• WordNet 3.6
    • n starling gregarious birds native to the Old World
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Actress Michelle Pfeiffer was the first choice to play Clarice Starling in the movie "Silence of the Lambs." She turned down the role because she found it too scary
    • Starling (Zoöl) A California fish; the rock trout.
    • Starling A structure of piles driven round the piers of a bridge for protection and support; -- called also sterling.
    • Starling (Zoöl) Any passerine bird belonging to Sturnus and allied genera. The European starling (Sturnus vulgaris) is dark brown or greenish black, with a metallic gloss, and spotted with yellowish white. It is a sociable bird, and builds about houses, old towers, etc. Called also stare, and starred. The pied starling of India is Sternopastor contra.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The most frequently seen birds at feeders across North America last winter were the Dark-eyed Junco, House Finch and American goldfinch, along with downy woodpeckers, blue jays, mourning doves, black-capped chickadees, house sparrows, northern cardinals and european starlings.
    • n starling An oscine passerine bird, of the family Sturnidæ and genus Sturnus, as S. vulgaris of Europe. The common starling or stare is one of the best-known of British birds. It is 8½ inches long when adult; black, of metallic luster, iridescing dark-green on some parts, and steel-blue, purplish, or violet on others, and variegated nearly throughout with pale-buff or whitish tips of the feathers. The wings and tail are duller-black, the exposed parts of the feathers frosted or silvered, with velvety-black and buff edgings. The bill is yellowish, and the feet are reddish. Immature, winter, and female birds are less lustrous, and more variegated with the ochery- or tawny-brown, and have the bill dark-colored. Starlings live much about buildings, and nest in holes of walls, crannies of rock, openings in hollow trees, etc. They are sociable and gregarious. sometimes going in large flocks. They are often caged, readily tamed, and may be taught to whistle tunes, and even to articulate words. The name starling is extended to all birds of the family Sturnidæ, and some others of the sturnoid series; also, erroneously, to the American birds of the family Icteridæ, sometimes known collectively as American starlings. The last belong to a different series, having only nine primaries, etc. The bird with which the name is specially connected in this sense is Agelæus phœniceus, the common marsh-blackbird, often called red-winged starling. The name of meadow-starling is often applied to Sturnella magna. See also cuts under Agelæinæ and meadow-lark.
    • n starling One of a breed of domestic pigeons which in color resemble the starling.
    • n starling Same as rock-trout,2.
    • n starling In hydraulic engineering, an inclosure like a coffer-dam, formed of piles driven closely together, before any work or structure as a protection against the wash of the waves. A supplementary structure of the same kind placed before a starling to resist ice is called a fore-starling. See cut under ice-apron.
    • n starling One of the piles used in forming such a breakwater.
    • n starling An obsolete form of sterling.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Starling stärling a genus Sturnus and family Sturnidæ of Passerine birds:
    • n Starling stärling (archit.) a ring of piles supporting the pier of a bridge.
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  • Emily Dickinson
    “To live is so starling it leaves little time for anything else.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. sterlyng, a dim. of OE. stare, AS. stær,; akin to AS. stearn, G. star, staar, OHG. stara, Icel. starri, stari, Sw. stare, Dan. stær, L. sturnus,. Cf. Stare a starling
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Dim. from obs. stare—A.S. stær; Ger. staar, L. sturnus.


In literature:

The persecution which the Green Woodpecker suffers from the Starling is well known.
"Territory in Bird Life" by H. Eliot Howard
Puck whistled like a Weald starling.
"Rewards and Fairies" by Rudyard Kipling
You remember, mother, the poor starling that was killed in the room beside us?
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland, Volume I" by Various
The President brought us back by the corner of a clover meadow where he was sure a pair of red-shouldered starlings had a nest.
"Camping & Tramping with Roosevelt" by John Burroughs
Next day we were shooting Starlings Wood, about five miles distant, but Ray having "cried off" one day, could not do so again.
"Spies of the Kaiser" by William Le Queux
In the place which they had occupied he erected some starlings' nests on poles.
"The Lost Manuscript" by Gustav Freytag
Really, the starlings are here already.
"A Sister's Love" by W. Heimburg
When she will, she can chatter like a starling.
"A Divided Heart and Other Stories" by Paul Heyse
I should be like Sterne's starling.
"Dr. Lavendar's People" by Margaret Deland
Mr. Starling Day, jun., was elected alderman in his place.
"Norfolk Annals A Chronological Record of Remarkable Events in the Nineteeth Century, Vol. 1" by Charles Mackie

In poetry:

Who knows what dream the starling weaves
Of boyhood, soft and clean?
A small room under golden eaves
To which the sun looks in.
"Starling" by Katharine Tynan
While the North blows, and starling flocks
By chattering on and on
Keep their spirits up in the mist,
And Spring's here, Winter's not gone.
"But These Things Also" by Edward Thomas
The love I hold was borne by her;
And now, though far away,
My lonely spirit hears the stir
Of water round the starling spur
Beside the bridge at Grez.
"Know You The River Near To Grez" by Robert Louis Stevenson
And men and beasts were dulled, and children even
Less merry, under that low iron dome.
Early the patient rooks and starlings gathered;
Any warm narrow place for men was home.
"The Unloosening" by John Freeman
Starlings used to sit there with bubbling throats
Making a spiky beard as they chattered
And whistled and kissed, with heads in air,
Till they thought of something else that mattered.
"The Barn" by Edward Thomas
I was the old man's daughter, the bird went on to name him;
"He loved to count the starlings as he sat in the sun;
Long ago he served with Nelson, and his story did not shame him:
Ay, the old man was a good man — and his work was done."
"Requiescat In Pace" by Jean Ingelow

In news:

Pittsburgh's Starling Marte rounds the bases after hitting a solo… (Pat Sullivan / Associated…).
Starling Marte 6 Center Field.
As of Wednesday, July 25, 2012, 09:32 a.m. Betty Ellen Starling Burkholder, 90, passed away on Monday, July 23 at the Ruleme Center in Eustis, Florida.
Betty was born in 1921 in Detroit, MI and was the daughter of Raymond and Roma (Hughes) Starling .
"Bob" Starling , 69, of Marietta, went home to be with the Lord at his home at 5:45 pm on Tuesday (July 17, 2012).
He was born on June 12, 1943, at Macksburg, Ohio, a son of Charles and Mary Hawkins Starling .
Bubba Starling Drills First Pro Homers For Royals.
Starling and Alexander at their wedding, Saturday.
Starling 's contributions include:*Developing the "Frank- Starling Law of the Heart," presented in 1915 and modified in 1919.
Starling and Alexander in July.
Starling 's fumble return.
Here's our top moment of the year: Jawanza Starling 's 80-yard fumble return for a touchdown against Notre Dame.
Starling return sparks USC in 31-17 win over ND.
Royals' Starling cited in Arizona for underage drinking.
Nebraska's Starling drafted by KC Royals.

In science:

Carnahan, N. F. & Starling, K. E.. Equation of state for nonattracting rigid spheres. J.
Glass transition and random packing in the hard sphere system
The dashed curve is the Carnahan-Starling equation of state.
Why is Random Close Packing Reproducible?
Unsurprisingly, we also find a similar value ( φmax ≈ 0.635) when we fit to the Carnahan-Starling approximate equation of state .
Why is Random Close Packing Reproducible?
Using the entire equilibrium liquid branch φ ∈ [0, 0.5] only changes φmax in the last decimal place when fitting to the experimental data, the virial expansion, or the Carnahan-Starling approximation (for example, we obtain φmax ≈ 0.637 when fitting to the Carnahan-Starling equation over the whole range).
Why is Random Close Packing Reproducible?
Figure 1: Hard sphere equation of state: the solid line Carnahan-Starling equation of state, the dashed line is the virial expansion up to B4 .
Computers and Liquid State Statistical Mechanics