• WordNet 3.6
    • n stapes the stirrup-shaped ossicle that transmits sound from the incus to the cochlea
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The smallest bone in the human body is the stapes bone which is located in the ear
    • n Stapes stā"pēz (Anat) The innermost of the ossicles of the ear; the stirrup, or stirrup bone; -- so called from its form. See Illust. of Ear.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n stapes In zoology and anatomy, the inmost one of the three auditory ossicles of man and other mammals, situated in the tympanum, or middle ear. The stapes is connected on the one hand with the incus, and on the other with the fenestra ovalis, and is moved by a small muscle called the stapedius. The name is derived from the close resemblance in shape of the human stapes to a stirrup. In man the bone presents a head, with a little fossa for movable articulation with the orbicular incudal bone; a neck or constricted part; two branches, legs or crura; and an oval base or foot. This bone is morphologically one of the proximal elements of the hyoidean arch. The corresponding element in birds and reptiles is very differently shaped, and is sometimes called stapes, oftener columella. It is rod-like or columellar, with an expanded base fitting the fenestra ovalis, the other end usually showing a cross-bar. Parts of such a stapes are distinguished as mediostapedial, the main shaft; extrastapedial, the part beyond the cross-bar; infrastapedial, the lower arm of the cross-bar; and suprastapedial, the upper arm of the cross-bar—the last being supposed to represent the incus of mammals. Some of these parts may be wanting, or only represented by a ligament, or coalesced with a part of the mandibular arch. The stapes or columella furnishes the primitive actual or virtual connection of the hyoidean arch with the periotic capsule. See stapedial, columella, 3
    • n stapes A bandage for the foot forming figure-of-eight turns around the ankle.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Stapes stā′pēz the inmost of the three auditory ossicles, situated in the tympanum
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL., a stirrup
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Low L. stapes, a stirrup—Old High Ger. stapf, a step.


In literature:

Young, however, describes its course past Stape and Mauley Cross over Wheeldale and Grain Becks to July or Julian Park.
"The Evolution Of An English Town" by Gordon Home
Attached to the membrane of the oval opening is the stapes (stirrup).
"Voice Production in Singing and Speaking" by Wesley Mills
The third ear-ossicle of mammals, the stapes, comes not from the first arch but from the second.
"Form and Function" by E. S. (Edward Stuart) Russell
The stapes would appear to be derived from the hyoid arch.
"Text Book of Biology, Part 1: Vertebrata" by H. G. Wells
It is closed by the foot of the stapes, or bone of the ear, and by the lining membrane of both cavities.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
The groove, which probably held the end of the stapes, extends about half the width of the quadrate itself.
"A New Order of Fishlike Amphibia From the Pennsylvanian of Kansas" by Theodore H. Eaton
It will thus be seen that the stapes lies nearly at right angles to the long process of the incus.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 9" by Various
The base of the stapes communicates pressures to the utricle.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 7" by Various
Stapely called there and met him; another day Lady Davenant saw him with her; Wilding has also met him at her house.
"The Black Moth" by Georgette Heyer
Each push in and out of the base of the stapes must cause a movement of the fluid, or a pressure, in the scalae as a whole.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 2" by Various

In news:

Incus augmentation with glass ionomer cement in primary and revision stapes surgery.
Kristin Stape, the girlfriend of European golfer Graeme McDowell, is thought to have been a target of verbal abuse from American Ryder Cup fans.
Despite the fact that the patient's incus was dislocated into the external auditory canal while remaining attached to the stapes, his hearing was not affected and remained nearly normal.
Congenital fixation of the head of the stapes in three family members.
Prediction of stapes footplate thickness based on the level of hearing loss in otosclerosis.
Incus augmentation with glass ionomer cement in primary and revision stapes surgery.
Prediction of stapes footplate thickness based on the level of hearing loss in otosclerosis .
Traumatic perilymphatic fistula secondary to stapes luxation into the vestibule: A case report.
A penetrating ear injury with a perilymphatic fistula is not an uncommon occurrence in otolaryngologic practice, but stapes luxation is rare.
Separate, they go by an assortment of names, from Big Steve to Zaz to Stapes or just plain old Big Ugly.
Traumatic perilymphatic fistula secondary to stapes luxation into the vestibule : A case report.