from county and city jails, in which are confined misdemeanants, and felons awaiting trial, or awaiting execution of the death penalty, and from reformatories, etc.
    • state To set; fix; settle; establish; stablish: as, to state a day: chiefly used in the past participle.
    • state To settle as a possession upon; bestow or settle upon.
    • state To express the particulars of; set down in detail or in gross; represent fully in words; make known specifically; explain particularly; narrate; recite: as, to state an opinion; to state the particulars of a case.
    • state In law, to aver or allege. Thus, stating a case to be within the purview of a statute is simply alleging that it is; while showing it to be so consists in a disclosure of the facts which bring it within the statute.
    • state Synonyms Speak, Tell, etc. (see say), specify, set forth.
    • state Stately.
    • n state In biology: Figuratively, a community of colonial organisms, such as a hive of bees. A state, in which the bond of union is not organic but social, is contrasted by Haeckel with a cormus or cormidium, such as a siphonophore, in which the bond of union is organic.
    • n state An aggregation of cells which exhibits centralization, interdependence, divergent specialization, and division of labor.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Four billion pounds of watermelon were grown in the United States in 1999
    • n State stāt position: condition: situation: circumstances at any time: the whole body of people under one government: the public: the civil power: estate, one of the orders or classes of men forming the body politic (as nobles, clergy, commonalty): a body of men united by profession: rank, quality: pomp: dignity: style of living: stability, continuance: :
    • adj State belonging to the state: public: royal: ceremonial: pompous: magnificent
    • v.t State to set forth: to express the details of: to set down fully and formally: to narrate: to set in order: to settle
    • adv State majestically:
    • n State stāt (pl.) the bodies constituting the legislature of a country
    • n State stāt (obs.) a seat of dignity: a stage, condition, as of an etched or engraved plate at one particular stage of its progress
    • adv State (Milt.) loftily
    • ***

Quotations

  • Carlos Fuentes
    Carlos Fuentes
    “What the United States does best is to understand itself. What it does worst is understand others.”
  • Alexander Zhuravlyov
    Alexander Zhuravlyov
    “I am a communist because I believe that the Communist idea is a state form of Christianity.”
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert%20Einstein
    “Never do anything against conscience even if the state demands it.”
  • John Maynard Keynes
    John%20Maynard%20Keynes
    “Nothing mattered except states of mind, chiefly our own.”
  • Jack Warden
    Jack Warden
    “Life is a state of mind.”
  • John Steinbeck
    John%20Steinbeck
    “Texas is not a state -- it's a state of mind.”

Idioms

State of the art - If something is state of the art, it is the most up-to-date model incorporating the latest and best technology.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. stat, OF. estat, F. état, fr. L. status, a standing, position, fr. stare, statum, to stand. See Stand, and cf. Estate Status

Usage

In literature:

STATE OF EUROPEAN SOCIETY IN THE FIFTEENTH AND SIXTEENTH CENTURIES.
"A Modern History, From the Time of Luther to the Fall of Napoleon" by John Lord
Which would then be the wheat-growing States, the cotton-producing States?
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
RECOMMENDATION 22: The President should state that the United States does not seek permanent military bases in Iraq.
"The Iraq Study Group Report" by United States Institute for Peace
With the completion and submission of some able state papers he finished his career as secretary of state.
"Washington and the American Republic, Vol. 3." by Benson J. Lossing
The two really independent states were Great Britain and the United States.
"Sea Power in its Relations to the War of 1812" by Alfred Thayer Mahan
Is my State a free State?
"Robert Toombs" by Pleasant A. Stovall
The State of Georgia apparently has no law bearing upon the specific crimes enumerated in the various other states.
"Fighting the Traffic in Young Girls" by Various
Does it not contain more caloric in a state of vapour, than in a state of liquidity?
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
These States are constituent parts of the United States.
"Southern Literature From 1579-1895" by Louise Manly
That this state is as healthy as any other western state, can be abundantly supported by facts.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
If restitution was to be made, it must be made by the separate states.
"The Critical Period of American History" by John Fiske
How unlike this is the state of things in these United States!
"Popular Education" by Ira Mayhew
You will also find annexed, Sir, some papers relative to an affair, which concerns the United States, or the State of Georgia.
"The Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution, Vol. XI" by Various
State bureaus of labor appeared in many States as the result of the general agitation.
"The New Nation" by Frederic L. Paxson
In some states there is a State Board of Education that cooeperates with the State Superintendent.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
His human life is demonstrably only a series of states of material consciousness, states of thought-activity.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
Bills providing for such assistance have been introduced in the state legislatures of all of the northwest states.
"A Stake in the Land" by Peter Alexander Speek
In the State of Wyoming in the United States, woman suffrage has been tested since 1869.
"Woman under socialism" by August Bebel
It is true, State rights gave the States the right to secede.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
This is the reason: the International is and must be a State within States.
"Violence and the Labor Movement" by Robert Hunter
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In poetry:

Up the dome of heaven
Like a great hill
I watch them marching
Stately and still.
"Stars" by Sara Teasdale
Love, wear your crown:
To-morrow you may sleep.
And, sleeping, who shall say
What state you used to keep?
"A Song Of Delay" by Ethel Clifford
Before the holy altar bent,
There kneels a goodly pair;
A stately man, of high descent,
A woman, passing fair.
"Agnes" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Yes, and before we rise
To that immortal state,
The thoughts of such amazing bliss
Should constant joys create.
"Hymn 30" by Isaac Watts
Thy will in all things I approve,
Exalted or cast down;
Thy will in every state I love,
And even in thy frown.
"The Perfect Sacrifice" by William Cowper
Therefore in hope and love I wait
The hour, the end, when I
From out the dust will rise in state
To immortality.
"The Last Sweet Walk" by Alexander Anderson

In news:

For every dollar in federal highway grants received by a state, that state's GSP (gross state product) rises by at least two dollars.
State lawmakers, Bishop State president reflect on the late State Rep Yvonne Kennedy.
Minnesota won't implement a state law next spring mandating a 10 percent blend of biodiesel in most diesel fuel sold in the state, a state official said Friday.
Check out the state-by-state percentages from 2010 to 2011 and see where your state falls.
The submissions will be divided into five groups according to the state's congressional districts and each will be judged by a panel composed of state officials, the state treasurer's office and the Oklahoma 529 College Savings Plan.
Wisconsin's state superintendent Tony Evers is proposing a $615 million increase in state aid for the state's schools at the same time he wants to redo the formula used to determine how much money each district gets.
Wisconsin state Superintendent Tony Evers is scheduled to deliver his annual "State of Education" address on Thursday at the state Capitol.
Animal owners who are suing over the state's new regulations on dangerous wildlife say the Humane Society of the United States shouldn't be permitted to join the state in defending the law.
Rhode Island education officials say 59 students who immigrated illegally to the United States are paying in-state tuition at the state's public colleges.
The latest West Virginia state government "soap opera" centers on a recent abrupt decision by five members of the State Board of Education to fire State School Superintendent Jorea Marple.
The state Legislature has finished its two-year session without reforming the state and school pension systems - the single largest financial issue facing the state government and 500 local school districts.
Long Beach State falls to Fresno State state, 49ers, beach, points, long, fresno , play, game, bulldogs, half.
McDaniel and state Drug Director Fran Flener Fleener emphasized the strong collaboration between the 118 different agencies in the state that helped to gather a state total six tons of unused medications.
Ohio State's LaQuinton Ross, right, and Amir Williams, left, work for a rebound against Long Beach State's Kyle Richardson as Ohio State's Shannon Scott looks on during the first half of Saturday's game.
If part of the territory of a member state would cease to be part of that state because it were to become a new independent state, the treaties ...
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In science:

If we do so, we call the states in T the accepting states and the states in F the rejecting states.
The temporal calculus of conditional objects and conditional events
The antisymmetric state is unambiguously associated with the states being different and an initial measurement to determine if the combined systems are in this antisymmetric state will find the answer “yes” 2 sin2 2θ if the states of the two systems with probability 1 are different and zero if they are the same.
Comparison of two unknown pure quantum states
In this way a state xn is mapped into the state xn+1 = ψxn where xn = ψnx represents the state of the system at time n which at time 0 was in state x.
On Markovian behaviour of $p$-adic random dynamical systems
This measure relies on identifying all states that would be useful for the specific application, finding a set of states spanning the space of the useful states, and then defining a target state as a complete mixture of those states.
Distinguishing mixed quantum states: Minimum-error discrimination versus optimum unambiguous discrimination
If the mutually orthogonal states in the uniform statisitical mixture span the entire state space of the quantum system, the mixed state describes a totally random state, containing no information at all.
Distinguishing mixed quantum states: Minimum-error discrimination versus optimum unambiguous discrimination
Three different cases are considered for which the states to be teleported are unknown superpositions of (a) single-photon and vacuum states, (b) verticallypolarized and horizontally-polarized photon states, and (c) two coherent states of opposite phases.
Generalized Measurement and Conclusive Teleportation with Nonmaximal Entanglement
The one-photon annihilation splits two hyperfine levels related to the S states: the 3S1 state (triplet) is shifted while the 1S0 state (singlet) is not affected. - The QED effects are also responsible for decay of atomic states (see Fig. 5).
Precision physics of simple atoms: QED tests, nuclear structure and fundamental constants
In this class, the k = 1 state is an ordinary (Abelian) Laughlin state, the k = 2 state is the Moore-Read state, and all subsequent integer k values describe new non-Abelian states.
Infinite-Randomness Fixed Points for Chains of Non-Abelian Quasiparticles
Let T = (Q, S, D, q0 , F, Facc) be a nondeterministic Turing machine (NTM, for short) with t+u tapes, where Q is the state space, S the alphabet, q0 ∈ Q the start state, F ⊆ Q the set of final states, Facc ⊆ F the set of accepting states, and D ⊆ (Q \ F ) × St+u × Q × St+u × {L, N , R}t+u the transition relation.
Randomized Computations on Large Data Sets: Tight Lower Bounds
By contrasting quantum state transfer and quantum state prepare in two-qubit system and general N-qubit W state, It suggests that we could transmit the quantum information by general W state as the same as that in two particles system.
A single photon produces general W state of N qubits and its application
In Ref., quantum state transfer is described as a dynamic process that starts from a initially factorized state to a factorized finally state though an entanglement state in the intermediate process.
A single photon produces general W state of N qubits and its application
Then by contrasting quantum state transfer and quantum state prepare in two-qubit system and general N-qubit W state, we find we will get the same result whichever system the two qubits that transfer quantum state from one to another in.
A single photon produces general W state of N qubits and its application
A topic of interest in the description of multiparty entangled states is the conversion of these states into, generally, states shared between fewer parties, and specifically two-party states.
Random multiparty entanglement distillation
However, we can rebin the high quality HST spectra made during the high/soft state to the lower resolution of the IUE archival spectra (mostly low/hard state) in order to test whether or not the wind ionization state does in fact differ significantly between states.
Stellar Wind Variations During the X-ray High and Low States of Cygnus X-1
Eldar and Regev then proceed to show that if the circuit U accepts a state |ψyes i, the history state corresponding to |ψyes i with extra terms for the states above the linear progression of states such as |Ψt+1 i in Figure 4-8 is the zero-energy ground state of H .
Local Hamiltonians in Quantum Computation
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